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Juable support of the liberties of Europe. clinations in many respectable members Twice have they been on the very verge of the Dutch government, we thought of falling a sacrifice to France in this we saw (and we saw it with pleasure) cause; and we can never believe, that a sufficient indication to encourage us to their old affection to Great Britain can hope, that it is not yet too late to open have been alienated, much less that a di- a negotiation, by which (if conducted rect rupture with them can bave become with the temper and in the language of neceffary on our part, without gross mis- conciliation) we may avert the evils which management in our councils. We can- the continuance of this unnatural war not but form the most serious apprehen- cannot fail to produce. sions at seeing the three great Proteftant With this view, it was recommended and free countries, of Great Britain, in the debate, with the earneftness and North America, and Holland, fo weak. seriousness suitable to the occasion, not ening each other by war, as to become to lose an hour in proposing a cessation of an easy prey to the ancient enemy of hoftilities with Holland, for the purpose them all whenever the shall please to turn of meeting, and cultivating a friendly disher arms against them. We are not in- position, of reconciling commercial dif. sensible of the distressful situation with ferences, and restoring that union of respect to the armed neutral powers into political interests which has hitherto which we have been led, step by step, by been thought fundamentally necessary to the unfortunate American war; but as the preservation of the Protestant reliwe are convinced, that wicked and weak gion, and of the liberties of Europe. councils have been the fole cause of that The inattention of his Majesty's minifters unhappy contest, so we are persuaded, to such a proposition in the actual cirthat honest and able ministers might have cumstances of this country; their disinprevented this, amongst some of its clination to the objects of it, so plainly wretched consequences.
manifested by the unprecedented confif. But whilst the same measures which cations intended by their proclamation have caused our unexampled calamities, of the 20th of December lart; the loss of continue to be pursued and cherished; fo valuable an ally, the accession of so whilft a system of cori uption prevails, considerable a force to the formidable which must exclude both ability and in- powers antecedently combined against tegrity from our councils; whilst every us, and the just grounds it affords to apinterest of the state is facrificed to its prehend the accellion of other powers to fupport, and every attempt at reforma. that combination, leave us no other part tion rejected, our condition can change to take as members of this House, after but from bad to worse.
having Itated our ideas of the extent of It is not for us to pretend to foretel the danger, and suggested what we conevents which are in the hand of Provi- ceive to be the belt and only remedy, dence; but if causes are fuffered to pro- than to enter our solemn proteft to exduce their natural consequences, we can. culpate ourselves from being acceffory to not but apprehend, from the present that accumulation of evils which we foreconduct of our affairs, every danger to fee, and think might be, but will not be this country, both foreign and domestic, prevented. to which a nation can be exposed. Wycombe. Ferrers. Fitzwilliam. Richmond. Portland. Fitzwilliam,
Cinden. Poriland. Pembroke. Harcourt. Ferrers. Rocking hini.
Richmond. Rockingham. Deuunshire. Pembroke. Coventry.
Bon Mor of LORD NORTH. SECOND PROTEST.
That pleasantry which Lord North Dijfentient, for the above reasons; and pofseffes in fo remarkable a degree,
For, that, instead of being convinced did not desert him in his late illness : of the, jufiice, neceffity, or policy, of a addresling himself to his phyfician, he war with Holland, as we ought to be said, “ Doctor, I am obliged to you for before we give our fanction to that mea introducing to me some old acquaintance fure, it appears to us, as far as the infor- that I have not met with for many mation we possess enables us to judge, years !” “ Who are these?” replied the to be equally contrary to the interests of Doctor. “ My ribs! (replied his Lord. both countries, and to the inclinations Dip), which I have not felt before this of all whose inclinations ought to infu• many a year.” ence the councils of either. Of such in. London Dec. 1. 1780.
len is a principal mover, have drawn the AMERICA.
lines of this ftate, estabiished laws and reQUR last volume contained accounts of gulations, expressly contrary to the will or
the surrender of Charlestown, with wishes of Congress, and have gone so far all its dependencies, and an American as to defend the appointment of their army of near 6000 men, to the King's own governor and civil officers, against forces; -of a French army having taken the militia of the High and Mighty Con. poft in Rhode island, - of Arnold, a gress, fent there to suppress all civil or major-general in the service of the revolted military regulations made by these new colonies, having quitted that service, and people. joined the King's standard ; - of Gen. " New York, Dec. Io. The late acLeslie's being sent by Gen. Clinton from counts received from Albany inform us, New York, on an expedition to the that Colonel Ethan Allen, with upwards Chesapeak; -- of Sir Henry Clinton's con- of 600 effective men, had joined the royal tinuing to command in chief the King's garrison at Ticonderoga. The inhabi. forces in North America ; of the Earl tants of the district of Vermont had taken Cornwallis's being commander in chief, arms to defend themselves against a deunder Gen. Clinton, in South Carolina; scent expected upon their country from of Adm. Arbuthnot's being naval com the rebels, preparations for which were mander in chief in North America, and making at Albany; where the enemy preAdm. Rodney in the West Indies ;
sumed to threaten an attack in the winaod of the West Indies being visited with ter feafon upon Fort St John, to destroy a terrible storm in O&ober, in which the the British ihipping laid up at that place. Aand of Jamaica suffered greatly, and This intelligence perfectly agrees with that of Barbadoes still more.
