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The Treasurer has received, from Dec. 15, 1828, to Robert Brooke, Joseph Strahan and Jacob Ballinger, Dec. 15, 1829.
City Commissioners. In donations
$ 109 91
Robert H. Smith, City Clerk. Annual contributions
John M. Read, Esq. Attorney and Solicitor for the Jos. M, Paul, being proportion of
Corporation. rent property left by Jas. Wells 205 00
Peter Conrad and George Beck, Clerks of High-st. Interest on a Bond
Market. Balance in Treasurer's hands, Dec.
James Gillingham, Clerk of Second street Market. 15, 1828
Benjamin Duncan, Corder at the Drawbridge.
568 84 John Kline, Superintendent of Southern District. EXPENDITURES.
Jacob Lawrence, Superintendent of Northern District. For expenses incurred in introducing the
Abraham Yates, Captain of Nightly Watch. Schuylkill water
$ 32 75
David Thomas, Lieutenant of Nightly Watch. Apothecary's salary
John Rugan, Collector of Water Rents for Northern Ground rent on Dispensary Lot
District. Amount of orders drawn last year and
Armon Davis, Collecter of Water Rents for Southern paid this
District. Collecting subscriptions
6 92 House expenses and medicine
APPOINTMENTS BY THE GOVERNOR. Balance in treasurer's hands this day
The Sentinel gives the following list of Justices
-568 84 of the Peace, appointed for this county, a short time In submitting to the benevolent public the foregoing before Governor Shulze retired from office. statement of the condition and operations of the South | 2d District-Byberry, Lower Dublin, Moreland, ern Dispensary, the Managers beg leave to call atten
and Orford. tion to its usefulness, and its wants, inquestionably among the best and least abused charities-the benefits
Alfred Ingraham, commissioned June 15, 1829. of a Dispensary are applied to such persons as were re
Dec. 14, lieved by the good Samaritan.” They are sick and 3d District-- Bristol, Germantown & Roxborough. helpless, and poor and friendless, and are our "neigh William J. Brooke,
May 23, bourg" both as to moral claims and local residence. - Francis Murphy,
Sept. 22, They live and they pine within the sound of our re Abraham B. Amerman,
Dec. 7, joicing, and within sight of our comfort and our profes Joseph Hergesheimer,
Dec. 7, sion-shall they be denied the crumbs which fall from 4th District-Northern Liberties, Penn Township,
and Kensington. Such an appeal is made and justified by the wants of Jacob Coats,
May 23, the Southern Dispensary, which, with an increasing list Jacob F. Heckley,
Sept. 22, of patients, sees no proportional increase of the means
Sept, 22, of relief, but is yet compelled to rigidly economize in
William S. Frederick,
Oct. 8, the application of even medicines; and is unable to
Oct. 16, supply wine and light food, when the most urgent calls
Joseph P. Le Clerc,
Oct. 16, for them is made, and under circumstances where their
Oct. 16, application determines the conflict between recovery
Oct, 20, and dissolution. wDonations and Subscriptions may be directed to
Nov. 30, the Treasurer, Robert M Mullin, No. 62, Swanson street,
Joseph B. Norbury,
Nov. 30, or to any of the
James S. Spencer,
Dec. 15, house proceeded to the election of bank directors, on the part of the House of Representatives, viz
5th District-Moyamensing, Passy unk, & South*Benjamin W. Richards, had
wark. Thomas Cave,
May 6, *Henry Toland,
Dec. 14, elected.
*Mr. Frederick returned his commission to GovFor the Philadelphia Bank.
ernor Shulze. William Boyd, had
50 votes. John M. Barclay
Theological Seminary. - The committee appointed James M. Linnard,
select a scite for the buildings of the Theological SemWhereupon the speaker declared that William Boyd nary of the Lutheran Church, met in Gettysburg, last and John M. Barclay, were duly elected; and John week, and determined upon the ridge of ground near Barber, receiving 55 votes, was declared duly elected the western precincts of that borough. Adams Sent. director of the Columbia Bridge Company.
Printed eve SATURDAY MORNING by WILLIAM F.
GEDDES, No. * Messrs. Richards and Toland have declined.
