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to-day. We consecrate you, my brother, purely Chinese origin for the present and send you forth into your district to Manchu dynasty. The appointment of Pu be the bishop of every city and every Yi, a child of three or four, as emperor, town and every settlement; of every and of Prince Chun, a rather weak man of school and every hospital; of every thirty, as regent, indicates that the real lodge and every union; of all social life

power of government will be exercised and political life, of family life. All are by the group of palace officials who hapyours.

You must live for them, you pened to be dominant when the empress must die for them, and you must bring dowager died. So far as this insures the to them all the strength and all the vis- continued influence of Yuan Shih K'ai, ion and all the high motive that Christ it would seem to be advantageous for can give.” How well Bishop Knight ful- China and favorable to the progress of filled that commission the record of his international relations. brief episcopate abundantly shows. It is to be hoped that the House of

The reign of Kuang Bishops will meet at an early day to fill Ten Eventful Hsu, especially durthe vacant bishoprics of Wyoming and Years ing the last ten Western Colorado. The policy of the

years, has been Richmond General Convention was one

marked by several striking events and of expansion and progress as evidenced

by a measure of progress toward reform by the division of territory in the Rocky

larger than that seen in any other one Mountain region and the election of four

hundred years of China's history. Just ten additional bishops. Unless the House of

years ago the emperor either became so Bishops, which alone has authority to

convinced of the necessity for great elect for vacant missionary districts be

national reforms, or found himself under tween the sessions of the General Con

such irresistible pressure, that he issued vention, acts speedily, there is danger

a series of imperial edicts providing for that the aggressive policy of the Con

sweeping changes. Their uncompromisvention may fail of full expression. ing character proved the undoing of the

reform party. K’ang Wei, who, more OR years people acquainted with

than any other individual, had won the conditions in China have been

confidence of the emperor and who had speculating as to what would happen

given practical expression to the suggeswhen the

empress tions for reform, was obliged to flee from The Death of dowager died.

Last Peking. The empress dowager stepped China's month, almost with

in, proceeded promptly against the reEmperor out warning, came formers and made the emperor a virtual the news first of the

prisoner in his palace and a mere figureserious illness and then of the death of

head in his government. Resulting partthe aged dowager and of the young ly from this series of events and partly emperor, whom she had practically de

from the territorial aggressions of forthroned. The Chinese government and eign powers between 1895-1899, came people seem to have passed through the the Boxer outbreak of 1900. It was the crisis exceedingly well. Even before the last formidable demonstration of ultraannouncement of the deaths of the

conservative China. Within year rightful and actual rulers, imperial even the empress dowager was found edicts from the palace at Peking made moving toward reform, as evidenced by provision for the succession to the throne. the imperial edict abolishing the old There have been local disturbances in style literary examinations and substisome parts of the empire, but apparently tuting examinations in so-called western absolutely no concerted effort has been subjects and conducted along western made to substitute a reigning family of lines. The forces of reaction and un

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The Progress of the Kingdom

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progressiveness in China never received a China, to enjoy a healthy national life, harder blow than that, for it struck at must have new moral foundations and the root of the system which bound new moral ideals. Though not all of China hopelessly to the past, trained them are professedly Christian, most of her officials to follow slavishly the ideals them realize that only the Christian Gosof 2,000 years ago and successfully stifled pel can supply China's need. any effective dissatisfaction with the existing regime. Then followed at inter- N November 7th this cable message vals the ambitious scheme of govern

was received from Manila : ment education, the edict against foot- “Sagada mission wrecked by typhoon; binding, the encouragement given to the

estimated damage education of young women, the edict Sagada Suffers $5,000; must have against the use of opium and the at- from a Typhoon help immediately." tendant efforts to regulate and restrict its

The message was sale and, finally, the announcement of the repeated by mail and telegraph to possibility of a constitutional govern- ten or twelve congregations from Bosment. It may be admitted that, judging ton to Chicago, with the request that the situation by our western standard, aid be given to meet the emergency. comparatively little has been accom- The response was immediate. When the plished along any of these lines. Viewed Board of Missions met on November from the strongholds of China's con- 10th, it was possible to announce that servatiem, a revolution has been in- about $2,000 had been given. In spite augurated.

