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ut, quemadmodum sub uno Christo sumus et and corrected, these things may be harmomilitamus: ita in una etiam Ecclesia Chri- nized and brought back to the one simple stiana, in unitate et concordia vivere possi- truth and Christian concord; so that heremus ; cumque nos infra scripti Elector et Prin- after the one unfeigned and true religion may cipes, cum aliis, qui nobis conjuncti sunt, pe- be embraced and preserved by us, so that as rinde ut alii Electores et Principes et Status we are subjects and soldiers of the one Christ, ad præfata Comitia evocati simus, ut Cæ- so also, in unity and concord, we may live in sareo mandato obedienter obsequeremur, ma- the one Christian Church : And inasmuch as ture venimus Augustam ; et, quod citra jac- we, the Elector and Princes, whose names are tantiam dictum volumus, inter primos affui- subscribed, together with others who are con

joined with us, in common with other Electors, and Princes, and States, have been called to the aforenamed Diet,

; -we have, in order to render most humble obedience to the Imperial Mandate, come early to Augsburg, and, with no desire to boast, would state that we were among

the very first to be present. Cum igitur V. C. M. Electoribus, Principi When, therefore, Your Imperial Majesty, bus et aliis Statibus Imperii etiam hic Au- among other things, has also at Augsburg, gustæ sub ipsa initia horum Comitiorum inter at the very beginning of these sessions, cætera proponi fecerit, quod singuli Status caused the proposition to be made to the Imperii vigore Cæsarei edicti suam opinio- Princes and States of the Empire, that each nem et sententiam in Germanica et Latina of the States of the Empire, in virtue of the lingua proponere debeant atque offerre; et Imperial Edict, should propose and offer in the habita deliberatione proxima feria quarta, German and in the Latin language its opinrursum responsum est V. C. M. nos proxima ion and decision; after discussion on Wednes

feria serta articulos nostre Confessionis pro day we replied to Your Imperial Majesty, nostra parte oblaturos esse :

that on the following Friday we would offer

on our part the Articles of our Confession : Ideo ut V.C.M. voluntati obsequamur, offeri Wherefore, in order that we may do hommus in hac religionis causa nostrorum Conciona- age to the will of Your Imperial Majesty, we torum et nostram Confessionem, cujusmodi doc- now offer in the matter of religion the Contrinam ex Scripturis Sanctis et puro verbo fession of our preachers and of ourselves, the Dei hactenus illi in nostris terris, ducatibus, doctrine of which, derived from the Holy ditionibus et urbibus tradiderint, ac in Eccle- Scriptures and pure Word of God, they have siis tractaverint. Quod si et cæteri Electores, to this time set forth in our lands, dukedoms, Principes ac Status Imperii, similibus scri- domains, and cities, and have taught in the ptis, Latinis scilicet et Germanicis, juxta churches. If the other Electors, Princes, and prædictam Cæsaream propositionem, suas opi- States of the Empire, should in similar writniones in hac causa religionis produxerint : hic ings, to wit, in Latin and German, according to nos coram V. C. M. tanquam Domino nostro the aforementioned Imperial proposition, proclementissimo paratos offerimus, nos cum præ- duce their opinions in this matter of religion : fatis Principibus et amicis nostris de tolle- we here, in the presence of Your Imperial Majrabilibus modis ac viis amice conferre, ut, esty, our most Clement Lord, offer ourselves, quantum honeste fieri potest, conveniamus, et prepared, in conjunction with the Princes and

re inter nos partes citra odiosam contentio-| our friends already designated, to compare rem pacifice agitata, Deo dante, dissensio views in a kindly manner in regard to mode dirimatur, et ad unam veram concordem reli- and ways which may be available, so that, as gionem reducatur; sicut omnes sub uno Chri- far as may honorably be done, we may agree, sto sumus et militamus' et unum Christum con- and the matter between us of both parts being fiteri debemus, juxta tenorem edicti V. C. M. peacefully discussed, with no hateful contenit omnia ad veritatem Dei perducantur, id tion, by God's help the dissension may be requod ordentissimis votis a Deo petimus... " moved, and brought back to one true accordant

religion (as we are all subjects and soldiers under one Christ, so also we ought to confess one Christ, in accordance with the tenor of the decree of Your Imp. M.), and all things should be brought back to the truth of God, which with

