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1830.]

SETTLEMENT OF THE DUNKERS AT EPHRATA,

331

FOR

Bank due and unpaid,) entered into a composition with [From the Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.] all his creditors to pay them seventy-five per cent, on

AN ACCOUNT OF THE SETTLEMENT OF the 1st of July ensuing, in full satisfaction of their claims.

THE DUNKERS, AT EPIIRATA. To this agreement the Bank was a party, and accordingly received a dividend upon the whole amount of

The following account of this curious establishment, Scott's note. They subsequently collected Watson's note. Thomas Scott in — made an assignment to Carlisle, in this State. It contains some particulars not

was communicated by Redmond Conyngham, Esq. of the plaintiff; Scott demanded the amount Watson's

generally known, and more fully describes the religious note from the Bank, which was refused. The Bank, tenets of these honest people, than any other account and Scott in his own name, agreed to refer the matter that we have seen. to three persons, their report to be final and binding Dunkers were occasionally noticed in this city, as they

But thirty or forty years ago, the between the parties. The arbitrators reported that noth. came down with their produce for sale; and their long ing was due from the defendants. This reference was beards, capuchin habiliments, and meagre visages, atalleged to have been unauthorized by the Assignee, and tracted much attention. The reduction of their numthere was no evidence to the contrary. The plaintiff's counsel admitted the right of the Bank common, and it now appears, that unless new converts

bers gradually rendered the sight of them among us unto appropriate Watson's note to the liquidation of their to their religion and their austerities shall be shortly claim in the first place, and afterwards to receive their made, this ascetic community will soon become ex. dividend upon the balance due on the note of Thomas tinct. Scott, but contended that by accepting a dividend upon the whole amount of that note, they had waived the right those who feel a satisfaction in tracing the workings of

The present publication will be read with interest,by to the proceeds of Watson's note, which therefore pas- the mind, the extremes to which it is sometimes led by sed under the assignment to the plaintiff. With this ardent imaginations, and the short duration of many of view the opinion of the Court coincided, and the Jury those enthusiastic schemes of separation from the sober returned a verdict for the plaintiff of $1,385.

and general communily of men. But as it appeared Brown and Broom for the plaintiff. Read for the probable, that still more information might be obtained Bank.

Penn. Ing.

by further inquiries, Mr. Conyngham, at the instance of METEOROLOGICAL TABLE.

a member of the Society, has been kind enough to pro

cure the additional communication from the Rev. Chris. According to Fahrenheit, in the shade, the tempera- tian Endress, of Lancaster, with his permission to insert ture of the weather at Mauch Chunk was as follows, du- it in our Memoirs. ring the time specified.

It may be proper to add, that Mr. Conyngham's paper was written some years ago; and describes the pe: culiar manners prevalent at Ephrata during the period

when monastic discipline maintained its rule. Several APRIL, 1830.

of the statements respecting dress, &c. though expres.
sed in the present tense, must, therefore, be understood

