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own flesh may not deceive us, nor
lead us into misbelief, despair, and
other great shame and vice; and
that, though we may be thus tempt-
ed, wc may nevertheless finally pre-
vail and gain the victory.

The Seventh Petition.
But deliver us from evil.

What does this mean? Answer:

We pray in this petition, as in a summary, that our Father in heaven may deliver us from all maimer of evil—in body or soul, property or honor—and, at last, when our time comes, may grant us a happy end, and graciously take us from this world of sorrow to himself in heaven.

Amen.1

What does this mean? Answer: That I should be sure that such petitions are pleasing to our Father in heaven, and are heard by him; for he himself has commanded us thus to pray, and has promised that he will hear us. Amen, Amen: that is, Yea, yea, so shall it be.

1 Many modern editions insert the doxology before Amen, with this question: , SBie tailttt ber Sefditufj? Denn bein ifl bo8 Sfeicb, unb bie firaft, unb bie §errlid)fcit, in (Swiglcit. amen., —1 What is the conclusion? For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever. Amen.'

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Past 1Y.

THE SACRAMENT OF HOLT BAPTISM,

As it should clearly and simply explained to every household by the head of the family.

I.

What is Baptism? Answer:

Baptism is not simply common water, but it is the water comprehended in God's command, and connected with God's Word.

What is that Word of God? Answer:

It is that which our Lord Christ speaks in the last chapter of Matthew [xxviii. 19]:

'Go ye [into all the world], and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son , and of the Holy Ghost?

n.

What does Baptism give, or of what nse is it? Answer:

It worketh forgiveness of sins, delivers from death and the devil, and gives everlasting salvation to all who believe, as the Word and promise of God declare.

What are snch words and promises of God? Answer:

Those which our Lord Christ speaks in the last chapter of Mark: 'He that believeth and is bap

1 The words in all* Welt are inserted from Mark xvi. 15.

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tized, shall be saved; but he that believeth not, shall be damned?

m

How can water do such great things? Answer:

It is not water, indeed, that does it, but the Word of God which is with and in the water, and faith, which trusts in the Word of God in the water. For without the Word of God the water is nothing but water, and no baptism; but with the Word of God it is a baptism—that is, a gracious water of life and a washing of regeneration in the Holy Ghost, as St. Paul says, Titus, third chapter [iii. 5-7]:

lBy the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost, which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour/ that being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life? This is certainly true. [Or, 'This is a faithful saying] ver. 8.]

IV.

What does snch baptizing with water signify? Answer:

It signifies that the old Adam in us is to be drowned by daily sorrow and repentance, and perish with all sins and evil lusts; and

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that the new man should daily come forth again and rise, who shall live before God in righteousness and purity forever.

Where is it so written? Answer:

St. Paul, in the 6th chapter of Romans, says:

'We are buried with Christ by baptism into death; that like as he was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in neioness of life:

HOW THE UNLEARNED SHOULD BE
TAUGHT TO CONFESS.1

What is confession? Answer:

Confession comprehends two parts: one, that we confess our 6ins; the other, that we receive absolution or forgiveness from the father confessor, as from God himself, in no wise doubting, but firmly believing that our sins are thereby forgiven before God in heaven.

What sins should we confess? Answer:

Before God we should accuse ourselves of all manner of sins,

This section on Confession appears first in the third edition before Part V., and preparatory to it. So also in the editions of 1539 and 1542. (See Harnack, p. lvi. and p. 53.) In later editions it is enlarged (by inserting the passages Matt. xvi. 19 and John xx. 22, 23, and other additions), and is counted as a separate Part (V.) on The Office of the Keys (SSon bet ikitbte ober bent 2lmt ber Sdllttfjel), or added as an Appendix after Part V. See Vol. I. § 43, p. 248.

Vol. III.—G

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even of those which we do not ourselves perceive; as we do in the Lord's Prayer. But to the confessor we should confess those sins only which we. know and feel in our hearts.

Which are these? Answer:

Here consider your condition, according to the Ten Commandments, whether you are a father or mother, a son or daughter, a master or mistress, a man-servant or maid-servant; whether you have been disobedient, unfaithful, lazy, angry, unchaste, spiteful; whether you have injured any one by words or deeds; whether yon have stolen, neglected, or wasted any thing, or done any harm.

Show me a short wny to confess. Answer :1

Speak thus to the confessor: Worthy, dear sir, I beseech you to hear my confession, and absolve me for God's sake.

Say:

I, poor sinner, confess before God that I am guilty of all manner of sin; in particular I confess before you that I am a man-servant, maid-servant, etc.: but, alas! I serve my master unfaithfully, for I

1 This and the following forms of Confession and Absolution are omitted in the translations of the 'Evang. Luth. Ministeriam of Pennsylvania/and even in the 'Church Book' of the General Council of the Ev. Luth. Church in America (1873). The reason of the omission is obvions.

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