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ever, to counteract the effects of the sting, they anoint the place with oil, in which a bruised scorpion has been steeped. Asp, a little serpent,

whose bite is deadly. 524

and Amphisbona dire A serpent which seems to have two heads, and

goes both ways. 525 Cerastes horn'd,

A reptile of Africa, which naturalists have mentioned in all ages, not only on account of the malignancy of its poison, but also of its medicinal virtues, claims our particular attention. It is from thirteen to fourteen inches in length; its head is triangular and flat, and in the upper jaw has two canine teeth, hollow and crooked inward, and of a remarkable fine polish. Under these teeth is contained the bag or reservoir of poison, which, considering the size of the reptile, is very copious, and appears like a drop of laudanum. Immediately after the cerastes has bitten any creature, the power of doing farther injury is not

destroyed, but lessened. 525

Hydrus and Elops drear
Hydrus, a water serpent. The bite of the

water or sea snake has been considered harmless. 526 And Dipsas not so thick swarm'd once the soil

Bedropt with blood of Gorgon

The Dipsas, or thirst serpent, which is to be found in many parts of Africa, is three quarters of a yard in length, and has a broad neck and sable back. The bite of this reptile causes an immediate inflammation, which is speedily followed by an unextinguishable thirst, unless some anti

dote be applied. It is said by Mythologists, that when Perseus had conquered the Gorgons, and cut off Medusa’s head, he took his flight towards Ethiopia, and that the drops of blood which fell from the head of Medusa were changed into serpents which have ever since infested the sandy desarts of Lybia : Gorgo, the name of the ship which carried Perseus after his conquest, and Dipsas the river of Cilicia, flowing from Mount Taurus. Diodorus and others explain the fable of the Gorgons, by supposing them to be a warlike race of women near the Amazons, whom Perseus

with the help of a large army destroyed. 527

or the isle Ophiusa

The serpent island, because it is much infested with serpents, of which there are three, two in the Mediterranean, and one in the Propontis near

Constantinople. 528

but still greutest he the midst,
Now Dragon grown,

Satan transformed to that shape.
Thus riding on his curls, he seem'd to pass
A rolling fire along, and singe the grass.
More various colours through his body run,
Than Iris, when her bow imbibes the sun.

VIRGIL. 529

larger than whom the sun Engender'd in the Pythian vale on slime,

Python, a serpent sprung from the mud and stagnated waters which abounded on the surface of the earth after the deluge of Deucalion, so much celebrated in ancient history, is supposed to have happened 1503 years B. C. Apollo altacked the monster and killed him ; in commemoration

of which was instituted the Pythian Games. 559

sat thicker than the snaky locks That curld Megaera ;

One of the three furies. They were ropresented with a grim and frightful aspect, with a black and stained garment, and serpents wreathing round their heads instead of hair. They held a burning torch in one hand, and a whip of scorpions in the other, and were always attended by terror, rage, paleness and death. In the infer. nal regions they were seated around Pluto's

throne, as the ministers of his vengeance. 562 Near that bituminous lake where Sodom flam'd

Their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah ; their grapes are grapes of

gall, their clusters are bitter. Deut. xxxii. 32. 580 And fabled how the serpent, whom they calld Ophion with Eurynome.

A serpent said to have sprung out of the teeth of the serpent which was slain by Cadmus, and therefore became one of his companions ; others say he was one of the Titans, the husband

of Eurynome. 582 Of high Olympus

Mount Olympus was the spot where Jupiter has always been supposed by the poets to have held his court. The true description of Olympus is, that it is a mountain of Macedonia, covered with grottos and woods, with an elevation of a mile or a mile and a half, which is considerably less than that of Mount Etna, or the Alps.

583

thence by Saturn driven
And Ops, ere yet Dictæan Jove was born.

Saturn, the emblem of Time, who is said to have been king of Italy. Some writers suppose Saturn to have been the same as Noah; Ops, a daughter of Colus and Terra, the same as the Rhea of the Greeks, who married Saturn, and became the mother of Jupiter. Tatius built her a temple at Rome. She is generally represented as a matron, with her right hand opened, as if offering assistance to the helpless, and holding a loaf in her hand. Her festivals were called

Opalia. 588

behind her Death
Close following pall for pall, not mounted yet
On his pale horse :

And I looked, and behold a pale horse ; and his name that sat on him was Death, and hell followed him ; and power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and

with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts : of the earth. Rev. vi. 8. (See West's beautiful

picture of Death on the Pale Horse). 616 See with what heat these dogs

For without are dogs. Rev. xxii. 15. But without are the unclean, who merit no better a name than that of dogs, as they debase their rational faculties to the service of vicious actions, and with them must be ranked too, every one who loveth and maketh a lie, who forges falsehood, and practises it, or acts in any allowed contradiction to the great eternal rule of truth and rectitude.

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Say, why was man so eminently rais'd
Amid the vast creation ? why ordain'd
Through life and death to dart his piercing eye,
With thoughts beyond the limits of his frame ?
But that th' Omnipotent might send him forth,
In sight of mortal and immortal pow'rs,
As on a boundless theatre, to run
The great career of justice; to exalt
His gen'rous aim to all diviner deeds ;
To chase each partial purpose from his breast;
And through the mists of passion and of sense,
And through the tossing tide of chance and pain
To hold his course unfalt'ring, while the voice
Of truth and virtue, up the steep ascent
Of nature, calls him to his high reward,

Th’ applauding smile of heaven. AKENSIDE. 641 He ended, and the heav'nly audience loud Sung Hallelujah, as the sound of seas,

And I heard a sound which was as the voice of a great multitude, and loud as the voice of many waters, when the waves of the sea are in a violent agitation, and like the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Hallelujah for the Lord God Almighty, the Omnipotent Jehovah, who is the Author and support of universal nature, reigneth, and is about to exalt his kingdom among men to more visible splendour than it has ever yet worn.

Rev. xix. 643 Just are thy ways

And they sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God

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