59 Locust Street, Philadelphia; where, and the PUBLICATION OFFICE, IN FRANKLIN PLACE, second
door back of the Post Office, (back room) subscriptions will be We understand that the following are among the ap- thankfully received. Price FIVE DOLLARS per annuin, payable pointments which the Mayor of this city will make to- annually by subscribers residing in or near the city, or where day.
here is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance.
DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING TIE STATE.
EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.
VOL. V.-NO, 2.
PHILADELPHIA, JANUARY 9, 1830.
FINANCES OF PHILADELPHIA.
Sinking fund of
21,628 24 Remarks of Mr. Read on the second reading of the Bill, To be carried to the credit of the tax fund entitled “A Supplement to the several ordinances
of 1830providing for the appointment of City Commission
The third is Taxationers, City Treasurer, and City Recording Surveyor and The taxes at 86 cents in the 100 dollars prescribing their duties."
208,500 00 Mr. READ remarked that the object of the Bill was to secure a strict accountability on the part of some of | Making with No. 1 and 2, as above stated, a our principal executive officers, and also to place be. nett revenue of
$254,870 81 fore councils, and our constituents, at stated periods, such From which we must deduct another perma. accurate information relative to our city expenditures, as nent charge–The interest payable to the may enable them to understand our real situation and holders of the City Debt, amounting to 104,776 00 duly to appreciate the manner in which the public concerns are managed. Secrecy ought not to be encour. Leaving a disposable income for 1830, of aged or allowed in our municipal government-and a only
$150,094 81 stated publication of our financial and executive opera For all the rarious expenditures of the city. More than tions would be satisfactory and instructive to the people one-half of this sum has been expended this year in the sin. -and have a very strong tendency to decrease our angle item of paving. nual expenses. A careful survey of our operations for the last few years will convince us all that the time has
The state of our Debt and of the Sinking Fund is a arrived for the Legislature of the city to look warily at ) with our Water Works and amounted in 1800
matter of serious consideration. Our debt commenced the increasing demands on the Treasury, which if not narrowly watched, and restrained, must lead to a vast in 1819 to 1,234,700 and the Sinking Fund
72,497 80 increase of our public debt, without a prospect of providing our successors with any legitimate means of dis. In 1830 it will be 1,937,400, the Sinking
was 240,261 25, leaving a real debt of 994,438 75 charging it. An examination is first necessary into the sources
Fund 367,028 11, leaving a real debt of 1,570,371 89 and amount of our annual revenue with the permanent
The interest payable on our debt in 1830 will be charges on it—in order to shew the means upon which 104,776 dolls., and the amount of debt has been alreawe depend for the payment of our ordinary expendi- dy increased this year by loans to the amount of 102,tures. Let us for example examine the revenue for 400 dolls, and a sum varying from 35,000 to 40,000 dol1830; and the following estimates for that year, are ba. lars, must be added to supply the deficiencies in our sed upon the known resulis of several preceding vears. appropriations. We are also to consider, that we have
Our corporate income is derived from three sources. to pay off of our City Debt, The first consists of three items
On the 1st of January, 1830,
50,000 1. The city rental,
149,600 2. Contingent monies received from City Clerk
70,000 and City Commissioners,
1,200 00 The debt has generally been incurred for proper ob3. Fines and penalties received through the
jects, such as our Water Works, Market Houses, CuiMayor,
850 00 verts, &c.
These facts, however, relative to ourincomes and our
32,942 47 debts are startling, and a short review of the past will From which deduct the permanent appro
shew the absolute necessity of retrenchment, in certain priation to the Sinking Fund of
8,000 00 branches of the city expenditure.
In the year 1802 the whole amount appropriated for And it leaves a nett amount 24,942 47 all our expenses, was only
96,281 75 The second is derived from the
And the interest then payable on the Wa. Water Rents estimated at 56,600 00
tering Loan was only
6,102 00 From which deduct expenses of
The income thus appropriated, was composed as folcollection,
72,000 00 And it leaves
11,404.00 From which deduct the actual
Surplus of Tax Fund of 1801,
12,786 75 expenditures on account of the Water Works for 1830,
$96,281 75 independent of the iron mains and pipes to be laid during
And the whole amount approprinted for Pathat year
4,000 00 And it leaves,
The lapse of a few years added largely to the Taxes From which deduct the perma
and the interest on the debt, as the following statement nent appropriation to the
will shew. Vol. V.
