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III. Church censures are neces
III. Omnino necessarice sunt censary for the reclaiming and gain- suræ Ecclesiasticæ, lucrandis fratriing of offending brethren; for de- bus delinquentibus eisque in viam terring of others from the like of- reducendis, reliquis autem a similifenses ; for purging out of that bus delictis deterrendis, fermento illi leaven which might infect the malo, ne totam massam inficiat, exwhole lump; for vindicating the purgando; ad honorem Christi et honor of Christ, and the holy pro- Sanctam Evangelii professionem fession of the gospel; and for pre- vindicandum, ut prævertatur deniventing the wrath of God, which que ira Dei, quæ merito in Ecclesiam might justly fall upon the Church, accendi posset, si ipsius fædus, huif they should suffer his covenant, jusque sigilla ab insigniter ac pertiand the seals thereof, to be pro- naciter delinquentibus impune profaned by notorious and obstinate fanari pateretur.' offenders.
IV. For the better attaining of IV. Quo melius autem hosce fines these ends, the officers of the Church consequantur, procedere debent Ecare to proceed by admonition, sus- clesiæ officiarii, admonendo, a Sacrapension from the Sacrament of the mento coenæ Dominicæ ad tempus Lord's Supper for a season, and by aliquod suspendendo, excommuniexcommunication from the Church, cando denique ab Ecclesia, pro raaccording to the nature of the crime tione criminis, atque personæ delinand demerit of the person.'
De Synodis et Conciliis. I. For the better government and I. Quo melius gubernari, ac ultefurther edification of the Church, rius ædificari possit Ecclesia, conthere ought to be such assemblies ventus ejusmodi fieri debent, quales as are commonly called synods or vulgo Synodi et Concilia nuncucouncils.
*[Am. ed. omits the.]
: 1 Thess. v. 12; 2 Thess. iii. 6, 14, 15; 1 Cor. 1 Cor. chap. v.; 1 Tim. v. 20; Matt. vii. 6; 7. 4, 5, 13; Matt. xviii. 17; Tit. ii. 10.
1 Tim. i. 20; 1 Cor. xi. 27 to the end, Acts xv. 2, 4, 6. with Jude 23.
The American edition here adds the following:
[And it belongeth to the overseers and other rulers of the particular churches, by virtue of their office, and the power which Chrisi hath given them for cdification, and not for destruction, to appoint such assemblies (Acts xv.); and to convene together in them, as often as they shall judge it expedient for the good of the Church (Acts xv. 22, 23, 25).]
2 & 3
II. As magistrates may lawfully II. Quemadmodum licitum est call a synod of ministers and other Magistratibus Synodum Ministrofit persons to consult and advise rum aliorumque qui sunt idonei conwith about matters of religion;' so, vocare, quibuscum de religionis reif magistrates be open enemies to bus deliberent ac consultent:' Ita si the Church, the ministers of Christ, Magistratus fuerint Ecclesia hostes of themselves, by virtue of their aperti, licebit Christi ministris a seoffice, or they, with other fit per- ipsis virtute officii, eisve cum aliis sons, upon delegation from their idoneis, accepta prius ab Ecclesiis churches, may meet together in suis delegatione, in istiusmodi consuch asseinblies.?
ventibus congregari.' III. [II.] It belongeth to synods III. Synodorum et Conciliorum and councils, ministerially, to de- est controversias fidei et conscientice termine controversies of faith, and casus, ministerialiter quidem, detercases of conscience; to set down minare; regulas ac præscripta quo rules and directions for the better melius publicus Dei cultus ejusque ordering of the public worship of Ecclesiæ regimen ordinentur constiGod, and government of his Church; tuere ; Querelas de mala adminito receive complaints in cases of stratione delatas admittere, deque iis maladministration, and authorita- authoritative decernere. Quce quitively to determine the same: which dem decreta et decisiones, modo verbo decrees and determinations, if con- Dei consenserint, cum reverentia sonant to the Word of God, are to sunt ac summissione excipienda ; be received with rererence and sub- Non quidem solum quod verbo Dei mission, not only for their agree- sint consentanea, verum etiam gratia ment with the Word, but also for potestatis ea constituentis, ut quæ
· Isa. xlix. 23; 1 Tim. ii. 1, 2; 2 Chron. xix. • Acts xv. 2, 4, 22, 23, 25.
