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1830.

MISCELLANEOUS.

191

To tell you

PHILADELPHIA SILK.

portunity please to communicate the sad intelligence to

Tell them I live, but that my France, containing the proceedings of the Chamber of what i did, I cannot; suffice it that I acted as all brave An extract of a letter from a gentleman of Lyons, in our friends in Ireland.

fer lings have been dreadfuily wounded. Commerce in relation to American Silk, &c.

men placed like me in a similar situation, would act. The proceedings were originally published in the We have lost gallant officers and generous friends, uot Precursor a paper published at Lyons, Jan. 3, 1830.

in battle, for that we could bear, but by murder, by sav. Chamber of Commerce. --The chamber had requested age butchery. The French dared no: openly meet us; one of its members to cause to be assayed at Lyons, the our's is the loss, theirs the disgrace, when we meet i silk that has lately been prepared at Philadelphia. will give you particulars. Captain Conyngham is doing

The assay took place recently upon a sample prepar. well. I hope we shall soon be under your hospitable ed by Mr. d'Homergue, of Nismes, son of Louis d'Hom. roof in Philadelphia. ergue, late proprietor of a splendid filature of silk, in the

With great regard, your distressed friend, said town.

LESLIE. It results from that assay, publicly executed at Lyons, by Pierre Mazel, licensed assayer of silks, that the raw PENNSYLV'A RAIL ROAD TERMINATION. silk obtained in Philadelphia is of an extraordinary quali. ty, and is admirably adapted to all the uses of fabrica.

MR. STRICKLAND'S REPORT, tion. Its degree of fineness is 16 dwts, so that it would on the route recommended by the Cunc! Commissioners, projuce singles of 50 dwts; organzine of 32, and tram

continued over Markel street Bridge. or woof silk of 30, a quality of silk extremely rare in I have examined the Permanent Bridge crossing the our country. American silk is fine, nervous, good, reg- Schuylkill at Market street, with reference to the pracular, clean, of a fine colour; in a word it unites all the ticability of carrying the Pennsylvania Rail Road into the qualities that can be wished for. Its market price in the city of Philadelphia at that point. The piers ef the state of raw silk, well reeled, according to its different Bridge, together with the offsets on the abutments, are qualitics, well prepared, would be 26 francs a pound, 12 feet 5 inches above high water mark, and the floors and the sale of it at Lyons, would be very easy, particu- of the wooden superstructure or present road ways, are larly if there was a constant supply of bales weighing eleven feet above the top of the piers and abutments. from 100 to 150 pounds.

This space is amply sufficient for the passage of two The Chamber of Commerce loses no time in publish- separate tracks of rails, one on each side. It is quite ing information so satisfactory. They ought, more than easy to suspend by rigid framing from the arches or ribs ever, to excite the Americans to plant mulberry trees of the Bridge, a level floor corresponding with the chord and raise silk, a kind of industry that will afford great of each arch resting on the piers or abutments; this may advantage to both countries, and may in future glve be effected by a continuation of the ties and braces from birth to establishments of various kinds, and be a new the present ribs, and by cross lateral braces on the leve source of wealth to the United States.”

el floor above mentioned.

An entrance may be made on each side, and under CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO BRAD. the present Road-ways by means of archways through DOCK'S DEFEAT.

the mound and curtain walls of each abutment to the

level floor, without any hindrance or interruption to the (COMMUNICATED.]

entrance on the present curved Roadways; in other Extract of a letter dated June 27, 1755.

words,the Rail-way may be made to pass under the pre"Captain Jack, on joining General Braddock with sent floor of the bridge, with a clear headway of 11 feet. his company, requested and obtained, an interview with

From the survey and levels which I have taken, I find the General. He told him he was a mon inured to hard, that the top of the piers and abutments of the Bridge, ships; that he knew the Indians habits; and requested strike nine inches below the ground on its surface, at him to let his company act as a reconnoitering party the junction of Ashton with Market street, and that ihis and ascertain the places where the Indian forces were level is sufficiently high to pass the Rail Road on the lodged, especially as the Indians preferred stratagems east side, both up and down the Schuylkill, turning on to open warfare.