FINANCES OF PUILADELPIILA-MR. READ'S REMARKS.
Taxes raised. Interest on Debt. propriated for this purpose was 15,000 dollars. In 1819 1813, 129,691
The amount expended was 22,155 dollars. We then had 1814, 154,302
38 luud watch and 8 silent watch, making together 46; 1815, 129,069
29,913 the number of lamps was 1378, an'l the average number 1316, 138,549
30,100 of lamps under the care of each watchman was 36. At this time the item of New Paving Appropriation
In 1827, the first year of the rapid extension of our No. 1, became matter of considerable interest and pavements, the expenditure was 42,451 53; and the importance as will appear by the following Table.
city watch numbered ninety-nine individuals, who were
16 Silent Watch.
3 dl the City Hall and Independence Square. 1817 148,549
1 At the Draw-bridge Landing. of which were cash loans free of interest 8,700 00
99 18,998 35
The lamps were then 1801 in number, making an in1818 148,549
crease of 423 lamps since 1819, of which 105 had been Of which were cash loans as above
8,104 00 put up during the year 1827.
The average monthly wages of the Watch were 2300
dollars--27,600 dollars per annum. 16,317 47
In 1828 the expenditure was 38,662 48, and in 1829 1819 148,000
we have already expended 46,300 77—which at the end 1820 137,700
of the year will be enlarged to at least 49,000--making 1821 127,000
about 7,000 more than any preceding year. The cleans1822 129,000
63,490 13,931 56
ing of the city is important and necessary both on ac1823
count of cleanliness and its certain promotion of health. 138,000 168,100
14,052 35 1824 140,500
In 1802, 5,000 dollars were appropriated for this ob1825 143, 100
ject, and in 1817, 21,202 dollars were expended. In 1826 161,000 188,535 80,176
1818, the contract systein was adopted, and the city was
32,180 36 1827 200,000 232,380 85,586
cleansed for 6,000 dollars agreeably to contract. In 1822 55,933 71
it was reduced to 2,500 dollars, which continued until 1828 200,000 249,179 92,181 71,862 03 1829 208,500 249,598
1826, when the evils of that system became so great that 100,106
the present mode, framed upon the experience of BosAnd we have expended already for New Paving ap- ton, the best cleansed city in the Union, was adopted, propriation No. 1, 80,860 30 dolls. and the orders yet and every public and private street and alley has since io be paid will certainly raise it to between 83 and 85,- that time been cleansed by persons in the employment 000 dolls, before the accounts of 1829 are closed. of the city and under the immediate care of the Mayor.
Mr. READ said he would call the attention of council The system has worked admirably. to appropriation, No. 1, which has increased at so great In 1826 the amount expended was
14,128 13 a rate for the last three years, as in the present year Deduct sales of street dirt
2,505 35 (1829) to consume more than one half of our nett revenwe. All above 35,000 dollars of this item, has been done
$11,623 78 by loan, which of course adds to our debt and annual interest. This must and will necessarily raise our tax. In 1827 the amount esnended was
18,014 44 es, unless speedily checked.
Deduct sales of streel dirt
5,355 67 We have fortunately arrived at a period when the new paving has outstripped private improvement and
$12,658 77 we shall be thus enabled by a small annual appropriation for that object to perform, all the paving necessary in 1828 the amount expended
19,158 35 for the actual wants of this great metropolis.
Deduct sales of street dirt
6,295 37 Mr. Read said that he believed every public street east of 'Thirteenth street, with the exception of Cherry
$12,862 93 street, between Tenth and Eleventh streets, was pared; many of those between Thirteenthi and Broad streets In 1829 the amount appropriated was 13,400 00 are also completed, and four complete avenucs, Spruce. This has been all expended except 37 40. Chestnut, Market, and Race streets, have been finished the amount already expended is
17.751 57 to the Schuylkill, crossed near the western water front
Deduct sales of street dirt
4,388 74 by Schuylkill Front street, which is paved from the Northern to the Southern boundary of the city. Much Real expenditure to 10th Dec. 1829 $13,362 60 work therefore of actual necessity, does not offer itself, during the ensuing year and the interest of our constit
The permanent expenditure for this purpose may be uents, demands that no additional burthens should be rated at $13,000. kid upon them.
