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Queen of Heaven, and figure her with a Crescent, to whose bright Image the Virgins of SIDON (d) every Night sung by Moon-light, and paid their Vows; which also was often done in Sion, where her Temple ftood, on the offensive Mountain of Olives, built by that uxorious King SOLOMON; whose Heart, though it was large, beguiled by fair Women from ainong the Heathen, fell to fcul Idolatry,
Next came THAMMUZ (e), whose annual Wound in LEBANON (f) allured the Damsels of Syria, to
A Flock; from Ashtoreth, ac Prophets had foretold. Sidor cording to the Phænician Dia - was famous for Purple and other lect ; and one of their Goddel fine Dyes, as well as Tyre. fes. Allarte is Sephora, the (c) Thammuz; vi. Egypt. Wife of Mofes, and the Moon. from the Heb. i. e. Hidden or
(1) Sidon ; Heb. i. e. A Fis: Death ; because of the secret, because of the great Plenty and, infamous, and obscene Rites perRiches, which the Inhabitants formed to this Idol, which was got by the Trade of Filh : or Death to utter. Or from Tham of Sidon the firft Son of Cana
muz, Heb. i. e. June ; because an, who first built it. Gen. x. these Feasts were kept in June, 15. i. e. A Hunter. A Sea Port This Goddess was Thammuz a. Town, the Metropolis of Pha mong the Egyptians, Cartbaginicia, older than Tyre, Car nians and Jews, but Adonis athage or other cities, which the
mong the Romans, &c. old Phænicians built upon the () Lebanon ; Heb. from LaMediterranean Sea. It was ta ban, j. e. white; because the ken by the King of Ascalon, a Top of it appears white with Year before the Destruction of Snow : Or Frankincense ; because Troy, and 240 Years before the it abounds upon it. A very long, Building of Solomon's Temple ; large, and high Mountain in Sy- · then they that escaped built ria, about 200 Miles in Length, Tyre, which is 16 Miles from from Damascus to the Mediterrait to the South, and 36 Miles nean Sea Westward, and the from Jerusalem to the North Boundary of Canaan to the Welt. By their great Trade and North, about 120 Miles from Wealth, the Sidonians became Jerusalem. It is famous for Cevery proud, idolatrous and abe dar Trees, which grow only minable to God: therefore he there and in some Woods of Ame, frequently punished them ; now rica. Some of these Trees are it is very much decayed ; as the 20 Yards round, very tall and
lament his Fate in Love-Songs a whole Summer's Day, while the smooth River A DONIS (8) ran coloured with Purple to the Sea, fuppoted to be with the Blood of THAMMU Z wounded every Year ; the LoveTale corrupted the Daughters of JERUSALEM, and warmed thein with like Heat ; whose wanton Passions EZEKIEL (b) saw in the sacred Porch, when being led by a Vision, he saw the dark Idolatries of the alienated Children of JUDAH.
spreading Solomon built his for two Days. See Potter's AnTemple of them chiefly; but tiq. of Greece, Vol. 1. P. 328. now they are much decayed. Mr. Adonis is the Sun, for fix Months Thevenot reckoned no more than he is in the lowest Hemisphere, as 23, great and small, and Mr.
in Hell with Proferpina ; and for Maundrel only 7. On the Top the other six months in the upof it itood a Temple of Venus, per ; at which they rejoiced wherein lewd Men and Women mightily, as they were sorry for debauched and prostituted them- his declining from them. Here, felves moft infamously; for which the Name of a River which runs Conftantine the Great demolished down Mount Lebanon, and at it. There is now Canobine, a that Time of the Year his Wa. Convent of the Maronites, abouc ters are red, which the Heachens the fame Spot of Ground. The ascribed to a mysterious SympaHead of it calls himself the Pa- thy in it, for the Death of Ado. triarch of Antioch.