General Braddock told him there the city property upon a radius of 356 feet, towards the was time enough for making arrangements, and that he Northern Liberties and Southwark on Ashton street. liad experienced troops on whom he could depend Thus the Delaware may be reached through both diswith confidence. Captain Jack, finding the General tricts. The pavement of Market street near the Tollwas firm, soon after withdrew into the interior of Penn- house of the Bridge, is upon the same plane with the sylvania."

top of the piers of the Bridge, and therefore it will not

require any alteration to effect the plan above alluded Copy of a letter from Major Leslie to a respectable mer. Afier passing the eastern abutment of the Bridge chant of Philadelphia.

and the Toll house, the rail tracks may be continued in July 30, 1755. DEAR SIR-You have heard the disas- a straight line on each side of Market street without any trous termination of our expedition, with the loss of our difficuliy to the public square at Broud street. General and most of the army. What could bravery ac The approach of the Rail Road to the Permanent complish against such an attack, as sudden as it was un Bridge on the western side of the Schuylkill, may be expected? the yell of the Indians is fresh on my ear, and made with little cost, over ground requiring at the great. the terrific sound will baunt me until the liour of my est depression, but 12 feet of embankment, and that for dissolution. I cannot describe the liorrors of that scene; a short distance say 600 feet, parily across a meallow of no pen could do it, or no painter delineate it so as to 350 feet, and upon a radius 01 650 feet. The ground convey to you with any accuracy our unhappy situation. from this point io the northward being favorable along Our friend, Captain John Conyngham is severely woun the west bank of the Schuylkill to Harding's at the up. sled; his horse fell on the first fire, and before he could per bridge. be diseng-ged from the animal, which had fallen on From a full investigation of this subject, I am of opin. him, received a wound on his arm; and his life was sa- ion that the plan of crossing beneath the present bridge ved by the enthusiasm of his men, who seeing his dan is altogether feasible and practicable, and may be effectger rushed between the savages and him and carried ed at a moderate cost; and that the ground on either him in triumph from the spot. I need not tell you that side of the Schuylkill at this point is exceedingly favour. the Captain is indebted for his life to the love his men able for the purpose, without at all affecting any estabhad for him, Many had sacrificed their lives before he lished regulations of property or accustomed modes of could be extricated from the horse. If you have an op- i travelling

WM. STRICKLAND. Philada. Feb. 22, 1830.

Engineer.

to.

MISCELLANEOUS.

(MARCK

192

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Certificate from the Engineer employed by the State, in A new weekly paper, entitled the American Manus conjunction with Major Douglass.

facturer," has just issued from the press at Pittsburg. Having acted as Assistant Engineer in the recent sur

Notwithstanding the severity of the winter, tre Susveys made by Major D. B. Douglass, by order of the Canal Commissioners, for the termination of the Rail quehanna and Juniata are clear of ice, without the least way, and having in conjunction with Wm. Stricklandi

, damage baving been done to the public works. Boats Esq. and Mr. Hains, the City Surveyor made examina have already descended the Juniata, and passed the rive tions, and taken the heights and levels of the piers of er lock at North’s Island with expedition and entire the Permanent bridge and the adjacent streets and safety. ground, I have no liesitation in saying that I entirely

Jefferson Medical College. — The additional Trustees of concur in the preceding statement. GEORGE MERRICK,

this College bave unanimously chosen Daniel DRAKE, Engineer.

M. D. of Cincinati, to be their Professor of the Theory Cily Surveyor's Certificate.

and Practice of Medicine, and he has accepted of that Professorship.