These two appropriations Nos. 3 and 5, cannot be There are two other important items of city expendi- much decreased it so much new paving is done during ture, which depend mainly on the annual amount of pa- the ensuing year, and our only resort therefore is to ying, and which if permitted to increase as they have No. 1. done during this year, must absorb a very large portion The amount appropriated this year from of our revenue. Mr. Read said he referred to appropri- our neat revenue 10 No. 1 was
$35,000 00 ation No. 5, for lighting and watching, and No. 3, for the amount expended will be at least 83,000 00 cleansing the city. The increase of pavement necessarily enlarged the demands on both.
of course the balance 48,000 00 The lighting and watching of the city is one of the is borrowed money for which we pay an annual intermost essential duties imposed upon us by our charter; est. From this new paving no real increase of revenue it cannot be dispensed with; and must keep pace with is derived, because it is evident that taxes have not population and improvement. In 1802, the amount ap- ' been and cannot be raised in proportion.
The expenditure as above stated was 71,862 03 and consume all the neat income but $4,694 81, leav In 1829 the wbole amount ordered ( and which may ing only that small sum for the other 17 appropriations now be called finished) as appears by a statement of --and of course all expenditures beyond that have been the city recording surveyor is as follows, with the numor niust be paid by loans.
ber of cubic yards of earth dug in each district. How, said Mr. R. are we to meet such an annual ex
Cubic yards Square yards penditure?
of earth. of paving: The city rental, the contingent monies, and fines and Southern District No. 1 11,171
29,545 penalties will not relieve us, nor will the water rents-- Middle District No. 2
22,145 can we meet it by increased taxation.-Unquestionably Northern District No. 3 6,927
18,913 not. In 1826, the assessed value of the Real
Square yards 70,603 Estate in the city was
$22,369,800 Making only 548 more square yards of paving done than In 1829, it was
24,202,786 last year-and the amount now drawn on this appro
priation is $80,086 50, which will certainly be increasBeing an apparent income of
1,832,986 ed to 83 and perbaps to 85,000, being from 11 to 13,000 Mr. R. said he called it apparent, for as long as the
more than the expenditure of last year. anti-republican practice was legal, for the assessor to
These facts show the imperious necessity of constant return himself to the county commissioners, as a col- and regular information relative to our expenses, and lector for the District he has assessed, and to be ap- the impolicy of legislating in the dark: Quarterly repointed by them, it is impossible to say whether the in- ports such as are proposed in this bill, from the city crease at a triennial assessment, is solely caused by an commissioners,city clerk, city treasurer and city recordactual increase of taxable property, or by merely an aug- ing surveyor, would bave put us on our guard, and so mented valuation of esiales whose condition bas not extravagant a waste of the public money would have been materially changed. The temptation is still great
been prevented. er, when the collection of the city taxes in that same
Our appropriations are now largely overdrawn, as the ward can be obtained.
following statement from the Treasurer's office will In 1828, the taxes were $200,000, being at the rate
shew.of 88 cents in the $100 on the assessment of 1826, and Appropriations overdrawn. in the present year, (1829) $208,500 having been rais
13,886 30 ed, being 86 cents in the $100 on the assessment of 1829.
538 25 Our taxes have therefore increased, although the rate
1,079 18 has been reduced. But it is perfecily evident that no
6,300 77 increase of taxation can take place until 1832, the next
114 57 triennial assessment, without raising the present per
7 12 centage on the 100 dollars, which all must agree ought
2,273 64 not to be done.
3,552 77 The City Tax is 86 cen's The Poor 22
Total over drafis......
.27,732 60 And the County 30
Which will be increased to between 35 and 40,000, Making$1 38 in the 100 on the assessed value of before the financial year is closed, all of which must be real estate in the city.
raised by loan, as the appropriations not yet overdrawn
can afford no relief. We cannot, therefore, resort to taxes, nor can any one say that we sirould use loans as regular and per
Supposing that the loan will be
35,000 manent means to pave, cleanse, light and watch our city.
