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tended the series of years to the year five hundred and thirty-two, reckoning in such wise that in the year 533 the paschal festival should take place again on the same month and day and the same moon as on that first year when the Passion. and resurrection of our Lord took place.



cedes and helps our will, and whatever sebius, Theophilus and Prosper, and exgain that freedom of will may attain for its pious effect, is not its own desert, but the gift of grace. I have read also a little book of his Against the Arians and Macedonians, in which he posits a coëssential Trinity, and another against those who say that there is anything incorporeal in created things, in which he maintains from the testimony of Scriptures, and by quotations from the fathers, that nothing is to be regarded as inTHEODORETUS,' bishop of Cyrus (for the corporeal but God. There is also a letter of his, written in the form of a little book, city founded by Cyrus king of the Persians and addressed to a certain deacon, named Preserves until the present day in Syria the Graecus, who, leaving the Catholic faith, had name of its founder) is said to have written Such as have come to my gone over to the Nestorian impiety. knowledge are the following: On the inIn this epistle he admonishes him to be- carnation of the Lord, Against Eutyches lieve that the holy Virgin Mary did not the presbyter and Dioscorus bishop of Alexbring forth a mere human being, who after-andria who deny that Christ had human wards should receive divinity, but true God flesh; strong works by which he confirmed in true man. There are still other works by through reason and the testimony of Scripthim, but as I have not read, I do not care to ure that He had real flesh from the maternal mention them. This excellent doctor is en- substance which he derived from His Virgin thusiastically believed in and admired. He wrote afterwards also to Felix, the Praetonian prefect, and a man of Patrician rank, son of Magnus the consul, a very pious letter, exhorting to the fear of God, a work well fitted to induce one to repent with his whole heart.


SERVUS DEI' the bishop, wrote against those who say that Christ while living in this world did not see the Father with his eyes of flesh - But after his resurrection from the dead and his ascension into heaven

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when he had been translated into the glory

of God the Father as in reward so to speak to him for his abnegation and a compensation for his martyrdom. In this work he showed both from his own argument and from the testimony of Sacred Scriptures that the Lord Jesus from his conception by the Holy Spirit and his birth of the Virgin through which true God in true man himself also man made God was born, always beheld with his eyes of flesh both the Father and the Holy Spirit through the special and complete union of God and man.

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many works.

mother just as he had true deity which he received at birth by eternal generation from God the Father. There are ten books of the ecclesiastical history which he wrote in imitation of Eusebius of Caesarea beginning where Eusebius ends and extending to his own time, that is from the Vicennalia of Constantine until the accession of the elder Leo in whose reign he died.

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from the God of the New. In this work he shows it to have been by the dispensation of one and the same God, the author of both Scriptures, that one law should be given by Moses to those of old in a ritual of sacrifices and in judicial laws, and another to us through the presence of Christ in the holy mysteries and future promises, that they should not be considered different, but as dictated by one spirit and one author, since these things which if observed only according to the letter, would slay, if observed according to the spirit, would give life to the mind. This writer died three years since in the reign of Zeno.



[GELASIUS, bishop of Rome wrote Against Eutyches and Nestorius a great and notable volume, also Treatises on various written in a polished style. parts of the scripture and the sacraments He also wrote Epistles against Peter and Acacius which He wrote also Hymns after the fashion of are still preserved in the catholic church. reign of the emperor Anastasius. He died during the bishop Ambrosius.



fession of the faith not only purges past sins but also procures the blessing of martyrdom.

HONORATUS, bishop of Constantina in Africa wrote a letter to one Arcadius who on account of his confession of the catholic faith had been exiled to Africa by King Genseric. This letter was an exhortation [SIDONIUS bishop of the Arverni wrote several acceptable works and being a man to endure hardness for Christ and fortified sound in doctrine as well as thoroughly im- by modern examples and scripture illustrabued with divine and human learning and tions showing that perseverance in the cona man of commanding genius wrote a considerable volume of Letters to different persons written in various metres or in prose and this showed his ability in literature. Strong in Christian vigour even in the midst of that barbaric ferocity which at that time oppressed the Gauls he was regarded as a catholic father and a distinguished doctor. He flourished during the tempest which marked the rule of Leo and Zenos.]3

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1 three years since A T 30? 31 21; omit 25 a.