accounts which we have received from “ New York, Dec. 20. Brig. Gen. Ar- different parts in the course of the last nold [42.596.], witb upwards of 2000 fortnight; and as it is derived from very men, all embarked on board transports, credible persons, we hope soon to find it and ready to fail (only waiting for a fair realised by fome happy events that may wind), were lying in Sandy-hook at the result from Col. Allen's acceding to the date of this letter. The corps that com- interest of government, and taking an pofe this arms, confist of the Scotch re. active part against Congress; who, with giment the 8th, or Edinburgh Royal their accustomed chicane and perfidy, volunteers, of two battalions, making 900 have attempted to deceive all the inbabimen; the Queen's rangers, mounting tants of Vermont." soo men ; Arnold's regiment, and two 66 New York, Dec. 28. The Board of Provincial battalions. 400 bridles and Directors of Affociated Loyalists have saddles, and other accoutrements, were published, with the approbation of Sir put on board the transports belonging to Henry Clinton, a declaration, containthe fleet, as it is intended, when they ing the following benefits and rewards, arrive at their destination, to raise four as an encouragement to all those who are troops of horse, each to confift of ico inclined to affociate under their direction, men. A number of large cannon for for the purpose of annoying the revolted battering is on board the storeships. Ports- provinces, and distresling their trade. mouth, and the province of Virginia, are 1. That all persons willing and able to the places the above expedition is intend. bear arms for the suppression of the preed for."
sent rebellion, and who engage to form Nothing (according to accounts re under the direction of the Board, agreeceived from America towards the end of ably to this establishment, will be subJanuary) has more disconcerted or given ject to the command of those officers who lo much vexation to the Congress, as the may be recoinmended by the Board, and establishment, against their will or ap- commissioned by the Commander in probation, of a new state, called Vermont, Chief, during such term only as they may which is fituated on the frontier-parts of previously agree upon. New Hampshire, Connecticut, and New 2. That the Affociators are to be fur. York, of extensive territory, fertile foil, nished with such ordnance and stores, and tolerably well peopled." A set of the small arms and ammunition, as may be leading people in this quarter of America, judged proper for the service. joined by many of the New-Hampshire 3. That they will be supplied with ramen, among whom the famous Ethan Al. tions of provisions when they are going
upon service, and during their continu- jects of the colonies who shall surrender ance thereon.
themselves to commanders of forces or 4. That all captures made by the Af- governors, named in the declaration, any fociators, when not acting in conjunction time before the ait of August next, eswith any of his Majesty's land and fea cepting such persons as have been instruforces, will be their entire property, and mental, under the usurped forms of trial, diftributed among them in such shares as in executing and putting to death any of thall be settled by the Board, and speci- his Majesty's loyal subjects, fied in the articles of affociation.
The American governor of New York, s. That they are to be furnished by having ordered a court-martial on Jacob the Commander in Chief of his Majesty's Shell and John M.Muller, charged with hips on the North - American station secretly lurking in their state, they were with such shipping, to be manned by found guilty, and hanged, on the 27th of themselves, as may be thought necessary October, at Albany. for the fervice, from among the tranf “ Charlestown, Nov. 26. On the 14th ports or other vefsels in his Majesty's of September last, a party of Americans, pay, and not commanded by the King's under the command of Lt-Col. Clarke, officers.
of the militia of Georgia, crossed the ri6. That their mariners will not be im- ver Savannah, about fixty miles above preffed into any other service during Augutta, made a rapid march down to their continuance in the Directors em- that town, and attacked the detachment ployment.
of the British army stationed there, un3. That the prisoners they take, will der the command of Lt-Col. Brown, be exchanged only for such Affociated killed aod wounded a great many of the Loyalists as the Board may name for regular troops, and about feventy of the that purpose.