Philadelphian. I have examined the annexed draft made by George Merrick, and find it to be correct. The red figures de

Doylestown, Buchs Co. Feb. 22. note the heights of the streets, as fixed by law-by

February Court.--At the late session of the Court of which it is shewn that the tops of the piers of the Per Quarter Sessions, for this county, not one criminal cause manent bridge, are on a level with Market street.

came before the Court. But one bill was sent to the Signed, SAMUEL HANS,

Grand Jury, and that was marked and returned ignoramCity Surveyor.

Such a state of things has very rarely occurred at Height of Broad st, at the intersection of Mar

the Session of our Court heretofore, and probably there ket street,

39 3

are few living who can remember an instance where Ashton street,

13 5

there was so little business for our Judges, Juries and

Lawyers. Total ascent of the Road fro:n Ashton to

PHLADELPHIA MARINE RAIL WAY. Broad street,

25 8

The Philadelphia Marine Rail Way Company hare

completed their works, and request the attention of the UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

Shipping interest and Carpenters to the establishment. Abstract of the state of the funds of the University of The company have not been sparing of labor or exPennsylvania, January 1, 1830. Read, March 4, 1850. pense, in the efforts to make this an expeditious, con

venient, and cheap agent in the hands of the carpenter REAL ESTATE.

Nominal Value. Producing for repairing vessels. Buildings occupied by the

The apparatus for repairing ships has been made on public schools, $40,000 00

an approved plan, and substantial structure; the yard is Medical Hall, houses, lots

spacious and dry, the sheds, staging, &c. are all calculaand lands in Bucks, co. 97,510 00 $7,531 25 ted for the rapid despatch of business; and the company Ground rents,

61,549 33 1,183 79

presume that these circumstances, connected with the Botanic garden,

8,000 00

100 00 fact that the ship wrights of Philadelphia being excel

lent workmen, and employ good materials, our mer. Gross amount of real estate, 167,059 33 8,615 04 chants will be induced to bestow additional attention to

having their vessels in good order, and the owners of PERSONAL ESTATE.

those that come from other ports will find it their interBonds and mortgages,

5,507 01 295 35 est to take advantage of these circumstances, a:d get

their ressels repaired while here. Library, apparatus, Wistar museum, &c. 10,501 42

The establishment is provided with a complete iron U. S. Stock appropriated in

crane for loads of iwo or three tons. This will be a good

convenience for steam boats in putting in, or taking out, payment of new medical and college walls,

11,480 25

boilers, rocking beams, &c. The crane will also be hiTuition money, fuel & grad

red for discharging cargoes. uation fees, number of stu

It is the opinion of men well acquainted with the prin. deutsin collegiate departe

ciples of commerce, that the expense of taking a vessel ment being about 100,

6,380 00 on the Rail Way to ascertain the state of her bottom, Cash in bank,

542 55

and if necessary repair the same, will be saved on her

own, and cargo's insurance the following voyage. As Gross am't of personal estate, 28,031 06 6,675 35 a proof of the smallness of the expense of using the Rail Gross am't of real estate, 167,059 33 8,615 04 Way, of twenty vessels that have employed it, the high

est bill of expense any of them has had to pay, did not Total estate real and personal, 195,090 39

15,290 39 amount to one hundred & six dollars, and no vessel has

paid so high as one hundred and fifteen, wharfage inclu. By order of the board of trustees,

ded. It is proper to remark that in all cases where salt JAMES C. BIDDLE,

has been put between the ceiling and plank for the preSec'ty. and Treasurer. servation of the timber the same remains uninjured,

wbich cannot be the case when vessels are "Hove MISCELLANEOUS.

The printers of newspapers in the sea ports of the U. Carpeting. Mr. Samuel Given, of Cumberland Co. nited States, who take an interest in diffusing commer. has established a Manufactory of Carpeting, intended to cial information are invited to publish this address. imitate the Brussels and various kinds of ingrain car

RICH'D RONALDSON, President. peting A present from bis loons has been sent to Gen. Jackson.

