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emn fastings, and thanksgivings | junia,' solennesque gratiarum acupon several' occasions;' which are, tiones, pro varietate eventuum' suo in their several times and seasons, quæque tempore ac opportunitate to be used in an holy and religious sancte quidem ac religiose sunt admanner.

hibenda. VI. Neither prayer, nor any oth

VI. Hodie sub evangelio neque er part of religious worship, is now, preces, nec ulla pars alia religiosi under the gospel, either tied unto, cultus ita cuivis alligatur loco in quo or made more acceptable by any præstetur aut versus quem dirigaplace in which it is performed, or tur, ut inde gratior evadat et acceptowards which it is directed: but tior ; verum ubique Deus colendus God is to be worshiped every where est in spiritu ac veritate ;' quotiin spirit and' truth;' as in private die quidem inter privatos parietes a families' daily," and in secret each quavis familia,'' ut etiam a quolibet one by himself," so more solemnly seorsim in secreto ;at solenniter in the public assemblies, which are magis in conventibus publicis, qui not carelessly or willfully to be certe quoties eo nos Deus vocat, seu neglected or forsaken, when God, verbo suo seu providentia, non sunt by his Word or providence, calleth vel ex incuria vel obstinatione animi therennto."

aut negligendi aut deserendi." VII. As it is of the law of nat VII. Quemadmodum est de lege ure, that, in general, a due pro- naturæ ut indefinite portio quædam portion of time be set apart for temporis idonea divino cultui celethe worship of God; so, in his brando sejuncta sit ac assignata ; ita Word, by a positive, moral, and in verbo suo Deus (præcepto morali, perpetual commandment, binding positivo ac perpetuo, homines omnes all men in all ages, he hath par- cujuscunque fuerint seculi obligante) ticularly appointed one day in speciatim e septenis quibusque diebus seven for a Sabbath, to be kept diem unum in Sabbatum designavit, holy unto him:" which, from the sancte sibi observandum." Quod

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Joel ii. 12 ; Esth. iv. 16; Matt. ix. 15; 1 Cor. 'Jer. x. 25; Deut. vi. 6, 7; Job i. 5; 2 Sam. yii, 5.

vi. 18, 20; 1 Pet. iii. 7; Acts x. 2. ? [Am. ed. has special.]

10 Matt. vi. 11; [Am. ed. Josh, xxiv. 15). • Psalm cvii, throughout; Esth. ix. 22. " Matt. vi. 6; Eph. vi. 18. • Heb. xii. 28.

" Isa. Ivi. 7; Heb. x. 25; Prov. i. 20, 21, 24; John iv, 21.

viii. 34; Acts xii. 42; Luke ir. 16; Acts Mal. i. 11; 1 Tim. ii. 8.

ii. 42. [Am. ed. inserts in.]

» Exod. xx. 8, 10, 11; Isa. lvi. 2, 4, 6, 7; 9 John iv. 23, 24.

[Am. ed. Isa. lvi. 6].

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beginning of the world to the res- quidem ab orbe condito ad resurrecurrection of Christ, was the last day tionem usque Christi dies ultimus of the week; and, from the resur- erat in septimana ; deinde autem a rection of Christ, was changed into Christi resurrectione in septimana the first day of the week,' which in diem primum transferebatur ;' qui Scripture is called the Lord's day,' quidem in Scriptura Dies Dominiand is to be continued to the end cus' nuncupatur, estque perpetuo ad of the world, as the Christian Sab- finem mundi tanquam Sabbatum bath.

Christianum celebrandus.' VIII. This Sabbath is then kept VIII. Tunc autem hoc Sabbatum holy unto the Lord, when men, after Deo sancte celebratur, quum post a due preparing of their hearts, and corda rite præparata, et compositas ordering of their common affairs suas res mundanas, homines non sobeforehand, do not only observe an lum a suis ipsorum operibus, dictis, holy rest all the day from their own cogitatis; (quæ circa illas exerceri works, words, and thoughts, about solent) a recreationibus etiam luditheir worldly employments and rec- cris quietem sanctam toto observant reations;- but also are taken

up the die ;* verum etiam in exercitiis diwhole time in the public and private vini cultus publicis privatisque, ac in exercises of his worship, and in the officiis necessitatis et misericordiæ duties of necessity and mercy. toto illo tempore occupantur.'

