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LUMBER.

buildings which have been erected. And yet the imAn immense quantity of lumber has descended the provements are not equal to the increase of inhabitants Susquehanna the present season; more, it is estimated, and the business of the place, as will be seen by an adby one-thirc!, than descended any previous season. The vertisement of Messrs. Miller & Evans, two of our most same is said of the lumber trade on the Delaware, and enterprising builders, who wish to employ five or six the article may be purchased as low at Philadelphia as workmen immediately. Five bandsome buildings are at Harrisburg, Miduletown or Columbir.

now being erected on Market street, together with othFor the last twenty-five years, at least, we have heard ers in other parts of the town." that timber was becoming scarce at the head waters of the Susquehanna; and boards, shingles, &c. must, the ensuing year, be scarcer and dearer. It turns out, how others not stated, passed Eastward in waggons through

Iland Trade. -The following articles, with some ever, that lumber in all its shapes descends the river the Eastern Gate of the Chambersburg Turnpike Road year after year in increased bundance. Why? Because there is more skill employed in getting the timber out Company, in one month, from the 2d of March to the 20 of the forest to the saw mill, and consequently it is de- of April, to Baltimore and Philadelphia, of which an aclivered there cheaper-because saw mills are placed count was kept by Jacob Shober, Gatekeeper. upon water courses; remote from the main stream, Flour, bbls. 3,450 | Rags,

lbs. 21,000 which were formerly considered unfit for navigation, Whiskey, do 364 | Feathers,

do 7,420 but are now descended by rafts—and because the im Clover seed, bush.

365 | Paper,

9,800 mense forests of pine stand upon soil of excellent quali- Butter, lbs 25,007 | Iron castings do 5,000 ty, which the settlers are anxious to cultivate. No per

Eggs,

doz. 3,415 Blooms do 51,400 son can form an accurate ilea of the quantity of timber Hemp,

lbs. 25,500 | Axes, do 2,325

do standing in a pine forest, without actually seeing it.-Wool,

8,000 | Other Iron manu.

do 1,400 These forests, however, are not exhaustless, and the Bees wax,

tures,

do 16,300 time will come, albeit that cannot be the case in our Hogs lard, do 6,200 | Glass, do 62,000 day, when they will be exhausted.

Bacon,

do 134,600 Since the Union and Schnyikill canals have been fin With the exception of the articles of hemp, wool, jshed, the lumber trade has taken a new direction. A beeswax, bacon, rags, feathers, glass, the other articles great proportion of the lumber that formerly descended were, it is believed, from Franklin county, and chiefly the Susquehanna, run on to tide, and then to Baltimore, from Chambersburg and its vicinity; which, also furnishWashington, &c. A considerable supply for the adja- ed part of the several items excepted with the excepcent country was purchased at Columbia, Middletown, tion only of Glass. More Flour passes, it is believed, Harrisburg, and New Cumberland. But Middletown at through this gate to market in each of th months of this time far surpasses all the other points in the amount December, January, and February, than in March. It of her lumber trade. It is said that three hundred hou- is also considered that one third at least of the agriculses are to be erected at Pottsville during the ensuing tural products of Franklin county passes to market by summer, the lumber for which is laid in at Middletown, the Waynesburg and Emmittsburg Turnpike Road and and conveyed to its destination by the Union and by Hagerstown. Schuylkill canals. It was formerly a serious matter for farmers in the eastern end of Daupliin, in Lebanon or

CovingTON, April 15. Berks, to build a house, barn, or the most insignificant

A panther was shot in Drinker's settlement on the 3d tenement, because they were obliged to carry the inst. by Daniel Scott. You will please publish the folboards and shingles in wagons from ten to, forty miles. - lowing account of it, which is as near as may be in the But since the canals have been in operation, lumber is hunter's language. distributed along the whole line, from Middletown to

He says he was sauntering along with his rifle not far Lebanon, to Berks and down to the eastern part of from his residence thinking it probable he might get a Montgomery, and sold at an immense reduction in the chance at some wolves, whose track he had seen some

The consequence is, this country every where days previous, when he heard a great fuss in a swamp a exhibits cheering evidences of improvement. Lebanon short distance from him, and immediately after, his dog and Berks have always been anti-canal counties, and a

came running towards him evidently very much alarmmajority of their people yet labour under the apprehen- ed, but his courage being raised by his master's presa sion that the canals will answer no good purpose, while ence, he returned to the swamp-Scott followed at douthey are strongly possessed of the presage that they will ble quick time, pecking round pretty sharp to see what be ruined by iaxes; when it can be demonstrated by fi- was up. gures and facts, that the price paid for lumber in those

