Page images
PDF
EPUB

1829.)

SAMUEL COATES.—THOMAS GODFREY.

381

TRIBUTE TO THE MEMORY OF

great doctrines of Christianity, leading him to dedicate SAMUEL COATES.

his life to works of mercy, and of kindness, so will it

please the author of all goodness to bestow upon his deAt a Special Meeting of the Managers of the Penn- parted spirit, a reward which cannot fade away! sylvania Hospital, held 6th month, 7th, 1830.

The Secretary is requested to cause the above min. The Managers having assembled for the purpose of utes to be inserted in all the newspapers. following to the grave the remains of Samuel Coates,

ROBERTS VAUX, Secretary. who died on the 5th instant, in the 82d year of his age, deem it the proper occasion to record on their minutes

NOTES ON TUE PRIMITIVE HISTORY OF GERMANTOWX. a tribute of respect, and affection for the memory of their venerable friend, as well as gratefully, though

THOMAS GODFREY, briefly, to commemorate and publicly acknowledge his services, as the long devoted and faithful benefactor of

( The Inventor of the Quadrant, ) the Pennsylvania Hospital.

Was born in Bristol township, about one mile from Residing in his youth with a relative* who was one Germantown, in the year 1704, on a farm adjoining to of its founders, he became early acquainted with, and Lukens' mill, on the Church lane. His grand-father, much interested in its excellent design, and primitive Thomas Godfrey, a farmer and malster, had purchased efforts. He was chosen a manager of the institution in the place from Samuel Carpenter, merchant, of Phila1785, and continued so for more than forty years, du- delphia, on the 24th of August, 1697. His father, Joring which period he acted as Secretary twenty-six, seph, died in 1705, when he was but one year old. His and as President of the Board for upwards of thirteen mother afterwards married one Wood, of Philadelphia, years.

and put her son out to learn the business of a glazier and The increasing infirmities of declining life, induced painter. His father's estate became his when he was him to retire from office in 1825, after which time until of age. He appears to have sold it to John Lukens,on the late election, when indisposition detained him in his the 1st of Jan. 1735. chamber, he showed an unabated attachment to the While engaged at bis business on the premises at concerns of the establishment, by attending, and parti- Stenton (J. Logan's place,) accidentally observing a cipating in the business of the annual meetings of the piece of fallen glass, an idea presented to his reflecting contributors.

mind, which caused him to quit his scaffold and go into No individual ever connected with the administration Mr. Logan's library, where he took down a volume of of the Hospital bestowed so much personal attention up- Newton. Mr. Logan entering at this time, and seeing on its affairs, and a considerable portion of the funds the book in his hand, inquired into the motive of his which have enlarged the usefulness of this noble chari- search, when he was exceedingly pleased with Godty, were obtained by his impressive, and unwearied pe- frey's ingenuity, and from that time became his zealous titions in its behalf.

friend. He procured for him a skilful person to try his The benevolence and vigour of his mind, were de- quadrant at sea; and finding it fully answered every veloped on all occssions, when suffering humanity made wish, he endeavoured to serve him by writing to his the appeal. Proofs of these generous, and efficient dis, friends in England, especially to Sir Hans Sloane, so as positions, are not few, and they were strikingly illustra. to get for him the reward offered by the Royal Society. ted in the two memorable summers of 1793 and 1798, This was intended to be a measure in opposition to the when pestilences and death, reigned in Philadelphia.- claim of Hadley, who, it was supposed had obtained the On the former of those awful seasons he was assiduous description of the instrument from bis nephew, who it in his attentions as a manager, and by his presence was recollected had seen it in the West Indies. Such and advice, encouraged, and sustained the officers of is the tradition of the matter in the Logan family as prethe House in the performance of their duties, amidst served by Mrs. Logan. James Logan asserts, in a letthe surrounding consternation. And when the mem ter to one of his friends, that Godfrey's discovery was bers of the Committee who periled their lives for the re- two years prior to Hadley's. lief of the sick, and destitute, found themselves unequal "Joshua Fisher, of Lewistown, afterwards of Philato the exigencies of the occasion, and requested aid of delphia, merchant, first tried the quadrant in the bay of their fellow.citizens, Samuel Coates promptly offered Delaware." Afterwards, Capt. Wright, carried it to himself as an assistant, and continued to extend care Jamaica, where, unsuspicious of the piracy, he showed over a district of the City, and to furnish succor to the and explained it to several Englishmen, among whom afflicted inbabitants, until the return of health. And was a nephew of Hadley's. during the other period of calamity, he remained in Godfrey's affection for mathematical science occurred town, and was the only Manager of this institution found at an early period, from a chance opportunity of readat his post, throughout the epidemic. The fearful cir- ing a book on that study. Finding the subject perplexcumstances of that distressing moment, induced him to ed with Latin terms, he applied himself to that language propose to attend at the Hospital in the place of the with such diligence as to be able to read the occasional Steward, co enable Francis Higgins, who occupied that Latin he found. Optics and astronomy became his fa. station, to assist in keeping the convicts at the Peniten- vourite studies, and the exercise of his thoughts, led tiary, whose escape was apprehended, threatening plun. him on to conceive at length the instrument which der, and conflagration, in addition to the sorrows, which should enlarge his fame. Further particulars, in print, were dispensed to our then devoted metropolis. on this subject, may be found in the Philosophical Tran

