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tinenda sit, quanquam in confes in the churches, though enumerasione non sit necessaria omni- tion of all offenses be not necesum delictorum enumeratio. Est sary in confession. For it is imenim impossibilis juxta Psalm- possible; according to the Psalm : um (xix. 12): Delicta quis intel- 'Who can understand his erligit ?

rors ?”

ART. XII.-De Pænitentia.

Art. XII.- Of Repentance. De pænitentia docent, quod lap Touching repentance, they teach sis post Baptismum contingere pos- that such as have fallen after bapsit remissio peccatorum, quocun- tism may find remission of sins, que tempore cum convertuntur [zu at what time they are converted aller Zeit, so sie zur Busse kom- [whenever they come to repentmen]; et quod Ecclesia talibus re- ance], and that the Church should deuntibus ad pænitentiam abso- give absolution unto such as return lutionem impartiri debeat. to repentance.

Constat autem pænitentia pro Now repentance consisteth propprie his duabus partibus : Al-erly of these two parts : One is tera est contricio seu terrores contrition, or terrors stricken into incussi conscientiæ agnito pec- the conscience through the accato. Altera est fides, que con- knowledgment of sin; the other cipitur ex Evangelio seu abso- is faith, which is conceived by the lutione, et credit propter Chri- Gospel, or absolution, and doth bestum remitti peccata, et conso- lieve that for Christ's sake sins be latur conscientiam, et ex terrori- forgiven, and comforteth the conbus liberat. Deinde sequi debent science, and freeth it from terrors. bona opera, quoe sunt fructus Then shonld follow good works, pænitentiæ.

which are fruits of repentance. Damnant Anabaptistas, qui They condemn the Anabaptists, negant semel justificatos posse who deny that men once justified amittere Spiritum Sanctum. can lose the Spirit of God, and do Item, qui contendunt quibus contend that some men may attain dam tantam perfectionem in to such a perfection in this life hac vita contingere, ut peccare that they can not sin. [Here are non possint [dass diejenigen 80 rejected those who teach that those einst sind fromm worden, nicht who have once been holy can not

wieder fallen mögen). Damnan- fall again.] The Novatians are tur et Novatiani, qui nolebant also condemned, who would not absolvere lap808 post Baptismum absolve such as had fallen after redeuntes ad pænitentiam. Re- baptism, though they returned to jiciuntur et isti, qui non do- repentance. They also that do not cent remissionem peccatorum per teach that remission of sins is obfidem contingere, sed jubent nos tained by faith, and who command mereri gratiam per satisfactiones us to merit grace by satisfactions, nostras.

are rejected.

ART. XIII.-De Usu Sacramentorum, ART. XIII. — Of the Use of Sacraments. De Usu

usu Sacramentorum do Concerning the use of the Sacracent, quod Sacramenta instituta ments, they teach that they were sint, non modo ut sint notæ pro- ordained, not only to be marks of

fessionis inter homines, sed ma- profession among men, but rather gis ut sint signa et testimonia that they should be signs and testivoluntatis Dei erga nos, ad ex- monies of the will of God towards citandam et confirmandam fidem us, set forth unto us to stir up

and in his, qui utuntur, proposita. confirm faith in such as use them. Itaque utendum est Sacramentis Therefore men must use Sacraita, ut fides accedat, quce credat ments so as to join faith with them, promissionibus, quo per Sacra- which believes the promises that menta exhibentur et ostendun- are offered and declared unto as tur.

by the Sacraments. Damnant igitur illos, qui do Wherefore they condemn those cent, quod Sacramenta ex opere that teach that the Sacraments operato justificent, nec docent do justify by the work done, and fidem requiri in usu Sacramen- do not teach that faith which torum, quæ credat remitti pec- believes the remission of sins is cata.

requisite in the use of Sacraments.

ART. XIV.-De Ordine Ecclesiastico. ART. XIV.-Of Ecclesiastical Orders.

De ordine Ecclesiastico [Kir Concerning Ecclesiastical Orchen-Regiment] docent, quod nemo ders [Church Government], they debeat in Ecclesia publice docere, teach that no man should publicly

aut Sacramenta administrare, ni-l in the Church teach, or administer si rite vocatus (ohne ordentlichen the Sacraments, except he be rightBeruf].

ly called (without a regular call].

ART. XV.-De Ritibus Ecclesiasticis. Art. XV.-Of Ecclesiastical Rites.

De ritibus Ecclesiasticis [von Concerning Ecclesiastical rites Menschen gemacht] docent, quod [made by men], they teach that those ritus illi servandi sint, qui sine rites are to be observed which may peccato servari possunt, et pro- be observed without sin,and are prof. sunt ad tranquillitatem et bonum itable for tranquillity and good orordinem in Ecclesia, sicut certo der in the Church; such as are set

feriæ, festa et similia. De tali- holidays, feasts, and such like. Yet bus rebus tamen admonentur ho- concerning such things, men are to mines, ne .conscientiæ onerentur, be admonished that consciences are tanquam talis cultus ad salutem not to be burdened as if such servnecessarius sit.

ice were necessary to salvation. Admonentur etiam, quod tra- : They are also to be admonished ditiones humance. instituto ad that human traditions, instituted to placandum Deum, ad promeren propitiate God, to merit grace, and dam gratiam et satisfaciendum make satisfaction for sins, are oppro peccatis, adversentur · Evan- posed to the Gospel and the docgelio et doctrinæ fidei. Quare trine of faith.