nis ; which is indeed and only 6) Adonis ; VII. Heb. i. c. caused by the Rains, that make Lord. An Asyrian Idol, the it to swell and run over the fame as Thammuz. The Tale is, Banks, and to wash away some this Adonis was a fine Youth, red Earth ; as Mr. Maundrel che Son of Cynra King of Cy. testifies ; and gave Occasion to prus by his Daughter Myrrha, this Fable and Idolatry. beloved of Venus and Preserpina, (b) Ezekiel or Jechezekel; Heb. killed by a wild Boar upon Mount i. e. The Strength of God.' The Lebanon while he was bunting, chird of the four greater Proand much lamented by these phets, carried a Captive to BaGoddesses. These Women kept bylon with Jechonia, when he a folemn Feast at that Time, was young : The Son of Buz, weeping, lamenting, and beating a very learned Priest. Some themselves for his Death ; after mistake him for Pythagoras, wards they rejoiced at his Recurn the ancient Heathen Philosoto Life. 'The Festival of Adonia pher ; but he was contemporawas celebrated through Greece, sy with him, and Icarned much in Honour of Penus and Adonis, from him also. He law in a Vi
Next him came one, who mourned in Earnest, when the captive Ark dilinembered his brutal Image ; his Head and Hands being lopt off in his own Temple, where he fell fat by the Side of the Door, and Thamed his Worshippers ; his Name was DAGON (i), a Sea Monster, like a Man upward, and downward like a Fish; yet he had his Temple raised high in ASHDOD (k), and was dreaded through the Coast of PALESTINE, in GATH (1),
in Gath (1), and ASCALON
fion the corrupted Women of Ifflines. This City was so ftrong, rael worshipped this Devil, in a that it held out a Siege againtt Porch of the holy Temple of Pjamniticus King of Egypt, in God at Jerufalem, when he was the Time of Manaffes, King of a. Captive at Babylon. A lamen- Judah, for twenty nine Years : table Sight indeed to him, Ch. and lo did also the Cicy of Mefviii. 14. He wrote very myfti. Jina in Sicily for thirty Years cally, that the Heathens might again the Lacedemonians: There not understand his Meaning. But are the longelt Sieges mentioned reproving the Jezus so boldly for in Hillory. Judas Maccabeus their Idolatry, they put bim to was Nain upon M. Azolus, by a molt cruel Death at Babylon, Bacchides the General of Demeabout A. M. 3380.
trius, King of Syria, 1 Mac. ix. (1) Dagon, VIII. Heb. i. e. 18. It was a fair and rich CiA Fis. A God of the Syrians ty, but is now a poor ruinous and Pbiliftines, who got valt Place ; the Turks call it Alzete, Riches by Fish ; which they ar
i. e. The Village: cribed to this Idol. It was half ( Gath; Heb. i. e. A Wine a Fish and half a Man. It was Press ; because much Wine was the Neptune and Saturn of the made chere, I'. Ixiii. 2. One of Greeks and Romans, whom they the chief Cities of the Philistines worshipped in this form ; be upon the Sea, very rich and pow. cause they got Riches from both erful, diftant from Jerusalem aSea and Land,
bout thirty-four Miles to the (4) Azotus or Ashdod ; Heb. i. Weft, and famous for the Birth ę. Laging waste ; because it was Place of that Giant Goliath, and a strong and victorious City ; or others of his huge, terrible Fa. of Eh, Heb. i. e. a Fire, and mily, which were all cut off by Dod, i. e. The Fire of Love. A the valiant King David, 1 Sam. Sea. Port Town in Palestine be- xvi. It was called also Metbegtween Joppa and Ascalon, 22 Ammah, i, e. The Bridle of Box. Miles from Jerusalem to the dage ; because it kept the adjaWelt, and one of the five chief cent Country in Subjection, 2 Governments of the old Phili Sam, viii. i.
(m), and EKRON (n), and the Frontiers and Bounds of GAZA (0)
RIMMON followed him, whose pleasant Seat was
(m) Ascalon ; Heb. i. e. An Ages before, Gen. x. 19. ignominious Fire ; or from Ajca. rather Heb. i. e. A strong Tewlus a Lydian, who is said to have er, being a very strong and rich founded it. Another of the Place; and also Conftantia, bechief Cities of the Philistines, on cause Constantine the Great gave the same Sea, thirty Miles from it to his Sister Confiantia. It Jerusalem to the West. It was stands about two Miles from the famous for a celebrated Temple Sea on the River Bezor, near Eof the Idol Dagon there. The Espl; therefore our Author here Scythians or Tartars in an Expe calls it the Frontier Bounds of dition, about 640 Years before those Countries; forty Miles the Incarnation, demolished an from Jerufalem towards the antient and fately Temple of South-West, and was one of the Venus, and fome of them settled best Cities the old Philipines in it; therefore it is called Scy- pofleffed. Here they had a very thopolis, Gr. i. e. the City of magnificent Temple to their the Scythians, Judith i. 10. God Dagon, called Beth Dagong Holifernes laid it in Ruins, and Heb. i. e. The House or Temso did Saladine in the Holy War. .ple of Dagon, capacious to reBut Richard I. King of England ceive 5000 People at once, and Tepaired it, and yoppa, Cejarea, stood upon two main Columns, &c. A. D. 1192. The Turks foartfully contrived, that Samson call it Scalona, by a Corruption could grasp them in his two of the Word.