most fervent prayers we beseech God to grant. Si autem, quod ad cæteros Electores, Prin But if, as regards the rest of the Electors, cipes et Status, ut partem alteram, attinet, Princes, and States, those of the other party, kæc tractatio causæ religionis, eo modo, quo this treatment of the matter of religion, in the V.C. M, agendam et tractandam sapienter manner in which Your I. M. has wisely thought duxit, scilicet cum tali mutua prosentatione fit it should be conducted and treated, to wit, scriptorum ac sedata collatione inter nos with such a mutual presentation of writings zon processerit, nec aliquo fructu facta fue- and calm conference between us, should not rit: nos quidem testatum clare relinquimus, go on, nor be attended by any result; yet shall kie nihil nos, quod ad Christianam concor- we leave a clear testimony that in no manner diam (quae cum Deo et bona conscientia fieri do we evade any thing which can tend to propossit) conciliandam conducere queat, ullo mote Christian concord (any thing which God modo detrectare ; quemadmodum et V. C. M. and a good conscience allow); and this Your deinde et cæteri Electores et Status Imperii I. M. and the other Electors and States of the et omnes, quicunque sincero religionis amore Empire, and all who are moved by a sincere ac studio tenentur, quicunque hanc causam love of religion and concern for it, all who are aquo animo audituri sunt, ex hac nostra et willing to give an equitable hearing in this matnostrorum Confessione hoc clementer cognoscere ter, will kindly gather and understand from et intelligere dignabuntur.

the Confession of ourselves and of ours. Cum etiam V. C. M, Electoribus, Principi Since, moreover, Your I. M. has not once bus et reliquis Statibus Imperii non una only, but repeatedly signified to the Electors, rice, sed sæpe clementer significaverit, et in Princes, and other States of the Empire; and Comitiis Spirensibus, quæ anno Domini etc. at the Diet of Spires, which was held in the XXVI, habita sunt, ex data et præscripta year of our Lord 1526, caused to be recited and forma vestræ Cæsarece instructionis et co- publicly proclaimed, in accordance with the missionis recitari et publice prælegi fecerit: form of Your Imperial instruction and comVestram M. in hoc negocio religionis ex causis mission given and prescribed : That Your I. M. certis, quae V. M. nomine allegatæ sunt, non in this matter of religion for certain reasons, velle quicquam determinare, nec concludere stated in the name of Your Majesty, was not posse, sed apud Pontificem Romanum pro willing to determine, nor was able to conclude officio V. C. M. diligenter daturam operam touching any thing, but that Your I., M. would de coagregando Concilio generali. Quemad-diligently endeavor to have the Roman Pontiff,

modum idem latius expositum est ante annum in accordance with his office, to assemble a in publico proximo conventu, qui Spiræ con- General Council ; as also the same matter was gregatus fuit. Ubi V.C. M. per Dominum more amply set forth a year ago in the last Ferdinandum, Bohemiæ et Ungariæ Regem, public Convention, which was held at Spires, amicum et Dominum clementem nostrum, de- where through His Highness Ferdinand, King inde per Oratorem et Comissarios Cæsareos, of Bohemia and Hungary, our friend and clemhæc inter cætera proponi fecit, quod V.C.M. ent Lord, afterward through the Orator and the intellexisset et expendisset Locum Tenentis Imperial Commissioners, Your I. M., among V. C. M. in Imperio et Præsidentis et Con- other propositions, caused these to be made : siliariorum in Regimine et Legatorum ab aliis that Your I. M. had known and pondered the Statibus, qui Ratisbonæ convenerant, delibe- resolution to convene a Council, formed by the rationem de Concilio congregando, et quod Representatives of Your I. M. in the Empire, judicaret etiam V.C. M. utile esse, ut con- and by the Imperial President and Counselors, gregaretur Concilium, et quia causæ, quæ and by the Legates of other States convened tum tractabantur inter V. C. M. et Romanum at Ratisbon, and this Your I. M. also judged Pontificem, vicinæ essent concordiæ et Chri- that it would be useful to assemble a Council; stianæ reconciliationi, non dubitaret V.C.M. and because the matters which were to be adquin Romanum Pontifex adduci posset ad justed at this time between Your I. M. and the habendum generale Concilium: ideo signifi- Roman Pontiff were approaching agreement cabat se V. C. M. operam daturam, ut pre- and Christian reconciliation, Your I. M. did fatus Pontifex Maximus una cum V. C. M. not doubt that, but that the Pope could be intale generale Concilium primo quoque tempore duced to summon a General Council: Whereemissis literis publicandum congregare con- fore Your I. M. signified that Your I. M. would sentiret.

endeavor to bring it to pass that the Chief Pontiff, together with Your I. M., would consent at the earliest opportunity to issue letters for

the convening of such a General Council. In eventum ergo talem, quod in causa re In the event, therefore, that in this matter ligionis dissensiones inter nos et partes amice of religion the differences between us and the et in caritate non fuerint compositæ, tunc other party should not be settled in friendship coram V. C. M. hic in omni obedientia nos and love, we here present ourselves before offerimus, ex superabundanti comparituros et Your I. M. in all obedience, as we have done causam dicturos in tali generali, libero et before, ready to appear and to defend our Christiano Concilio, de quo congregando in cause in such a general, free, and Christian omnibus Comitiis Imperialibus, quc quidem Council, concerning the convening of which annis Imperii V. C. M. habita sunt, per Elec- there has been concordant action and a detores, Principes et reliquos Status Imperii termination by agreeing votes on the part of semper concorditer actum et congruentibus suf- the Electors, Princes, and the other States of fragiis conclusum est. Ad cujus etiam gene- the Empire, in all the Imperial Diets which ralis Concilii conventum, simul et ad V. C. M. have been held in the reign of Your I. M. in hac longe maxima et gravissima causa jam To this Convention of a General Council, as ante etiam debito modo et in forma juris pro- also to Your I. M., we have in the due method vocavimus et appellavimus. Cui appellationi and legal form before made our protestation ad V. C. M. simul et Concilium adhuc adhe- and appeal in this greatest and gravest of remus, neque eam per hunc vel alium tractatum matters. To which appeal both to Your I. M.