as having reference to times that are past.
60 47
41 39 41

.07

Mr. Conyngham's account of Ephrata.
3
34 48 45 .49

In the year 1730, in the bosom of a beautiful dale ly. 21 56 51

ing between two wood-crowned hills, at whose boltom 5 24 65 57

a handsome stream of water winded through the low 6 25 60 56

grounds, was formed the settlement of Ephrata.
7

27
66
59

The whole land belonging to the proprietors, consis.
36 63
60

ted of two hundred and fifty acres, about eleven miles 9 48 65 59

from Lancaster. The road from Lancaster was gooil, 10 46 51 46 .11

and the scenery along its way attractive, from its varie11 43 58 50 .70

ty. Lancaster is principally settled by Germans, plain, 12

50 .01

easy, and simple in their manners; an honest, frugal,
13
47 57 48

and industrious people.
14
43 54 55

Near Ephrata, the country was rather retired, and al-
15
42 63 58

most in a state of nature. The inhabitants lived scat16 29 59

tered, and concealed from each cther by the neighbor. 17 43 75 65

ing woods, in the serpentine windings of the roads pass18 33 67 57

ing from cabin to cabin. Nothing was to be seen but 19 31 76 61

the first impression made by man upon the surrounding 20 36 78 64

forest. Nature retained all its beauty, man had not
21
45 83 75

then added to its embellishment.
22
53 82 73

The first settler lived in sulitude for many years on
23
59 74 68

the spot where Ephrata now stands; he required not, 24 50 49 47 .86

nor did he seek assistance from others; he obtained by 25 42 45 47 .63

his own industry the necessaries of life which a grateful
26
51 63 53 .15

soil amply supplied.
27
34 56 51

The surrounding country gradually began to be set-
28
31 67 63

tled by a class of Germans remarkable for probity, sim29

37
71
66

plicity, and industry: Exemplary piety displayed itself
30
82 73 3.02

throughout the settlement their society became en. Days,

Jarged. 1171--29=56+before 7, A. M.

T'he females young and unmarried were placed in a 1826--29=62tat Noon,

mansion by theinselves, under the care of an cklerly 1704-30=40+at Sunset.

and very respectable motherly woman.

They lived contented; ambition or politics did not 3)158(52 Mean average per day during the disturb them; vice entered not into their lowly and month of April.

humble dwellings, industry, frugality, neatness, affabil. The quantity of Rain that fell, 3.02.

ity, and above all, christianity and brotherly love united

Depth of Rain

Inches.

Sunset.

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3.02

332

SETTLEMENT OF THE DUNKERS AT EPHRATA.

(Mar

them together, and they placed in one common fund in pieces of writing, with which their church is ornathe product of their individual labor.

mented, done in German text. They are peculiarly fond The town of Eplirala is situated on the side of a little of drawing Awers, of which they liave a vast variety. bill,s!oping towards the south east, and the woods on the Thuis ends the account of this society, which flourish. north-west were left standing, to protect them from the ed in the year 1750—they are now much reduced in extreme winter's cold. It is formed like a triangle. On number. On the death of one or two persons, the pro. the outward lines are planted cherry, peach, plum, ap- perty will escheat to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvaple, quince, and pear trees, enclosing a large apple or- nia. chard within. Their cabins have now given way to handsome and

Mfr. Endress' history of the Society. substantial dwellings of wood, three stories bigh. These 1. What are the names and ages of the survivors in are all neatly white-washed both within and without, the convent of Dunkers at Ephrata? and are remarkable for their extreme neatness, regular 2. Is it understood that they still adhere to the same ity, and beautiful whiteness.

severe roles--sleeping on the floor, abstaining from anAn apartment is appropriated to each individual, that imal food, &c.? their devotion may have no interruption.

3. Was this mode of life found conducive to health Females have a portion of the town allotted to them; and longevity? Can the ages of any of the old people, they have no communication with the men, except in (if remarkable,) be ascertained? maiters of religion, and what may be necessary in the 4. Do those that married off, or their descendants, management of their concerns.

remain in the neighborhood? and do they adhere to the If any desire to marry, they leave the Society, and same religious principles? they are entitled to draw out of the public treasury their 5. Do they still dress in the same manner? shares; but they settle in the vicinity of the Society, and 6. In what respect did the Dunkers differ from the send their children to be educated among their broth | Mennonists? ers or sisters. Economy and piety are strictly observed. There are but three survivors of the fraternity of E

The winter's dress is a long white gown, fastened phrata Dunkers, Henry Brendel, Jacob Angus, and Bars with a belt round the waist; behind hangs the cap-bara Keiper. Brendel is about seventy-five years of they wear no hats—a waistcoat, shirt, trowsers, and age, Angus seventy, and Barbara Keiper between fifty shoes. In summer, their garments are made of linen, and sixty. Many years ago, Brendel had married and in winter of cloth. The women wear the same as the left the convent. After the death of his wife he returmen, except that instead of trowsers, they wear peiti- neil, and now lives in the brother-house with Angus, coats; and they conceal their faces when they walk out whose history is about the same. Lately the three of of their houses. The men let the beard grow, and crop the old stock have attracted a few more to their namtheir hair.

ber.