8-11; chaps. xxix., XXX.; Matt. ii. 4, 5; *[Am. ed. omits this whole section.] Prov. xi, 14.
the power whereby they are made, sit ordinatio Dei id ad in verbo suo as being an ordinance of God, ap- designata.' pointed thereunto in his Word.'
IV. [III.] All synods or councils IV. Synodi omnes sive concilia since the apostles' times, whether post Apostolorum tempora, seu genegeneral or particular, may err, and rales sive particulares, errori sunt many have erred; therefore they obnoxiæ, quin neque paucæ erraveare not to be made the rule of faith runt. Proindeque fidei aut praxeos or practice, but to be used as a norma constituendæ non sunt, verum help in both.
in utrisque auxilii loco adhibendæ. V. [IV.] Synods and councils are V. Synodi et Concilia id solum to handle or conclude nothing but quod Ecclesiam spectat tractare dethat which is ecclesiastical: and are bent et concludere ; neque civilibus not to intermeddle with civil affairs negotiis, quæ rem publicam spectant which concern the commonwealth, ingerere se debent, nisi humiliter unless by way of humble petition supplicando in casibus, si qui acciin cases extraordinary; or by way derint, extraordinariis ; aut consuof advice for satisfaction of con- lendo, quoties id ab eis postulat Mascience, if they be therennto re- gistratus civilis, nempe quo consciquired by the civil magistrate." entiæ illius satisfiat.'
CAP. XXXII. Of the State of Men* after Death, and of the De statu hominum post mortem, deque resurResurrection of the Dead.
rectione mortuorum. I. The bodies of men, after death, I. Hominum corpora post mortem return to dust, and see corruption;' ad pulverem rediguntur, et corruphut their souls (which neither die tionem vident : At animæ illorum nor sleep), having an immortal sub- (quæ quidem nec morientur nec obsistence, immediately return to God dormiunt) ut quæ subsistentiam hawho gave
them. The souls of the bent immortalem, ad Deum continuo righteous, being then made perfect earum datorem revertuntur. Aniin holiness, are received into the mæ quidem Justorum iam tum perhighest heavens, where they behold | fecte sanctificato, cælis supremis ac
* Acts xv. 15, 19, 24, 27-31 ; xvi. 4; Matt. ; Luke xii. 13, 14; John xviii. 36. xviii. 17-20.
*[Am. ed. has Man.] • Eph. ii. 20; Acts xvii. 11; 1 Cor. ii. 5; 2 Gen. iii. 19; Acts xiii. 36. Cor. i. 24.
6 Luke xxiii. 43; Eccles. xii. 7.
the face of God in light and glory, cipiuntur, ubi Dei faciem in lumine waiting for the full redemption of ac gloria intuentur, corporum suorum their bodies :' and the souls of the plenam redemtionem expectantes : wicked are cast into hell, where Animæ vero improborum conjiciunthey remain in torments and utter tur in Gehennam, ubi inter diros crudarkness, reserved to the judgment ciatus in tenebris exterioribus conof the great day. Besides these clusæ manent, ad judicium magni two places for souls separated from illius diei asservatæ.' Locum autem their bodies, the Scripture acknowl- animabus a corpore solutis extra edgeth none.
hosce duos Scriptura Sacra non
agnoscit ullum. II. At the last day, such as are II. Novissimo illo die, qui compefound alive shall not die, but be rientur in vivis non morientur quichanged;' and all the dead shall dem sed mutabuntur ;' qui mortui be raised up with the self-same fuerint resuscitabuntur omnes, ipsisbodies, and none other, although simis iis corporibus quibus viventes with different qualities, which shall aliquando fungebantur, ac non aliis, be united again to their souls for- utut qualitate differentibus ; quæ deever.'
nuo animabus quæque suis æterno
conjugio unientur.' III. The bodies of the unjust III. Injustorum corpora ad dedeshall, by the power of Christ, be cus per potentiam Christi suscitaraised to dishonor; the bodies of buntur ; justorum autem corpora the just, by his Spirit, unto honor, per spiritum ejus ad honorem, fientand be made conformable to his que hæc conformia corpori ipsius own glorious body.'