At length he came near enough to see the creatur, who counties before the Union Canal was constructed was soł on a little knoll, moving his tail about, and wrigso much higher than it is now, that the difference, or sa- gling like a cat, with his head near the ground.--Scott ving, to the purchasers will be more than sufficient to guesses he was about four rods from him but the tarnal pay all the taxes that may be assessed upon those coun. fellow did not perceive his approach, (having his eyes ties for canal and rail road purposes, even assuming the on the dog, and preparing to spring) until he gave a highest estimate of those opposed to the canal and rail whistle, when he raised himself up and showed his road system to be the true one.--Harrisburg Chron. breast, at which the hunter took deliberate aim, and

shot him through the heart and livers. He was a fine The following paragraph is extracted from the Lewis. fellow, in the prime of life, six feet and a half from tail burg Journal. Similar notices of improvement are ob- to snout. No doubt he had feasted well on venison du. served in papers from other internal towns in this state, ring the winter, as he was in such good case that Mrs. and we should judge the present io be a time of as much Scott got fat enough from him to make half a barrel of general prosperity as Pennsylvania has known for a Soap. number of years. We could desire, indeed, to quote grain at about 25 per cent. higher: “This borough has for the last two or three years un.

Printed every SATURDAY MORNING hy WILLIAM F dergone the most rapid improvement of any along the GEDDES, No. 59 Lucust Street, Philadelphia; where, and at Susquehanna, possessing no greater advantage for trade the PUBLICATION OFFICE, IN FRANKLIN PLACE, second or manufactures than it does. Indeed, so great has door back of the Post Office, (back room) subscriptions will be been the change, that persons who have not visited it thankfully received. Price FIVE DOLLARS per annuin, payable for three or four years, on their relorn universally ex- annually by subscribers residing in or near the city, or where press their surprise at the number and elegance of the there is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance.

cost.

THE

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOL. V.-NO. 22.

PHILADELPHIA, MAY 29, 1830.

NO. 126.

BENJAMIN WEST.

of his parents to pursue painting as a profession in Phil

adelphia, and several of his landscapes executed on The interest which the public have felt, and still feel, pannels over mantel-pieces are preserved in the room in what has been justly stiled "the magnificent picture where his splendid picture of Christ healing the sick is of Christ Rejected, since its exhibition in this city, leads now exhibited, in the hospital in Spruce street.

The us to imagine, that a brief memoir of the artist cannot sign of the Bull's head' is Strawberry alley, which but prove interesting; the more so, seeing that he was still hangs at the door of a small tavern, is also shown as not only an American, and a Pennsylvanian, but almost one of these early productions. & Philadelphian.

He practised' his art successfully in Philadelphia, The ancestors of the West family were of English or- Lancaster, New York, and other places, both in portrait igin, and emigrated to this country with William Penn, and history, till the year 1759, when the same unextingon his second visit hither. They had embraced Qua- uishable love of the art which had influenced his childker principles, and this was probably the reason of their hood, led him to visit the classic shores of Italy, to study quitting their native land, and seeking an asylum, where those masterly performances, without having seen which no previous religious establishments viewed a difference it is hardly possible to conceive what the arts can of opinion from the majority as yisionary or encroaching achieve. He embarked at Philadelphia on his twentysectarianism.

first birth-day, and landed at Leghorn, whence he proBENJAMIN West was the youngest of a family of ten ceeded to Rome, and for a time enthusiastically revelchildren of John West, who married Sarah Pearson.- led there in his darling pursuit, until his corporeal Benjamin was born on the 10th of October, 1738, in strength became unequal to sustain his mental exciteSpringfield township, Chester county, in this state, ment. He more than once, though originally of a hearwhere he was brought up in the faith and profession of ty and robust constitut on, lost his health, and reluctanthis ancestors; a profession, to his honour be it said, from ly quitted, for a time, his study of Michael Angelo and which he never swerved, when his genius commanded Raphael and Poussin, and returned to Leghorn and the the flatlery of courts and honour from kings and princes. seacoast for relaxation. He soon, however, resumed