of the necessity for the utmost economy

in expenditure the Board felt that in Even the most san- this matter there could be no delay and The Service of

guine believer in that it would have the approval and coChristian Schools China's future would operation of the Church if it guaranteed

hardly have dared to to Bishop Brent the full amount needed predict eight years ago that the present to rebuild the mission. A cable was acmeasure of progress and reform could cordingly sent him to proceed. Since be achieved in half a century. Of late a then additional gifts or promises 'bring reactionary tendency has been evident. the total to about $4,000. It is hoped It is probably no injustice to the em- that the entire $5,000 may be given bepress dowager to say that she had no fore the end of this month. No particulove for the role of reformer. She was, lars of the destruction of the buildings however, astute enough to see that some have yet been received, but there is every steps must be taken to save China from reason to believe that no personal injury internal revolution and possible partition. was sustained by any of the staff. To-day China is awake. She has a grow- The Rev. John A. Staunton, Jr., has ing body of young patriots, most of the done remarkably successful work in the ablest and wisest of them trained in the four years since he opened the Sagada Christian schools established and main- mission in what was practically an untained by the Churches of the United touched field. Scores of people have been States and Great Britain. For it is prepared for baptism and confirmation. true, all reports to the contrary notwith- A simple church has been built; a school standing, that the most truly patriotic for boys has been begun; medical work men of young China are the mission- has been established, and the Gospel has

So far from being de- been preached in a number of the surnationalized they are the leaders of all rounding villages. All this has been that is best in the “China for the done in a mountain country where the Chinese" movement. At the same time difficulties of obtaining building matethey understand as do no others that rial, transporting supplies or securing

trained men.

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THE CHURCH OF ST. MARY THE VIRGIN, SAGADA, WRECKED BY THE TYPHOON

anything but the rudest kind of labor ship, or the right use of money for a are almost beyond belief. Mr. and Mrs. Christian layman, and the relation of Staunton have been careful of every- the clergy and the lay officers of a conthing but their own comfort. They have gregation to the forward movement to lived in the simplest kind of grass house, secure larger gifts for the enterprise. often exposed to the weather, with few Two afternoons were devoted to training conveniences and almost no privacy. conferences, when the officers of the LaySagada represents pioneer work of the men's Movement outlined for the benefit truest kind. The measure of success of their fellow laymen plans for the achieved is at once an evidence of the effective organization of congregations adaptability of the Christian Gospel to for mission study and giving. November human need and of the devotion with 19th was called “Denominational Day," which it has been presented to the peo- and was devoted to a consideration by ple. Those who wish to show their ap- the representatives of various churches preciation of what has been done at meeting separately, of their special reSagada by helping to replace the old by lation to the cause as conducted by the new and better buildings, should send denominational board of missions. At their gifts to the Board's treasurer as St. Paul's Church, about 150 Churchquickly as possible.

men met at noon, under the chairman

ship of Mr. Robert Treat Paine, who, in AST month

all the Christian his opening address, emphasized strongly churches of “Greater Boston” the growing sense of the solidarity of united in a remarkable series of meeting, humanity and the consequent reason

lasting for ten days, ableness of earnest work on the part of The Laymen's under the auspices the laymen of Christian lands to give to Missionary Move- of the interdenom- the men of non-Christian countries the ment in Boston

inational Laymen's benefits and privileges which the Gospel

Missionary Move- carries with it. Addresses upon the ment. One of the large public services Laymen's Movement, and upon what the was held in Trinity Church on the Churchmen of Massachusetts might do evening of November 15th, with ad- to further the cause were made by Dr. dresses by Bishop Lawrence and Messrs. William Jay Schieffelin, President of J. Campbell White and Mornay Wil- the American Church Missionary Soliams, of New York, two of the leaders ciety, and Mr. John W. Wood, Corin the laymen's work. During the week responding Secretary of the Board of sessions were held for the consideration Missions. Symphony Hall was crowded of such subjects as Christian steward- for the final meeting on the evening of

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The Progress of the Kingdom

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November 22d. It was reported that the manner of its building is unique. The communicant members of the various stone, quarried on the school grounds, is churches of Greater Boston numbered being set by the students of the school. 132,000. During the past year their About $10,000 are needed to complete gifts for foreign missions aggregated and equip the building for service. $155,000. Reports were brought in from Then some of the desirable, but not abthe various denominational committees solutely essential, things can come later. showing that after deliberation and con- And what if the $10,000 does not apsideration these committees had decided pear? Then Mr. and Mrs. Hunter and Dr. to recommend to the churches they rep- Hayden, who are doing so much with resented that the total gifts be increased inadequate equipment, and all the sick for 1909 to at least $275,000. The com- folk who think of what might be done mittee of Churchmen reported in favor for them if St. Agnes's were only of a concerted and determined effort to completed, will wait patiently. They double during 1909 the amount given have been doing it for so long a time during 1908 for work both at home and that it has become almost second nature. abroad.

