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A ST. ANDREW'S DAY IN

JAPAN HALF A CENTURY AGO

T

HE Honorable Townsend Harris an important epoch in my life, and a still

was the first diplomatic repre- more important one in the history of sentative of the United States Japan. I am the first diplomatic repre

sent to Japan. Mr. Harris sentative that has ever been received in arrived in 1857, about eighteen months this city, and, whether I succeed or fail before the first missionaries were per- in my intended negotiations, it is a great mitted to enter. It was largely through fact that will always remain, showing the firmness of Mr. Harris and his chief that at last I have forced this singular at Washington, the Honorable William people to acknowledge the rights of E. Marcy, Secretary of State, that Japan embassy. was opened to Christian influence in Sunday, December 6th, 1857. This 1859. The first modern missionaries to is the Second Sunday in Advent: asJapan, it will be remembered, were sisted by Mr. Heusken, I read the full clergymen of the American Episcopal service in an audible voice, and with the Church—the Rev. John Liggins, who paper doors of the houses here our voices landed in May, 1859, and the Rev. could be heard in every part of the buildChanning Moore Williams, now Bishoping. Williams, who landed a month later. This was beyond doubt the first time Mr. Harris was a devout Churchman. that the English version of the Bible These extracts from his journal recall the was ever read, or the American Protestpart he took in one of the most sig- ant Episcopal service ever repeated in nificant events of the nineteenth century. this city. What a host of thoughts rush Monday, November 30th, 1857. To

upon me as I reflect upon this event! day I am to enter Yedo. It will form Two hundred and thirty years ago, a law

877

Electric Light in Shanghai

I

was promulgated in Japan inflicting

ELECTRIC LIGHT IN death on any one who should use any of

SHANGHAI the rites of the Christian religion in Japan. That law is still unrepealed, and

N July it was announced that the opyet have I boldly and openly done the

portunity offered to equip St. John's very acts that the Japanese law punishes

University, Shanghai, with electric so severely.

lights and so end forever the reign of What is my protection? The Ameri

the antiquated oil lamp. can name alone. That name, so power

Of the estimated cost of 2,000 one ful and potent now, cannot be said to

layman guaranteed $1,000, provided the have had an existence then, for in all the

other $1,000 were quickly given. This wide lands that now form the United

fact was laid before a number of friends States there were not at that time five

of St. John's, for the most part laymen, thousand men of Anglo-Saxon origin. who responded quickly and generously.

The first blow is now struck against The $2,000 has been forwarded to the cruel persecution of Christianity by Shanghai, and the work of installing the the Japanese, and, by the blessing of electric fixtures has been begun. God, if I succeed in establishing negotia- So much for the way in which one tions at this time with the Japanese, I need has been met. A good many others mean to boldly demand for the Ameri- are pressing upon Dr. Pott's attention. cans the free exercise of their religion in The most urgent is that for funds to Japan, with the right to build churches, meet accruing payments upon the new and I will also demand the abolition of building now being erected as a methe custom of trampling on the cross or

morial to the late Rev. Arthur S. Mann, crucifix, which the Dutch have basely for three years one of the professors at witnessed for two hundred and thirty

St. John's. Dr. Pott in his last letter years without a word of remonstrance. says: This custom has been confined to Naga

“The new building comes on well. We saki; had it been attempted at Shimoda,

will be ready for the laying of the corI should have remonstrated in a manner

ner-stone in a short time. I have made that would have compelled the Japanese

the first payment on it, and see my way to listen to me. I shall be both proud to manage the second and third. I trust and happy, if I can be the humble means

by that time something will have come of once more opening Japan to the from the United States." blessed rule of Christianity.

No money has yet gone from the My Bible and Prayer Book are price- United States, though the Board of Misless mementoes of this event, and when,

sions stands ready to act as forwarding after many or few years, Japan shall be

agent for people in the United States, once more opened to Christianity, the

who

may not know just how to send events of this day at Yedo will ever be of

money to China. Fully $10,000 will be interest.

needed from this country. In the meanSunday, December 13th, 1857. The

time the St. John's Alumni Association Third Sunday in Advent; read the ser

has been at work and has secured subvice with Mr. Heusken. I have told the

scriptions of about $3,000. About $2,000 Japanese that I performed my religious

has been given by the officials of the worship in order that they might not

province and the parents of some of the

students. But the approaching fourth say they had no knowledge of it. Sunday, December 20th, 1857.

payment is weighing on Dr. Pott's mind. The

He is wondering what will happen if at last Sunday in Advent; read service as least half of the missing $10,000 does usual.

not appear by January 1st.

