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1830.]

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON DIVORCES.

221

11, do

do

Names.
Counties. When admitted.

DR.
Nathaniel J. Ellis, Columbia, April 24,1829. Dec. 21, 1829.-To cash paid to this date, and charged
Anna J. Ellis,

do

24, do to the following accounts, viz. *George Cooper, pay 70 dollars, per annum

Family expenses,

$5,162 70 Juliana Gardner, Adams,

Aug. 6, do

Salaries of matron, principal and four assis. Eleanor Shoemaker, Philadelphia,

7, do tant teachers, superintendent of manufacCharles E. Dennison, Clearfield, Nov. 11, do tures and baker,

4,441 66 Martha Wilson, do Incidentals, sundries,

927 78 Pupils supported by the State of Maryland.

Manufactures, law materials,

2,117 09 William Workinger, Baltimore city,

Private pay pupils, advanced for clothing,&c. 72 93 Sept, 27,1828

Household and School furniture, Samuel Adams,

97 53 Somerset co. Oct. 29, do Now building

44 03 Susan M. Tannyhill, Calyert,

June 24,1829 Sarah Conelly,

Interest on moneys borrowed

387 50 Caroline,

24, do

Stock P. I. deaf and dumb loan Ann M. Price,

100 00 do

24, do Robert Lambdin, Talbot,

24, do John W. Kinnamont, 24, do

13,351 22 Baltimore city,

Balance due the institution
Margaret W. Ewell,
July 3, do

1,596 57 Henrietta Speake, Charles, 24, do

$14,947 79 William Stevenson, Worcester,

Aug.7, do

CR. Willy Ann Davis, Anne Arundel,

27, do Priscilla Davis,

do

27, do

Dec. 21, 1828.-Balance in the hands of the

treasurer Elijah Anderson, Cécil, Sept. 16, do

$1,528 83 Sarah Stewart, Kent,

Nov. 11, do

Dec. 21, 1829.-By cash received to this

date and placed to the credit of the folPupils supported by the State of New Jersey.

lowing accounts: Eliza Jones Gloucester Aug. 15,1827 Private pay pupil's tuition,

3,137 03 Elizabeth Marsh Elizabeth.town, July 16,1828 Indigent pupils, Pennsylvania,

6,302 48 Nathaniel Brittain Monmouth Sept. 25, do

New Jersey,

718 89 John Vankirk

Middlesex
Oct. 7, do
Maryland,

665 64 Mary Ann Humphreys Gloucester March 12, 1829 | Manufactures, sales of goods,

2,136 50 Henry Lacy

Salem
April 29, do Annual contributions,

226 00
Pupils supported by their Friends.
Life subscription,

20 00 Susannah Veasy Baltimore city, Nov. 15,1825 Charity box, by visitors,

97 25 Henry Snider, jr.

10 00 Botetourt co. Va. May 16,1827 Building fund donation, Robert Gaw Shenandoah, Va.

27, do

Family expenses, sale of empty flour barrels, Sabilla S. French Gloucester, NJ.

butter, &c. Oct. 11, do

55 17

Incidentals, rent of lot adjoining to the asylum, 50 00 Elizabeth S. Ogden Chester, Pa. Jan. 31,1828 Eliz, Wannemaker Lehigh, Pa. Nov. 20, do Isaac McCullough, Ohio, Va. Dec. 4, do

14,947 79 Mary E. Gurfin Charleston, S.C. May 19,1829

Dec. 21.-Balance dye the institution Edward T. Taylor Mecklenburg, Va. Sept.30, do

1,596 57 Ann Eliza Lewis Albemarle, Va. Oct.14, do

E. E. Philadelphia, Dec. 21, 1829.
Elizabeth Keck Northampton, Pa. 13, do
Edward Pray Philadelphia,

20, do

Treasurer P. I, D. & D. Matilda Sowers Frederick, Va.

11,1825 Pupils supported by the Institution.

The undersigned committee of accounts approve the

above accounts of John Bacon, treasurer, leaving a balMatilda Bollen, Washington county, Pa, admitted Nov.

ance due to the institution of fifteen hundred and nine15, 1827. Joseph Sarger, jr. Lehigh county, Pa. on private funds, ty-six dollars and fifty-seven cents.

ALEXANDER HENRY, admitted Dec. 21, 1829.