Indians. The whole of the British 8. That the fick and wounded of the troops muft inevitably have fallen into Loyalists so associated, will have the help the hands of the Americans, had not a and benefit of the King's hospitals. reinforcement arrived from Ninety-fix, a
9. That such as may at any time be station in South Carolina, about fifty called to serve the royal army as guides, miles distant from Augufta, which obliwill be allowed wages during their fer- ged Col. Clarke to retreat ; wbich he vice.
did with the loss of about twenty-three 10. That every Associator who fhalt men killed and wounded; but not withcontinue to act under the Directors or out carrying off a great fupply of ammuders during the rebellion, will receive a nition, and the greatest part of the goods gratuitous grant of two bundred acres of deposited there as prefents for the Inland in North America.
dians. After Clarke's retreat, fome few Added to these advantages, the Din prisoners were taken; eleven of whom rectors have also authority to declare, were hanged on the spot, without even the that the Commander in Chief has assured formality of a trial; fome were given up them, that if experience should point to the favage barbarity of the Indians ; out the utility of any new powers, the who were first scalped, and afterwards Board may firmly rely on his readiness put to death. Shuddering humanity reto encourage the zeal of the Associated coils on itself, and the cheek of honour Loyalists, and on his best endeavours to reddeneth with indignation at the reci. fulfil the expectations the King is pleased tal. While this tragedy was acting, I to entertain of their abilities and inten- kept close at home ; not ihinking it prutions; and that, being delirous to give dent even to be a spectator on the occathem every aid and support in his power, lion.” he will be ready to listen to any propo “ Savannah, iri Georgia, 08. 5. We sals the Board may judge of advantage hear from Augusta, ihat thirteen men to the bufiness his Majesty has been gra. have been lately hanged there, for having ciously pleased to commit tn their direc- joined Clarke in his attack upon Col.
Brown, after taking the oaths of alleGen. Clinton and Adm. Arbuthnot, giance to the British government." Commissioners for restoring peace in A “ New York, Nov. 29. The enterprise merica, &c. [42. 49.), published a deo of the rebels against sta miscarried, claration at New York, dated Jan. 3. through the firmness of Col. Brown, offering a pardon to all the deluded sub- supported by the opportune arrival of
Col. Cruger, on which occasion the rebels ran away. Col. Cruger found a ra
From the Earl Cornwallis to Sir Henry Clinscal amongst the rebel prisoners, ton, dated, Camp, at Wynnesborough, Dec. Dukes, who after having fubmitted to 3. 1780. government, and taken the oaths, was found in arms at Augufta, whom he or
". I had the honour to inform your dered to be hanged.”
Excellency, that Major Ferguson had " Charlestown, Nov. 8. In consequence taken infinite pains with some of the mic of the powers in me vefted by the Rt litia of Ninety-fix. He obtained my Hon. Earl Cornwallis [42.643.], and permillion to make an incurfion into warrants received from his Lord hip and Tryon county, whilst the sickness of my the Commandant of Charlestown, I do army prevented my moving. As he had bereby make public to all whom it may only militia and the small remains of his concern, That I have given the necessary own corps, without baggage or artillery, orders for the feizure of the estates, both and as he promised to come back if he real and perfonal, of those persons whose heard of any superior force, I thought he names are under-mentioned, exceptcould do no harm, and might help to ing fuch property in Charlestown 'as keep alive the spirits of our friends in is lecured to those who were in the town North Carolina, which might be damped at the time of capitulation. And I do by the slowness of our motions. The bereby strictly prohibit all and every per. event proved unfortunate without any fun or persons from attempting to con- fault of Major Ferguson's. A numerous ceal, remove, or in any way injure the and unexpected enemy came from the laid property, on pain of being punished, mountains : as they had good horses their as aiding and abetting rebellion.
movements were rapid. Major Ferguson JOHN CRUDEN. was tempted to stay near the mountains
longer than he intended, in hopes of cutJohn Rutledge John Harleston, jun. ting off Col. Clarke on his return from Heary Laurens Ifaac Harleston Georgia. He was not aware that the eThomas Ferguson Isaac Morte
nemy was so near him; and in endeaChristophes Gadsden Nicholas Eveleigh William Moulirie John Lewis Gervais the Catawba, and joining me at Char
vouring to execute my orders of paffing Pierce Butler Stephen Bull
lotte-town, he was attacked by a very Ralph Izard
Peter Horry Arthur Middleton Hugh Horry
fuperior force, and totally defeated on Charles Corefworth Thomas Heyward
King's Mountain. [42.688.) Piackney William Clay Snipes.
Wynnesborough, my present position, Francis Marion
is an healthy spot, well situated to protect
the greatest part of the northern frontier, By the Antelope packet, which failed and to asit Camden and Ninety-fix. from Charlestown on the 18th of January, Sumpter having passed the Broad river, dispatches were received from the Earl and joined Branan, Clarke, &c. I deCornwallis, Maj. Gen. Lesie, and Lta' tached Major M‘Arthur with the ift batCol. Balfour, addressed to Lord George talion of the 71st, and the 63d regiment, Germain ;-of which the following three after having fent my aid-de-camp, Lieut. extracts and letter have appeared in the Money, to take the command of it, to London gazette.