But the practices and usages, so strictly obsers. Their number consists of about three hundred men ed in former times, are almost altogether abandoned.and women. They live on vegetables, and will not Instead of resting on wood, with a log under their heads, touch animal food; hence they are lean of body, of a they sleep in beds; they eat animal food: dress nearly pale complexion, and apparently bloodless. Their re- like their neighbours around them; mingle with the creations are connected with their religious dulies. world; and refrain from laboring on Sundays. Many of They worship four times in the twenty-four hours. In the original members arrived to a good old age; for the lieu of beds, they sleep upon benches, and use a little most part they lived to be eighty or ninety years old. wooden block för a pillow; each room is supplied with It ought, however, to be borne in mind, that the institua couple of these conveniences.

tion was of such a nature, as to deter all others but perThe President of the Dunkers received a regular ed- sons of vigorous constitutions and enterprising spirits, ucation at Halle, in Germany. He was originally a from subjecting the nselves to so rigid a discipline. minister of the Calvanist Church, but becoming dissatis. They entered, for the most part, with healtlıful stamina fied, he left that Church, and joined the Dunkers. He of life; and it is well known that the human frame is ofwas open, affable, familiar, easy of access, and agreea- ten so robus', that even the most glaring practice of ble in conversation. "My principles, or rather those of otherwise injurious habits, will not prevent it from climbmy brethren are as follows,” thus he says

ing up to extreme old age. Besides, according to "We retain both sacraments; adults only are admit. Sangmeister's account, which he has written as an eye ted to baptism-We deny original sin. It is immoral to witness of the Ephrata affairs, many of those whom we use violence at any time, but our duty to submit-We may reckon among the tender plants, withered beneath think going to law is not according to Christianity, and the influence of their self-denying practices. Some of it is expressly forbidden.

those who married off, and their descendants, still re“We observe the Jewish Sabbath. We have no reg- main in the neighbourhood, and adhere to the general ular form of worship. Our discourses treat of the Chris- principles of the original Dunkers. They, however, tian virtues, Humility, Temperance, Chastily, Forti. dispense with many of the practices, habits, and usages, tude, &c. We believe the dead had the gospel preach-observed by their ancestors, particularly those which ed to them by our Saviour, and after his resurrection, they had adopted to torture the body for the benefit of the souls of the holy preached the Gospel to those who the soul. But few of them keep the seventh day as had not the scripture revealed to them, or who are their religious sabbath. With respect to the last of the ignorant of its truth and beauty.

questions above stated, the answer is a short one. The “We deny eternal punishment. Those souls who be Dunkers and Mennonists have nothing in common with come sensible of God's great goodness and clemency, each other, except the general creed of Christians; and, and acknowledge his lawful authority, and that he is in singularities, their mode of appointing their ministers just, wise, and good, without a stain or blemish, and out of the general body without previous special inina Christ is the only true Son of God, are received instruction, their holding love feasts and washing each to happiness; but those who continue obstinate, are others feet as a religious ceremony, their rejecting in. kept in darkness until the Great day, when light will fant bapti m, and their distinguishing themselves from maku all happy.”

others by a singularity in dress and appearance. Sich are their doctrines.

The above is all I can say in direct answer to the queAffection is their bond of union. Kind and hospitable ries proposed. At least the gentlemen who were poto strangers, they will give to the traveller such meals litrly engaged in making the appropriate inquiries, have as he may require, and a night's lodging, but will re not been able to learn any thing more full and explicit. ceive no remiantis. The nuns draw beautifully with But while these inquiries were progressing, I was emgreat exccution and skill; much ingenuity is displayed ployed in reading some of the works of the Ephrata

1830.)

SETTLEMENT OF THE DUNKERS AT EPHRATA.

