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must still be to the word; and if sinful; but the Sorbonnists not any passages be obscure, they are only deny that such acts are guilty, to be compared with others, and but even affirm that many of them thus Scripture will be its own in- are meritorious. The Fathers will terpreter. If an angel from hea- not allow, that mere human strength ven,' saith the Apostle, 'preach is adequate to keep the divine law; any other Gospel than that ye have the Parisians maintain that it is. received, let him be accursed.' It is written, if an offender Surely, then, Luther may oppose refuse to hear the church, let him the plain sense of Scripture to be unto thee as a heathen man and councils, fathers, and universities. a publican.' But, pray, what do What can you reply? Either deny you call the Church? "No doubt, that there is any certain meaning you would answer, the Gallican in the divine writings, or allow that church. But how can that be the Luther is justifiable in placing its church of Christ, which has not dictates in opposition to human the word of Christ, who declares opinion.

that his sheep hear his voice ? We “ But, I ask, to what amounts call that his true Church which is his disagreement with ancient fa- built upon the word of God, and thers and councils ? On various which is nourished, fed, and gopoints he is completely supported verned by it; in a word, which deby Augustine, Cyprian, Hilary, and rives every thing, and judges of Chrysostom; though, it is true, every thing, by the Gospel of many things are to be found in the Christ ; for he that is of God, writings of Luther on the Sacra- heareth the words of God.' ments, vows, and other subjects, “ You condemn Luther, and exwhich are not to be seen in them. communicate him, without making No wonder. That age knew no- an appeal to reason or Scripture ! thing of the tyrannical laws of It was your part to accuse, not to Roman Pontiffs, nothing of our condemn. You neither Parisian masters, and their articles nor argue; but, contrary both to of faith. That season, indeed, was divine and human laws, summarily the noon-day of evangelical truth; condemn, and for yo other reason ours is the eventide, in which dark- than because you are our lords and ness covers the minds of sinners as masters! O shame, shame! But a punishment for their guilt; and, hold, I must not treat these lords above all, that is gross night in so disrespectfully. They declare which the Sorbonne divinity pre- they imitate the example of the vails ; preferring, as it does, these Apostles, when they send out dehuman opinions to the Scriptures crees without scriptural authority. of truth! Does not the Spirit of I wish, however, they would make God, by his prophets, threaten good this declaration. Christ quotes such a punishment; and does not Scripture. So doth Paul. The Paul speak of those who should Sorbonne has the exclusive charter teach for doctrines the command- to be believed without Scripture ! ments of men ? and to whom can I reckon you are of Egyptian dehe refer, but to the Sorbonne di- scent; the offspring of Jannes and vines, or such as they?

Jambres, who withstood Moses. To go still farther, I declare But know, the truth of Luther's that whatever blame may attach doctrine will stand firm and unto any opposer of the Fathers, at- shaken, in spite of your oppositaches in fact to the Parisian dis- tion, and that of all the powers of putants themselves. The best of darkness. You talk of grace prothese writers denounce whatever ducing grace. Alas! poor France, is not from the Spirit of Christ as to have such wretched instructors.”


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The substance of this powerful member, Christ considers all injury Apology is thus given, as contain- done to the least of his flock, as ing matter useful for the Pro- done to himself! The Lord comtestant church in every age. It plains, that the pharisees and lawfailed, however, to convince those yers, who rejected the testimony to whom it was addressed. A of the Baptist, had despised the mock answer appeared in the name counsel of God. What, if the of the Parisian divines, which same should be done by those who Dupin supposes to have been writ- despise Luther! ten by Luther; but this conjecture pears to the world both fool and is not supported by the superior knave; but the Gospel must prove judgment of Seckendorf.

foolishness to the Greeks, and a Albert, archbishop of Mentz, stumbling-block to the Jews. You exhibiting new tables of papal in- cannot deny that he preaches the dulgences at Halle in Saxony, and Gospel: if Luther be rejected, that compelling a clergyman to repu- is rejected. Nor am I ignorant that diate his wife, on pain of imprison- his severity offends you. But still ment, Luther wrote a severe re- the reflection occurs, What, if he monstrance to that prelate; who be raised up to declare the truth! replied, by advice of Capito, his Think, I beseech you, of the state counsellor and chaplain, in a pa- of things among us, and say, if cificatory tone. Melancthon, how they do not require something ever, had previously commended pungent. And now that one is this cause to the notice of Capito, come who can thus prick you, will whom he knew to be favourably ye kick against him? Paul bids disposed to the reformatory doc- us take heed, that we quench trines; but with too much fearful- not the Spirit. See that you do ness and prevarication, in not this very thing. I might add epistle, which Scultetus has pre- more upon this subject, were I served from the original; but which not writing to a scholar and is generally unnoticed by the divine. writers of his life.