CHAPTER XXII.

Cap. XXII.
Of Lawful Oaths and Vows.

De Juramentis, votisque licitis. I. A lawful oath is a part of re I. Juramentum licitum est pars ligious worship,' wherein, upon just cultus religiosi, qua (occasione justa occasion, the person swearing sol. oblata) qui jurat, Deum, de eo quod emnly calleth God to witness what asserit aut promittit, solenni modo he asserteth or promiseth; and to testatur ; eundemque appellat se sejudge him according to the truth cundum illius quod jurat veritatem or falsehood of what he sweareth.' aut falsitatem judicaturum.

II. The name of God only is that II. Per solum Dei nomen jurare

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by which men ought to swear, and debent homines, quod quidem cum therein it is to be used with all omni timore sancto ac reverentia est holy fear and reverence;' therefore inibi usurpandum. Proindeque per to swear vainly or rashly by that nomen illud gloriosum ac tremendum glorious and dreadful name, or to jurare leviter, aut temere, vel etiam swear at all by any other thing, is omnino jurare per rem aliam quamsinful, and to be abhorred. Yet viscunque, sceleratum est et quam as, in matters of weight and mo- maxime perhorrescendum. Verunment, an oath is warranted by the tamen sicut in rebus majoris pondeWord of God, under the New Test- ris et momenti secundum verbum Dei ament, as well as under the Old, licitum est jusjurandum non minus so a lawful oath, being imposed by quidem sub Novo quam sub Vetere lawful authority, in such matters Testamento : ita sane jusjurandum ought to be taken.

licitum, authoritate legitima si exigatur, non est in rebus ejusmodi de

clinandum. III. Whosoever taketh an oath III. Quicunque juramentum præought duly to consider the weighti- stat eum pondus actionis tam solenness of so solemn an act, and nis rite secum perpendere oportet, therein to avouch nothing but atque juratum de nullo asseverare what he is fully persuaded is the quod verum esse non habeat sibi pertruth.' Neither may any man bind suasissimum. Neque licet cuiris ad himself by oath to any thing but agendum quicquam obstringere semet what is good and just, and what jurejurando, nisi quod revera bonum he believeth so to be, and what justumque est, quod ille ejusmodi esse he is able and resolved to per- credit, quodque ipse præstare potest form. Yet it is a sin to refuse statuitque.' Veruntamen de re bona an oath touching any thing that justaque jusjurandum, legitima auis good and just, being imposed thoritate si exigatur, peccat ille qui by lawful authority.'

detrectat." IV. An oath is to be taken in IV. Juramentum præstandum est the plain and common sense of sensu verborum vulgari quidem ac

· Deut. vi. 13.

• Exod. xx. 7; Jer. iv. 2. 2 Exod. xx. 7; Jer. v. 7; Matt. v. 34, 37; Gen. xxiv. 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9. James v. 12.

Numb. v. 19, 21; Neh, v. 12; Exod. xxii. 'Heb. vi. 16; 2 Cor. i. 23; Isa. Ixv. 16.

7-11. * 1 Kings viii. 31 ; Neh. xiii. 25; Ezra x. 25.

the words, without equivocation or manifesto, sine æquivocatione aut inental reservation. It can not reservatione mentali quaviscunque.' oblige to sin; but in any thing not Ad peccandum quenquam obligare sinful, being taken, it binds to per- nequit, verum in re qualibet cui abest formance, although to a man's own peccatum, qui semel illud præstitit, hurt:' nor is it to be violated, al- adimplere tenetur, vel etiam cum though made to heretics or infi- damno suo ;' neque sane licet, quamdels.

vis hæreticis datum aut infidelibus,

violare. V. A vow is of the like nature V. Votum, naturce consimilis est with a promissory oath, and ought cum juramento promissorio, parique to be made with the like religious debet tum religione nuncupari tum care, and to be performed with the fide persolvi.' like faithfulness.