333

year 1747.

brethren, hoping to gain from these, some, at least, of with some others, visited the scattered brethren in Lanthe looked for information. Little, however, could be caster county, in November, 1724, and collected and gathered in reference to the special inquiries. Some formed them into a distinct society, near the Pecquea historical facts drawn from them, and observations they creek. have occasioned, I will here put down. They may per

In this last mentioned society the practice of keeping haps serve to correct some inaccuracies, that have min. the Sabbath, or Saturday, the last day of tbe week, as a gled with the accounts already given of this fraternity in day of solemn rest, was introduced ny three of its memthe English language. The works are in German.- bers, much to the displeasure of the older brethren, who They are

called it a Jewish practice, and declared that whoever 1. Chronicon Ephratense, containing the life and ac- kept the Sabbath as a legal institution, was bound to tions of ihe Reverend Father in Christ, Friedsam Got observe the whole law, for that he who had imposed the trecht, late founder and ruler of the spiritual order of observance of the Sabbath, had equally ordained the the Solitary in Ephrata, in the county of Lancaster in practice of circumcision. Among the people near the Pennsylvania, by the brethren, Lamech and Agrippa. Pecquea was Conrad Beissel, who in time became their

2. The life and conversation of brother Ezechiel minister or instructor. In 1728, this Beissel wrote a Sangmeister, (now resting in God and blest, but late an sort of a treatise in favour of the Sabbath, or seventh inhabitant of Ephrata, &c.) written by himself; to which day observance, and from that time onward, says the is prefixed a short plan of a Chronick, concerning the Chronicon, it was kept alike by all the Society. origin and groundwork of the Ephrata institution, down From time to time schisms occurred among the Lanto the deceased author's arrival there; after whicly, this caster county Tunkers, and another distinct society was Chronick is carried onward in conj ction with his own formed, near the Conestogoe, in opposition to Beissel. biography.

The two societies now lived in open dissention. In re3. 'i'he songs of the solitary and forsaken turtle dove, lation to this, both the Chronicon and Sangmeister, with that is, of the Christian church; or, Spiritual and exper- a very serious air, tell the following anecdote. Joel, one imental hymns of affliction and love-wherein both the of Beissel's brethren went to the meeting of the Conesforetaste of the new world, and the intervening paths of togoe people, and solemnly stepped in among them, pain and affliction, are presented according to their true and, addressing the leader of the congregation, said,.value, and brought into spiritual rhymes, by a Peaceable "To thee, J. H. these words, through me, from the pilgrim wandering to silent eternity, and now collected Lord. Thus saith the Lord, from this day forth thou and published for the use of the solitary and forsaken shalt no longer go out to preach to others. And on this in Zion. Ephrata, from the press of the fraternity in day it shall appear whether we or you are the Congrethe

gation of the Lord. If God shall on this day do a miraTo aid the reader in understanding the foregoing ti- cle upon my person; if here in your presence and betle, it may be proper io inform bim, that it is no other fore your eyes I fall down like a dead man, and if by than the Hymn book used in Ephrata, and published by your prayers I be made to rise up again to life, then Conrad Beissel, the founder and master of the fraternity. God hath not sent me to you, and you are God's peo,

Concerning the customary English title or denomina-ple. But if I do not fall down like a dead man, but go tion of this fraternity, and the names of the individuals, fresh and hearty out of that door, then shall ye know Lamech, Agrippa, and Friedsam Gottrecht, it may yet that God hath indeed sent me, and that ye are not the be premised, that the term Dunkers is a corruption of people of the Lord. A week ago I told you in your the German Tunker, the signification of which is Dip meeting that there was a wolf among you; liere, (taking pers or Baptists by plunging, a title as usual given to one by the arm,) here is the wolf.” Upon this, Joel, ihem by others, because the person baptized among turning his back upon them, went out of the door, fresh them was dipped or plunged three times under water; and hearty. Our authors make no further observation, that the general religious community to which they pro- taking it probably for granted, that none was needed, fess to belong, call themselves Tæuffer, Baptists, or and that this might stand for an indubitable proof that Baptizers; and that the names of the individuals in the Joel was the man and his people the people. Ephrata society were entirely changed at the time of In the year 1728 it was, that Beissel's society entirebaptism, those here put down being the names at that ly separated themselves from all fellowship with the time given and assumed. The original name of the rest of the Tunkers, and Beissel re-baptized them, or, founder of Ephrata being Conrad Beissel, his assumed as Lamech and Agrippa express it, they gave to the old name was Friedsam Gotrecht, the English of which is Baptists their baptism back again. Beissel bimself does Peaceable Godright. I will hereafter write the denomi- not seem to have been rc-baptised which Becker, nation Tunkers.