At the time of West's birth, the fine arts had scarcely his delightful task, which he pursued with the devotedan admirer in this country, much less professed disciples. ness of a martyr, making himself familiarly acquainted Under these circumstances, and brought up too in prin- with the chefs d'auvres, at Parma, Florence, Venice, ciples by no means favourable to a laste for painting, and other principal places in Italy. the innate bent of our youthful artist's disposition look Mr. West spent about four years in this useful and ed forth, and nature and genius triumphed over every cheering manner, and finally quitted Italian studies and impediment.

journied to London, by way of Paris, in which latter It is recorded of him by one of his biographers (Galt? place he remained long enough to examine all the gal. that at the age of seven he made a drawing in red and leries and museums, and reached London in the month black ink, of an infant neice, of whose cradle he had the of August, 1763. Blenheim, Oxford, Stourhead, Foncharge, and whose sweet smile in her sleep excited his thill, Windsor, Hampton Court, and other collections, imitative powers, though he had never seen a picture received his speedy and eager attention, and the attracor engraving! With ihis precocious sign of inherent tions of England in the treasures of art, with other reastalent, the boy's mother was so much charmed that it ons, perhaps, led him soon after his arrival to give up may readily be believed her admiration and encourage- his purpose of returning to America, and to resolve on ment confirmed his taste. He was now sent to school, settling in London; and it was a fortunate hour both for where even before he had learned to write, pen and ink himself and the arts when he adopted such a determinbecame his cherished favourites, and birds, flowers and ation. A new era had arisen. The Association of Artanimals were rapidly added to his juvenile port folio.-ists, in 1760, paved the way to an exhibition in Spring His father, it is said, being admonished by some of the Garden in 1764, to which Mr. West sent two pictures elders of the society, did all he could to repress the ar- he had painted at Rome, and a portrait, which obtained dour of his son in his favourite pursuit, and earnestly for him a very prominent share of public notice and dissought to direct his attention to what he thought a more tinction. The artists were incorporated in 1765, on the useful object of study and attention.

2d of September, in wbich year Mr. West married a At length a remarkable circumstance befel him; and lady to whom he was engaged before leaving Philadelthe painter, who was in after years to gain the applause phia, and who was accompanied across the Atlantic by and admiration of the civilized world, was strangely in his approving father. Mr. West continued to pursue debted to a party of savage Indians for, to him, a stu- his profession with incessant assiduity and great success. pendous advanee in his yet rude and untaught pursuit. In 1768 the late king George the Third establishel They showed him how to prepare red and yellow col- the Royal Academy, under his especial protection, for ours, such as they employed in chequering their bodies the avowed encouragement of historical painting; in and ornamenting their belts and weapons; and a piece forming which Mr. West was much consulted, being of indigo from his fond mother completed his now res one of the four artists commanded to attend the king plendent pallet; while the tail of a black cat, in the ab- on that occasion. sence of camel-hair, furnished brushes to our young and Amongst the earliest of Mr. West's productions in irrepressible artist! His was an ardour which nothing London was the subject of Agrippina landing at Bruncould repel; difficulties vanished before him; his whole dusium with the ashes of Gernianicus, the painting of soul was wrapped up in his favourite pursuit.

which originated from a conversation which took place At about the age of sixteen he obtained the consent at the table of Drummonrl, Archbishop of York, where

You, Y. 43

338

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BENJAMIN WEST.

our artist was a guest. This painting stamped the fame Christ healing the sick" and "Christ rejected are of Mr. West with the king, who immediately afterwards now to be seen in this city. The first is stationary; the ordered Regulus to be painted for the royal collection other will probably soon leave us. It has been, and This picture, in which the painter was eminently suc- still is, a matter of regret, with every lover of the fine cessful, was the first of his productions exlubited at the arts, that some proposition had not been made to the Royal Academy in 1769, and it procured for him not present possessor of this picture, to purchase it, and only popular applause, but the countenance and friend make this city its home. The first piciure, it is undership of the king, which continued increasingly thence stood, was made a present of, by its highly gifted author forward as long as mental consciousness remained in many years ago, to the Pennsylvania Hospital, from the him.

exhibition of which a constant revenue has been, and But we must be brief, and shall conclude by giving will as long as the canyass holds together, be accruing to a rapid sketch of the artist's professional progress. the sunds of that benevolent institution, “rivalling in

From the year 1764, to the end of his life, he never, annual amount the proceeds of the most munificent bewe believe, missel one year in exhibiting his works; quest ever made to a charitable institution in this counthe bare list of which would occupy more space than try!” we have written,