JOHN VAUGHAN. Deaf and Dumb persons residing in the institution,

Philadelphia, Dec. 26, 1829. whose terms of instruction have expired. One of these is employed on wages, and several of the others do someihing for their support.

REPORT ON DIVORCES. Albert Newsam, Maria Deraker, Mary A. Reilly, Charles Leech, Charles Miller, Christopher Vancourt, Report of the Committee on the judiciary system, relative Peter Martin, William 'M'Closkey, Mary A. Young, a

to divorces.- Read, January 9, 1830. boarder only.

Mr. Parke, from the committee on the judiciary system, Summary.

who have bad under their consideration that part of the Pennsylvania state pupils,

34

Governor's message referred to them in relation to diMaryland do do

14 vorces, made the following report, which was read, viz: New Jersey do do

6

Applications for divorces, to the legislature become Paying do do

14

every year more numerous, and of necessity consume in Pupils on private funds

2

the investigation of the concerns of individuals a large Do. wholly or in part dependent

portion of that time, which might profitably be bestowon the institution

9

ed on the business of the public. In some cases it is

feared, that application is made to the legislature and

79 acted upon without sufficient evidence that the party We have received 27 pupils during the past year, and complained against has been duly notified of the applidischarged 18.

cation intended. Would not all the ends of justice likeB

ly to be obtained by the granting of divorces be more For moneys received and paid on account of said institu- certainly attained, if the jurisdiction of our courts were

more extended over them and the causes of divorce lion, from Dec. 21, 1828, to Dec. 21, 1829.

more fully defined than at present? The Pennsylvania Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, in The committee concur in opinion with the Governor, account with John Bacon, Treasurer.

that the legislature is not the most appropriate general

JOHN BACON,

2:22

PUBLIC EDUCATION.

(APRIL

tribunal for the trial of applications for divorces. The counties, professedly in carrying the Law into effec:, but constitution of our courts renders them undoubtedly without a correspondent benefit. more fit to hear and determine. But upon a careful ex The application of a remedy for so lamentable a state amination of the existing laws in relation to divorces, of affairs, is a duty of the first order, and as far as it the committee think that the numerous applications for may be within its power, this Society aims to contribute divorces to former sessions of the legislature alluded to its humble siiare of service, towards the discharge of by the Governor could not have been made from the that obligation. Renewed and untiring efforts are newant of a sufficiently general and well defined jurisdic- cessary, to animate Pennsylvania lo put forth ber tion in the courts. The act upon the subject appears strength in this noble cause, and thereby illustrate her to be so well drawn and carefully guarded, that the intellectual power, as fully as she is now displaying ber committe have not been able to discover any proper physical resources. general ground of divorce that is not included. And A careful, and deliberate survey of the whole case, the enumeration of the causes of divorce seems to be as has led the Society to the conclusion, that the most im. definite as its requisite generality will admit. Unless the portant step to be taken in the great work which the courts were invested with general power to declare at People of Pennsylvania have before them, in reference their discretion what is a good cause of divorce-a pow- to this vital matter, is to provide well qualified Teachers. er that would be dangerous from being indefinite-some The best School system which it were possible to decases will occur which, although not within the law, vise, must utterly fail in practice, unless instructors can would be good causes of divorce depending upon their be had, equal in every respect to their high trust, in a own peculiar circumstances. These must of necessity, Moral and intellectual sense. and perhaps appropriately, be left to legislative hearing It is mortifying to be obliged to admit the truth of and enactment.

the too general impression, that the School Master is a From the apparent soundness and generality of the necessary evil, whose only merit consists in the small. existing divorce law,together with some inquiry into the ness of his charges, and the brevity of the term in which nature of the applications which have heretofore he can promise to impart the rudiments of knowledge. burthened the legislature, the committee have come to In consequence of the indulgence of these erroneous the conclusion, that the evil to which the Governor al ideas, it frequently bappens, that persons the least fit. ludes, bas arisen from the legislature itself having given ted for the office, are entrusted with the instruction of too ready an ear to petitions for divorce, without dis our youth. If instead of this delusion which exists in criminating between those which are by law referred many parts of the country, the public mind could be infor decision to the judicial tribunals, and those whose duced to discern the paramount value of teachers of re. peculiar circumstances, although not cognizable before spectable acquirements, and well disciplined minds, the courts, render them fit instances for relief. If this who should be looked upon by the pupils, as the depobe true, the remedy is apparent. Let every applica- sitories of useful knowledge-be esteemed as examples tion be referred to the committee on the judiciary or of virtue, and cherished and honoured for these quali. some other appropriate committee. Let it be under ties, the happiest results would follow. stood that the primary duty of the committee shall be to