though considered his inferior, had formerly given io According to the accounts given by Lamech, Agrip-bim. pa, and Sangmeister, the Tunkers trace their origin Not very long after this transaction, Beissel, laving from the Piestists, near Schwartzenau, in Germany. appointed several elders, over his people, withdrew While they yet belonged among the Pietists, in the from all personal intercourse with them, and retired to year 1708, there was a society at the place just men live a solitary life in a cottage that had been built for a tioned, consisting of eight persons, whose spiritual lea similar purpose, and occupied and abandoned by a der was Alexander Mack, a miller of Scriesheim. The brother, Elimelech. It stood near the place where the members of this society, having been re-baptized by convent was afterwards built. Here he seemed to intheir leader, because they considered their infant bap- tend to remain altogether alone, and secluded from the tism as unavailing, first assumed the name of Tæuffer or world of mankind; but still he had some secret mode of Baptists. From Schwarıženau their notions of baptism communication with his former brethren. For, hearing spread among the Pietists, in various directions. A that the society had got into discord and strife, he sent branch of them having left their native homes, because them a formal citation to meet at his cottage. It was istheir enthusiastic practices were not every wbere tole. sued September 4th, 1733. In pursuance of this citarated, settled in Creyfield, where they formed a consid- tion, they actually met; and one of the results of the conerable society. of this Creyfeld society, a company ference was, that some of the single brethern agreed to came with Peter Becker to Pennsylvania, in the year erect a second cottage near that occupied by Beissel. 1719. They settled in Germantown, where their num- Besides this, a house was also built for females; and in bers soon increased. They gained accessions also along May, 1733, two single women retired into it. In 1734, the Wissabiccon and in Lancaster county. In 1723, a third house for male bretheren was built and occupi. those that lived in Germantown and along the Wissa- ed by two brothers, Onesimus and Jotham, whose famihiccon, formed themselves into a united community, and ly name was Eckerlin. Soon after they all united in chose Peter Becker for their official baptizer. "He, the building of a bakehouse, and a storehouse for the

331

UNCERTAINTY OF EVIDENCE.

(Mar

poor. And now the whole together was called the love, with God and Christ, is to them the end of a Chris. Camp.*

tian's life and labours, struggles and sufferings; and selfAbout this time there was what the Tunkers called a denial, and withdrawing from the world, not a mere asRevival in Falconer Swamp, in consequence of wbich cetic exercise, but essential to that mystical union which many families took up land round about the Camp, and must be formed with the Redeemer. Biptism they do moved upon it, calling their settlements Massa, Zohar, not consider as an act of initiation into the fellowship Hebron and Cades. Another revival, on the banks of with Christ and the believers, but as a rite similar to the Schuylkill, drove many more into the neighbour- that of purification in the Mosaic law, which may be hood; by it, the sister establishment obtained consider repeated from time to time, when the believer has be. able accession; only two, however, Drusilla and Basilla, come again defiled by the world, and would again renew remained steadfast. A further revival in Tolpehoccon, bis union with Christ. With many of the single breath. 1735, brought many to the society. Hercupon they ren and sisters, this mystical idea of union was evidently built a meeting house, with rooms attached to it for the used to gratify one of the strongest natural affections of holding of love feasts, and called it Kedar. About the the human heart. The Redeemer was their bridegroom same time, a revival in Germantown sent additional or bride; he was espoused to them in love; he was the brothers and sisters to the Camp.

little infant they carried under their hearts, the dear lit. Now, for a considerable length of time they held tle lamb they dandled on their laps. This sweet, fond, midnight meetings, for the purpose of awaiting the dalliance, was, at least, much more found among the sincoming of Judgment.