There is another consideration which ought to influIn 1772 he was appointed historical painter to the ence them. They have seen the character which Philking; in 1790, surveyor to the royal pictures.

adelphia has obtained with every lover of taste from In 1791, on the death of Sir Joshua Reynolds, lie was the possessor of the picture of Christ “healing the sick." unanimously elected president of the Royal Academy, what other city in the union can boast of such a prize? an office which he held, with a slight interruption of Now much would the character of our city be heightthat honor occasioned by an absence in France during ened could it point to every inhabitant, and to every the peace of Amiens, from that time until bis death. stranger, the place where the last and brightest efforts

In 1792, he became a member of the Society of Anti- of one of its ever honored citizens could be always seen quaries, and of the Society of Arts.

and admired? In 1807, he was chosen Governor of the Foundling We have already said, that it would exceed the limits Hospital; in 1804, a member of the Royal Institution. we have prescribed to ourselves, to go through a list of

In short, honors and distinctions were heaped upon the numerous splendid productions of Benjamin West. him not only in England, but by eminent foreign bod. We shall attempt a short, and certainly an imperfect, ies and princes; and by means of one of the most emi- sketch of his personal character, and conclude. nent in the English court--eminent for his moral In society, and in domestic privacy, Mr. West was alvirtues we mean—the preferment of knighthood was ways calm and cheerful. Whilst he was far removed offered him, which he respectfully declined. The from austerity, there was always such a calmness, plaoffer came of course from the king, and the intimate cidity, and even gravity about his manners, that in the associate and friend of our artisi, the Duke of Glouces courts of princes, as well as in the social circle, he nevter, the king's brother, delivered the message. The er failed io command respect. His conversation, like declination of this evident mark of royal distinction only his paintings, never admitted of what is called the comic. served to knit the two friends closer together, perhaps of this feeling, there is not a solitary instance in his no man in existence is more capable of separating and numerous works. His appearance was mild, and a strict estimating mere hereditary distinctions from intrinsic simplicity marked all his habits, expressions and prin. worth than the Duke of Gloucester.

ciples. His memory was said to be so wonderfully reIn Mr. West's discourses delivered as the president tentive, that not many years before his death, recollectof the Royal Academy, bis leading object continually ing the long gone by days of his youthful ardor and adwas to emancipate art from the mere mannerism of im- miration, he restored with amazing fidelity several picitating preceding masters. Few of his cotemporaries tures of the old masters, which, at a very early period of went like him to the fountain head of of nature. He, his life he had seen in Italy. like a master spirit, added example to precept, not only In December, 1817, Mr. West lost the partner of his introducing reforms, but, spurning the beaten path, foi hopes, cares, anxieties and triumphs for more than half lowed his own daring conceptions, until he attained the a century. We forgot to say in its proper place, that strictest accuracy of judgment, and acquired what has the maiden name of this lady, who was herself a Philabeen so justly denominated the philosophy of taste.” delphian, was Shewell.

When his picture of the Death of General Wolfe ap Mr. West breatheil his last as camly, as placidly, as peared, the taste of the day was to treat subjects in a he had lived, on the 10th of March, 1820, at the good way somewhat simply called the "classic style,” in oth- old age of eighty-one. er words, to dress all the individuals in Greek or Roman His remains were, by his sons, interred with more costume, and to fill every space in the picture with dei- pomp and ceremony perhaps than he would himself ties and allegorical figures. This, it was supposed, im- have chosen, in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, amongst parted a kind of supernatural dignity to the composition. the "mighty dead," none of wbose names can survive Mr. West bad genius and firmness enough to resist this his. popular contagion, and the sight of the Death of Wolfe Till within a sliort period of his decease, he painted abolished this silly taste forever. His celebrated picture with his wonted vigor, and entertained and cherished of William Penn's Treaty, under the Oak, at Kensing comprehensive plans of new works with which his ever ton, lended, perhaps, as much as any thing, to confirm active mind was always occupied. Death alone could the practice of his new schvol, which all English artists quell bis enthusiasm. The resistless destroyer of all that thereafter adopted, and to this day, nature only is con- is mortal, could alone quench and obliterate his grand sidered as the point of excellence.

conceptions, his unfinished plans, Mr. West's vast conceptions, as well as his powers of Death interposed, and arrested those efforts, every execution, appear to have grown and strengthened, as one of which tended not only to improve the taste of in the usual course of things, both mind and body would mankind, but to promote the cause of virtue, morality relax. His eld age displayed the vigor and imagination and religion. of youth, combined with the skill of an age of experi Thus lived and died, BENJAMIN West.

