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charge, is a farmer and draws no salary. its final abandonment was often recomThe people naturally contribute toward mended. To-day it is steadily becoming the support of the Wakayama deacon, a useful centre of missionary activity. who visits them once a week, but also Gose, another town about fifteen miles give liberally for the divers activities of from Gojo, is visited once a week by Mr. the Japan Church. I visit Marusu once Miki, and I am hoping ere.long to estaba month, and every time the presence of lish a chapel there. this remote congregation takes me back On the south, about sixty miles from to the apostolic ages.
Wakayama, is the city of Tanabe-a About fifteen miles from Marusu is flourishing seaport. Here Mr. Horiuchi, the town of Hashimoto, where the bril- a graduate of Tokyo Theological School, liant catechist, Mr. Urabe Takusalearo, has been working for the last five years, has been working for the last nineteen building up a devout Christian comyears. He is highly esteemed and re- munity. Tanabe has two out-stationsspected by everybody-Christian and Tonda and Minabe. The work here needs non-Christian. Hashimoto has its own pressingly a church and rectory, both to out-stations - Myoji, Yamoda, Nagura cost not more than $2,000. The present and several other villages, where the ever- Japanese house utilized is not suitable increasing Christian population of Japan for our solemn services. scatters, and in course of time creates The field assigned to me comprised the new centres of work.
whole province of Kii and part of the Five miles above Hashimoto, and on province of Yamato. The population tothe same river, is the important town of day would total about 1,500,000. This Gojo, where Mr. Miki, an experienced extensive field is worked by four Japacatechist, with his capable wife is doing nese, whose ability, earnestness and regood work. Gojo is one of our oldest liance are above all praise, and the stations, visited for many years from writer. Every one of us is kept quite buey. Osaka. For a long time it was con- The greatest need of the field at present sidered the most discouraging place, and is the advent of two Japanese priests.
NOTES FROM THE ALASKA TRAIL
BY BISHOP ROWE
Valdez, January. CANNOT tell you what a joy and T is now 2:30 A.M., Monday, January relief it is to me that Mr. Newton 27th. At 4 A.M. I "hit the trail.” is coming. If he fits, it will mean So you see I am not to have any sleep,
that we shall possess outside of and yesterday, Sunday, was a busy day.
few Roman Catholics—the town. We had services at 9 and 11 A.M. in And the town has a future.
the church. At 12:30 I talked to the I am occupying the rectory, which has Sunday-school. At three o'clock there a bed, a stove, a table, and a few chairs, was service at the hospital. At 7:30 we but it is comfortable and better far than had service in a “hall," the church bepaying $5 a day at a hotel.
ing too small. And such a service! All The hospital is in good condition. It Valdez seemed to be there, nearly 300, has done a great work in the past few and then people went away, unable to get months, but the suspension of the Rail- in. That is the result of having a man way Company has left the hospital with in charge like Mr. Newton. He is as many bills unpaid, as several hundred happy as a boy, and has won the hearts dollars were lost in the bank closing. of the whole community. We had a fine The total debt is about $1,000.
confirmation-a class of five of the best I would strongly recommend the send- adult people in the place. ing here of two nurses. I also wish we Reports have come in that "Keystone could enlarge the hospital. We ought to Canyon” and the “summit” are almost have three more private rooms and a impassable; "conditions fierce"; but as I small ward for contagious cases. We
am ready to start, I am going to try. could do this for $1,500.
1 Catella is abandoned as a terminal and
Fairbanks, February. harbor. I am glad of it. It is a bad ERE I am in Fairbanks, as you see. place to get at. Fifteen men have re- I arrived on Tuesday last, at ten cently been drowned there in getting to in the morning, in thirty-degrees-belowand from ships. Our ship could not land zero weather.