Then add already borrowed
33,500 If such were to be the case, we should stil more tract our income, and hamper ourselves and posterity.
and it makes 68,500 There is one particular method-reduce appropriation No. 1, to its old standard. We cannot be called borrowed merely for the ordinary expenditures of the upon to expend more than 20,000 dollars during the en
present year. suing year, I he paving itself will be done beiter and
We have therefore no resources to meet such extraylast longer-and our paving stones will be the real hard agant expenditure. A main object of this bill is to preWater Pebble
, instead of the brittle and perishuble Land vent this growing evil and to make the accounts of our Stone. We must and ought to retrench tliis branch of officers exhibit the state of our concerns more accurateour public expenditure.
ly and distinctly than has been heretofore done. Appropriation No. 1, consists of about 20 items in the The 1st, 2d and 3d section are copied from similar Commissioners' accounts, of which hauling gravel and provisions relative to the Treasurer, and are intended paving stone, the pay of labourers and carters and the to form a record of all monies received by the city com. purchase of paving stone, constitute all but a few thou- missioners and city clerks. The 4th section takes its sand dollars.
origin from a dispute relative to a bill or account of In 1828, when the expenditure was $71,862 02 Thomas Allibone mentioned in the report of the joint The hauling gravel and paving stone cost 19,614 99 committee of Paving and Accounts made to the late The purchase of paving stone
22,861 49 Councils, and in pursuance of a recommendation made And the pay of labourers and carters was 24,519 98 by ther. The 5th, 6th and 8th sections are particular
ly intended to inform councils quarterly of the state of
$67,196 46 our new paving and its cost-specifying particularly the Leaving less than 5,000 for the other 17 items. cost of each street, with an account of the different In 1828 the number of square yards of paying done items of expense making up the same.
The 7th secwas as follows:
tion requires quarterly reportsefrom the City Clerk, and Southern District No. 1
28,355 the 9th section directs the immediate publication of Middle District No. 2
23,800 ihese different accounts and reports for the use of the
Councils and the immediale reference of such accounts Little Lehigh Creek rises in Bucks county and runto the committee of Accounts.
ning a south-easterly course receives the water of Cedar Mr. R. said in conclusion he could merely suggest creek and Jordan and falls into the Lehigh river at the two improvements which would save money, and in the borough of Northampton. It is a beautiful stream and last one add materially to the comfort of our citizens, has a number of four mills upon it; but is navigable on. and particularly of those located west of Broad street. ly about half a mile from its mouth. The first was that the digging out and filling up streets The Jurdan rises at the foot of the Blue Mountain in preparatory to paving should be done by contract. This Heidleburg township, and running a very crooked course can be done in some cases as low as 8 cents per cubic to the S. E. falls into the Little Lehigh about 100 perch. yard, and yet it has cost often during the present year, es from its mouth. The Jordan and its various branchsix times that sum. The other would be instead of leav- es turn a great nun.ber of mills but is not navigable.ing our unpaved streets west of Broad street merely The waters of the Jordan are much affected by wet and marked lines on a common, gradually to make them dry seasons. good roads by the use of a good plough and oxen and a Saucon Creek rises in Upper Milford township and large scraper. This could be effected at very little ex- running north-easterly falls into the Lehigh river on the pense, and would save heavy expenditure for digging south side about four miles below Bethlehem in Northout and filling up when it is cleemed expedient to pave ampton county. The Saucon which gives name to two and would add materially to the comfort of our poorer townships has a number of fine mills but is not navigable. fellow citizens to the west.
Phil. Gaz. Trout Creek rises at the foot of the Blue Mountain, (For a table of city expenditures from 1816 to 1828 and running easterly falls into the Lehigh river about see vol.Sp. 352 and for a table of taxes for 1829 see vol. two miles below the Water Gap. Trout creek turns 4. page 265.]
several mills, but is not sufficiently large to be navigable.
Antelouny or Maiden Creek rises in Lym township, GEOGRAPHICAL (IES ON LEHIGH Co. and running westerly along the foot of the Mountain A friend has placed in our lands a small manu- Schuylkill. It has a number of mills but is too small in
passes into Berks county and eventually falls into the script volume of Geogr::phical notes on Luzerne,Susque. Lehigh County to be navigable. hanna, Northampton and Lehigh counties, witten by
Ballicts or Copley Creek rises in North White Hall Isaac .1. Chopman, Esq. in 1817, in reply to queries ad- township, and running south-easterly falls into the Ledressed to him as a "contractor," by N. B. Boileau and high about five miles above the borough of NorthampT. Leach, Esquires--when materials were collecting toil, for the State Maps. I he information was very correct at and fails very much in dry seasons.