Printed every SATURDAY MORNING hy WILLIAM F GEDDES, No. 59 Locust Street, Philadelphia; where, and at

the PUBLICATION OFFICE, IN FRANKLIN PLACE, second Boats, Arks, and other craft, may now pass up the Joor back of the Post Office, {back room) subscriptions will be Conestoga, to Lancaster, from

the Susquehanna; the in- thankfully received. Price FIVE DOLLARS per annum, payable jured Lock baving been completely repaired.

annually by subscribers residing in or near the city, or where there is an agent. Ouer subscribers pay in advance,

out."

THE

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOL. V.-NO. 13.

PHILADELPHIA, MARCH 27, 1830.

NO. 117.

OF GERMANTOWN.

[Communicated for the Register of Pennsylvania.]

pastor Muehlenberg, to take the congregation under GERMAN LUTHERAN CONGREGATION bis care; he accordingly held divine service at German

town, on a week day, during the term allotted for his

officiating in the Philadelphia congregation; this he conA Colony, principally of Wirtenbergers, settled in and tinued to do until the commencement of 1745, when about Germantown, as early as 1684, and numbers of pastor Brunholtz arrived from Germany, to whose care German emigrants were added every year to this settle the congregation was committed; he preached bis first ment; a great many of these settlers were Lutherans, sermon at Germantown on the 5th of February 1745, they were situated, with respect to religious institutions and so arranged it, that he officiated alternately in Phil. like their brethren in other parts of the Province; a-adelphia and Germantown; on the Sunday when he was mong them too, were found adventurers, who called absent, the schoolmaster of Philadelphia, Mr. Vigero, themselves Ministers of the Gospel, and who, filled the was instructed to read a sermon, for the members.

Aloffice of pastors as long as the different congregations ter the arrival of pastors Hentzelman, F. Schultze, and could submit to the degradation, of having such men to Mr. Schaum, they occasionally supplied Mr. Brunholtz's officiate for them in their churches. Many of the better place. Having now regularly, every other Sunday, diclass, of the Germantown congregation, soon felt the vine service, the congregation increased considerably, state to which they had been reduced; for, wearied and the number of families belonging to it at this time, being disgusted with the conduct of these pretended ministers, about seventy;and it was found necessary to enlarge the they like many others, were induced to avail themselves, church. as much as possible, of the services of the Swedish Lu Ori the 15th of April 1746, the corner stone of the theran Ministers.

additional building was laid; this addition to the church The Lutheran clergymen were always deservedly held was in length 30 feet and in breadth 6 feet wider, than in the highest estimation, by the Swedish Gér. Luther. the old church, the cost was estimated at £160 current. ans in the province; these gentlemen, actuated by truly cy: of this sum the members bad subscribed £60, the christian motives, were ready, and willing to grant and balance was borrowed upon interest. The pews and give their services to their religious bretbren, no matter sacristy cost £56 in addition. of what country, (they were sent to the provinces expressly, for the Swedish settlers and their salaries paid

In 1748, the debt of this congregation was £236 cur. out of the treasury of the king of Sweden.) The spirit the congregation, 300 forins, which were applied to

In 1749, the consistory of Wirtenberg, presented to of kindness shown by them, to the destitute German Lutherans, was so pleasing and congenial to the feeling,

wards paying the debt. of the Arch Bishop of Sweden, that be expressed the

In 1750, much dissatisfaction was shown, by the highest satisfaction on being made acquainted there with, Philadelphia congregation, at Mr. Brunholtz, officiating and subsequently instructed his clergy in the provinces every other Sunday at Germantown, and a complaint to to continue their services to all Lutherans; and some this effect présented to the Synod. The services of time after, to cultivate particularly, a good understand. pastor Brunholtz continued until 1751, in which year ing with the German Lutheran Synod; these instructions the organ was finished. were so liberally construed, that the Swedish and Ger

To this time Germantown was considered as a Paro. man Lutheran ministers in the province, (after the ar. chial church of Philadelphia; the congregation had now rival of pastor Muehlenberg,) for a considerable time become strong enough to support a minister, and pastor formed one Synod.