The fulfilment of all these important duties was dis- sactions, No. 435, and also in Bradford's American Magtinguished by remarkable single-mindedness, and ener- azine, for July, 1758. (Also see Register, vol. I. p.193.] gy, and simplicity of purpose, which at once proclaim The grave stones of some of the family still remain ed that he sought neither influence, nor the dispensa- upon the farm. I have seen two of them out in the tion of patronage, nor any worldly gain, as incident to field, close to a partition fence. They are of soap-stone, his public functions, and beneficent labours. In this he and the letters much effaced; but Mr. Nathan Spencer, was not a man of mere pretension, and his example is near there, who honoured the inventor, had procured therefore full of instruction, and worthy of imitation, the inscriptions as they once stond, being told' by Ann and of praise.

Nedrow to Spencer's father, and from him to Nathan, In reference to higher, and purer considerations, may my informant, to wit:not those who now contemplate these estimable and East side:beautiful principles of his character, be permitted to

Here lyeth the body of Joseph son believe, that as they originated in his reverence of the Thomas and Frances Godfrey, aged thirty and

two years, who dyed the 14th of 2d mo. *John Reynell. f The Yellow Fever.

in the year 1705.

382

LAW CASES.

(ÍONE

As by grace comes election,

he had cured of the rheumatism, others of jaundice,and So the end of our hope is resurrection.

one of a wbite swelling, after he had been under the West side:

care of a regular physician, and was getting worse Death ends man's worke

daily. And labour here.

His honor Judge King, in his charge to the jury, erThe man is blest

plained fully his views of the law. He stated that the Whose labours just and pure.

case was of the first importance; that he had no re. 'Tis vain for man

collection of a similar indictment in any of our courts. This life to adore,

He could not assent to the doctrine advanced by the deFor our dear son

fendant's counsel, that mere mal-practice, unaccompan. Is dead and gone before, &c.

ied by bad intentions and motives, is not indictable. He On the south side of the above described stone is sup- laid down the law otherwise. He said, that when a man, posed to have been placed the bodies of his father and whether licensed or not, who undertakes the office of a mother, and on the north side, the body of his son Tho- physician, betrays gross and wanton ignorance of a dismas, the inventor, and his wife. Mrs. Nedrow said she ease, and a total ignorance or indifference to the consesaw' Thomas, the inventor, there buried in December, quences of the remedy, he is liable to a criminal prose1749. There was never any separate stone placed for cution. him. Thus he, who has benefitted naval science and The jury lest the box a little before 7 o'clock, and commerce with millions, has not had the requital of a returned this morning with a verdict "guilty of the misstone to mark his memory--110 "storied urn or monu- demeanor."

Penn. Ing mental bust!” Villuge Telegraph.

COMMONWEALTH VS. SAMPSON.

Habeas Corpus returnable before the Hon. Edward LAW CASES.

King, President, and Hugh Ferguson, Associate Judge

of the Court of Common Pleas, for the city and county COMMONWEALTH VS. CESAR JIMESON.

of Philadelphia, May 12th, 1830. Court of Oyer& Terminer-Indictment for a Misdemeanor.

