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tiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them; that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were fair, and they took them wives of all which they chose; there were giants in the earth in those days, the same became mighty men, which were of old men of renown; and God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually; and the Lord said I will destroy man, but Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord. Gen, vi. 1.

Notwithstanding the awful warning of the destruction of the earth by the flood, we find the descendants of this just man guilty of idolatry, that Rachael, the wife of Jacob, stole the images that were her Fathers; the worship of idols of wood and stone spread over the earth; in after ages, at Athens, St. Paul's spirit was stirred up in him, when he saw the whole city giving up to

idolatry. 199 Briareos.

A giant, who, according to the heathen mythology, warred against heaven, and had fifty

heads, and a hundred hands. 199 Typhon.

A huge giant who also warred against heaven. 200 Tarsus.

Celebrated for the great men it produced, was a town of Cilicia, a country of Asia Minor, on the sea coast to the north of Cyprus, west of the Euphrates, and south of mount Taurus, the largest mountain of Asis.

201 Leviathan.

Canst thou draw out Leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord which thou lettest down ? canst thou put an hook into his nose ? or bore his jaw through with a thorn? will he make many supplications unto thee? will he speak soft words unto thee? will be make a covenant with thee? will thou take him for a servant for ever? wilt thou play with him as with a bird ? will thou bind him for thy maidens ? shall thy companions make a banquet of him ? shall they part him among the merchants? Canst thou fill his skin with barbed irons ? or his head with fish spears--Lay thine hand upon him, remember the battle, do no more.

more. Job xli. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. 232 Torn from Pelorus.

One of the great promontories of Sicily. It lies near the coast of Italy, and received its name from Pelorus, the pilot of the ship which carried

Hannibal away from Italy 233 Of thund'ring Etna.

A mountain in Sicily, now called Mount Gibel, famous for its volcano, which, for more than 3000 years, has thrown fire at intervals. It is supposed to be eight miles in height, and sixty in compass. Its top is covered with snow and smoke, at the same time; and the sides, on account of the fecundity of the soil, are carefully cultivated, and planted with vineyards. The poets supposed, that Jupiter had confined the giants under this mountain. It was the forge of Vulcan, where his servants, the Cyclops, fabricated thunderbolts.

288 The Tuscan artist.

Galileo was born at Pisa, in 1564, he was the author of several noble and useful discoveries in astronomy, geometry, and mechanics, and was the first person who improved telescopes, so as to

answer astronomical purposes. 288 From the top of Fesole.

A part of the Appennine mountains in Umbria. 290 Or in Valdarno.

The valley on the river Arno, which runs through Tuscany, and by Florence into the

Tuscan sea. 303

Where th' Etrurian Shades. Etruria, a celebrated country of Italy, at the west of the Tyber. It originally contained twelve different nations, which had each their respective monarch. The inhabitants were particularly famous for their superstition, and strict confidence in omens, dreams, auguries, &c.; they all proved powerful and resolute enemies to the rising empire of the Romans, and were conquered only after much effusion of blood. Etruria is the modern Tuscany, Florence, its capital, is extremely fruitful and well cultivated, producing great quantities of corn, wine, and oil, and during the reigns of the illustrious house of Medici, was the cabinet of all that is valuable, rich, and masterly, in architecture, literature, and the arts, especially those of painting and sculpture. It contains

above seventy thousand inhabitants. 305

Orion arm'd. A celebrated hunter of superior strength and stature, after death, he was made a constellation,

which was composed of seventeen stars. Orion rises about the 9th of March, and sets about the 21st of June; his rising is generally accompanied

with great rains and storms. 307 Busiris and his Memphian chivalry.

A name of many of the Egyptian kings. The waters returned and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharoah. And Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore.

Exod. xiv. 28. 309 The sojourners of Goshen.

And Pharoah spake unto Joseph, saying, the land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy Father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell. Gen. xlvii.

5, 6.

338

as when the potent rod Of Amram's son.

Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and Jehovah brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts ; and the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt, so that the land was tiarkened.

Exod. x. 13, 15. 342 That o'er the realm of impious Pharoah hung.

A title 'anciently belonging to the kings of

Egypt. 343 And darkened all the land of Nile.

A river of Egypt. Nilus, a king of Thebes, gave his name to the river which flows through the middle of Egypt, and falls into the Mediterranean sea; the Nile, anciently called Egyptus,

is one of the most celebrated rivers in the world. The Nile yearly overflows the country, and it is to those regular inundations that the Egyptians

are indebted for the fertile produce of their lands. 353 Rhene.

Or Rhenus, one of the largest rivers of Europe, which divides Germany from Gaul. It rises in the Rhetian Alps and falls into the German Ocean. The river Rhine was a long time a barrier between the Romans and the Germans, and on that account its banks were covered with strong castles. J. Cæsar was the first Roman who crossed it to invade Germany. In modern geography the Rhine is known as dividing itself into four large branches, the Waal, Leck, Issel, and the Rhine. That branch which still retains the name of Rhine, loses itself in the sands above modern Leyden ; and is afterwards no longer known by its ancient appellation, since the year 860, A. D. when the inundations

of the sea destroyed the regularity of its mouth. 355 Danaw when her barbarous sons.

Danubus, a celebrated river, the greatest in Europe, which rises near the town Pyrene, in the country of the Celtae, and after flowing through the greatest part of Europe, falls into the Euxine Sea. The Greeks call it Ister; but the Romans distinguished it by the appellation of the Danube. It falls into the Euxine through seven mouths; but modern travellers speak only of two. The Danube was generally supposed to be the northern boundary of the Roman empire in Europe ; and therefore several castles were

B

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