Handschuch was appointed; he preached his first serIt was by the advice of the Swedish minister, pastor mon at Germantown, as the pastor of the place on the Dylander, that the German Lutherans of Germantown, 29th of May, 1751, he and Mr. Brunholtz, however, often were induced to build their first stone Church, (or that officiated for each olher, in Philadelphia and German. part which stood nearest to the street,) the building of town. this church took place in 1737, the before mentioned

New Colonists continued to arrive, many settled at Mr. Dylander, laid the corner stone of it and when fin Germantown, and caused a great increase of members ished officiated for some time as the pastor; he was of this Church. Among these new members, were therefore, the first regularly ordained Lutheran minister some factious, turbulent and intemperate men, who in Germantown; how long he continued bis services, is soon succeeded in attaching to themselves a strong parnot exactly known.

ty of the congregation, in opposition to pastor HandsIn 1740, this congregation had so much diminished, chuch, and the smaller orderly part of the congregation that those who professed to belong to the church, a who were his friends; this party succeeded in getting mounted only to 6 or 7 persons.

possession of the parsonage house and church, (in the After the arrival of pastor Mueblenberg in 1742, Val- erecting of which, they had neither trouble por er. entine Kraft, (who had been dismissed by the Phila. pense,) and in 1753, they elected for their minister, the delphia congregation,) had taken up his abode in Ger. mantown, and was chosen minister of that place, but re- and organize the German Lutheran congregations in tained as such, only about a year, when this congrega. Pennsylvania; on his arrival, he connected himself with tion also thought proper to dismiss him;, and entreated the vagrant shoolmasters. The falsity of his pretended

mission, was only discovered, on the arrival of Mr. Mu-: Valentine Kraft, was a disowned minister of Deux ehlenberg; after he left Germantown, it is not known Ponts. On his arrival in Pennsylvania, he alledged that whither he went-but he was in 1748, miruster in Canhe was sent, by the Consistory of Darmstadt, to regulate nawaka.

Vol. V. 25

194

GERMAN LUTHERAN CONGREGATION.

[MA NCH

notorious Andreae.† It was not long before this party a sum of money, but were unfortunate, and the congre. disagreed among themselves, and before the death of gation derived no benefit from it. They afterwards reAndreae a party of them elected parson Rapp for their solved to send to Europe, and make collections in Germinister.

many and England, to pay the debt; but this was stren. Pastor landschuch, and his friendls, (who were those uously opposed by the German Lutheran ministers here, who had built the church and were the most orderly who succeeded in defeating this measure. part of thie congregation) now withdrew; the number The creditors seeing no probability of having their was small, consisting of only about twenty families, a-claims liqnidated, became very uneasy and insisted upmong whom were the elders and wardens of the church; on having the money due thein, or security for its paythis small party entreated Mr. Handschuch not to desert ment. To pay them was impossible, and nothing rethem; they rented a house for £12 per annum in March, mained, but to give them the security they demanded; 1753, in which they held divine service, and Mr. Hands- this was done by the Swedish provost Dr. Wrangle, chuch also lived, and kept a school 4 days in the week. pastor Muehlenberg, and Mr. Henry Keppele, who beBut it was soon perceived that pastor Handschuch could | came security for the payment of the whole debt of the not subsist any longer in Germantown, and he removed | Barrenhill congregation, amounting to upwards of £1000 to Philada. where he received the appointment of Procurrency, these obligations, caused these gentlemen fessor Extra Lingua Gallicæ, in the Academy, in addi. much uneasiness, altho' for some time, the creditors tion to some other employment; he continued, however, showed every disposition to be lenient-ihe interest to visit Germantown, hokling divine service there. even could not be paid and increased the debt from