The principal, and only point of importance in this The court was occupied all yesterday with the trial case was-Whether a justice of the peace in the state of this case, which excited a good deal of interest, and of Pennsylvania bas a right in a criminal case to author. is important on account of the novelty of the legal prin. ise a private person to exccute a warrant? ciples involved in it.

After argument of counsel, Judge Kırg gave it as the The defendant, who is a coloured man, represents decided opinion of the Court, himself as a doctor, and the offence charged against him That a justice of the peace in Pennsylvania, in a was bad management, want of skill

, and gross negli- criminal case, may direct his warrant for an arrest to any gence, as evinced in bis treatment of one of his patients, person he pleases, but that he ought to direct it to a a coloured girl, about 8 years old.

constable of the district or township, wherein it is to be Some time about the middle of January last, the de executed, unless the urgency of the case should othfendant was applied to, to attend the child, Mary Water- erwise require it. ford. When he arrived at the house, he inquired of Doran for the Commonwealth. the mother what ailed her. She described the symp W. L. Hirst and Solomon for Defendant. toms, and stated that she complained of soreness in the stomacli and bones, she also complained of her feet and Our readers will recollect the account published from legs. The mother asked him if he could help her; he the English papers, a day or two since, of one Clement replied that he could. She then asked him what his Flindt, who escaped from Liverpool after defrauding fce would be; he said it would cost three dollars, which his employer to a large amount. must be paid before he could do any thing for the child. Within an hour after authority to arrest him was re. The money having been paid, the doctor proceeded to ceived in this city, he was lodged in the Arch street pribusiness, first cautioning the mother not to be alarmed; son, since which the following proceedings have occur. the operation being a severe one, the neighbours might red.possibly be alarmed. He directed some warm water to

District Court for the city be brought in a tub, and asked for blankets, which he John Stephen Burandon and county of Philadelphia. placed on a chair, on which he ordered the child to be

June Term, 1830, No. seated; after every thing was arranged, he wrapt the

Capias case, Coram Barnes, blankets around the child, and had the tub placed be. Clement Flindt. President, Hallowell & Cox, low, into which hot bricks were put to create steam. As

Justices. the water cooled, other bricks were put into the tub. This was a rule to show cause of action,&wly defend. The child soon began to scream, and said he was burn- ant should not be discharged on common bail, granted ing her. While under the operation, he gave her warra on motion of Mr. Grindell, for defendant, returnable tea. After two or three hot bricks had been put into on Saturday, May 291h. the water, the child still screamed and exclaimed, I Mr. Dunlar, for plaintiff, appeared and produced the would rather die,” and took ber feet away; the doctor affidavit of the plaintiff, sworn before the Lord Mayor put them in again, & kept up the steam by fresh bricks, of London, and certified by Thomas Aspenwall, Esq. at the same time giving her the warm tea. Shortly af- American Consul at London, claiming £700, Sterling ter, the child died.

money, had and received by defendant to use of the On the part of the defendant, it was contended, that plaintiff. The affidavit was opposed by the Deputy the child died of a wound inflicted on the head, pre- Counsel, on the ground that it did not comply with the viously to the operation; that it was not an indictable nineteenth rule of the District Court, which is in the foloffence; that, to constitute the crime, malice or inten- lowing words: tion to injure must be shown. One or two cases were It is ordered, when the plaintiff himself is not present, read and commented on by the counsel for the defend. and the evidence of the debt is brought from a foreign ant, to show, that for such a charge an indictment could country, founded on any bonds, notes, bills of exchange, not be supported. Witnesses were examined on behalf or other papers, executed, signed or acknowledged by of the defendant, who testified as to his reputation as a the defendant himself, if it siiall appear that due proof doctor, some of whom had been under his care, and had hath been made of the execution, acknowledgement or been cured by bim, after the efforts of regular licensed signature, before a lawful magistrate or public officer, doctors had failed. Several instances of his success as according to the forms of the country from whence they a practitioner were mentioned by the witnesses; some came: and certified under some known public seal of

[ocr errors]

1830.)

METEOROLOGICAL TABLE.

383

[ocr errors]

Days of Week.

Days of the Month.
Morning temperat
Noon temperature.
Night temperature
Mean temp. of day

Highest in Morn.

Highest at Noon,

Highest in Even.

Mean height of Ba
rometer each day

WINDS.