gle Tunkers, than among those, whose sexual and parenNot long afier the building of Kedar, a widower Sig- tal affections were consecrated in a conjugal life. The mund Lambert, having joined the camp, built, out of powers of human nature would evince their authority. his own means, an addiuon to the meeting house, and a According to Sangmiester, males and females of weakdwelling house for Beissel. Another gave all his prop er bodily constitution and lesser vigour of will, sank un. erty to the society; and now Kedar was transformed in- der the unceasing struggle; or concealing the ruling to a sister-convent, and a new meeting house erected.-- passion, it gnawed upon their vitals, till death relieved Soon after, 1738, a large house for the brethern was them of their sorrow; when the particular object of their built, to which was attached the title of Zion, while the affection was the last in their minds, the dear long cherwhole camp together obtained, from this time, the ished name the last they uttered. name of Ephrata.

Some of their writers of spiritual songs, seem to have Now what originally bad been a solitary life was change possessed well regulated minds, and a portion of poetic ed into that of conventual tellowsliip, and Zion was for spirit. The mysticism of these created an imaginary mally called a Kloster or Convent, and put under mo. world instead of that which they had abandoned. Here nastic rules; the brethern agreed to wear garments they deemed their affections permitted to roam unchecksimilar to those of the Capuchins: Onesimus was ap. ed. The figure or image dearest to passion was enpointed Prior, and Conrad Beissel acquired the title of throned in their hearts. That was their God, their Father'. Many, however, were anxious to retain their Lord, their dear Redeemer. But the effusions of others sol tary mode of living. This, together with the reso. were a perfect jargon of unfitting, absurd, and inconsis. lution to elevate Beissel to the title of Father, produced tent connexions; turtledoves and lambs in conjugal unconsiderable dissention. Among the opponents of these ion, cultivated fields upon which are sown pearls and measures was one Hildebrand, who, according to Sang. wine and music, burning hearts united in keeping meister, long continued unfriendly to Beissel. Sang. silence and singing at the same time songs of joy. meister himself was at that time one of them, and after Beissel appears to me to have been a man possessed some time left the society and retired 10 a solitary life of a considerable degree of the spirit of rule, bis mind in Virginia. Some years afterwards, however, he re- bent from the beginning upon the acquirement of auturned, and lived and died in a corage near Zion. His thority, power, and ascendency. Various arts were re. book, the title of which is prefixed to this statement, sorted to for the purpose of carrying his point. He was written partly at Ephrata and partly in Virginia.- separated his most arvient friends and adherents from It is much lainted with bitterness, and undertakes to the rest who were less attached to him, he gave them cast a dark shade upon the whvie establishment and a distinguishing offices; those that were most enthusiasticonsiderable part of its members, but particularly upon cally attached were constituted rulers; he withdrew to Beissel its ruler, or Father Fried'sam ť

be sought after; his language was cloudy and mysteriLittle can be gathered from the several works in hand, ous; he was constantly enveloped in mystery; his words with regard to the precise religious tenets of this frater were inspiration. nity. In general, their religion is mysticism. Union in Beissel, good or bad, lived and died the master spirit

of the brotherhood. With him it sank into decay; and * Germ, das Lager.

when he died its spirit was almost gone. A small # A lady, who formerly lived in the neighbourhood portion only of it remained with Miller, his successor. of Ephrata, has related to me the following anecdote: But when Miller was no more, the whole establishment Before Ezechiel, (Sangmeister,) dier, he requested lost its life and almost its existence. to be buried without service or other ceremonials. Mil

CHRISTIAN ENDRESS. ler, however, the successor of Beissel, not withstanding this request, went to the grave at the time of interment,

UNCERTAINTY OF EVIDENCE. and could not refrain from making a funeral oration. The conclusion of this oration, was: 'Yes, my brethern,