Mr. Betticher met me there, so I was unable to stop over. forty miles out of Fairbanks. The trip Cordova is now to be the place. I shall occupied eight and a half days from visit Cordova, start a mission and obtain Valdez, a distance almost due north of a site. I have many friends among those
four hundred miles. I was fortunate in who have the construction of the road in having good weather, with the exception their hands. I also hope to visit Seward. of some bad hours in the Delta Canyon, Mr. Newton must look after Cordova and between two and eight in the morning. Seward as well as Valdez until more help On the whole the trip was a comfortable comes. I will be here to start him and one. I could not but contrast it with the will then visit the southeastern Alaska one I made four years ago. Then I had missions, then from Valdez possibly to “mush” all the way, break trail, find "dog" it into Fairbanks, Neenana and my own way through an untravelled, St. John's-in-the-Wilderness in January. silent wilderness of frozen rivers, mounI cannot very well say where letters can tains, canyons. The more I think of it, reach me.
the more amazed I am that I succeeded. I cannot express how cheered I am by This time I travelled in a stage, wrapped the splendid results of the General Con- in robes, finding at every twenty miles or vention and the advent of Mr. Newton- so, comfortable "road houses” where one even one helper.
could get meals and bed. From the com
fortable seat in the stage-I was the only River. Ile wants to devote himself enpassenger-I looked down upon the awful tirely to this work, and hopes some one windings of the Gulcana River, on which will relieve him of Fairbanks. I trust we had such desperate work, four years this may be accomplished. ago, breaking trail and doing this for I leave here with dogs on Monday for three days on tea only, our food having Neenana, will then go on to Tanana, and given out.
then on, ever north, to the Koyukuk, It was very pleasant to find and meet where I hope to visit Miss Carter and at every road house old friends or those Miss Heintz. who knew me. All seemed eager to make While we are having about thirty-deme comfortable, and then I felt that even grees-below-zero weather, yet the winter to the few whom I met in each road is mild, and I am hoping the same favorhouse my mission was recognized and able condition may continue. I am busy honored and had its good effect.
all day long, and have to do a little trainI got a hearty welcome from our ing at times, so as to get into "condifriends in Fairbanks. It was cheering. tion.” Fairbanks is very quiet and sufI found Miss Emberley, Miss Wight- fering greatly from a "strike.” man, Miss Alexander, all well and happy. A few hours after arriving here, Mr. Betticher and I left for Chenoa, AN INDIAN CHRISTwhere we spent the night with Mr. and Mrs. Chrysler, dear Church people and
MAS OFFERING friends. Next day we were met by two
BY THE REVEREND Indian young men, and with their dog team were taken to the Chenoa Indian
"A. R. HOARE village. This was according to schedule. The Indians had been prepared for my
HE offering of the Indian congrevisit. Though they were off on their an
gation at Tanana for General nual winter hunt for moose, yet they
Missions amounted this year broke camp and returned to their vil
to $62.50. lage, travelling many miles in order to We had comparatively few Indians at meet me.
a holiday time for the mission this Christmas, and, considerthem. The little St. Matthew's chapel, ing the fact that it is yearly becoming built of logs by the Indians themselves, very much harder for the Indians to made church-like inside by the labors of make money by hunting and trapping, Miss Emberley and others, situated amid owing to the scarcity of game, I think the spruce trees on the bank of the the amount contributed does them Tanana, was filled with an eager, happy,
credit. interested congregation of Indians. You On New Year's Eve we held a "Watchought to have seen their faces and heard night” service in the Indian village with them sing! Mr. Betticher presented a celebration of the Holy Communion thirty-five of them for confirmation. after midnight, when 113 Indians reThese had for a long time been looking ceived the Sacrament. A number of forward to this privilege. At Neenana, these had travelled ninety miles for the which I hope to reach February 11th, purpose. This is the largest number of there are sixty more waiting for con- Indian communicants we have ever had firmation. Mr. Betticher has certainly at one service. Their behavior was parlabored most devotedly among these In- ticularly reverent and I was thankful to dians. He has won their love and surely note the spirit displayed by a few who, has proved himself an expert in such while intensely anxious to receive, finally work. He loves it, and has won to him- came to the conclusion that they could self all the Indians along the Tanana not conscientiously do so.