,29 N

that country,the judge being satisfied that a good cause

METEOROLOGICAL REGISTER. of action appears, may, at his discretion, hold the defendant to bail; but no affidavit of the plaintiff himself,

Extract from the Meteorological Register, taken at the or any other person, taken in such foreign country to Slate Capitol Harrisburg Pennsylvania, prove any demands or accounts not accompanied with

BY WILLIAM MUSGRAVE, Librarian. such writings, executed,acknowledged or signed by the

MAY, 1830. defendant, and proved as aforesaid, shall be sufficient to hold the defendant to bail, altho'such affidavit be certified under any public seal or seals, unless it shall likewise ap. pear in evidence to the judge, that the defendant haih acknowledged such demands or accounts to be just.

Mr. Dunlap, in reply-Tbis rule is contrary to the law of the land, and the commercial law of usages of the whole world. So the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania held in the case of Walker vs. Bamber, 8 S&R, 61, up

Thermometer. on a similar affidavit. The rule has been rescinded by

Barometer, the District Court in repeated decisions. In the case Saturday | 1157 7416766,129.100.18.05|05|29.09| W of Butler vs. Croft, in 1825, upon full argument, Levy, Sunday 26370170167

05 10 15 29.10 W President, and Morgan, Justice, held that the rule was Monday 3 6167 66 64

25 2823129.25 N contrary to the law of the land and obsolete. [Reported Tuesday 4|687417472

23 47 42 29.37|s in Democratic Press, April 13, 1825.] This decision Wednesd 568 77 7272 40 30/28 29.32 s was adhered to by the Court, in the case of Bolton and Thursd’y 660|64|57|60 301 35/35 29.33 N W Spragg, in the same Court, March, 1828, No. 56, and Friday 745 5616053 55 60 60 29.58 N W in some other cases, mentioned by different gentlemen Saturday 845 60 59 54 65 60 58 29.61 N at the bar.

Sunday

948|616457 60 60 55 29.58N By The Count.-We have more than once decided Monday 10 45 63 63 57 64 635029.59 N E that this rule was rescinded. We therefore discharge | Tuesday (11 48 58 57 54 48 30112 29.30N W the rule in this case, and hold the defendant to bail in Wednesd 12 55 59 6058! 28 38|40129.35 E 4500 dollars.

Thursd'y 13 59 63 63 61

35|30|20|29.28|s

Friday 14|63|717268 20 25 24 29.23 S W John C. & William H. Smith vs. William I. Smith.

Saturday 115 65 71 65 67 301 30137 29.32 W
District Court, May 29.
Sunday 16 50667864 50| 45401 .45 S

E Defendant was supercargo of the Thomas Scatter- Monday 17 59|62|59 60 33 20 14 .22 SE toE good, hence to Canton. An agreement had been en- Tuesday 18 5561 59 58 16 26/26 .22N W tered into by the parties, whereby the plaintiffs engage Wednesd 19 5165/65 60 30 28 30

W to pay defendant three per cent. commission “upon the Thursd'y 2060 69 61 63 27 30 37 .31W whole investment,' to be made in China. Considerable Friday 21 52166 59 59 38/40 47 .41 N W expenses were incurred in despatching the cargo, such Saturday 22|46|6460 56 52 52 48 .50N as porterage, drink for the crew, &c. which were pro- Sunday 2350 59 54 54 501 48 40 .46 s W ved to be customary: The defendant had retained a Monday 124 50 61 60 57 40 35 35

.3615

W commission upon the whole disbursements, including Tuesday 25 52 61 63 58 33 38 38 .36 N E these charges, and the action was brought to recover Wednesd 26 46 6265 57 50 52 50 .50N this portion of the commissions.

Thursd'y 27 55 68 67 63 60 60 60 .60 S W Several respectable merchants testified, that the word Friday 28 5768/6663

60 55 48 .54 S investment would be considered bymercantile men as em Saturday 2963686866 35 38 20 .31 s bracing the whole disbursements, upon which commis- Sunday 30/66 69 65 66 100720 .12 SWIN sions were commonly charged. A verdict was accord. Monday 131|5064|63|59| 30|37|33 .33|S

W ingly found for defendant,

Thermometer. Barometer. Days of the month. Winds C. J. & C. Ingersoll, for plaintiff-Chauncey, for defendant.-Morn. Journ.