De ultimo judicio. I. God hath appointed a day I. Diem Deus designavit quo munwherein he will judge the world in dum in justitia judicabit per Jesum righteousness by Jesus Christ, to Christum ; o cui a Patre data est
· Heb. xii. 23; 2 Cor. v. 1, 6, 8; Phil. i. 23, '1 Thess. iv. 17; 1 Cor. xv. 51, 52.
with Acts iii. 21 and Eph. iv. 10; [Am. *Job xix. 26, 27; 1 Cor. xv. 42–44. ed. 1 John iii. 2].
5 Acts xxiv. 15: John v. 28, 29; 1 Cor. xv. * Luke xvi. 23, 24; Acts i. 25; Jude 6, 7; 42; Phil. iii. 21. 1 Pet. iii. 19.
Acts xvii. 31.
whom all power and judgment is omnis potestas et judicium.' Quo given of the Father.' In which quidem die non solum judicabuntur day, not only the apostate angels Angeli apostatici,' verum etiam omshall be judged, but likewise all nes homines, quotquot uspiam in orbe persons, that have lived upon earth, terrarum aliquando vicerint, coram shall appear before the tribunal of Christi tribunali comparebunt, ut Christ, to give an account of their cogitationum, dictorum, factorumque thoughts, words, and deeds; and to suorum rationem reddant, recipiantreceive according to what they have que simul juxta id quod in corpore done in the body, whether good or quisque fecerit, seu bonum fuerit sive evil."
malum. II. The end of God's appointing II. Eo autem consilio Diem hunc this day, is for the manifestation of præstituit Deus, quo nempe misethe glory of his mercy in the eter- ricordiæ suæ constaret gloria ex nal salvation of the elect;' and of æterna salute electorum, justitia his justice in the damnation of the autem e damnatione reproborum, reprobate, who are wicked and dis- qui improbi sunt et contumaces. obedient. For then shall the right- Tunc enim justi introibunt in vieous go into everlasting life, and tam æternam, recipientque plenitureceive that fullness of joy and re- dinem illam gaudii ac refrigerii, freshing which shall come from quæ a præsentia Domini ventura the presence of the Lord :* but the sunt : Impii autem, qui Deum ignowicked, who know not God, and obey rant, quique Evangelio Jesu Christi not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall non morem gerunt, in æternos crube cast into eternal torments, and be ciatus detrudentur, æternaque per. punished with everlasting destruc- ditione punientur a præsentia Dotion from the presence of the Lord, mini et a potentiæ ipsius gloria and from the glory of his power.' profligati.”
III. As Christ would have us to III. Quemadmodum Christus nobe certainly persuaded that there bis, futurum esse aliquando diem jushall be a day of judgment, both to dicii, esse velit persuasissimum; tum deter all men from sin, and for the quo omnes a peccato absterreantur,
John v. 22, 27. ? 1 Cor. vi. 3; Jude 6; 2 Pet. ii. 4. 3 2 Cor. v. 10; Eccles. xii. 14; Rom. ii. 16;
xiv. 10, 12; Matt. xii. 36, 37. * Rom. ix, 23; Matt. xxv. 21.
* Rom. ii. 5,6; 2 Thess. i. 7, 8; Rom. ix. 22. • Matt. xxv. 31-34; Acts iïi. 19; 2 Thess. i.
7. * Matt. xxv. 41, 46; 2 Thess. i. 9; [Am. ed.
Isa. lxvi. 24].