In the second place, as to “ You receive herewith a letter what privately concerns your from that great and good man Lu- prince. Let him feel this sharp rether, in which your prince is ad- buke; and do not help him, by any monished of his duty; an office, dexterity, to evade its force. It however, which ought to have will cost you but little trouble to been discharged by yourself; and give it full effect. It relates, as I I send it you, that your sovereign apprehend, to indulgences, which, and yourself may comment upon it as they were some time since dein private; as I well know what the plored, could be altogether aboworld thinks of Luther, and fear lished by a little management. And some of your courtiers may enter- you have even cause to admire tain similar contempt of him. You Luther's forbearance, in confining should strive, by every means in himself to the cause of indulgences. your power, to counteract this sen- Suppose he had chosen to meddle timent, and to give effect to this with the rest of the vices and imremonstrance. For, in the first positions of your supreme champlace, if Luther be raised up ber, as he justly might. Yield, of God, as

mbers believe, tò then, in this one point, to a faithful call back mankind to the know- monitor, with so much real benefit ledge of the Gospel, beware, to yourselves, if you would send lest it should appear, that ye have out a decree worthy of a bishop*.” not so much opposed Luther, as * Vonder Hardt. Hist. Liter. Reform, Him, whose Apostle he is. Re

P. v. p. 41. JAN. 1824.



Thus faithfully did this excellent At the same time he assured the person exhort a weak brother, latter, that he really exerted himknowing that the fear of man work- self to keep the prince-bishop well eth a snare. Capito answered both affected towards the Saxon proLuther and Melancthon. He re- fessor; and would endeavour, not quested the former to be guarded only that he should not be dein making charges against particu- spised; but that he should be had lar dignitaries, in his desire to re

in honour as an Evangelist, to form the state of ecclesiastical af- whose admonitions it became both fairs; and hints, that his violence his master and himself to give all might do more harm than good. serious attention.

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'Tis midnight, o'er Judæa's plains
A more than mortal silence reigns;
The starry hosts in squadrons bright
Glow in the firmament of night;
And shepherds watch their sleeping fold,
Beneath that arch of fretted gold.
When, lo! a stream of glorious light

Burst in appalling splendour there,
And showed to their astonish'd sight

A seraph visitant of air.
Radiant in beams ineffable

The herald angel stood confest,
And thus in liquid sweetness fell

The accents of the heavenly guest:
“Fear not; to you and all mankind

Glad tidings of great joy I bring ;
In David's city, ye shall find

A new-born Saviour, Christ, and King !
A manger is his humble bed,

And, while the virgin mother keeps
Her vigils round that holy head,

E'en there the world's Redeemer sleeps."
He spake-attending seraphim

Confirm the mission from above;
And countless thousands swell the hymn

Of triumph and redeeming love!
Oh! who but they wbose gifted eyes

Were bless'd with this apocalypse,
May speak th' angelic harmonies

Of golden harps and cherub lips !
The hierarchy of heaven, again
Pour'd jubilant th' exulting strain,

As at creation's birth :
And thus the lofty prelude ran,

Glory to God, good-will to man,

peace to all on earth.”
Unveil'd appear the glittering throng,
Salvat.on is their joyful song;
While hallelujahs fill the sky,
And hail the “ Day-spring from on bigb.”
And Truth and Mercy met inspire
The strains of this celestial choir.
Slowly recede the heavenly host,

And dying echoes soft and clear

Melt into silence on the ear,
As in the realms of light the pageantry is lost.

J. S***



before me;

upon it.”

Revelation, xiv. 13.--I heard a tual few; and, even among those

voice from heaven saying unto few, they were too refined and subme, Write, Blessed are the dead tile, to bring home to the mind a which die in the Lord from hence- settled and serene conviction. The forth: Yea, saith the Spirit, great philosopher and orator of that they may rest from their la- Rome has left it on record, that, bours; and their works do fol- whenever he was reading this dialow them.

logue, it extorted his assent; but, The most affecting passage in whenever he laid aside the volume, all heathen antiquity is the last con- his belief was gone. And the imversation of Socrates. This great pression of these reasonings on anand virtuous man, by an iniquitous other Roman worthy, as described sentence, was condemned to die. by our Christian poet, was no more On the morning of his death, at a than this: very early hour, his friends assem