Max. 5th 77° Max 8, 29.65/3, 8, 26

13 d N Min. 2d 45° Min 2, 29.05 9, 10, 25

13 NE CENSUS OF WEST-CHESTER. Diff. extr. 329 Diff ex 00.60 12

1 E We are indebted to T. H. Jefferis, Esq. Deputy Mar- Mean ex. 61° Meanex 29.35/16, 17

2 SE shall for taking the Census of this and the neighboring

14,5,13,28,29,30 6 s towns, for the following table of the inhabitants in

1,2,14,23,24,27,31 17 SW the Borough of West-Chester.

Vil. Rec.

15, 20

2 W FREE. WHITE MALES.

16,7,11,18,19,21,22 17 NW Under 5 years.

.76..

.62
Days of the month.

A.M.

P. M. Between 5 and 10.. 48.

.72
10 and 15. .55.

.54
1, 12, 16,

Clear,
15 and 20. .97.

..76
2,

Rain,

Clear,
20 and 30. 160.

121
3, 23, 30,

Cloudy, Showery, 30 and 40. .77.

.65

4, 9, 15, 25, 29, Cloudy, Clear, 40 and 50.

5, 11,

Cloudy, Thund.gusts. 50 and 60.. ..25.

..31
6, 14, 19, 20, 21, Clear,

Clear,
60 and 70..... .9.

.11
7, 8, 10,

Frost, Clear, Clear,
70 and 80..
4.

..7
13, 17,

Rain,

Rain,
80 and 90..
2.
18, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28, 31, Clear,

Cloudy,
90 and 100.
.1.

.0

On the 5th, at noon Thermometer at 77o, the highest Under 10 years. : ...16..

15

in the month-On the 7th, in morning Thermometer at Between 10 and 24.

.21

45°, the lowest in the month; Range, 32°-On the 8th 24 and 36.

..8

in the morning Barometer at 29.65 the bighest-On the 36 and 55. .11.

5

2d, in morning Barometer at 29.05 the lowest; Range, 55 and 100. ....,3..

..5 00.60–Difference between the mornings and noons TOTAL........1252.

from 20 to 10o--The wind has been 6 days East of the Included in the foregoing are, 1 deaf and dumb-2 | meredian, 16 days West of it, 3 North and 6 Southblind--and 27 foreigners not naturalized.

FREE WHITE FEMALES.

Thund. gusts.

.29.

....49

BLACK MALES.

BLACK FEMALES.

.18...

.17

384 MISCELLANEOUS.

(JURE

METEOROLOGICAL TABLE. There was frost on the 7th, 8th and 10th-There was rain on the 1st, 2, 3, 5, 11, 12, 13, 16, 17, 23, and 30, According to Fahrenheit, in the shade, the temperaThe heaviest rains were on the 1st, 5, 11, 12, 13, 16, and ture of the weather at Mauch Chunk was as follows, du17; thes fell mostly in the night, attended with sharp ring the time specified. lightening and loud thunder, and what is very remarkable, neither thunder nor lightening commenced, untill after the rain bad continued for some time. This month was 24° colder than 1829, and 3° warmer than last April JANUARY - The general aspect of the month cold and wet.

1830.

Noon,

FOR

Before 8 A. M.

Sunset.

Snow.
Snow.

inches
Depth of rain. 18

Depth of

Desolved

27

41

.09

Ships

Barques

Brigs

Schrs.

Sloops

One day's work at Mauch Chunk, between sunrise and

1

19 38 33 .02 Inch Inch half past four, P. M.

2
23 48 40

.03 .02 3

20 40 42 Two hundred and sixty cight tons of coal quarried at

4

38 43 37 the Mines, loaded and brought down the rail road, nine

5

29 34 miles-unloaded from the wagons down the chute, and

6

13 34 33 loaded into boats.

7

20 44 40 The boats for this coal all built the same day, and

30 41 33 within the above mentoned time.

11 29 29 .05 Forty thousand feet of lumber sawed in one day and

10
33 46 36

1.20 night.

11

9 26 21 .45 The above we find is the average work of each day,

12

14 36 31 .03 throughout the week. We do not profess to be famil

13

18 48 36 iar with the business of our sea ports, but presume the

14

25

34 above is equal to the full loading of a first rate brig in

15

17 34 38 the merchant service.