In order to provide this indispensable ingredient in ascertain whether the complaint of the applicant could any system of Education which can prove successful, be heard in court; and if so to report against it on that the society would emphatically urge the necessity of ground.

training teachers, and for this purpose suggests that in Pursuing this course, the legislature, it is presumed, each Congressional District of the State, a seminary would soon disburthen itself of inuch unnecessary busi- should be established by law, where individuals may be ness, and throw it upon the appropriate branch of the prepared for conducting a uniform method of Instrucgovernment, the judiciary. This would both remedy tion in the Common Schools, which can be commenced the growing evil of too numerous applications, and a.

as soon as candidates for the station of Instructors are void as far as possible the danger of a hearing and deci. qualified for the discharge of the prescribed duties. sion without sufficient notice to the parties concerned.

When the State shall be thus supplied with Tutors, Your committee therefore offer the following resolu- the ordinary schools may be organized with economy tion:

and regularity, and the effects must prove as salutary as Resolved, that they be discharged from the further they will be certain. But without this preparation it consideration of the subject.

would seem to be impossible to accomplish the gene. rous design, contemplated by the advocates of universal

education. PUBLIC EDUCATION.

The preparation or selection of books and other

means of instruction, is also essential to the contem. A Semi-Annual Meeting of the Pennsylvania Society plated plan. Too much care cannot be exercised in this for the Promotion of Public Schools, was held at the department, and perhaps in no respect are we more deFranklin Institute, on Monday the 22d March, 1830. ficient than in good elementary works for schools. The

Roberts Vaux, the President took the Chair. Society sensible of the importance of making provision Augustus H. Richards, was Secretary.

in this particular, and also to ascertain whether this The Third Report was read, as follows: class of books cannot be furnished at cheaper rates than The Pensylvania Society for the Promotion of pub- is now demanded, appointed a committee some months lic Schools, has through its Council been assiduously since, to inquire and report thereon; from this source engaged, during the last six months, in prosecuting the valuable information may be expected at an early peri. interesting inquiries for which it was established. od.

The Corresponding Secretaries soon after the last Without claiming any merit for its efforts, the socie. annual meeting of the Society, were charged with the ty is gratified in being enabled to report, that it has not transmission of a Circular Leiter, and interrogatories, only furnished a number of well qualified teachers in va. addressed to influential and intelligent citizens in near. rious parts of the state, but has moreover been instruly all the counties, designed to obtain correct informa- mental in organizing several schools in remote places, tion relative to the actual means for imparting common before destitute of the means of education, which is now school learning, more especially to the indigent Youth liberally conferred at a very moderate expenditure of of this Commonwealth, The replies which were prompt. money to the people where they are established. These ly made, and which manifest much solicitude on the instances are alone a sufficient reward for its attention, subject, convey the facts, that in most places tbe act of should no further advantage flow from its disinterested 1809 providing for Education, is a dead letter; whilst in devotion to the subject. a few instances, some expense was incurred by the It is as evident, as it is consoling, that the public at.

1830.]

TAX ON COAL.

223

Days of Week,

Days of the lionth.
Morning temperat
Noon temperature.
Night temperature
Mean temp. of day

Highest in Morn.

Highest 3t Noon,

Highest in Even. Mean height of Ba rometer each day

WINDS.

tention is now more than at

any former period directed to the considerstion of furnishing Pennsylvania with a system of education for all her youth. This great pur. pose has found a cordial friend in the present governor, who has made a specific proposition to the legislature for its accomplishment. The responsibility now rests upon the representatives of the people, from whom some preparatory measures at least, may with confi. dence be soon expected. It is assuredly of deep con

Thermometer.

Barometer. cern that whatever be done in regard to this subject should be the fruit of patient investigation, and of wise Monday 120137|32|29||28 80128 3028 86128 82NW counsels, so that the foundation being laid upon pure Tuesday 2 28/292427 90129 03/29 05 28 56 NW moral and religious principles, with adequate pecuniary Wednesd! 3|19|35|32|28|29 10 03 00129 04 SW support, may endure and yield abundant blessings, Thursd'y 4 20 44 40 34/2893 10 00128 31 SW through long ages to come.