Hands, and pull the whole Fa(n) Accaron or Ecron; Heb. i. brick upon them and himself, e. Barrenness; because it was Judg. xvi. 21. Beth Dagon ftood reared in a fruitful Soil. A about 2000 Years, 'till Jonathan City on the South of Cath, a the Brother of Judas Maccabrus bout thirty fix Miles from Jeru- fet the City on Fire, and burnt falem to the West.
It was once that Temple, with all those his a Place of great Wealth and Enemies, who fled thither for Power, so that it held out a long Sanctuary, 1 Mac. x. 34. xi. 4. Time against the victorious And so long did a patient Deity Jews, udg. i. But now it is a wink at that Wickedness, before poor despicable Village.
he punished them. Alexander (). Gaza now Gazra ; Perf. the Great took this City in two i. e. The Place of Treasure; Months, but it cost Alexander because thither Cambyses of Per the third, Son of Hyrcanus a ke sent those Treasures, which whole Year, before he became he had prepared for the Egyptian Master of it, 1 Maccab. xiij. 61, War. "But it was called so many 62.
fair DAMASCUS (P), on the fruitful Banks of ABBANA (9) and PHARPHAR(r), two Rivers of DAMAScus, whose Waters are very pure and clear ; he also was very bold against the House of God, once he loft a Leper (s), and once he gained a King; AHAZ (1), his foolish Conqueror, whom he drew to despise God's Altar, and displace it, for one made like those of SYRIA; whereon he might burn his abominable Offerings, and adore the Gods that he had conquered.
(0) Damascus ; Heb. i. e. of him who built the first Bridge Drinking Blood; because there over it. Cain Dew his Brother ; or the (~) Pharphar or Parpar, Heb. Habitation of Sem, because he i. e. Fructifying Another of dwelt chereabout ; as also Adan the Rivers of Damascus, or ra and Eve, when they were expel. ther one of the three Arms of led Paradise, as it is reported : the Abbana, now the Farfar Or from Eliezer of Damascus, and Cbryforrhoes, Gr. i. e. RinAbraham's chief Servant, Gen. ning with Gold, because Gold is *V. 2. whom others take to be found in the Sands of that Ria the Founder of it. The Metro Some say these are but two polis of all Syria, one hundred Branches of the Barraday. and fixty Miles from Jerusalem (1) Leper ; Fr. Ital. Span. to the North, very beautiful, Lat. from the Gr. i. e. A Le. pleasant, fertile, and well wa- prous Man, full of Scabsor tered by seven Rivulets. It is Scales ; one that is infected with the oldest City upon Earth, built the Leprosy, Gr. i. e. A burn: soon after the Flood, and was ing or very hot Disease. Here, in the early Days of Abraham ; Naaman the Syrian. This whole but now it is forely decayed, History is recorded, 2 Kings y. I. and called Damas by the Turks, (1) sbax ; Heb. i. e. Taking by a Contraction of the old Polifon. An idolatrous King Name.
of Judah, and the Father of (9) Abbana or Abana ; Heb. good Hezekiah. He was the i. e. Stony; because it runs fourteenth King, about A. M. down Mount Libanus among ma 2205, seven hundred and fixty ny Rocks and Stones, is very ra two Years before Jesus Cbrift, pid, broad, and turbid. The and reigoed fixteen Years. He chief River that runs by the Weft caused Uriah the chief Prieft and South Sides of Damascus and to set up an idolatrous Altar, thro' it, into a great Lake hard close by the Altar of God, by. The Fish in it are unwhole. whereof he took the Pattern Some. It is mentioned, 2 Kings from that at Damascus, which V. 12. and is the Oronies in Las was frietly forbidden by the ditin, now Oronz, from the Name vine Lawi See 2 Kings xvi. 10.