16

39

51 45 We however not only load the vassels, but create the

17

31 39 32 .02 freight, and also build the vessels to carry it all on the

16
13 25 19

.05 same day.-Lehigh Pioneer.

19

2 30 30 20

30 41 34 PORT OF PHILADELPIIIA.

21

22 28 22 21

21 38 38
Inward for MAY, 1830.

23
22 27 20

.50 .03 24

21 16
25
16 26 29

.50 .10 26

14 23 17 11.00 .05 Where from.

27

7 29 26 28

5 25 19 England,

3

1154

29
10 18 18

101 China,

1

479
30
7 15 8

.07 French Ports,

1
229
31

5 15 14 2.40 .19 Teneriffc,

1
67

.64 4.601 19 Spain,

1

226 Holland, 1

Before 8-588 is the number of degrees of the Ther305 70

mometer during the month. Gibraltar,

588-31-19 nearly before 8

832 Cuba,

1011:31-32tat noon Hayti,

3

432

897-30=29 nearly at Sunset British Am. Colonies,

3 6

982 Dutch East Indies, 1

290 Danish West Indies,

3 4 11 871

3)80(26+ Mean average per day during Jan. 1 South America,

3
The quantity of Rain that fell,

.64
1045
1

Quantity of dissolved Snow.
Brazils,

3
376

1.56 Africa,

1 1 272 1

Total amount, Other Sp. West Indies, 173

2.20 8 21 15 17803

New Coal Mines.-The Short Mountain, situated in Inward Coastwise-85 Vessels--Tonnage, 7113. Lykens' Valley, from examinations recently made, is

found to contain numerous reins of first quality AnthraCutward, for MAY, 1830.

cite coal, not more than thirty miles distant from Harrisburg, and the Mahonoy mountain and valley, about ten miles further north, contains large bodies of the same

mineral. The contiguity of those mines to the SusqueWhere to.

hanna, and the short distance between them and Har

risburg, Middletown, Marietta, Columbia, Lancaster, England,

9
1

3991 &c. secures to their proprietors a convenient and steady Hamburg,

1 1

470 market, while the prospect of the Pennsylvania canal to French Ports,

3

614 the Chesapeake, or tlie formation of a rail road from Cuba,

1

51 York Haven to Baltimore, one of which must and will Tayti,

181 be constructed, encourages the friends of the prosperity British Am. Colonies,

2

749 of the interior of Pennsylvania to persevere in their ex. Danish Wes Indies, 1

7 2 1477 ertions to prove, by facts, that the mines of the SusqueSouth America,

3 1 482 banna, are as valuable-as worthy of state encourageBrazils,

354 ment and protection-as those of the Delaware, Lehigh 10 1 21 13 8829

and Schuylkill—that their natural and only markets are Qutward Coast wise-136 Vessels-Tonnage, 11,944. the cities and towns upon the Chesapeake. This sub

the rich counties bordering upon the Susquehanna, and Morn. Journ. ject shall be resumed, when certain examinations now

in progress in Lykens' Valley are completed. Lanc. Gaz.

Ships

Barques

Brigs

Schrs.

Sloops

Tonnage

THE

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOL. V.-NO. 25.

PHILADELPHIA, JUNE 19, 1830.

NO. 129.

GROWTH AND MANUFACTURE OF SILK. part of the United States. The climate of every State

in the Union is adapted to the culture of silk; baiching CONGRESS --H. OF REPRESENTATIVES, MARCA 12, 1830. the eggs of the silk worm may be accelerated or retard

ed to suit the putting forth the leaves of the mulberry. Mr. SPENCER, of New York, from the Committee on That tree is easily propagated from the seeds of the Agriculture, to which the subject had been referred, fruit, and is adapted to almost any soil. made the folllowing

The committee regard the general culture of silk as REPORT:

of vast national advantage in many points of view. If The Committee on Agriculture, who were instructed zealously undertaken and prosecuted, it will, in a few

by a resolution, to inquire into the expediency of years, furnish an article of export of great value; and adopting measures to extend the cultivation of the thus the millions paid by the people of the United white mulberry tree in the United States; to promote States, for silk stuffs, will be compensated for by the the culture of silk, by introducing the necessary ma

sale of our raw silk. The importation of silk, during chinery for reeling the same from cocoons; and for the year which ended on the 300 of September, 1828, acquiring and disseminating practical knowledge amounted to $8,463,56.3, of which $1,274,461 were ex, therein, make the following report in part:

ported; but, in the same year, the exportation of bread THAT the committee bave been greatly aided in stuffs from this country amounted only to $5,414,665, their inquiries on these important subjects by essays, leaving a balance against us of nearly iwo millions. The published recently, by Mr. John D'Homergue, a native

committee anticipate, that, at a period not remote, when of France, who came to the United States during the we shall be in possession of tlic finest material produ. last summer.