2 Caius Sollius Apollinaris Šidonius born about 430, bishop

died about 4SS.

3 This chapter is in Norimb. and three only of the mss.
seen by the translator N. British Museum Harl. 3155, xv
cent.; 43 Wolfenbüttel 838 xv cent.; k Paris B. N. Lat. S96.
It is omitted by A T 25 30 31 a e 21 etc. etc. etc. and really has
no place in the text, but as it was early introduced and is in
the editions (not however the earliest ones) it is given here.
Flourished 477-495.

5 unwisely T 25 30 31 e; unwisely saying A? a? Timotheans AT 25 30 31 ae ai etc; add which is absurd Fabr. Migne, Her.


CEREALIS the bishop, an African by birth, was asked by Maximus bishop of the Arians whether he could establish the catholic faith by a few testimonies of Divine Scripture and without any controversial_assertions. This he did in the name of the Lord, truth itself helping him, not with a few testimonies as Maximus had derisively asked, but proving by copious proof texts from both Old and New Testaments and published in a little book.


EUGENIUS, bishop of Carthage in Africa and public confessor, commanded by Huneric King of the Vandals to write an exposition of the catholic faith and especially to discuss the meaning of the word Homoousian, with the consent of all the bishops and confessors of Mauritania in Africa and Sardinia and Corsica, who had remained in the catholic faith, composed a book of faith, fortified not only by quotations from the Holy Scriptures but by testimonies of the Fathers, and sent it by his companions in confession. But now, exiled as a reward for his faithful tongue, like an anxious shep

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herd over his sheep he has left behind works | fifth, a review of the fourth book of the disurging them to remember the faith and the cussion,' and an inquiry as to what is the one sacred baptism to be preserved at all capability of the soul, that is its possibilities, hazards. He also wrote out the Discussions which he held through messengers with the leaders of the Arians and sent them to be given to Huneric by his major domo. Likewise also he presented to the same, petitions for the peace of the Christians which were of the nature of an Apology, and he is said to be still living for the strengthening of the church.


and that it gains its capability from a single and pure will, the sixth, whence arises the conflict between flesh and the spirit, spoken of by the apostle, seventh, on the difference between the flesh and the spirit in respect of life, of death and of resurrection, the eighth, answers to questions concerning the things which it is predicted will happen at the end of the world, to such questions, that is, as are usually propounded concerning the resurrection. I remember to have once read a POMERIUS' the Mauritanian was ordained one named Principius, On contempt of hortatory work of his, addressed to some presbyter in Gaul. He composed a dialecti- the world, and of transitory things, and ancal treatise in eight books On the nature of other entitled, On vices and virtues. He the soul and its properties, also one On the is said to have written yet other works, resurrection and its particular bearing for which have not come to my knowledge, and the faithful in this life and in general for all to be still writing. He is still living, and men, written in clear language and style, his life is worthy of Christian profession, in the form of a dialogue between Julian and his rank in the church. the bishop, and Verus the presbyter. The first book contains discourses on what the soul is and in what sense it is thought to be created in the image of God, the second, whether the soul should be thought of as corporeal or incorporeal, the third, how the soul of the first man 2 was made, fourth, whether the soul which is put in the body at birth is newly created and without sin, or produced from the substance of the first man like a shoot from a root it brings also with it the original sin of the first man,

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I GENNADIUS, a presbyter of Marseilles, have written eight books Against all heresies, five books Against Nestorius, ten books Against Eutyches, three books Against Pelagius, also treatises On the Millennium and On the Apocalypse of Saint John, also an epistle On my creed, sent to the blessed Gelasius, bishop of Rome.]

1 discussion 30 40 e 2; discussion and definition A 31.
2 Died 496.
3 five e 25 30; six Fabr. Her.
ten e 25 30; six Norimb Her.; deven Guelefenb.




Translated with Prolegomena and Notes,



Canon of Canterbury, Fellow and Tutor of Baliol College, Oxford.

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