M. ence. Witness his "Christ healing the sick," and his

[Inquirer. "Christ rejected,which latter was begun when he was seventy-four. And who can forget the prodigious effect A gentleman of Germantown, presented us, on Friof his Death on the pale horse?For the Christ reject- day last, with a musket Flint, which had been plough ed ten thousand pounds sterling were offered and re- ed up that day, and found upon the Germantown battlo fiscd in London.

ground.- l'illage Telegraph.

1830.)

RECORDS OF PENNSYLVANIA.

339

RECORDS OF PENNSYLVANIA.

Differences.continued between the Governor and As

sembly about the several bills. Abstract of the state records at Harrisburg, male by Feb. 11.--Letter from William Pilt, announcing his Thomas Sergeant, Esq. when Secretary of the Common- appointment of Secretary of the Southern Department wealth, and by him presented to the Historical Com- in the room of Mr. Fox, and enclosing the King's

speech. mittee of the American Philosophical Society, Nov. 3, Number of Roman Catholics in Pennsylvania.-Eng. 1819. -1748 to 1758.

lish and Irish in Philadelphia, 139, viz: 77 males, 62 fe. (Continued from p. 329.)

males. In Chester county, 40—25 males and 15 females: 1757–Jan. 13. Hostilities against the Indians sus- the Governor's request.

as given by Mr. Harding, the Roman Catholic priest, at

And that including all (viz. pended for 50 days more. Jan. 21. William Callender and Js. Pemberton vania does not exceed 2000.

Germans, &c.) men, women, and children in Pennsylwrote a letter to Mr. Peters, desiring leave to search the

Lord Loudoun (now in Philadelphia) desiring to be minutes of the Governor and Council, to satisfy them- made acquainted with the nature of the Constilution and selves and their friends (by whom they are deputed) of the matters in difference between the Governor and Assemthe true state of the Indian claims on the lands in this

bly. province.

The following was drawn up by Mr. PetersBill for granting £100,000 presented by the House.

Number of Inhabilunts.-"The inhabitants have nevJan. 25.--Governor returns it on account of its er been numbered, but it is believed by good judges mode of taxing the proprietary.

that they amount to 200, in the province and counAnswer to the request of Messrs. Callenderand Pem- ties-30,000 of which may be capable of bearing arms. berion. "Gentlemen: I laid your application with re No militia is established by law, owing to thie Quagaril to the inspection of the Council Books before his kers, who it is thought make one-eighth of the province; honour the Governor, and in answer thereto I am.com- and as they are against defence, those who would othmanded to acquaint you that as those books contain the erwise cheerfully defend their country are displeased, most important affairs of government, many of which re- and decline to form associations, as they did in the last quire the greatest secrecy, he cannot allow the perasal of war, for their protection. them to any but those concerned in the administration;

"On the first attacks of the Indians, the back inhabiand further, that he looks upon the transacting of busi- tants having no arms nor order, were struck with a pan. ness with the Indians in this province, to be a matter so

ic and deserted their plantations-on which a range of entirely pertaining to himsell, that he cannot permit any forts was built along the frontiers, and 1400 men raised but such as are immediately empowered by the King's for garrisons and patroles, which are still kept up:authority or by his own, to treat with or intermeddle in

Each soldier has 18 pence currency a day and his victthe affairs of that people. That they might have a copy uals found. These 1400 men, with their officers, cost of what concerned affairs of property.”