Mr. D’Homergue, being unacquainted ced in any country, the manufacture of silk stuffs will with our language, has been assisted in the writing of necessarily be introduced into the United States. these essays by Peter S. Du Ponceau, Esq. of whom The culture of silk promises highly moral benefits, in it is unnecessary to speak, he being extensively known the employment of poor women and children in a profitas a gentleman of the most patriotic views, possessing able business, whilst it will detract notbing from agri. great scientific attainments, and an unblemished char- cultural or manufacturing labour. The culture of silk acter. The committee, therefore, consider these es will greatly benefit those States which have abundant says, and the facts contained in them, as entitled to slave labour, tlic value of whose principal productions, high confidence.

particularly in the article of cotton, bas been depressed Among the facts developed are several of an impor- by over production. It is well ascertained, that, altho' tant nature. It appears that American silk is superior France produces within herself much silk, she pays anin quality to that produced in any other country. In nually more than $20,000,000 for imported silk. The France and Italy, twelve pounds of cocoons are requi- committee have been unable to ascertain the amount of red to produce one pound of raw silk, whilst eight raw silk purchased from other countries in England, but pounds of American cocoons will produce one pound of they are satisfied the amonnt is large, and that, in these raw silk. That cocoons cannot be exported to a for- countries alone, a ready market can be found for all the eign market from several causes, their bulk, their liabil. raw silk raised in the United States for many ycars to ity to spoil by moulding on ship board, and hecause come. they cannot be compressed without rendering them in The committee have, through their chairman, correscapable of being afterwards reeled.

ponded with Mr. Du Ponceau, and this report is accomIt is further deinonstrated in these essays, and in a panied with a communication from that most respectamemorial lately presented by the manufaciurers of silk ble man and useful citizen, exhibiting his matured views stuffs of Lyons, in France, to the Minister of commerce on this interesting subject. Mr. D'Homergue is now and manufactures, that the art of filature can only be ac- in Philadelphia, and unless sufficient inducements are quired by practical instruction, by some one intimately offered to bim to remain in this country, he will very acquainted with, and accustomed to, that process. That soon leave it for ever. He possesses, in an eminent no human skill or ingenuity, unaided by practical in- degree, all the practical knowledge necessai y, as an instruction, is capable of acquiring that art, to any profila- structor in the theory and practice of the art of reeling ble extent. It is made manifest, that, although the cul silk from cocoons, and manufacturing the same into the ture of silk has been carried on for many years in some various forms and qualities of raw silk known in the silk parts of the United States, and more particularly in trade, having, from his infancy, been instructed in all Connecticut, it has been conducted very unprofitably, the various processes. It is believed to be almost imcompared with what the results might have been, if the possible to procure from Europe another person so comart of filature liad been understood. The sewing silk petent to impart a knowledge of these arts as Mr. D’. made in Connecticut is from the best of silk, and is, af. Homergue is. The acquisition of his services and in. ter all, quite inferior to that of France and Italy; instruction is invaluable; and, in the opinion of the comthese latter countries, sewing silk is manufactured from mittee, if he be suffered to leave the United States at imperfect.cocoons, or from refuse silk. It appears, this period, it would be a national misfortune. In the also, that, unless the silk is properly reeled from the co-confident belief that Congress will, unhesitatingly, procoons, it is never afterwards susceptible of use in the vide for the appropriation of a small and insignifics finer fabrics.

sum of money, in promoting a measure which cannot It is a gratifying consideration to the committee, that fail to realize to the nation such rich results, the comthe benefits from the culture of silk, and the acquisition mittee have prepared a bill, which they beg leave to of the art of reeling the same, will be common to every present.

Vol, V. 49

« PreviousContinue »