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greater consolation of the godly in | tum ob majus piorum solatium in their adversity:' so will he have rebus adversis :' ita sane diem ipthat day unknown to men, that they sum vult ab hominibus ignorari, quo may shake off all carnal security, securitatem omnem carnalem excutiand be always watchful, because ant, et nunquam non sint vigilantes they know not at what hour the (quum qua hora venturus sit DomiLord will come; and may be ever nus ignorant) utque semper sint prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, parati ad dicendum Veni Domine come quickly." Amen.
Jesu, etiam cito veni,' Amen.
CHARLES HERLE, Prolocutor.
1 2 Pet. iii. 11, 14; 2 Cor. v. 10, 11; 2 Thess. i. * Matt. xxiv. 36, 42-44; Mark xiii. 35-37;
5-7; Luke xxi. 27, 28; Rom. viii. 23-25. Luke xii. 35, 36; Rev. xxii. 20.
Now by Authority of Parliament fitting at WESTMINSTER;
Printed at LONDON;
AND Re-printed at EDINBURGH by Evan Tyler, Printer to
the Kings moft Excellent Majestie. 1647.
The Right honorable the Lords and
Commons Assembled in PARLIAMENT ; The humble Advice of the Assembly of Divines sitting at WESTMINSTE R.
A. Mans chief and highest end is, to glorifie God, and fully to enjoy him for ever.
Q. How doth it appear that there is a God?
A. The very light of nature in man, and the works of God, declare plainly that there is a God: but his Word and Spirit only do sufficiently and effectually reveale him unto men for their salvation.
Q. What is the Word of God ?
A. The holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the Word of God, the only Rule of Faith and obedience.
THE WESTMINSTER SHORTER CATECHISM. A.D. 1647.
CATECHISMUS WESTMONASTERIENSIS MINOR.
[This Catechism was prepared by the Westminster Assembly in 1647, and adopted by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 1648; by the Presbyterian Synod of New York and Philadelphia, May, 1788: and by nearly all the Calvinistic Presbyterian and Congregational Churches of the English tongue. It was translated into Greek, Hebrew, Arabic, and many other languages, and appeared in indumerable editions. Although little known on the continent of Europe, it is more extensively used than any other Protestant catechism, except perhaps the Small Catechism of Luther and the Heidelberg Catechism. Want of space compels us to omit the Assembly's Larger Catechism, which is easy of access. For the same reason we have omitted the Scripture proofs.
The English original is conformed to the edition of the Presbyterian Board, compared with the London edition of 1655 and other older English and Scotch editions, which present no variations of any ac. count. The Latin trauslation is from the Cambridge and Edinburgh editions, containing the Confession and both Catechisms, and reprinted in Niemeyer's Appendix.] THE SHORTER CATECHISM.
Question. 1. What is the chief end Quæstio. Quis hominis finis est of man?
præcipuus ? Answer. Man's chief end is to Responsio. Præcipuus hominis glorify God, and to enjoy him finis est, Deum glorificare, eodemque forever.
frui in æternum. Ques. 2. What rule hath God given Quæs. Quam nobis regulam dedit to direct us how we may glorify and Deus, qua nos ad ejus glorificationem enjoy him ?
ac fruitionem dirigamur ? Ans. The Word of God, which is Resp. Verbum Dei (quod Scriptucontained in the Scriptures of the ris Veteris ac Novi instrumenti comOld and New Testaments,' is the prehenditur) est unica regula, qua only rule to direct us how we may nos ad ejus glorificationem ac fruiglorify and enjoy hiin.
tionem dirigamur. Ques. 3. What do the Scriptures Quæs. Quid est quod Scripturæ principally teach?
præcipue docent ? Ans. The Scriptures principally Resp. Duo imprimis sunt quæ teach what man is to believe con- Scripturæ docent, quid homini de cerning God, and what duty God Deo sit credendum, quidque officii requires of man.
exigat ab homine Deus. Ques. 4. What is GOD?
Quæs. Quid est Deus ? Ans. God is a Spirit, infinite, Resp. Deus est Spiritus essentia, eternal, and unchangeable, in his sapientia, potentia, sanctitate, justi* The London edition of 1658, Dunlop's Collection of 1719, and other editions read Testament.
being, wisdoin, power, holiness, jus- tia, bonitate ac veritate infinitus, tice, goodness, and truth.
æternus, ac immutabilis. Ques. 5. Are there more Gods than Quæs. Suntne plures uno Deo? one ?
Ans. There is but one only, the Resp. Unus est unicusque, vivens living and true God.
ille verusque Deus. Ques. 6. How many persons are Quæs. Quot sunt personæ in Deithere in the Godhead ?
tate 1 Ans. There are three
Resp. In Deitate persona tres the Godhead: the Father, the Son, sunt, Pater, Filius, ac Spiritus Sancand the Holy Ghost; and these tus ; suntque ha tres personæ Deus three are one God, the same in sub- unus, substantia eædem, potentia ac stance, eqnal in power and glory. gloria coæquales.
Ques. 7. What are the decrees of Quæs. Quid sunt decreta Dei? God?
Ans. The decrees of God are his Resp. Decreta Dei sunt æternum eternal purpose according to the ejus propositum secundum voluntatis counsel of his will, whereby, for his suæ consilium, quo quicquid unquam own glory, he hath fore-ordained evenit, propter suam ipsius gloriam whatsoever comes to pass.
praordinavit. Ques. 8. How doth God execute Quæs. Quomodo decreta sua exehis decrees.
quitur Deus! Ans. God execnteth his decrees Resp. Deus exequitur decreta in the works of creation and provi- sua creationis operibus ac providence.
dentice. Ques. 9. What is the work of Quæs. Quid est opus creatiocreation
nis ? Ans. The work of creation is Resp. Opus creationis est quo God's making all things of nothing, Deus per verbum potentiæ suæ omby the word of his power, in the nia sex dierum spatio ex nihilo conspace of six days, and all very good. didit, atque omnia quidem valde bona.
Ques. 10. How did God create Quæs. Qualem creavit Deus homan?
minem 1 Ans. God created man, male and Resp. Deus hominem creavit mafemale, after his own image, in rem ac foeminam, juxta suam ipsius knowledge, righteousness, and holi- imaginem, in cognitione, justitia ac