In 1756, pastors Handschuch, Muehlenberg, or Brun year to year. Two or three of the obligations, were at holtz preached for the German Lutherans every other length put into the hands of an Attorney; another credSunday in the German Reformed Church; at this time, itor, who held a bond for £300, when he understood the party opposed to Mr. Rapp, had it in contemplation others had demanded their money, insisted upon being to build a church for themselves, in Germantown. paid, principal and interest without delay. When af

After the death of pastor Brunholtz, Mr. Handschuch fairs came to this extremity the securities made up the was in 1757, elected minister of Philadelphia, it was amounts thus demanded, out of their own private funds therefore no longer possible for him to attend to Ger- to prevent further trouble, and expense. A short time mantown, nor in the power of pastor Mueblenberg to do after, a letter was received the Chaplain of the king of se, therefore, in 1758,ihat part of the congregation oppos- | England, authorizing pastor Muehlenberg to draw on ed to Mr. Rapp, had no separate divine service. In that him, for £100 sterling, and with this money satisfy the year the church officers of this party, purchased a lot of most urgent and clamorous of the creditors. After this ground for £100, for the purpose of building thereon a the church, school house and lot,were by indenture conSchool house, to serve for a meeting house, but it was veyed to the German Lutheran congregation of Philanot deemed prudent to commence building on it just delphia, and the church was to be considered, parochial then.

to that of Philadelphia. In 1759, pastor Muehlenberg preached occasionally, But what principally enabled the surcties, to meet for the Lutherans, in the Reformed church-and about their engagements, and re-pay themselves what they this time, a stone Schoolhouse was built at Barrenhill, had advanced, was the legacy of a man of rank, (whose twelve miles from Philadelphia, where a good school name was either unknown here, then, or if known, was was kept, which was well attended by scholars--Mr. kept secret, but is known now to have been the Count Muehlenberg preached in it several times.

of Roedelsheim,) by whose Will 13,000 Gulden, were St. Peters church at Barrenhill, was built in the year bequeathed to the German Lutheran Congregations of 1761.. Pastor Muehlenberg laid the corner stone of it. Pennsylvania, for certain purposes; 3,000 of which were The disturbances in the Germantown congregation, was expressly given, for the purpose of paying the debt for one of the principal causes, of its being built the situation which Mr. Muehlenberg, and others, bad become anwas considered an excellent one for collecting, a large swerable on account of the Barrenhill Church. congregation, as the surrounding country was chiefly

Some years ago, this Church stocd much in need of settled by Germans and the small distance from Ger- repair, the congregation objected to making them, un. mantown, enabled the party opposed to Mr. Rapp, to less the right to the church was again restored to them; attend at this church. There is no doubt the congrega. which the Philadelphia congregation agreed to, and it tion of the Barrenhill church, would soon have become

was accordingly re-conveyed to the Barrenbill congrenumerous, bad not the prospects, of the opponents of gation. Mr. Rapp, at this time begin to brighten; strong hopes

It is more than probable the transfer of this property were entertained, of again getting possession of the Gers to the Philadelphia congregation, was only a precaumantown church. Pastor Muehlenberg gave towards tionary measure, to prevent the Church falling into the the building of the Barrenhill church, out of a certain hands of those who had occasioned so much trouble in legacy £24, he preached in it before it was roofed, in Germantown. which state it bad cost about £500 currency, and the

In the year 1762, a petition signed by upwards of 100 cost of finishing it was upwards of £500 more. ap

heads of families, belonging to the Germantown congrepears the congregation had subscribed very little to-gation, was presented to the Synod, praying that body wards the building of this church, for they were in debt again to appoint a Minister for them-to this the Synod upwards of £1,000, when the church was finished. In replied, "that this could not well be done, as the church order to pay part of this debt, they (against the will of was then in the hands of those who had contributed the Lutheran Clergy,) endeavoured by a lottery to raise nothing to its erection." To this the deputies of the