The following is an extract from a late report of the brother Ezechiel did not do as he ought to have done. Coroner in the case of a man found in the Schuylkill.Ile loved the maid better than the wife. He once alto- It shows with how much caution testimony should be gether forsook the wife. But it was not to continue so; relied upon. It reminds us of a case which occurred some back again he had to come. Yet what should he do? he despises the wife, goes and lives altogether with the years since at the Eastward—where two women claimmad; and in her lap he dies. With this discourse many ed, upon oath, the same man as husband. of the brethren were gratified. They knew what Mil On the same day, a man and his wife stated to the ler meant. The wife was the convent, the maid the cot. Coroner that they knew the deceased, and that he had tige. Bilt the neighbours, who out of real respect had a wife and family near Norristown, and also an aunt resattend / Ezechiel's funeral, and were not familiar with ident in the city. They followed the learse to the pub. such high mystical figures, were much offentled; for lic burial ground, where the coffin was opened for their Ezechiel enjoyed the best possible reputation for piety inspection, wben they fully identified' tbe person as and holiness of demeanour.”

Francis C , and appeared much affected at the

1830.]

NEW CHURCH AT MANAYUNK.

335

recognition. The body was put by for safe keeping thwart the exercise of such benevolence, as in the U. until the relatives should be acquainted with the acci- nited States of America. With respect to religion, ours dent. About sun-down, two young men sent by the is an intolerant constitution-because it could not be aunt, examined the body and were fully satisfied that it tolerant towards one, without giving or implying a prewas Francis'-a niece of the aunt's also saw him, and ference to another; and this would be the very interferunhesitatingly acknowledged that it was his body. At ence which it expicitly disclaims. And yet, where is the request of the connexions, on Monday morning, the the country in which religious exclusion prevails 10 a coroner had the corpse conveyed to a burial ground greater extent, whilst religious persecution is utterly that they had selected for his interment, information ha- unknown. Different, however, was the case in the inving been previously forwarded to his wife. On Tues stance now under consideration. The trustees of the day, to the astonishment of all parties liere, the identical Presbyterian Church granted the use of that building Francis C, who was supposed to have been buri. for the preaching of the sermon that was to be delivered, came to assure his friends that he was not drowned ed on the occasion. Thither, therefore the crowd di--although from some striking similarity five persons rected their steps, the moment the ceremony of buying had declared the deceased to be him. The person the corner-stone was completed. It presented to my drowned therefore reinains unknown."

mind, as it passed, under all the circumstances, some.

thing more than mere novelty. If I might make use of NEW CATIIOLIC CHURCII AT MANAYUNK. the words, I wouid call it religiously romantic. There

was old age moving with a celerity of footstep, quickenIt is but too seldom that we have to record a spec. ed by the dread of losing a seat; there was boyhood in tacle combining so many pleasing considerations, as that all his glee, making the most of a holiday; here were the which was witnessed on Monday at laying the corner- gentleman and lady, and close by them the man of lastone of the Catholic Church in the village of Manayunk, bor, who, "went not back to take up bis coat;"—the The United States Gazette of Monday morning, togeth- whole variegated with a proportionate sprinkling of er with some coins, and a manuscript bearing the date fashion and of beauty. It seemed to me a miniature of of the event, the names of the officiating clergyman, of mankind. But that which struck me most, was the the Catholic Bishop of the Docese, of the Governor of “agitans molem,” the Roman Catholic priest, shedding Pennsylvania, and President Jackson, were deposited from the glittering robes in which religion had arrayed "snug and dry," in the cavity of a beautiful stone, and him, the broken rays of the evening sun, that beamed placed under a seal of cement, which will remain un full upon his vestments and upon his countenance. -broken, save by the hand of some future generation. Where was he going? He was going to preach, by perOn the margin of the newspaper, were written the cen- mission both divine and human, in a Presbyterian church sus of the village, the date of its origin, and the only, and to a congregation of all religions! It was altogether legacy bequeathed to it by the departed Indian - its a sight the like of which I had never seen before. name; which, like the beauty of its scenery, grew out of At about a quarter past five, the Rev. Mr. Hughes the river whose bank it occupies. The record testifies commenced his discoure from the 28th chapter of Gen. that Manayunk was eight years old—its population 1800 esis, "and this stone which I have set up for a title, sball souls.