Friday 5 19/2720122| 29 30 30 55 29 38 NW On behalf of the society,

Saturday 61 818|1413 60 60 58 29 59 NW ROBERTS Vaux, President. Sunday 7 4 19 1613

45 40 29 46 NE A. H. RICHARDS, Secretary.

Monday 8 14 282221 20 25 30 29 25 N Philadelphia, March 20, 1830.

Tuesday 9 8 36 27 23 30 30 30 29 30 SW When on motion it was Resolved, That the Report Wedne-d 1016 41 3631 30 05 28 93 29 36 SW be accepted and published.

Thursd'y 11/2624 1923 10 15 29 18 29 14 NW On motion it was Resolved, That the thanks of the Friday 12.1442138130 12 28 70128 72 29 42 NW Society, be and they are hereby presented to the coun- Saturday 13|25|29|2024 05 29 13 29 13 29 10 NW cil, for the zeal and faithfulness with which it has dis- Sunday 114 17140 3831 25 25 15 29 21 NW disciiarged its duties.

Monday 15 19 40 32 30 00128 80 28 85 28 53 € On motion it was Resolved, that the thanks of this Tuesday (16 31 41 36 36||28 70 66

66/28 67 E Society be tendered to those Authors and Publishers of Wednesd|17|32 40 38 36 65 70 78 28 71 E School Books, who have made donations of their works Thursd’y 18 38 42 59.39 92'29 10:29 20:28 40 N to this Society, and which with others expected to be Friday 19 30149 44|41|29 26 17 1029 17 NW received, will be found to be essentially useful in pre- Saturday 20 39 4 50 51|28 83 28 80 28 85 28 82 NW paring for a System of General Education.

Sunday 21 32 48 45 41:29 04 93 90 28 62 N On motion it was Resolved, That ihe Society enter. Monday 22 3948 42 43 05 29 2229 30 29 57 N M tains a grateful sense of the efficient co-operation of its Tuesday 23:32 50 41 41 30 30 26 29 29 S te Corresponding Members, as well as of the promptitude Wednesdi 24 33 49 45 42 201 05 00:29 08 SW of a large number of other citizens of Pensylvania, who Thursd'y|25 41 46 44 4328 93|28 85 28 80/28 86 SE bave most cordially and successfully promoted the views Friday 26 40 44|3640||29 05 29 1029 20 29 11 NW and inquiries of the Society, and thereby advanced the Saturday 27 32 50 50 44 25

25 25/29 25 W cause of Education in this commonwealth.

Sunday 128'39'48|45|43' 35 351

35'29 35'w On motion it was Resolved, That the editors of news.

On the morning of the 7th, Thermometer at 4° above papers in Philadelphia, and in the several counties of

O-the lowest. Pennsylvania,are entitled to the thanks of this society for the insertion in their gazettes, of the report which this

The noon of the 20th, Therm. at 64°—the highest, socicty has heretofore made, and that they be respect

Range 60°, in the month.

On the morning of the 6th, Barometer at 29.60, the fully requested further to aid the purposes of the Society, by the publication of the transactions of this day.

highest.

On the morning of the 17th, Barometer at 28.65, the Ordered that these proceedings be printed and distributed throughout the State.

lowest. Range, 00.95 in the month. Attested. A. H. RICHARDS, Recording Seery.

The Wind has been six days East of the meridian, 19 days West of it, and three days North,

On the 1st, there was a fall of snow about 6 inches METEOROLOGICAL REGISTER.

deep. There were light snows on the 5th, 7th, and Extract from the Meteorological Register, taken at the 17th. There was Rain on the 21st, 24th, and 25th. Slate Capitol-Harrisburg Pennsylvania,

A remarkable coincidence of temperature in Februa. BY WILLIAM MUSGRAVE, Librarian.

ry, 1829, and February, 1830-on the morning of the FEBRUARY, 1830.

5th February, 1829, thermometer at 4° above 0; on the Thermom'r. Baromet er. Days of the Month. Wind morning of the 7th Feb. 1830, thermometer at 4° above

0, only two days later. The mean temperature of the Max 20,51° Max. 8, 29.78|8, 18, 22,

3 N 5th Feb. 1829, was 19° above 0.

The mean temperaMin. 7,13 Min. 4, 29.317, 14,

2 NE ture of the 7th February 1830, was 13o-last February Diff.ex. 38 Diff.ex. .44.15, 16, 17

3 E 6° colder. Meanex.32 Meanex.29.03/25,

1 SE The mean temperature of the whole month of Feb.

13,4,9,10,12,23,24, 17 SW 1829, was 4o colder than Feb. 1830.
Mean temperature from 27,28, [21,26 12 W
three daily observations. 1,2,5,6,11,13,19,20, 10 nw

TAX ON COAL.
Days of the
Month.