the province about £70,000 currency, annually. They Boundaries ascertained by Walking.--Nicholas Scull, are only enlisted for a year, which is either expired or Surveyor General, on his oath, says—"That he was pre- near it, and five months pay in arrear. sent when James Yeates and Edward Marshal, together "The Assembly have sat five months without raising with some Indians, walked one day and an balf back in supplies. Last year an act passed granting £60,000 to the woods pursuant to a grant of land made by the Del- the king, and a supplement to that act granting £100,aware Indians to William Penn, That the said day and 000 is now before the Governor, with respect to which an half's walk was begun at a place near Wrightstown he is under this difficulty: that tho' the proprietary esin the county of Bucks, sometime in September 1737, tate be exempted, yet the bill is framed on a plan very and continued from the place aforesaid to some distance unjust, unequal, and oppressive; on which account the beyond the Kitlanning mountains; that he believes the proprietaries in instructions given after the act to which whole distance walked to be not more than 55 statute this is a supplement, had received the Royal assent, miles; tbat Benjamin Eastburn, Surveyor General, Tim have restrained their Governor from passing such a one othy Smith, Sheriff of the said county of Bucks, and as this by advice of the Lords of Trade--and if it be not he, this affirmant, attended at the said day and an half's passed just as it is, with many things in it which are ac. walk, from the beginning until the same was ended; knowledged by Mr. Franklin to be unjust, no supplies, that he well remembers that particular care was taken it is said, will be raised. It is to be observed that nei. not to exceed the time of the day and an half or 18 ther in this nor the other supply bill is any money givhours; that he, this affirmant, then thought and still en for the general service of America; and that all mothinks the said walk to be fairly performerl, and believes nies raised and not particularly appropriated are at the that the said walkers did not run or go out of a walk at disposal of the Assembly, so that the Governor is obliany time, nor does he remember that those Indians who ged to make particular applications for every article of were present made any complaint of unfair practice.- expense, be it ever so trifling, or advance it out of bis That Benjamin Eastburn and this aflirmant, with some own pockei. others, lodged the night after the said walk was com "The Assembly withholds the Governor's support, pleted at an Indian town called Polkopeplunk, where which used to be £10,000 currency per annum; and the There were many of the Delawares, among whom he perquisites, which amount one year with another to well remembers there was one called Capt. Harrison, a £10,000, are chiefly paid at the close of the year. noted man among the Indians--neither he nor any of "The Assembly bave of late very much encroached the Indians made complaint or shewed the least unea on the rights of government in this particular, viz. that siness at any thing done relating to the said walk; if when any office is created by act of Assembly, the offithere had he would have heard of it.”

cers are inserted in the bill, with a clause giving the AsJan. 28.--Assembly remonstrate against the Govern- sembly the right of nomination in case of death; and or's refusing to pass the Money Bill; and desire him to they will not suffer amendments to their bills in these assent to it without amendment.

particulars. He adheres to his determination.

"The people, by the Proprietary Charters, choose The Quakers on behalf of their brethren inhabiting the Sheriffs and Coroners. And all officers concerned the three lower counties, presented an address to the in the raising, assessing, and collecting public monies, Governor, complaining of the militia law enacted there, by express laws are chosen by the people annually, or and of the oppressive conduct of a Magistrate and Con- nominated by the Assembly, and only accountable to stable-as contrary to Charter, and their rights and them. privileges.

“The Assembly say they cannot be prorogued nor

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dissolved, and have a right to adjourn when, and for as further promises to use all possible diligence in collectlong a time as they please, without the Governor's con ing the arrears of Quit Reni, and discharge the remain

In fact, they sometimes by message acquaint the der out of that fund as soon as possible, and before the Governor with their intention, and ask if he has no ob- term proposed. As this will reuder the bill less necesjection; sometimes they adjourn without giving the sary the Governor returns it, being unwilling to make Governor notice; and sometimes contrary to his express any addition to the paper currency which is already too order.

And that the bill was sent back to him with a "The Assembly never send the Governor their min- verbal message, viz. that the proprietaries gift of £5,utes, & have even refused them when he has demanded 000 was made in consideration of their being exempted them; so that except what is contained in their messa- from paying their reasonable proportion of a necessary ges, the Governor knows nothing of their daily proceed- sum of money, long since expended in the service of the ings till they are printed, which is once or twice a year. province; and by the act entitled an act for granting

"The Assembly, by a Bill now before the Governor, £60,000 to the King's use, &c. the money was to be for the regulation of the Indian trade, have excluded paid immediately by their Receiver General into the him and bis Council from any share in the choice of offi- hands of the Provincial Commissioners for that purpose. cers or approbation of their proeeedings, or even in the The Commissioners have repeatedly called on him for disposal of the presents that are proposed to be made money, with so little success, that they have not to this to the Indians out of the profits arising from the sale of day received one half of the sum given the payment goods.

having been evaded by answers that the ReceiverGen'l “In short the powers of Governor are almost all ta- could not collect sufficient sums of money from the arken out of the hands of the Governor and lodged in the rearages of the Proprietaries Quit Rents to discharge Assembly; and as to what little remains, scarce a Bill their gift-whether this be so or not we shall not posicomes up without an attempt to lessen them.