be called the house of God.”—U.S. Gazette. The site of the building is on a sloping eminence, con. siderably to the right of the present entrance of the village, as you proceed from the city. It had been under

METEOROLOGICAL REGISTER, stood, that at 4 o'clock the ceremony would commence;

APRIL, 1830.--KEPT AT CHILISQUAQCE, BY J. P. and long before that time, the ground was occupied by a numerous and respectable concourse of persons. At

Baromeler. Thermometer Atmosp. Variations half past four the Rev. Mr. Hughes, assisted by three other priests, dressed in their sacerdotal robes, proceed

12

9 | 12 | 3 ed from the house of Mr. Keating, and performed the service usual on such occasions. The inconvenience

1 29 2 29 2 29 2 | 47 60 | 64 Sunshn. Sunshn. experienced by the audience, or such of them as did not

2 29 329 329 3 43 | 47 | 46 Cloudy Rain understand the Latin language, was remedied by the

3 29 5 29 6 29 642 5263 Clear Clear translation of the service, of which the Psalms of David seemed to form the principal part. I noticed par

5 29 7 29 7 29 7 54 | 62 | 67 clear Clear ticularly the 83d, 86th, 121st, and 126, (according to

61 29 7 29 7296 49 64 71 Clear Clear the Vulgat Doway,) beginning — "How lovely are Thy

7 29 6 29 6 29 6 51 65 75 Clear Clear tabernacles," &c. "The foundations thereof are in the

8 29 6 29 6 29 5 52 66 75) Clear Clear holy mountains;" "I rejoice at the things that were

9 29 5 29 5 29 548 59 | 62 | Cloudy Cloudy said to me;" “Unless the Lord build the house," &c. as 10 29 429 328 349 50 52 Cloudy Rain being peculiarly and beautifully appropriate to the oc

11 casion on which they were used, and the translation of 12 29 5 29 6 29 6 48 55 58 Clear Cloudy them as being in accordance, if not with the rules of the 13 29 6 29 6 29 6 48 53 | 58 Clear Sunshn. church, at least with the sentiments and wishes of the 14 29 7 29 7 29 7 45 54 62 Cloudy Clear audience. The whole ceremony came home to the 15 29 8 29 8 29 8 47 58 64 Clear Clear mind, invested with a solemnity of mingled feeling, in 16 297 29 7 29 7 53 61 67 Clear Clear which curiosity was succeeded by something that seem- 17 29 6 29 628 659 63 72 Clear Clear ed to whisper to the heart of heaven and of eternity.

18 I have more than once seen it remarked as a matter 19 29 7 29 7 29 645 64 69 Clear Clear of astonishment, that in some parts of Germany,the Cath-20 29 529 5 29 5 50 63 72 Clear Clear olics and Protestants assemble to worship God accord- 21 29 5 29 5 29 4 57 73 80 Smoky Cloudy ing to their respective rites, in the same temple, by al. 22 29 4 29 4 29 4 70 74 75 Cloudy Cloudy ternate succession, in the order of time, or by equal par- 23 294 295 29 5 65 66 71 Cloudy Sunshn. tition of the edifice. The fact was taken as a proof that 24 29 6 29 6 28 6 53 | 53 54 Rain

Cloudy

25 men can be scrupulously attached to the religion which in their opinion is the most pleasing to God, and yet ca. 26 29 4 29 4 29 5 53 58 56 Cloudy Sunshn. pable of showing unbounded kindness towards those 27 30 0 30 0 30 0 40 47 54 Clear Clear who, for opposite reasons, are scrupulously attached to 281 29 9 29 9 29 9 50 62 69 Clear Clear

Clear an opposite doctrine. There is no country under hea- 29 29 8 | 297 297 55 58 73 Clear

Clear ven in whose laws and government there is so little to 301 29 6 1 29 61 29 6 | 62174 88 Clear

SANDERSON

IDays

A.M.

P. M.

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