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III. Unto this catholic visible III. Catholicae huic Ecclesice viChurch Christ hath given the min-sibili dedit Christus ministrorum istry, oracles, and ordinances of ordinem, oracula, ac instituta Dei God, for the gathering and perfect- ad sanctos usque ad finem mundi ing of the saints, in this life, to the in hac vita colligendos simul et end of the world: and doth by his perficiendos; in quem finem præown presence and Spirit, according sentia sua, spirituque secundum to his promise, make them effectual ipsius promissionem, eadem reddit thereunto.
efficacia.' IV. This catholic Church hath IV. Ecclesia hæc Catholica exbeen sometimes more, sometimes titit quandoque magis quandoque less visible. And particular minus visibilis.' Ecclesiæ autem churches, which are members there- particulares (quæ sunt illius memof, are more or less pure, according bra) eo magis minusve puræ sunt, as the doctrine of the gospel is qui majori aut minori cum puritaught and embraced, ordinances tate in iis docetur excipiturque administered, and public worship Evangelii doctrina, administrantur performed more or less purely in divina instituta, cultusque publicus them.'
celebratur. V. The purest churches under V. Purissimæ omnium quæ in terheaven are subject both to mixt- ris sunt Ecclesiæ, cum mixturæ tum ure and error;' and some have etiam errori sunt obnoxiæ,' eousque so degenerated as to become no autem nonnullæ degenerarunt, ut ex churches of Christ, but synagogues Ecclesiis Christi factæ demum sint of Satan. Nevertheless, there ipsius Satanæ Synagogæ ; nihiloshall be always a Church on minus tamen nunquam deerit in terearth to worship God according ris Ecclesiæ, quæ Deum colat secunto his will.
dum ipsius voluntatem. VI. There is no other head of the VI. Ecclesiæ caput extra unum Church but the Lord Jesus Christ:' Dominum Jesum Christum nullum nor can the Pope of Rome, in any est ;' nec ullo sensu caput ejus esse
'1 Cor. xii. 23; Eph, iv. 11-13; Matt. xxviii. •1 Cor. xiii. 12 ; Rev. chaps. ii. and iii. ; 19, 20; Isa. lix. 21.
Matt. xii. 24-30, 47. * Rom. xi. 3, 4; Rev. xii. 6, 14; [Am. ed. "Rev. xviii. 2; Rom. xi. 18-22. Acts ix. 31].
Matt. xvi. 18; Psa. lxxii. 17; cii. 28; Matt. * Rev. chaps. . and iii. ; 1 Cor. v. 6, 7.
xxviii. 19, 20.
sense be head thereof; but is that potest Papa Romanus, qui est insigAntichrist, that man of sin and son nis ille Antichristus, homo ille peccati of perdition, that exalteth himself et perditionis filius; in Ecclesia sein the Church against Christ, and met efferens adversus Christum, et all that is called God.'
supra quicquid dicitur Deus.'
Of the Communion of Saints.
De Communione Sanctorum. 1. All saints that are united to I. Sancti omnes, qui capiti suo Jesus Christ their head, by his Jesu Christo per Spiritum ejus ac Spirit and by faith, have fellow- per fidem uniuntur, gratiarum ejus, ship with him in his graces, suf- perpessionum, mortis, resurrectionis ferings, death, resurrection, and ac gloriæ ejus habent communioglory:' and being united to one nem ;' atque inde etiam amore conanother in love, they have com- juncti sibimet invicem mutuam domunion in each other's gifts and norum suorum gratiarumque sociegraces,' and are obliged to the tatem quandam ineunt,' ac ad ejusperformance of such duties, pub- modi officia præstanda publica et lic and private, as do conduce to privata obligantur, quo ad mutuum their mutual good, both in the eorum bonum conducant, cum quoad inward and outward man." internum tum etiam quoad externum
hominem. II. Saints, by profession, are II. Qui sanctos sese profitentur, bound to maintain an holy fel- sanctam illi societatem et communilowship and communion in the onem inire tenentur et conservare, worship of God, and in perform- cum in divino cultu, tum alia officia ing such other spiritual services as spiritualia præstando, quæ ad mutend to their mutual edification;tuam eorum ædificationem conferre as also in relieving each other in possint ; ' Quin etiam porro subleoutward things, according to their vando se mutuo in rebus externis, several abilities and necessities. pro ratione cujusque vel facultatum
* Matt. xxiii. 8-10; 2 Thess. ii. 3, 4, 8, 9; Eph. iv. 15, 16; 1 Cor. xii. 7; iii. 21-23 ; Rev. xiii. 6.