There were many evidences that the WENTY years ago a young woman people of Boston were profoundly stirred from Virginia joined the staff of by the earnest and practical fashion in the China mission and began her work which the laymen took hold of the sub

in St. Mary's Hall, jects presented by Christian work Miss Dodson's Shanghai. Two abroad. The conviction of many was Twenty Years in years later the full expressed by Dr. Lloyd, in an address to

China responsibility for the clergymen of all the congregations

the direction of the of Boston, when he

said that every school came upon her. How well she Christian must feel a sense of shame at has done her work hundreds of young the thought that God has been waiting women and girls can testify. For durpatiently for nineteen centuries for men ing all these years Miss Steva L. Dodson to make known effectively throughout has been vastly more than the principal the world the message revealed by the of St. Mary's. She has been the Incarnation.

mother of a large family, the trusted

confidant and adviser, the inspirer and HRISTMAS at St. Augustine's guide of young women who but for her

School, Raleigh, bids fair to be less had never known the meaning of Chrisjoyous than it might be, because St. tian womanhood. Under Miss Dodson's

Agnes's Hospital is leadership St. Mary's has grown from The

still unfinished with a small, poorly-equipped school to an inDisappointment

no prospect of im- stitution of which the Church may well

mediate completion. be proud. For while there may be larger Unfinished

Christmas, 1908, Christian schools for girls in China

will be the third to there is assuredly none where better Hospital

look upon the un- work is done. So long as the Church finished building, though each has seen can claim the life service of women like the hospital nearer completion than its Miss Dodson her efforts for the uplifting predecessor. What better Christmas of womanhood throughout the world are present could there be for a whole com- bound to succeed. When time supplies munity than the opening of the doors a clearer perspective and enables the of St. Agnes's? When completed it will real work of St. Mary's to be more fully be one of the largest hospitals in North known, Miss Dodson will be recognized Carolina and probably the largest hos- as one of the foremost among the truly pital for Negroes in the South.

The great makers of the new China.

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of an

BISHOP OF WESTERN COLORADO

DECEMBER 19TH-NOVEMBER 15TH, 1908

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BY THE RIGHT REVEREND FRANKLIN S. SPALDING, D.D.

HEN Edward Jennings Edward Knight did. He was consecrated

Knight was chosen by the December 19th, 1907, and on January
House of Bishops to be 3d, 1908, he was at Glenwood Springs.

Bishop of Western Colo- When a man goes to a foreign field be rado those of us who knew him well were knows that there are millions he cannot sure that the Church in that district hope to reach, but a district in the would have as its leader a man of saint- United States seems so much smaller ly life, high scholarship and untiring en

and

manageable. As Bishop ergy.

At Trenton he had not spared Knight said in his first annual address, himself day or night. For fifteen years “Western Colorado is a district compact, as rector of Christ Church, it was never and even small, when compared with with him a question, "Have I strength other jurisdictions, and with rare opporto do this?He simply said, “This tunities amidst our prosperous and rapought to be done; then I must try to do idly growing towns. I take it that we it.” And so, though we were glad for must be particularly active and enthusiColorado, we were doubtful about our astic in entering every sphere of usefulfriend. When confronted with many op- ness opening before us." portunities for usefulness, we feared he Trained in business before he entered would overtax his strength. He had been the ministry, he did not try to do everycrowded with the work of his parish up thing at once. He planned his course of to the moment he left Trenton, but be- action with consideration for every corcause he knew the needs of Western ner of Western Colorado, but with Colorado-having spent the summer be- no thought of himself. When he went fore there giving his services to St. East in the winter to beg for money, the John's mission, Breckenridge, and call- change would be enough, he argued. He ing it vacation-he took no time for rest, decided upon Glenwood Springs for the but hurried to the district and threw bishop's residence after visiting the four himself into the new work with his ac- other places which had urged their customed energy, arguing that change of claims, giving to each careful consideraoccupation would be rest enough. And tion. Then he borrowed $6,000 and purnow-on his forty-fourth birthday-in chased a home for Mrs. Knight and the Glenwood Springs—we have said the children, proposing to pay the interest Burial Service over his wasted and worn himself as rent-until he could raise the body. Our worst fears have been real- money and pay for it. It made a good ized. He made a brave fight with ma- place to rest in after his missionary jourlignant typhoid fever. Everything that neys, though he was so constantly on the skilful medical attention and loving and move that he spent but little time in it, trained nursing could do was done, but until it became his hospital. Western on Sunday evening, November 15th, God Colorado may be "compact," but it is called him.

only so because the crowding has made Surely, the Church wants to know it a land of lofty mountains and deep what this missionary of hers did in less valleys, as well as wide plains and tablethan one year, for if any man ever gave lands. Here is the journal of one trip his life doing what he felt was his duty, he made, into the Paradox Country close

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