Almosphere.

Extracted from a letter written by a gentleman of this

City to a member of the Legislature, 1, 5,

2 Snow, Clear, “The Coal Tax is unjust, because the lands from 2,8,11,12,15,16,23,26,27, 9 Clear, Clear, which it is raised, and which are valued only on account 13,

11 Clear, Hazy, of Coal, are taxed in the county rates and levies in pro4,10,13,19,28

15 Clear, Clourly, portion to their value—it is in fact taxing farm and crop 16,18,20,22,

4 Cloudy,

Clear,

too. It has been argued that the Taxshould be laid be17, 17,

2 Cloudy Snow,

cause Coal is to be benefitted by transportation on ca. 19

1 Foggy,

Clear,

nals and rail roads—then by parity of reason why not 14

1 Cloudy, Cloudy, tax thereon all other mineral and agricultural products 21, 24,

12 Cloudy, Rain,

that are equally benefitted. I have heard that this al125

11 Rain, Rain,

leged advantage to the Coal trade was strongly urged

A.M.

P. M.

5,16,2

224

MISCELLANEOUS.

(APRIL

in the argument before the House in order to promote in the birth by untimely, unequal, and unwise taxthe Tax-but I pray you to mark the sophistry and ut.ation. ter absurdity of this argument as applied to the canals But I have digressed from the subject.-Coal does not and rail roads now in operation. The argument implies abound in all parts, and in most parts of the State is not that the canals and rail roads in question have been known or used--the Tax is therefore unequal. It is un. erected at the expense of the state. Not so,- they have wise and impolitic, the object of the Stale is to get tonbeen (those I mean on which Coal of any importance nage for her canals and rail roads when they shall be reaches a market) exclusively erected by the wealth completed-in this point of view a bounty on the article and contributions of individuals-not a dollar of the five for exportation would be wiser than a Tax operating a millions which they cost, was received in aid thereof prevention. To you I would leave a question which from the state treasury by the Lehigh or the Schuylkill has arisen in the minds of many good citizens, how far

- look at the immense expenditures also of the citizens the Legislature are debarred by constitutional compact, of Philadelphia in the completion of the Union Canal from imposing Taxes on articles afloat on canals and rail (aided it is true by a lottery revenue sanctioned by a roads fairly on their road to market, much of which may law of the state, affording that incorporation a slight as simply require only a transhipment or hauling from sistance while it entails a curse on the community by the river boat to the sea vessel, to become decidedly ar. the gambling effect it nurtures and produces, a nuisance ticles of export. which every good citizen must desire to see pit down) I wish you would come out on this constitutional - look also at their immense expenditures on the Dela- point, and like