Col. ii. 19. * 1 John i. 3; Eph. ii. 16-19; John i, 16 ; *1 Thess. v. 11, 14; Rom. i. 11, 12, 14 ;
Eph. ii. 5, 6; Phil. iii. 10; Rom. vi. 5, 6; 1 John iii. 16-18; Gal. vi. 10. 2 Tim. ii. 12.
5 Heb. x. 24, 25; Acts ii. 42, 46; Isa. ii. 3 :
1 Cor. xi. 20.
Which communion, as God offer- vel indigentiæ. Quæ quidem cometh opportunity, is to be extended munio, prout opportunitatem Deus unto all those who, in every place, obtulerit, est ad eos omnes, qui ubivis call upon the name of the Lord locorum Domini Jesu nomen invoJesus.'
cant, extendenda." III. This communion which the III. Hæc autem communio qua saints have with Christ, doth not sancti cum Christo potiuntur, eos inake them in anywise partakers of substantiæ Deitatis ejus neutiquam the substance of his Godhead, or to reddit participes, nec ullo respectu be equal with Christ in any respect: æquales Christo : Quorum utrumvis either of which to affirm is impious affirmare impium est ac blaspheand blasphemous.' Nor doth their mum ; ' neque sane communio illa, communion one with another, as quæ iis secum mutuo quatenus sancsaints, take away or infringe the tis intercedit; cujusquam ad bona title or propriety which each man et possessiones suas jus privatum vel hath in his goods and possessions. tollit vel imminuit.'
De Sacramentis. 1. Sacraments are holy signs and I. Sacramenta sunt fæderis gratia seals of the covenant of grace,' im- signa sacra et sigilla,' immediate a mediately instituted by God, to Deo instituta,' ad Christum ejusque represent Christ and his benefits, beneficia repræsentandum, ad jus and to confirm our interest in nostrum in illo confirmandum, prout him:' as also to put a visible dif- etiam ad illos qui Ecclesiam spectant ference between those that belong a reliquis illis qui sunt e mundo, visiunto the Church and the rest of bili discrimine separandum, utque the world;' and solemnly to en- ii solenniter devinciantur ad obedigage them to the service of God in entiam et cultum Deo in Christo Christ, according to his Word.' juxta verbum ejus exhibendum.'
II. There is in every sacrament II. In Sacramento quolibet est in
' Acts ii. 44, 45; 1 John iii. 17; 2 Cor. chaps. Rom. iv. 11; Gen. xvii. 7, 10. viii. and ix. ; Acts xi. 29, 30.
• Matt. xxviii. 19; 1 Cor. xi. 23. · Col. i. 18, 19; 1 Cor. viii. 6; Isa. xlii. 8; ' 1 Cor. x. 16; xi. 25, 26; Gal. iii. 27.
1 Tim. vi. 15, 16; Psa. xlv. 7 with Heb. 8 Rom. xv. 8; Exod. xii. 48; Gen. xxxiv. i. 8, 9.
14; [Am. ed. 1 Cor. x. 21). '[Am. ed. property.]
9 Rom. vi. 3, 4; 1 Cor. x. 16, 21. • Exod. xx. 15; Eph. iv. 28; Acts v. 4.
a spiritual relation or sacramental ter signum et rem significatam relaunion, between the sign and the thing tio quædam spiritualis, sive Sacrasignified; whence it comes to pass mentalis unio ; unde fit ut alterius that the names and the effects of nomina et effectus alteri quandoque the one are attributed to the other." tribuantur.' III. The
which is exhibited III. Quae in Sacramentis sive per in or by the sacraments, rightly ea rite adhibita exhibetur gratia, per used, is not conferred by any power vim aliquam iis intrinsecam non in them; neither doth the efficacy confertur, neque ex intentione vel of a sacrament depend upon the pietate administrantis pendent Sapiety or intention of him that doth cramenti vis ac efficacia ; ' verum ex administer it, but upon the work operatione Spiritus,' ac verbo instiof the Spirit,' and the word of in- tutionis, quod complectitur cum præstitution, which contains, together ceptum, unde celebrandi Sacramenti with a precept authorizing the use potestas fit, tum etiam promissionem thereof, a promise of benefit to de beneficiis digne percipientibus exworthy receivers.