It turns several mills but is too small for navigation tie time, and in the principal particulars will apply to the
The Little Lehigh has a branch called Cedar Creek present period. Some towns have of course since ris. which rises from one large spring in Macungy township en up of considerable impostance, and parts of the coun- and turns a large flour inil', about six perelies below the try then a wilderness have yielded, to the industry of fountain. This stream in running about three miles an enterprising population, fruitful rewards. We hope falls into Little Lehigh. to be en:bled in pursuance of our plan and by the aid same size, not varying with the wet and dry seasons
It appears always of the of gentlemen of intelligence in those counties to con
never freezes and ihe grass which grows to the water tinue the account to the present period. We commence edge looks green at all seasons of ihe year, the water with Lehigh county.
melting the snow away and keeping it uncovered. LEHIGH COUNTY
Some distance X W. from the fountain of Cedar Was erected from the County of Northampton on the creek, is a stream which runs a course of about three 6th March,1812, It is 28 miles long and 15 broad in its miles and sinks into the earth. It is probable that this widest pari,& contains389 square miles,or 248960 acres. water is the same which forms Cedar crcek fountain. The soil of Lebigh County is of an excellent general A Canal navigation might be formed between the Lequality and perhaps two thirds of it Ist quality. It is in high and Schuylkill, by the Jordan and Antelauny; but general much betier calculated for grain than for graz- as this work would be expensive, there is no object ing; wbeat and rye are the staple productions. I should which at present would justify the undertaking. Oiher Estimate that seven-tenths of' Lehigh Ccunty are im- water communications between the two rivers, I conproved and the wood-lands although they are the spon
sider impracticable. ianeous production of the soil and are compose d prin.
The Towns and Villages of Lebighi county are the fol. cipally of the timber found in the soil by wie primitive lowing viz:- The Borough of Northampton (otherwise seitlers yet they are cleaned of logs and brush wood, and called Allentown,) Millerstown and Emaus. Northamp. carefully nursed. Along the foot of the Blue Moun. ton formerly called Allentown, is situated at the juncta'n and in a few instances on the South Mountain, there tion of the Jordan and Little Lehigh creeks about half are forists in all the wildness of nature,
a mile from the Lehigh river. The town is situated upNine tentlis of the County at least are fit or proper fo: on high ground, commanding a fine view of the suror:ltivation, and there is now (excepting the tuo moun- rounding country. The town was laid out before the tains) as much of the land under cultivation as is per- erection of Northampton county, by William Allen Esq: haps proper so to be, making sufficient provision for the from whom it received its nanie; and except Nazareth necessary supply of timber and fuel.
is the oldest town above the south mountain and east of Lehigh produces no mineral springs, and no mine- the Schuylkill river. Its form is a square with the streets rals but iron; and that as far as present knowledge ex- at right angles and a public square nearly in the centre. tends, only in very small quantities, although there are It contains a large elegant Court House, built of hewn indications of some good beds of ore.
limestone, a spacious prison of the same materials, two The mountains oi Lehigh County are only two; and churches, and 112 dwelling houses besides shops and lie upon the north and the south boundaries. They are other out houses. Northampton was erected into a the Blue Mountam upon the north, and the South Borough,March 18th, 1811. Mountain or Lebigin hills upon the south; both of which On the main road to Bethlehem and in view of the have been described in the preceding notes. The coun- town is an elegant Chain Bridge over the Lehigh river ty although not maintainous is very hilly.
consisting of iwo loops and two half loops and suspendThe Rivers and streams of Lehigh County are the ed by four chains. The bridge is 230 feet long and 30 following viz:-Lehigh River, Little Lehigh, Jordan, wile. There are also excellent stone bridges over the Saucon, Trout, Antelauny and Ballicts or Copley creeks: Lehigh and the Jordan. Here is a Bank called the Lehigtı river has been perhaps sufficienty described in Nortliampton Bank. tlie preceding noies.
Millerstown is a Village situated at the foot of the