, cry aloud, and without ware and Chesapeake, and partially too on the Dela- sparing—I really think this objection is not fanciful.ware and Hudson. The state has not contributed a dol. The direct operation of the Taxis to prevent the use of lar to the completion of these splendid works. These Coal-it cannot under the present circumstances of the Herculcan undertakings of individual enterprise, have trade be afforded for less than $6 in Philadelphia, nor at length been consummated through good and evil re in the Eastern cities for less than about $9 per tun.port, and in opposition to all kinds of difficulties. Their when all the canals and rail roads are finished, and the Managers respectively have been fondly anticipating an Coal trade extended to five times its present demand, early day, when they should begin to repay the unex- the dealers will be able to take a less profit per ton, ampled patience and patriotism of the Stockholders by and to pay a lax if it must be so without feeling it so op the declaration of a dividend on their investments, and pressive as at present. But while the prices are so high paying off the debts they have necessarily incurred: but necessarily, that it is questionable whether coal or wood how have their sanguine anticipations been prostrated, is the cheapest, people cannot be expected to change by the recent development at Harrisburg. Instead of their habits to make an experiment of doubtful econoexperiencing the fostering and protecting care of the my. It is said that steam boats cannot now afford to use State Leg slature, they are instantly singled out as sour coal at the rate of $5 per ton—if it could be brought ces of revenue that will bear squeezing-a kind of no down to a price they could pay, their consumption at man's land, that the legislature may pounce upon at present would equal 200,000 tons. pleasure, modestly commencing with twenty-five cents The Tax will therefore procrastinate its consumption, per ton and gradually increasing the burthen as their and the toll will be lost to the canals—could the price wants and our good nature will permit; and thus having be reduced, the demand would be proportionably ina commenced with the calf, we shall be made to carry the creased, and when people got into the habit of using bullin good earnest. Thus are they to be rewartled for it, they would not relinguish it for any small tax that acting as pioneers in the work of internal improvement, might be laid thereon. for bringing into productive usefulness, immense tracts The imposition of this Tax would act as a Bonus in of barren, sterile and inaccessible country; and connec- favour of Virginia, and of foreign coal, and as contemting distant points which from natural causes seemed plated in the rejected bill, was a premium offered to heretofore impossible; and this reminds me of our friend the exertions and ingenuity of those dealers who should Miner, of the Village Record, who with the feeling of a contrive to get their Coal to market without resorting poet, which he so happily possesses, “his eye in a fine to canals or rail roads. phrensy rolling," once declared, that certain points on It seems to me that owing to the peculiar wording of ihe Lehigh “were intended by God and Nature for an the rejected section, the Susquehanna and Pittseternal solitude;"_but this long tried friend of in- burg Coal passed to market tax free. I am rejoiced ternal improvements has since rejoiced to know that that our western sister should be so lucky-but do not these very inaccessible points of wilderness have been perceive why the Baltimorians should have been equalmade to blossom like the rose-these heretofore impas- iy favoured. Nor can there exist ibe slightest reason, sable gorges of the mountain and the stream, by the ad- founded in equity or justice, why one portion of the vance of arts and science, and the determined perseve-Commonwealih should be taxed on an article that is ex. rance of a few individuals, have become the most busy empted in another, much less that decided favour should and crowded thoroughfares which connect the valuable be granted to Maryland. I will stop short although agricultural country, north and south of the Blue Moun- many reasons and objections of strong import are strug tain. And that on a river, which a legislative enactment gling for utterance. You will excuse the freedom with of 1794, gravely required, should have a canoe naviga. which I venture to address a Senator, and the liberties tion maintained near its mouth, should now for near 50 I have taken when speaking of the past proceedings of miles above, by the abstraction of its waters from their the lower House, touching this odious Coal Tax. broken and impracticable channel, be made competent

I am, respectfully, &c. to sustain the navigation of keel boats of 150 tons burthen-these remarks apply to the Lehigh. On the On the 26th March, William G. Hawkins, Esq. of Schuylkill changes equally remarkable and important Greene county, was elected Speaker of the Senate, in have occurred-lands, the surface of which yielded no the room of Mr. Sturgeon, resigned, in consequence of crop, and upon which the crow could scarcely live, are his accepting the appointment of Auditor General of now continually changing owners at advanced prices, the State. until some of them have been sold from 100 to 700 dol. lars per acre, in consequence of the coal and iron they GEDDES, No. 59 Locust Street. Philadelphia; where, and at

Printed every SATURDAY MORNING hy WILLIAM F contain (more valuable to a working and energetic pop the PUBLICATION OFFICE, IN FRANKLIN PLACE, second ulation, than could be the gold or silver mines of Mexi-door back of the Post Office, back rooni) subscriptions will be co or Peru) and which are now permitted to reach a thankfully received. Price FIVE DOLLARS per annum, payable market by means of these canals and rail roads and annually by subscribers residing in or near the city, or where which will eventually enrich the state, if not strangled I there is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance,

THE

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOL. V.-NO. 15.

PHILADELPHIA, APRIL 10, 1830.

NO. 119.

PENSNYLVANIA CANAL.

advertising would admit. And in their contract, they

were bound with sureties, in a penalty of fifty thousand JUNIATA DIVISION.

dollars, to complete it "on or before the first day of August, 1829."