petitioners answered, that they would have the Church

restored to them; either amicably, or they would obtain + Conrad Andreae, was like Kraft, a disowned minis, possession of it, by a judicial decision; in the mean time ter of Deux Ponts; in 1750 the congregations of old they had made arrangements to have divine service perGoshehoppe and Indianfield dismissed bim for marrying formed, either in the German Reformed Chuch, or in a woman a second time, when he knew her first hus. the public schoolliouse. The Synod deliberated two band was living; he was here twice imprisoned for mis- days, on this business, and finally came to the conclu. demeanors. After this he was minister in New Goshesion that Peter Kurtz, of Tolpehocken, should go to hoppe a short time; in 1751, he had a call to the congre- Germantown, and officiate there, as minister. gation of New York, which he declineil. After the con This year; the party opposed to Parson Rapp, appoingregation of New Goshehoppe, had, with great tronble, ted six of their number to attend to, and conduci the rid ihemselves of this man, he came to Germantown, suit, they lvad brought against their opponents, for the where in 1753 he died, in miserable circumstances. restoration of their church. Pastor Muehlenberg and

It

1830.)

GERMAN LUTHERAN CONGREGATION OF GERMÁNTOWN.

195

ces.

Provost Wrangel, preached occasionally for them in the in the Church, when one of these tumults took place; he Reformed Church,

with others, was under the necessity of making his exit In April 1763, it was decided by the Court that the key through the window. of the church, should be delivered to the party oppo. Pastor Voight remained at Germantown only a short sed to Parson Rapp, so that they might hold divine ser. time. In Marclı, 1765, he accepted a call to the congre. vice in the church, on one Sunday, in the morning, and gation of New Hanover and Providence. on the next Sunday in the afternoon; the other party to In the same year, Parson James Van Buskerk was ap. have the same right. As the party which had so long pointed minister for this congregation. He was ordainbeen excluded from the church bad now partial posses- ed a Deacon, at Providence, on the 11th October 1763, sion of it, it was necessary to maintain this riglit by hav- by Provost Wrangel, Peter Muehlenberg, &c. He offi ing service in it regularly on the appointed days. Pas- ciated in the congregation about four years, when he tor Kurtz accordingly left Tolpehocken, to take charge was appointed by the Synod, minister of the congregaof the Germantown congregation, and on the 1st May, tions of Macunschy, Saccum, and Upper Dublin, where 1763, he preacher in the morning at Barrenhill, and in he remained until he died. the afternoon in the Germantown church, without op. In June, 1769, Pastor John Frederick Schmidt accept. position. Pastor John Nicholas Kurtz arrived in Phila- ed a call to this congregation. He preached his first delpliia, (as a Catechist,) with Pastor Brunholtz, in sermon as Pastor, the 10th August following; he also 1745; he was ordained in Philadelphia, on the 26th of preached every other Sunday at noon, in the Parochial August 1748, and had been minister at Tulpehocken 17 Churches of Frankford and Whitepain, and occasionalyears before he was appointed minister for German- ly at Barrenhill: in which Church, divine service had town. From this place, he returned in 1764 to his old been held, every other Sunday by the Germantown congregation. About 1770, he was elected minister for ministers, doring the times of Pastors Kurtz, Voight and tbe Yorktown congregation, where he continued twen- Buskerk. After Pastor Schmidt's election to Germanty years; he died at Baltimore at the advanced age of town, Mr. Daniel Schroeter, a student of theology, and 74.

assistant in the Academy, to Professor Kuntze, of PhilaAfter Pastor Kurtz left Germantown, Pastor John delphia, had the charge of Barrenhill. After Mr. Schre. Ludwig Voight was appointed. He was educated at ter's departure to Manheim, above Lancaster, Mr. Mælthe University of Halle, and ordained at Wervingorode; ler, another student of divinity, and assistant in the acabe arrived at Philadelphia on the 1st April, 1764. Short- demy, was appointed to officiate in that congregation, ly after his arrival, he was appointed minister of Ger- and continued to do so, until 1784, when he went to mantown, and preached his first sermon there the 10th Albany. At this time the congregation applied to Pas. of June, 1764.