(nisi causa inter nos et partes juxta tenorem and a Council we still adhere; nor do we inCæsareæ prorimæ citationis amice in caritate tend, nor would it be possible for us to forsake composita, sedata, et ad Christianam con- it by this or any other document, unless the cordiam reducta fuerit) deserere intendimus matter between us and the other party should, aut possumus ; de quo hic etiam solenniter et in accordance with the tenor of the latest publice protestamur.

Imperial citation, be adjusted, settled, and brought to Christian concord, in friendship and love; concerning which appeal ve here also make our solemn and public protest.

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CHIEF ARTICLES OF FAITH.

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ARTICULI FIDEI PRÆCIPUI.
ART. I.-De Deo.

Art. I.-Of God. Ecclesiæ magno consensu [ein The churches, with common conträchtiglich] apud nos docent, De- sent among us, do teach that the cretum Nicænæ Synodi, de uni- decree of the Nicene Synod contate essentiæ divinæ et de tribus cerning the unity of the divine espersonis, verum et sine ulla du- sence and of the three persons is bitatione credendum esse. Vi- true, and without doubt to be bedelicet, quod sit essentia lieved: to wit, that there is one didivina, quæ et appellatur et vine essence which is called and is est Deus, æternus, incorporeus God, eternal, without body, indivisiimpartibilis (ohne Stück], im- ble (without part], of infinite powmensa potentia, sapientia, boni- er, wisdom, goodness, the Creator tate, creator et conservator om- and Preserver of all things, visible nium rerum, visibilium et in- and invisible; and that yet there visibilium; et tamen tres sint are three persons of the same espersona, ejusdem essentiæ et po- sence and power, who also are cotentiæ, et coæterno, Pater, Filius eternal, the Father, the Son, and et Spiritus Sanctus. Et nomine the Holy Ghost. And they use the personce utuntur ea

utuntur ea significa- name of person in that significatione, qua usi sunt in hac causa tion in which the ecclesiastical Scriptores Ecclesiastici [die Vä- writers [the fathers] have used it ter], ut significet non partem aut in this cause, to signify, not a part qualitatem in alio, sed quod pro- or quality in another, but that which prie subsistit.

properly subsists. i Germ. ed.: Artikel des Glaubens und der Lehre. VOL. III.-B

Damnant omnes hæreses, con They condemn all heresies which tra hunc articulum exortas, ut have sprung up against this Article, Manichæos, qui duo principia po- as the Manichees, who set down two nebant, Bonum et Malum, item principles, good and evil; in the Valentinianos, Arianos, Euno- same manner the Valentinians, mianos, Mahometistas et omnes Arians, Eunomians, Mohammedans, horum similes. Damnant et Sa- and all such like. They condemn mosatenos, veteres et neotericos,' also the Samosatenes, old and new;' qui, cum tantum unam perso- who, when they earnestly contend nam esse contendant, de Verbo that there is but one person, do et de Spiritu Sancto astute et craftily and wickedly trifle, after impie rhetoricantur, quod non the manner of rhetoricians, about sint persona distincto, sed quod the Word and Holy Ghost, that they Verbum significet verbum vocale, are not distinct persons, but that et Spiritus motum in rebus crea- the Word signifieth a vocal word, tum (geschaffene Regung in Cre- and the Spirit a motion created in aturen].

things.

ART. II.-De Peccato Originis.

ART. II.-Of Original Sin. Item docent, quod post lapsum Also they teach that, after Adam’s Adæ omnes homines, secundum fall, all men begotten after the comnaturam propagati, nascantur mon course of nature are born with cum peccato, hoc est, sine metu sin; that is, without the fear of God, Dei, sine fiducia erga Deum, et without trust in him, and with fleshcum concupiscentia; quodque hic ly appetite; and that this disease, morbus, seu vitium originis vere or original fault, is truly sin, consit peccatum, damnans et afferens demning and bringing eternal death nunc quoque ceternam mortem his, now also upon all that are not born qui non renascuntur per Baptis- again by baptism and the Holy mum et Spiritum Sanctum.?

Spirit. Damnant Pelagianos et alios, They condemn the Pelagians, and qui vitium originis negant esse others, who deny this original fanlt peccatum, ct, ut extenuent glo- to be sin indeed; and who, so as to riam meriti et beneficiorum Chri- lessen the glory of the merits and

· The Antitrinitarian Anabaptists, Denk, Hetzer, etc., but not Servede and the Socinians, who appeared after 1530. See Zöckler, Die Augsb. Conf. p. 137.

* Much enlarged in the edition of 1540.

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