Brierly's ferry on Broad river, in order to
cover our mills, and to give some check From the Earl Cornwallis, dared, Wynines to the enemy's march to Ninety-fix. At borcagh, Dec. 18. 1780.
the same time I recalled Lt. Col. Tarleton
from the low country. Tarleton was so “ As your Lordship will doubtless be fortunate as to pass not only the Wateree, glad to hear, by every fafe opportunity, but the Broad river, without Gen. Sumpthe state of affairs in the fouthern district, ter's being apprised of it ; who having in, I have the honour of transmitting to you creafed his corps to one thousand, had copy of my letter to the commander in passed the Ennoree, and was on the chief on the 3d of this month. As this point of attacking our hundred militia at letter explains fully our past operations, Williams's house, lifteen miles from and present fituation, I have only to add, Ninety-fix, and where I believe he would that Maj. Gen. Leslie is safely arrived, not have met with much resistance. Lt: with his whole feet, at Charlestown."
Col. Tarleton would have surprised him From Maj.-Gen. Leslie, dated, Charlestowns, on the south of Ennoree, bad not a deserter of the 63d given notice of his
Dec. 19. 1780. march: he however cut to pieces his “I did myself the honour of writing to rear guard in passing that river, and pur- your Lordship, at sea, on board his Masued his main body with such rapidity, jesty's ship the Romulus, the 27th ult, that he could not safely pass the Tyger, From hard gales, and contrary winds, and was obliged to halt on a very strong we did not get here before the 13th inposition, at a place called Black Stocks, ftant. The troops are all arrived in close to it. Tarleton had with him only great health : we met with no loss except his cavalry, and the 63d mounted, his our horses. Com. Gayton paid the infantry and a three-pounder being seve- greatest attention in keeping his feet toral miles behind. The enemy not being gether, and disposing of his light-armed able to retreat with safety, and being in- vessels for the protection of the tranfformed of Tarleton's approach, and ports. I found orders here to march up want of infantry, by a woman who pass the country, with about 1530 men, to sed him on the march, and contrived by join Lord Cornwallis as soon as poffible : a nearer road to get to them, were en
the want of horses and waggons preventcouraged by their great fuperiority of ed me proceeding on my march until this numbers, and began to fire on the 63d, day.” [42.647.] who were dismounted. Lt.Col. Tarleton, A letter from Li-Col
. Balfour, commandant to save them from considerable loss, was
at Charlestown, dated, Charlestown, Jan. obliged to attack, although at some ha
16. 1781. zard, and drove the enemy with loss over the river : Sumpter was dangerously “ My LORD, wounded, three of their colonels killed, I am honoured with Lord Cornwallis's and about 120 men killed, wounded, or directions to address myself to your Lordtaken. On our fide about 50 were killed ship during his absence from this province, and wounded. Lieuts Gibson and Cope and to have the honour of informing your of the 63d were amongst the former, and Lordship, from time to time, of the state of my aid-de-camp. Lieut. Money, who the army, and the fituation of affairs here. was a most promising officer, died of his By the last dispatches from Lord Cornwounds a few days after. Lt-Col. Tarle- wallis, which were dated the rith inton, as soon as he had taken care of his ftant, the army was then in motion, wounded, pursued and dispersed the re and advancing towards North Carolina, maining part of Sumpter's corps ; and so that his Lordship would reach Bullock then, having affembled some militia un- creek, between the Catawba and Broad der Mr Cunningham, whom I appointed rivers, by the 16th; to which I am hapbrigadier-general of the militia of that py to add, that the troops under his district, and who has by far the greatest command, were, at that time, in the influence in that country, he returned to highest health. the Broad river, where he at present The latest accounts of the enemy inremains ; as well as Major M Arthur form us, that Gen. Green, with his in the neighbourhood of Brierley's fer- army, is at Hayly’s ferry, on the eaftern ry.
banks of the Pedee. It is not easy for Lt-Col. Tarleton to In order to co-operate with Lord add to the reputation he has acquired in Cornwallis's views on Cape-Fear river, this province; but the defeating 1000 and to afford provisions and other supmen, posted on very strong ground, and plies for his army, a small force of about occupying log-houses, with 190 cavalry 300 men, under Major Craig of the 82d and so infantry, is a proof of that spirit regiment, will fail from hence with the and those talents which must render the packet. Capt. Barkley in the Blonde, molt essential services to his country. with the Delight and Diter loops of Lt-Col. Țarleton commends much the war, convoy this corps, and will co-opegood behaviour of the officers and men rate with the troops on this expedition ; under his command; and he particularly which, I trust, will be successful, and mentions Lieut. Skinner, of the 16th give us poffeffion of Wilmington, and regiment of infantry, who does duty of this very effential communication. with the legion, as having distinguished It is with pleasure I inform your Lordbimielf.”
ship, that many of the principal inhabi