hibendis. IV. There be only two sacra
IV. Sacramenta duo tantum sunt inents ordained by Christ our Lord a Christo Domino nostro in Evanin the gospel, that is to say, Baptism gelio instituta, Baptismus scilicet, et and the Supper of the Lord: nei- coena Domini; quorum neutrum dether of which may be dispensed by bet nisi a ministro verbi legitime orany but by a minister of the Word dinato dispensari.' lawfully ordained.
V. The sacraments of the old V. Sacramenta Veteris TestaTestament, in regard of the spir- menti si res spirituales per ea signiitual things thereby signified and ficatas exhibitasque respiciamus, exhibited, were, for substance, the quoad substantiam eadem fuere cum same with those of the New.' his sub Novo."
1 Am. ed. omits the.
* Matt. xxvi. 27, 28; xxviii. 19, 20. * Gen. xvii, 10; Matt. xxvi. 27, 28; Tit. iii. 5. • Matt. xxviii. 19; 1 Cor. xi. 20, 23; iv. 1 ; * Rom. ii. 28, 29; 1 Pet. iii. 21.
Heb. v. 4. * Matt. iii. 11; 1 Cor. xii. 13.
? 1 Cor. x. 1-4; [Am. ed. 1 Cor. v. 7, 8].
New Testament, ordained by Jesus Novi Testamenti, a Jesu Christo inChrist,' not only for the solemn ad- stitutum,' non solum propter solenmission of the party baptized into nem personæ baptizatæ in Ecclethe visible Church, but also to be siam visibilem admissionem,' verum unto him a sign and seal of the etiam ut signum eidem sit, et sigilcovenant of grace,' of his ingraft- lum cum fæderis gratiæ, tum suæ ing into Christ, of regeneration, in Christum insitionis,' regeneraof remission of sins, and of his tionis,' remissionis peccatorum, ac giving up unto God, through Jesus sui ipsius Deo per Christum dedicaChrist, to walk in newness of life:' tionis, ad ambulandum in vitæ nowhich sacrament is, by Christ's vitate.' Quod quidem Sacramentum own appointment, to be continued e Christi ipsius mandato est in Ecin his Church until the end of the clesia ejus ad finem usque mundi world."
retinendum. II. The outward element to be II. Elementum externum in hoc used in this sacrament is water, Sacramento adhibendum est Aqua; wherewith the party is to be bap- qua baptizari debet admittendus, a tized in the name of the Father, ministro Evangelii legitime ad hoc and of the Son, and of the Holy vocato, in nomine Patris et filii et Ghost, by a minister of the gospel Spiritus Sancti.' lawfully called therennto.
III. Dipping of the person into III. Baptizandi in aquam imthe water is not necessary; but mersio necessaria non est ; verum baptism is rightly administered by baptismus rite administratur aqua pouring or sprinkling water upon superfusa vel etiam inspersa bap
tizando. IV. Not only those that do actu IV. Non illi solum qui fidem in ally profess faith in and obedience Christum eique se obedientes fore unto Christ," but also the infants actu quidem profitentur," verum
* Matt. xxviii. 19; [Am. ed. Mark xvi. Rom. vi. 3, 4. 16].
• Matt. xxviii. 19, 20. ' 1 Cor. xii. 13; [Am. ed. Gal. iii. 27, 28]. ' Matt. iii. 11; John i. 33; Matt. xxviii. 3 Rom. iv. 11 with Col. ii. 11, 12.
19, 20; [Am. ed. Acts x. 47; viii. 36, * Gal. iii. 27; Rom. vi. 5.
38]. 5 Tit. iii. 5.
10 Heb. ix. 10, 19-22; Acts ii. 41; xvi. 33; “ Mark i. 4; [Am. ed. Acts ii. 38; xxii. Mark vii. 4. 16].
Mark xvi. 15, 16; Acts viii. 37, 38.