VI. It is not to be made to VI. Non est ulli creaturæ, sed Deo any creature, but to God alone :' soli nuncupandum, et quo gratum and that it may be accepted, it is illi esse possit acceptumque, est quito be made voluntarily, out of faith dem lubenter, e fide, officiique nostri and conscience of duty, in way of conscientia suscipiendum, vel gratithankfulness for mercy received, tudinis nostræ ob accepta beneficia or for the obtaining of what we testandæ causa, vel boni alicujus, want; whereby we more strictly quo indigemus, consequendi; per hoc bind ourselves to necessary duties, autem nosmet ad officia necessaria or to other things, so far and so arctius obligamus; vel etiam ad res long as they may fitly conduce alias quatenus quidem et quamdiu thereunto."

istis subserviunt. VII. No man may vow to do VII. Nemini quicquam vovere liany thing forbidden in the Word of cet se acturum, quod aut verbo Dei God, or what would hinder any duty prohibetur ; aut officium aliquod initherein commanded, or which is not bi præceptum impediret, quodve non in his own power, and for the per- est in voventis potestate, et cui præformance whereof he hath no prom-stando vires illi Deus non est polli

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Jer. iv. 2 ; Psa. xxiv. 4.

* Psa. lxxvi. 11; Jer. xliv. 25, 26. : 1 Sam. xxv. 22, 32-34; Psa. xv. 4. * [Am. ed. omits the.] Ezek. xvii. 16, 18, 19; Josh. ix. 18, 19, with ? Deut. xxiii. 21, 23; Psa. I. 14; Gen. xxviii. 2 Sam. xxi, 1.

[lxvi. 13, 14. 20-22; 1 Sam. i. 11 ; Psa. Ixvi, 13, 14 ; * Isa. xix. 21 ; Eccles. v. 4-6; Psa. Ixi. 8; cxxxii. 2-5.

ise or ability from God.' In which citus. Unde Pontificiorum illa de respect,' popish monastical vows of perpetuo cælibatu, de paupertate, deperpetual single life, professed pov- que obedientia regulari vota Monaerty, and regular obedience, are so stica, tantum abest ut perfectionis far from being degrees of higher gradus sint sublimiores, ut superstiperfection, that they are supersti- tionis plane sint ac peccati laquei, tious and sinful snares, in which no quibus nulli unquam Christiano seChristian may entangle himself.' metipsum licet implicare.'

CHAPTER XXIII.

CAP. XXIII.
Of the Civil Magistrate.

De Magistratu Civili. I. God, the Supreme Lord and I. Supremus totius Mundi Rex ac King of all the world, hath or Dominus Deus, Magistratus Civiles dained civil magistrates to be un- ordinavit qui vices ejus gerant supra der him, over the people, for his populum ad suam ipsius gloriam, own glory and the public good, and ac bonum publicum ; in quem finem to this end hath armed them with eosdem armavit potestate gladii, the power of the sword, for the de- propter bonorum quidem animatiofense and encouragement of them nem ac tutamen, animadversionem that are good, and for the punish- autem in maleficos.' ment of evil-doers.

II. It is lawful for Christians to II. Christianis, quoties ad id voaccept and execute the office of a cantur, Magistratus munus et susmagistrate when called thereunto;' cipere licet et exequi ;' in quo quiin the managing whereof, as they dem gerendo, ut pietatem præcipue, ought especially to maintain piety, justitiam, ac pacem secundum sajustice, and peace, according to the lubres cujusque Reipublicæ leges wholesome laws of each common- tueri debent, ita quo illum finem wealth,' so, for that end, they may consequantur, licitum est üs vel lawfully, now under the New Tes- hodie sub Novo Testamento in cautament, wage war upon just and sis justis ac necessariis bellum genecessary occasion."48

rere." Acts xxiii. 12, 14; Mark vi. 26; Numb. xxx. Prov. viii. 15, 16; Rom. xii. 1, 2, 4. 5, 8, 12, 13.

* Psa. ii. 10-12; 1 Tim. ii. 2; Psa. Ixxxii. [Am. ed. has respects. ]

3, 4; 2 Sam. xxiii. 3; 1 Pet. ü. 13. • Matt. xix. 11, 12; 1 Cor. vii. 2, 9; Eph. iv. ?Luke iii. 14; Rom. xiii. 4; Matt. viii. 9, 10; 28; 1 Pet. iv. 2; 1 Cor. vii. 23.

Acts x. 1, 2; Rev. xvii. 14, 16. * Rom. xiii, 1-4; 1 Pet. ii. 13, 14.

[Am. ed. has occasions.]

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