tively determine, but are credibly informed that consid“A flood of paper currency will finish the ruin of the erable sums of money have been lately paid to the Reprovince-and the Assembly does not seem disposed to ceiver General by the people in discharge of their Quit offer any bill without increasing the quantity of paper Rents. The Governor is pleased to say in his last mesmoney.

sage "hat the Receiver General promises to use all pos“The Assembly have not as yet madle any regular sible diligence in collecting the arrears of Quit Rents complaint against the proprietors, wbich they might and and discharge the remainder out of this fund as soon as ought to have done any time these two years. So that possible and before the term proposed." It is not mait is their fault that the matters in dispute are not terial to us out of what fund the money is to arise nor brought to an issue which the proprietors desire of all have we any thing to do with the collection of the Quit things may be done.

Rents; and we conceive the proprietaries are in honour "The Post-office of America is executed by Mr. bound to discharge the remainder immediately, shoakt Franklin, and Mr. Hunter, of Virginia. It extends from their Quit Rents never be collected, especially as the Georgia to New Hampshire. And they have each £300 public have been and still are in want of the money.-sterling per annum, payable out of their own offices. The term proposed was not for the payment of the moBesides the salary, they have the disposal of the Depu- ney into the hands of the Commissioners, but for sinkty Post-masters, 12 in number, said to be one with anothing it; therefore, the Receiver General's promise of dis er above £100 sterling per annum. Mr. Franklin has, charging it before the term proposed is unintelligible, in particular, the great advantage of circulating his pa- and by no means satisfactory to us. Nor do we appre pers free, and receiving intelligence, which he may hend the striking of so small a sum as £2000 can be of make the best or the worst use of, in the present situa- any ill consequences, as exchange is now lower than it tion of affairs. Sir Charles Hardie wrote to the late has been for several years past. The bill was calculaGov. Morris and Gov. Denny to prevent the publication ted to make the payment easy to the proprietaries, and of improper intelligence in newspapers, which (says to give the public the immediate use of the money by Gov. D.) it is impossible for me to do, unless your Lord. striking it thouglı at their own expence, without the ship (Earl of Loudoun) lays your commands on the the least design of depriving the public of the present Pust-master to be extremely cautious in that particular; benefit of a sum of money to which they bave an unand perhaps it may even be thought necessary for his doubted right. We therefore beg leave to return the Majesty's service that the articles of intelligence should Bill to your honour and desire you would pass it into a receive my approbation and not be published without Law." leave.

The same day the Governor likewise returned to the The new road for Gen. Braddock's use was through House the Militia Bill, with the amendments as agreed Raystown.

to by the Council on the 4th inst. which was sent back March 21.-In consequence of intelligence that 800 to him on the next day with a verbal message that the French were preparing to descend the west branch of House desired him to reconsider it and to pass into a law the Susquehanna, to attack Fort Augusta, and that the as it then stood." garrison refused to do duty for want of pay, and there And he had again sent to the House both Bills with a was a scarcity of ammunition and provisions, the Gover message, viz: "that as to the former he would not pass nor, at the instance of Lord Loudoun, assented to the it, and as to the Militia Bill he adbered to all bis amend£100,000.

ments thereon." N.B. Lord Loudoun concludes his letter on this sub That on his signifying to the House bis desire that ject thus—“I do most sincerely wish such measures may some of their members should attend him at the Treabe taken at home before next winter as may prevent ty to be held with the Indians, now at Conestogo, they any difficulty of this nature ever happening again, as had nominated the Speaker, Mr. Fox, Mr. Hughes and the consequences are very bad and may prove fatal.' Mr. West. After which they adjourned to the 8th of

April 9.-Assembly adjourned to the 8th August. August, with his approbation. Militia bill not passed.

Minutes taken at a meeting of the Governors of North April 25.- The Governor informed the Council, that Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, with Mr. Hockley being of opinion that the Bill for striking the Earl of Loudoun, commander-in-chief, &c. began at money on account of whatwas unpaid of the proprietarys Philadelphia, March 15th, and continued by adjourn. £5000 was unnecessary, he returned it on the 7th inst. ments to March 24th. to the House with a verbal message, acquainting them 'The meeting having been informed by the Earl of that "the Receiver General will pay as much to the Loudoun that there was a plan approved of by his MaCommissioners, for the proprietaries, at their next meet- jesty of employing the greatest part of the troops this ing, as will reduce the sun to £2000. The Receiver campaign to the northward; and that he had invited

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