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HIS EXCELLENCY, TUAN FANG, VICEROY OF THE LIANG KIANG PROVINCES

A CHINESE VICEROY'S OPINION OF

A CHURCH HOSPITAL

A Translation of the Address of Viceroy Tuan Fang
at the Opening of the New St. James's Hospital, Anking

ST.

REGRET exceedingly that the pres- splendid new hospital has been erected

sure of public affairs in Nanking in order to multiply its benefits to the prevents my presence in person on people of Anhui Province in the future.

the occasion of the opening of St. In conclusion, let me venture to make James's Hospital in Anking. I have the a suggestion to the staff of the hospital. honor, however, to appoint H. E. Wu Opium smoking among our people has Ming Nieh as my representative, to com- brought them ruin in no small degree. municate to Dr. Woodward and the hos- Imperial decrees have recently been ispital staff my heartiest congratulations sued strenuously prohibiting this evil, on so notable an occasion, and to voice and the authorities of various provinces for me the following sentiments:

are endeavoring to conform with the imMedicine and surgery have always perial wishes. May not the skill of the been recognized in every country, the staff of St. James's Hospital be directed world over, ancient or modern, eastern or to the preparation of an efficacious cure western, as intimately associated with for the opium habit among our people? benevolence. In Europe and America Then I am sure the great usefulness of they also have been regarded as subjects the hospital would be extended to all worthy of inexhaustible study and re- parts of the empire, and not limited to search. Vast labor and funds have been the Province of Anhui only. spent to attain the most perfect types of hospital buildings, and to secure the

T. PAUL'S most efficient administration of the same.

CHAPEL, Trinity The high standards which have resulted,

Parish, New York, is one of the as well as the unbounded philanthropy

comparatively few Church congregations which has prompted them, call for uni

in any part of the country that is unversal admiration.

dertaking systematic work among

Chinese in the United States. It has But this philanthropy has not been limited to the borders of the home land.

a Chinese Sunday-school of about fifty Since the opening of our ports to the

members, four of whom have recently outside world, western hospitals have

been baptized and five confirmed. That been established in China.

these Chinese appreciate the opportunity

Through their ministry countless lives of our peo

for Christian instruction and desire that ple have been saved. In return our

their own countrymen shall have the grateful people proclaim incessantly

bame privilege, is clearly evidenced by

their recent assurance that they will their usefulness. Such benevolent min

give $50 a year toward the support of istry to the suffering is as admirable as it is world-wide.

Boone College, Wuchang. I have the highest appreciation of the

1 excellent work done by the smaller St.

Missionary meetings in the Isle of Pines are at

difficulties. Archdeacon James's Hospital during the past seven years. Its record of having treated about RS. RAMSDELL, of Columbia, 100,000 patients during that time is an Isle of Pines, has started a branch evidence of the incalculable benefits it of the Junior Auxiliary there, and at the has conferred. I feel also profoundly first meeting three little boys walked grateful to the thousands of American from Santa Rosalia, four good miles, to friends of China, from whose gifts the attend.

tended

with some Steele writes :

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THE KOYUKUK RIVER AS IT SWEEPS PAST ST. JOHN'S-IN-THE-WILDERNESS,

ALLACHAKET

ka

RANDOM NOTES FROM ALLACHAKET

BY DEACONESS CARTER

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NE who had seen St. John's-in- of pleasure: A swing, a couple of see

the-Wilderness only in the saws, a' turning bar, a jumping board winter would hardly recognize and jumping bar and pole, a hammock

us now. Both of our garden made out of barrel staves. Just now we plots are fenced, sound and flourishing have between forty and fifty Indians -lettuce, radishes, peas, beans, parsley, here. I wish our friends could see them beets, turnips, are all up. On the point all at play. of land east of Leon's all of our Koyu

1 kuks are camped except Alfred, whose tent is pitched near where he is prepar- The mission is thriving. Chief Moses ing to build his cabin-on the east edge spent last Sunday with us and was so of the mission ground and in line with pleased that he is to come up this evenour cabin. The Kobuks are all camped ing with a number of others to spend the on the mission river bank a little west Fourth of July—a number have come

The improved conditions due to down from Onion City, and several from the work we have been able to give the Coldfoot, who tell us that most of the men has resulted in a healthier camp Coldfoot Indians say that they are comthan has been known in many years. If ing here to live. these people could only be supplied with

1 the work they are always so anxiously seeking, we should soon have a thriving

The summer has slipped away from us settlement.

and looks only like a few days now that it has gone. The Alatna country has

been swept by a dreadful fire this sumIn front of the cabin Miss Heintz has mer. It travelled toward us until last a play-ground which gives a great deal #Friday, when it reached the back of the

of us.

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