Quare trine of faith. Wherefore vows vota et traditiones de cibis et and traditions concerning foods diebus, etc., institutæ ad prome- and days, and such like, instituted rendam gratiam, et satisfacien- to merit grace and make satisfacdum pro peccatis inutiles sint et tion for sins, are useless and concontra Evangelium.

trary to the Gospel.

ART. XVI. -De Rebus Civilibus.

ART, XVI.-Of Civil Affairs. De rebus civilibus docent, quod Concerning civil affairs, they legitimæ ordinationes civiles sint teach that such civil ordinances as bona opera Dei, quod Christianis are lawful are good works of God; liceat gerere Magistratus, exer- that Christians may lawfully bear cère judicia, judicare res ex Im- civil office, sit in judgments, deterperatoriis et aliis præsentibus le- mine matters by the imperial laws, gibus, supplicia jure constituere, and other laws in presept force,

jure bellare, militare, lege contra- appoint just punishments, engage here, tenere proprium, jusjuran- in just war, act as soldiers, make dum postulantibus magistratibus legal bargains and contracts, hold dare, ducere » uxorem, nubere. property, take an oath when the Damnant Anabaptistas, qui in- magistrates require it, marry a wife, terdicunt hæc civilia officia Chri- or be given in marriage. They constianis. Damnant et. illos, qui demn the Anabaptists who forbid Evangelicam perfectionem non Christians these civil offices. They collocant in timore Dei et fide, condemn also those that place the sed in deserendis civilibus offi- perfection of the Gospel, not in the ciis, quia Evangelium tradit ju- fear of God and in faith, but in sticiam æternam cordis. Inte- forsaking civil offices, inasmuch as rim non dissipat Politiam aut the Gospel teacheth an everlasting Economian, sed maxime postu- righteousness of the heart. In the lat conservare tanquam ordina- mean time, it doth not disallow tiones Dei, et in talibus ordi- order and government of commonnationibus

exercere

caritatem. wealths or families, but requireth Itaque necessario debent Christi- especially the preservation and ani obedire magistratibus suis, et maintenance thereof, as of God's legibus ; nisi cum jubent peccare, own ordinances, and that in such tunc etiam magis debent , obedire ordinances we shonld exercise love. Deo quam hominibus (Acts v. Christians, therefore, must neces29).

sarily obey their magistrates and
laws, save only when they com-
mand
any

for then they must rather obey God than men (Acts v. 29).

sin;

ART. XVII.--De Christi Reditu ad Judicium. Art. XVII.-Of Christ's Return to Judgment.

Item docent, quod Christus ap Also they teach that, in the conparebit in consummatione mun- summation of the world [at the last di [am jüngsten Tag] ad judi- day], Christ shall appear to judge, candum, et mortuos omnes re- and shall raise up all the dead, and suscitabit, piis et electis dabit shall give unto the godly and elect vitam æternam et perpetua gau- eternal life and everlasting joys; dia, impios autem homines acl but ungodly men and the devils

rum esse.

diabolos condemnabit, ut sine shall he condemn unto endless torfine crucientur.

ments. Damnant Anabaptistas, qui They condemn the Anabaptists sentiunt hominibus damnatis ac who think that to condemned men diabolis finem ponarum futu- and the devils shall be an end of

Damnant et alios, qui torments. They condemn others nunc spargunt Judaicas opini- also, who now scatter Jewish opinones, quod ante resurrectionem ions, that, before the resurrection mortuorum pii regnum mundi of the dead, the godly shall occupy occupaturi sint, ubique oppressis the kingdom of the world, the wickimpiis [eitel Heilige, Fromme ein ed being every where suppressed weltlich Reich haben, und alle [the saints alone, the pious, shall Gottlosen vertilgen werden). have a worldly kingdom, and shall

exterminate all the godless].

ART. XVIII.- De Libero Arbitrio.

Art. XVIII. -- Of Free Will. De libero arbitrio docent, quod Concerning free will, they teach humana voluntas habeat aliquam that man's will hath some liberty libertatem ad efficiendam civilem to work a civil righteousness, and justiciam et deligendas res ra- to choose such things as reason can tioni subjectas. Sed non habet reach unto; but that it hath no vim sine Spiritu Sancto effici- power to work the righteousness of enda justiciæ Dei seu justiciæ God, or a spiritual righteousness, spiritualis, quia animalis homo without the Spirit of God; because non percipit ea, quæ sunt Spi- that the natural man receiveth not ritus Dei (1 Cor. ii. 14); sed hæc the things of the Spirit of God (1 fit in cordibus, cum per verbum Cor. ii. 14). But this is wrought in Spiritus Sanctus concipitur. the heart when men do receive the

Spirit of God through the Word. Hæc totidem verbis dicit Au These things are in as many gustinus lib. III. Hypognosticon : words affirmed by St. Augustine, Esse fatemur liberum arbitrium Hypognosticon, lib. iii.: “We conomnibus hominibus, habens quidem fess that there is in all men a free judicium rationis, non per quod will, which hath indeed the judgsit idoneum in iis, quæ ad Deum ment of reason; not that it is therepertinent, sine Deo aut inchoare by fitted, without God, either to

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