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erected on its banks, to check the incursions of

the barbarians. 855 Gibralter.

Calpe, situated on one of the columns of Hercules. The ancients gave the name of the columns of Hercules, to two mountains, Calpe in Europe, and Abyl in Africa; they considered

them as the limits of the world on the west. 355

to the Lybian sands. Lybia in Africa, is now the eastern part of Tripoli. In Lybia was the celebrated temple of Jupiter Ammon, one of the seven wonders of the world, situated in a fertile valley, in the midst of

vast vallies covered with sand. 861

in heav'nly records now. Thou hast put out their name for ever and ever, their memorial is perished with them.

Ps. ix. 5, 6. 370 Glory of him that made them to transform

Ost to the image of a brute, adorned.

And this was evident in a variety of other vices, in which the philosophers of other nations joined with the vulgar, so particularly in the early and almost universal prevalence of idolatry amongst them; by which they changed the glory of the immortal, incorruptible, and eternal God, even all the majestic splendours, in which he shines forth through earth and heaven, into the representing image of mortal and corruptible man; which, how elegantly soever it might be traced, was a great and insufferable degradation, had their folly proceeded no farther; but, not content with this, they set up, as emblems of deity and objects of worship, brutes and their images birds and four-footed animals, and even such vile reptiles as beetles, and various kinds of serpents 404

which creep on the dust. Romans, i. 2, 3. 388 Within his sanctuary itself their shrines.

Were the altars or temples, of those idols, where the devils were worshipped, even the temple of the true God, was made a repository for idols by Soloman, Manassus, and other kings

of Judah. 392 First Moloch.

A king, an idol of the Ammonites, strictly forbidden the Jews. Moloch was a hollow statue of brass, with the hands of a man and the head of an ox. It was made red hot; then the priests threw the sacrifice into its arms, where they were burned to death in a dreadful manner. The Carthagenians offered two hundred children of their nobility to it at one time, and three hundred at another, which induced Darius to send ambassadors to Carthage, with an edict to

forbid that inhumanity. 396 Him the Ammonite.

Ammonites, a people who inhabited Syria, and were descended from Ammon, the son of Lot. The history of this people, as it is recorded in scripture, and by Josephus, notices their conquest of a gigantic race, who dwelt in the mountainous regions of Gilead, and the occupation of their territory ; the command of God to the Israelites, not to disturb the children of Ammon, or to make any encroachment on their possessions; their demand for the restitution of

part of their territory, long held by the children
of Israel and taken from the Ammorites by
Moses; their entire defeat by Jephtha; their
hostile aggressions, in the time of Saul and David,
and their subjection to the kingdom of Israel; their
attempts to throw of the yoke, by an alliance with
the Moabites, and repeated invasions of the king-
doms of Israel and Judah; their complete discom-
fiture and second subjection; their dispersion by
Nebuchadnezzar, and restoration by Cyrus, after
the destruction of Jerusalem, by the Romans, their
distinctive appellations lost in the more general
denomination of Arabians; and, before the end of
the third century, no trace of their name in ex-
istence. Thus verifying the prophecy of Ezekial,
which declares, that they should not be remem-
bered among nations.” Deut. 2. Judg. 2. 2

Sam. x. 11. Ezek. 25. And Josephus's Antiq. 397 Worshipped in Rabba.

The chief city of the Ammonites, on the N E. of Jordan. 398 In Argob.

A large populous country, lying on the east of

Jordan, among the mountains. 398 And in Basan.

A fine fruitful country, lying between two ranges of mountains. 399 Of utmost Arnon.

A river of Palestine, which falls into the lake

Asphaltites or Dead Sea. 404 The pleasant valley of Hinnon.

Near Jerusalem, also called the valley of Benhinnon, wherein was the Grove of Molock.

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Tophet thence. They have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnon, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire.

Jer. vii. 31. 405 And black Gehenna called.

The land of Hinnon; but our Saviour and

others, by it, signify the place of torment. 406 Next Chemos.

Swift, from the swiftness of the sun, which this idol represented; or, hid and obscured, because of the shameful rites of idolatry. And the first-born bare a son, and called his name, Moab; the same is the father of the Moabites, unto this day. Gen.

xix. 37. 407 From Aroar.

So Jephtha passed over unto the children of Ammon, to fight against them; and the Lord delivered them into his hands. And he smote them from Aroar, even till thou came to Minnith, even twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of

Israel. Jud. xi. '33. 407

to Nebo. A city and mountain of the Moabites, near

Mount Pisgah, twenty miles east of Jerusalem. 408 of southmost Abarim.

A province of eastern Palestine 408

in Hesebon. For the fields of Heshbon languish, and the vine Sibnah, the lords of the heathen have broken down the principal plants thereof, they are come

even unto Jager, they wandered through the wilderness, her branches are stretched out, they

are gone over the sea. Isa. xvi. 8. 409 And Honoraim.

Two cities of the Moabites, one called the Upper,

the other the Lower. Isa, xv. 5. 409 Seon's realm.

Sihon, King of Heshbon. 410

Sibma clad with vines. O vine of Sibmah, I will weep for thee. Jer. . xlviii. 32. A city in the valley of Moab, 30 miles

east of Jerusalem. 411 And Eleale.

The ascension or burnt offering of God.--A town, thirty-six miles east of Jerusalem : it fell to the tribe of Reuben, after the conquest of those

countries. Numb. xxxii. 37. 411 To the Asphaltic Pool.

From Asphalto's yielding bitumen and sulphur, salt and bitter water, the lake in Judea, where Sodom and Gomorrah stood, thirty-five miles east Jerusalem, twenty-four leagues long and seven broad: it is also called the Dead Sea, because no

fish live in it. 412 Peor, his other name.

Bael-Peor, an idol of the Moabites (the same as Chemos). Jeremiah mentions this abominable

idol with the greatest abhorrence. 413 Israel.

And Israel abode in Shittim, and joined himself unto Bael-Peor; and the anger of Jehovah was kindled against Israel. And those that died of the plague were twenty and four thousand, Numb. xxv. 1, 3, 9.

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