“ The wide, the unbounded prospect lies bled in the prison-for the last time to look upon his countenance; for But shadows, clouds, and darkness rest the last time, to drink in wisdom from his lips; and, in his last mo- Not such, my brethren, is the ments, to learn from bis precepts Christian's prospect; and speaking, how they ought to live, from his as I do, with the remains of mortaexample how they ought to die. lity before me, the emblems of His manner and his words were mortality around me, and the conanswerable to the solemn occasion. sciousness of mortality within me, His cheerfulness, indeed, was un- I thank my God for that blessed abated; but, as it was fitting, his hope of everlasting life, which he discourse was more than usually hath given us in our Saviour Jesus elevated and grave. He spake as Christ! Those things which, for a dying man ought to speak, of life ages, were hidden from the wise and death, of time and eternity- and prudent, are now revealed unand, according to the best light to babes. The unlettered peasant, which had been vouchsafed him, the scar

arcely weaned child, are adhe argued for the immortality of mitted, as it were, behind the veil the soul; under the manifest im- of the invisible world; and there, pression, that he was about to pass by the eye of faith, are given to from bondage into liberty--from behold Him who brought life and the troubles of mortality, to the immortality to light, seated on the joys of blessed and immortal spirits. right hand of the Father, and difThere was reasoning—there was fusing joy through the assembly desire there was hope—there was of the first-born, and speaking a kind of moral assurance; but peace to the spirits of the just made there was not, for in the dispensation perfect. We have a revelation under which he lived there could which, by manifold and incontesnot be, the realizing view of faith - table proofs, we know to have prothe substance of things hoped for- ceeded from God; and by that rethe evidence of things unseen. He relation we are assured, that all felt strongly himself, and he ex- who depart this life in his faith and cited strong feelings in his friends. fear, depart to be with Christ, even But his arguments were not for the as Christ is with the Father. " I multitude; they were addressed am the resurrection and the life," only to the privileged and intellec- saith our Lord; “ he that believetli

on me, though he were dead, yet unto the ends of the world, though, shall he live; and whosoever liveth at its first utterance, heard only by and believeth in me shall never a solitary prisoner in the Isle of die.”_" We know," saith the Patmos; he was commanded to Apostle St. Paul, “ that, if our register this voice, and to enroll earthly tabernacle were dissolved, these words: “I heard a voice we have a building of God, an from heaven, saying unto me, house not made with hands, eter- Write;" and the words so written nal, in the heavens.” And, not to are incorporated in the Book of Life, multiply passages, which crowd in the everlasting Gospel. He that upon the mind and press for utter- runneth may read them; he that ance in the text we have the testi- mourneth may take comfort in mony of him who leaned upon them; he that sorroweth, may Christ's bosom while on earth, and henceforth sorrow not as them that who, by special revelation, saw are without hope; for by death the Christ in the kingdom of his glory; hope of the good man is converted and these are the words of his tes- into assurance; and his faith into timony: “I heard a voice from possession; and his charity is renheaven, saying unto me, Write, dered co-extensive with the whole Blessed are the dead which die in family of earth and heaven. the Lord from henceforth; even so, In the Sermon on the Mount, as saith the Spirit; that they may rest you are all aware, our Lord openfrom their labours; and their works ed his public ministry, with those do follow them."

gracious words which are usually The manner in which these good called the Beatitudes : “ Blessed tidings were delivered, is worthy of are the poor in spirit; blessed are attention. I heard a voice from the mourners, the meek, the hunheaven. It was thus, that, in the gry and thirsty after righteousness, , divine economy, truths of an ever- the merciful, the pure in heart, lasting interest were commonly re- the peace-makers, the persecuted vealed to man. The Law was pro

on account of righteousness. In claimed from Mount Sinai; the the Apocalyptic vision, the voice Gospel was announced in the field of an angel, perhaps the voice of of Bethlehem; the Saviour was in- Christ himself, pronounces a new augurated in his kingly, priestly, beatitude, the crown and consumand prophetic office, on the banks mation of all the rest-Blessed are of Jordan; and the same Saviour, the dead; not, indeed, the dead union the Mount of Transfiguration, versally, but the dead which die in received honour and glory as fulfil- the Lord. The other beatitudes ler both of Law and Gospel-all have their growth, and, to a certhrough the ministry of a voice from tain degree, bear their fruit on heaven. The same audible assurance, earth; but the growth and fruit of in the same supernatural manner, this beatitude are altogether in the has been graciously afforded, that invisible world. The dead are no the dead in Christ, his humblest

more seen among us ;

no sooner follower, his most afflicted servant, has the spirit left its tabernacle of the beggar at the rich man's gate, clay, than it is transported to worlds passeth at once from death unto beyond the grave; and in some one life: a life of blessedness, and or other of our Father's many manpeace, and rich reward. This is sions, the spirit of each individual not the cold result of argument that has died in the Lord, is

prethe feeble glimmering of reason; sent with the Lord in happiness it is the voice of angels, the voice which knows no end. of the Spirit, the voice of God But who are “ the dead which himself; and, that its sound might die in the Lord ?" This saying has, go forth into all lands, its words by some interpreters, been restrict

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