THE CHURCH AND THE MINING CAMPS
A YOUNG MINING ENGINEER'S COMMENTS ON BISHOP SPALDING'S ARTICLE-
TOWN - PLACES WHERE CLUBS AND READING-ROOMS ARE NEEDED
OME one sent me a copy of the vice is frowned down by law and public
February SPIRIT OF Missions opinion and when present is kept quiet. with Bishop Spalding's article, In most mining camps, and especially
“The Church and the Mining the new ones, the exact reverse is true. Camps.” I was very much interested Everything is "wide open" and is adverin it. Bishop Spalding has evidently tised. In such an old established place travelled extensively in the mining coun- as Leadville, Colorado, for instance, I try and writes from experience. I have
a brass band parading the been in nearly every mining town of any streets with banners announcing importance in the West and was in “Grand Mask Ball at
-'s Palace southern Nevada for nearly three years of Pleasure"-a notoriously immoral after the big rush for Goldfield, and I dance hall. In Goldfield and Tonopah, know the bishop is right.
Nevada, the big gambling halls are I doubt if anyone who has lived in the packed with men every evening, and on eastern part of the United States or in pay-day play is high and losses are the larger towns or farming communities heavy in proportion. of the West can readily appreciate the But perhaps not one man in ten enterdifferences in the moral code of a mining ing one of these places “bucks the camp and that of an ordinary village of tiger" or even gets a drink at the bar. the same size, elsewhere. In the latter, On a cold night men go in to get warm or to meet their friends or simply because there is nowhere else to go. Business men go by appointment to talk business. Such expressions as, “Well, if I'm not at my office I'll be at the Palace' or the
Mohawk,'” are commonly heard from prominent brokers. I arrived in Goldfield late one night after an absence of several weeks. The house occupied by myself and three other young fellows was locked. Failing to get in, I started a round of the big saloons, and finally ran them down in a dance hall. It was nothing unusual, but the thing to be expected. Twice I spent the night in a chair in a gambling hall in Tonopah because there was not a cot to be had in town.
I mention these things to show the point of view in mining towns. Drunkenness is considered foolishness rather than a disgrace. Gambling is all right if you win. When you lose, it is "hard luck." Think of the dreariness of sitting alone in a tent of an evening reading a paper a week old. If you want companionship you can find it-in a saloon with good fellows and also the riffraff of the earth. This is where the Church should step in with her clubs and read
ing-rooms, lectures, etc., for the benefit of the lonely young man who wants to do right.
Up here in British Columbia the Church of England is doing such work. In New Denver, a town of five hundred persons with several outlying mines, we have a good little Episcopal church, a Roman Catholic church and a Presbyterian church. There is a young men's club, a boating club and a hockey club, two schools and a reading-room.
When I left Rhyolite, Nevada, last May, then a booming oamp of say 3,000 population and three years old, there was a school but not a sign of a church, club, reading-room or anything of the sort. The Western Federation of Miners had established a very good little hospital. It was years after Tonopah was struck before a church came in, and the same was true of Goldfield. The Roman Catholic Church was the first established in Goldfield, which is the case with most other boom camps.
The Presbyterians followed, and the last time I was there, about Thanksgiving, 1907, an Episcopalian congregation was holding services in a hall.
man sends this message with a
AVE O'NEIL, one of the best known
D Nevada, who consecrated March
mining men in the country, who 25th. Although he admitted “Just at
has delved in the buried ruins of Aztecs, present I cannot find Rawhide on any
trekked across the kopjes of Transvaal, map in my possession, but I shall prob
blasted his way to the hidden treasures ably be wiser later on," he wrote to Mr.
of the Yukon, operated some of MonO'Neil:
tana's big mines, helped to discover Ram
sey, and finally led the rush into the 1. The Layman's Letter
Walker Indian reservation in Nevada, is
now located at Rawhide, says the State Enclosed please find a clipping on Raw- Journal. He is general superintendent hide, Nev. Your article on the “Church of the Murray lease, one of the richest and the Mining Camps” was greatly en- properties in that new and booming joyed. It states the real condition truly. camp, and arrived in Reno last night,