tor Schmidt, for his services, who was under the neces. At this time the troubles in this congregation were far sity of declining the call, but promised all the assistance from being allayed; the adherents of Parson Rapp were his time and strength would permit. not satisfied, and continued to occasion many disturban No minister was ever more beloved and respected, or

It was their aim, once more to expel the par- better calculated to restore order in a congregation than ty which adhered to the minister of the Synod, and se. Pastor Schmidt. Such was his popularity, that the dis. rious fears were entertained in 1765, that they would contented again returned to the Chureh, and complete succeed; at this crisis, the affairs of Parson Voight's harmony was once more restored in the Germantown party at once took a favorable turn. A person, high in congregation. ** office, interested himself in the concerns of this congre The congregations of Germantown and Barrenhill, gation-he appointed a day, when both parties should were doomed to experience a severe visitation. On the meet, and hold an election for the minister they wished British taking possession of Philadelphia, detachments to have, either Pastor Voight or Parson Rapp. An e- of the enemy were pushed to Germantown, and beyond lection was accordingly held, when it appeared Pastor it. Pastor Schmidt's sentiments, as regarded the revolu. Voight had 120 votes, and Parson Rapp not a single one, tion, were well known. He lived at that time, in the first In consequence of this election, Pastor Voight's party house above M'Clavagen’s, since called Chew's bouse, obtained entire possession of the church, and some time and was compelled to leave Germantown, (as niany after of the Parsonage; and divine service was held reg- inembers of his congregation did.) His bouse was plun. ularly every Sunday.

dered by the enemy, and what was not carried away, In this way Parson Rapp lost his office, as minister of was totally destroyed by them. His place of refuge was the German Lutheran Church of Germantown, after New Goshehoppe, where he endured many privations; holding the saine about 12 years, against the wishes of after the British left Philadelphia, he returned to Ger the Synod, and in spite of the influence Pastor Mueh- mantown and to bis pillaged dwelling. lenberg possessed with the German Lutherans, in the The Church at Germantown received no material inProvinces. (He, in a great measure, if not altogether jury, but the organ had been desiroyed. The Church regulated every important step taken in the different at Barrenhill, bad been by turns, occupied by the con. congregations, and either appointed, or bad appointed, tending armies, as a Battery and Stable. It had receive such ministers to the different churches, as he pleased. ed considerable injury, and at the time of Pastor It was this influence that enabled him to have elected Schmidt's return to Germantown, was almost in ruin; for the Philadelphia congregativn, those ministers who full of rubbish and dirt. The inhabitants in the neigh. preceded Pastor Helmuth, about which time his influ- borhood of it, had either been driven away, or had been ence was on the wane.)

pillaged, and were then in a most miserably impoverislıParson Rapp came to Pennsylvania with a colony of ed state, and destitute of even the necessaries of life. Germans in 1750. In 1751, when C. Andreae declined A large portion of the members of the Germantown a call to the New York congregation, he recommended church, were in the saine state, and the distress of the Parson Rapp for that place. He went there in the mid- congregation for a considerable time afier, was very dle of the year; how long he remained is not known; but great, of which the Pastor had his full share. in 1753 he was a minister in Germantown. He was a

Pastor Schmidt continued (after his election to the man of much firmness; and as a preacher, stood bigla a. Philadelpliia congregation,) to officiate for this congremong his followers. Many were the charges and complaints preferred against hiin to the Synod, even from * In 1812, 27 years after he had left Germantown, the members of his own congregation; but as he did not be members of this congregation, on hearing of the death long to that body, no redress could be granted those of Pastor Schmidt, held a meeting, and resolved that their who complained. Many tumultuous and disorderly oc. corporation be requested to attend his funeral. At this currences took place, in, and out of the Church, during time, a poor man, aged 80 years, undertook to walk 11 his time. An aged man, still living al Germantown, was miles, to see once more his former pastor.

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