To expedite which, every facility was JUXIATA CANAL OFFICE, ?

given to the contractors which the attention of the enLewistown, December 5th, 1829. S

gineer, and nine seyeral current payments on estimates To the Board of Cannl Commissioners.

could afford; and to enable them to prosecute the job GENTLEMES -The accompanying report of Alexan- vigorously, a greater proportion of the estimates was der C. Twining, the engineer on the ninety miles of ca. paid to them than the terms of their contract required. nal entrusted to my care, which is marked A. will su- But, notwithstanding the prompt and cheerful aid that persede the necessity of my giving you a detailed history was always readily afforded them, they abandoned the of the operations on the Juniata division of the Pennsyi. contract on the 10th of August last, having completed vania canal, for the last year. I will therefore confine only three-sevenths of the whole work required. The this report to a few general observations.

work remaining to be done was immmediately relet to The River Trade.

substantial and experienced contractors, who are to have In compliance with the provision of law, that prohib. it ready for public use by the middle of next April. its the obstruction of rivers by dams, unless a passage The accompanying report of the engineer marked C. equally safe be provided, there was a river lock of i7 shows, that during the three months which have elapsfeet wide by 90 feet long, within the chamber, built at ed since the present contractors have taken the job,one each of the two dams that were erected below Lewis half of their work is done, and the other moiety can be town. These locks were completed in the fall of 1828; readily completed within the four months which is al. but in March last, the unusually thick ice of the preced. | lowed them for finishing. ing winter was broken up suddenly by a freshet, which Should the navigation of the canals open in the injured both locks so seriously as to render them impas- spring before the aqueduct at Duncan's island is finishsable, and made it necessary to rebuild the one at ed, there will necessarily be a transshipment and about North's island.

half a mile of portage, lintil it is completed; from which T'he repairs necessary to the dam and river lock at time a boat leaving Philadelphia may proceed uninterthe head of the Long Narrows were put under a good ruptedly, 220 miles towards Pittsburgh; leaving 112 contractor, and have been effectually repaired and miles of hauling by land between these cities. strengthened; and the lock has been used by the boat In finishing off the lower line, many small jobs occur. men since early in last October. As soon as the spring red which could not conveniently be included in any foods had subsided sufficiently to ascertain the extent regular contract; partly as incidental appendages to the of injury done by the ice, and it was discovered that a completion of the canal, and partly as repairs. These new lock would be required at North’s island, proposals were performed by jobbing contractors and assistant suwere received for building it; and it was assigned to the peryisors, at a per diem allowance for their own wages lowest bidder, who was well recommended as an effi- and the necessary expenses or actual cost for men, cient contractor. The contract with him is dated A- touls, &c. to be rendered under oath and tased by the pril 28, 1829: but, on the 27th of September following, engineer. The amount expended in this way is $8,126 his contract was abandoned; as the palpable neglect to 51, as will appear in detail on the list marked D. fulfil his engagements had jeopardized t!ie interests of The aggregate estimates of the Engineer for work four counties, and it was consigned to other men; since done and settled on the lower line, per his report, awhich time it has advanced with rapidity, and will be en- mounts to $991,899 56. The work done, but not yet tirely completed within a few days, so that those citi- finally estimated, amounts to $25,300 00; and the work zens who may prefer the old method of Hoating to mar- not yet finished, including the big aqueduct and repairs ket, may benceforward rely with the utmost confidence is computed to cost $73,805 00. on an uninterrupted river navigation.

Upper line, 45 miles.
Lower line, 45 miles,

The want of funds, the supply of which became irThe protracted severity of last winter, and the em regular, in May last, and ceased altogether in Septembarrassments of the state treasury, during the summer, ber, has retarded the completion of the lower line, anıl have tended to postpone the completion of the canal for greatly paralized the efforts of the contractors on the public use, but I have great pleasure in stating, that 31 upper line. But a large majority of them have continmiles of it has been navigated by boatsladen with goods ued to prosecute their contracts, notwithstanding the direct from Philadelphia, and the remaining distance has pecuniary embarrassments under which they laboured. had the water introduced into it, throughout, except These embarrassments have produced great irregularibalf a mile at the lower end. For more minute inform ty in the prosecution of the work, as many of the easy ation respecting this part of the line, I refer the board jobs are completed, while but little advance has as yet to a report made to me on the 21st ultimo, by General been made on some that are much more difficult; conMitchell, the supervisor, marked B. in which an account tractors could not in justice be forced to prosecute their is given of the repairs which have been made, and of work without money to pay them. But with a supply those that are yet deemed necessary.

of funds, the whole work can be finished before next The large aqueduct over the Juniata at Duncan's isl- fall, so as to be ready for public use, to the borough of and was let to Moore & Winslow, on the 11th of June, Huntingdon, early in the spring of 1831. 1828, being as soon after the final decision of the canal The amount of estimates for work done between board upon its location, as the time required by law for. Lewistown and Huntingdon is 466,181.41 dollars; and

Vol. V.

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