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from purely worldly motives or from fear of future punishment. Those who have imbibed the spirit of Shaka, those who are permeated with devotion to the interests and happiness of their fellowmen, are lamentably few."

The presence of the Christian Church so closely adjoining a place of non-Christian worship was a constant source of irritation both to Christians and nonChristians. When all the facts were placed before the Board of Missions it authorized Bishop Partridge to remove the old building and restore the property to the Buddhists without payment from them. This was done. In its new location and its new home the Japanese congregation starts out once more to bear witness to the truth.

N January 24th, St. John's Univer


increasing number of commencement

days that have made An American the institution faDiplomat's Advice mous throughout to Young China

China. Dr. Pott

presided. After the hymn "O God, Our Help in Ages Past” had been sung, Bishop Graves offered the opening prayer. Among the guests

His Excellency, M. T. Liang, Taotai of Shanghai, the City Magistrate, Admiral Sah, the Hon. C. A. Denby and Lieutenant-Colonel Bruce. Four young men received the degree of Bachelor of Arts, three the degree of Doctor of Medicine, while four were graduates in theology. After Taotai Liang had addressed the audience in Chinese, Mr. Denby made the chief English address of the day, in the course of which he said:



The new buildings Buddhism for the Church of in Japan

the Holy

Holy Saviour

have cost about $5,000. They are simple enough. Perhaps in the eyes of some they may contrast unfavorably with the large temples which Buddhist devotion has erected in most Japanese cities. Yet, after all, the vitality of religious faith and its effect upon the lives of its followers are not to be measured simply by the buildings in which that faith finds expression. The Keisei Shimpo, one of the religious papers of Japan, remarks in

recent issue that it is not all easy to find out the exact state of Buddhism. “We know,” it says, "that there are 109,810 temples and 73,310 priests, but as to the number of believers there are no available reliable statistics. Some sects boast of having 1,000,000 adherents and others as many as 2,000,000, but the question which we put to ourselves is: How many people are there in this country who are prepared to confess their belief in Buddhism openly? The answer, which truth compels us to give, is, 'Astonishingly few. It is plain that the temple registers are entirely misleading guides as to the number of adherents any sect may have. Thousands of names found in these registers should be erased, for those whom they represent have drifted off to other sects or have become Christians or sceptics. Among those who actually profess Buddhism a very large number do so

If I had the care of Chinese yo'ith in my hand I should guide it is possible along two lines. In the first place I offer you the most insistent advice-stick to your Christian belief. Whether Christian or foreigner, one can reach no higher than the eternal truths of Christianity. Abide by your faith. You cannot get on without it. Experience will teach you that God is the background of every honest man's thoughts. Many of us, men of the West, have tried to persuade ourselves that we have outgrown the Christian doctrines. We try to reason ourselves out of them, but one by one we are driven back; we find that we must have the creed which we have professed to have rejected, and we end by humbly asking the Divine permission to profess it again. I regret to say that in this respect it is not so much your own coun

The Progress of the Kingdom





trymen as foreigners whose at- possible, for them to do what they would titude should not be allowed to

gladly do under normal conditions. But influence you. . . . It has been the experience

my life

a still greater number of Church people, that the un-Christian mind is we believe, can not only continue but can the unthinking, shallow mind. increase the gifts they are accustomed Men of intellect find the faith in

to make. The experience of St. Agnes's Christ broad enough and deep

Chapel, New York, recounted upon anenough to satisfy all their doubts. This is the first thought

other page, is typical of what can be that I should like to urge upon

done. This is the time for the people you. Keep your faith.

of the Church who have not suffered

seriously from business conditions, or The papers by graduates included one

whose normal income is such as to leave on “First Aid to the Injured of Shang- ample margin, to make up gladly, as no hai," by Dr. Day, and one on “Is Chris- doubt many of them will, for the inabiltianity Enemy or Friend of

ity of a larger number who cannot conChina ?" by Mr. I. W. Woo. After deal

tinue a multitude of smaller gifts. ing with the incidents surrounding the introduction of Christianity into China

The children of the during the past century, incidents which

Why Not an Church are to make sometimes led ignorant people to regard

Easter Offering

their usual Easter it as an enemy, Mr. Woo showed that

offering. for Everyone ?

In all the coming of the Christian Gospel to

probability, in spite China had proved of incalculable bene

of the so-called "hard times," it will surfit to the people.

pass last year's gift of $137,000. Why One of the most interesting features

may not every reader of THE SPIRIT OF of the occasion was the conferring of

Missions send some individual gift as the degree of Master of Science upon

his Easter offering for the work so dear Professor F. C. Cooper, who for a num

to the heart of his Lord? ber of years has been a member of the faculty of St. John's, and who through

ISHOP AVES sorely needs reinout that time has rendered services of

forcements in Mexico. The disthe highest character.

trict, with an area of 763,000 square

miles and

popVERYONE will regret the decrease Mexico Needs ulation of about

in offerings for the Church's work Recruits 15,000,000, is one of at home and abroad reported by the

the largest fields of treasurer on March the American Church. Spiritually, it is The Treasury 1st. An income one of the most needy. But it is not

and the less by $37,000 than on behalf of the Mexican people that the Church's Mission at the corresponding bishop asks for help at this time. There

date of the previous are thousands of unshepherded Ameriyear, coupled with increased obligations cans living in the great mining centres. amounting to $70,000, means that the They are not only away from home, but Church is faced by a serious situation. they are separated from many of the Is such a decrease necessary and inevi- moral helps and standards that enable table? I'ndoubtedly a good many Church the stay-at-home people to present a people are feeling the effect of the so- brave front to, and make a successful called business depression. When people fight with, temptation.

fight with, temptation. Guadalajara, are out of employment or facing the pos- Guanajato, Oaxaca, Aguas Calientes sibility of a reduction in an income none and other places need spiritual leaders too large at best, it is difficult, if not im- immediately.

Bisforcements in Mexico









HE group of Japanese, shown on past five years, were first attracted to

the opposite page, are an inter- the English schools, in which classes
esting set of people. The pho- are always instructed in the Bible, and

tograph was taken soon after at the close of which there is always a the day when eleven of the young men short service of a hymn and prayers, with received Holy Baptism and four of the sometimes a brief address. By these women had been confirmed. It will illus- means our efforts to bring the Gospel to trate the material that we have in the the hearts of young men have been singuHawaiian Islands and the importance of larly blessed. Through its schools, if we the Japanese work here.

had the means, St. Mary's, Moiliili, From the day of my arrival I deter- would bid fair to be a second St. Elizamined to start work among the Japanese. beth's. How we wish for a second Mr. Both the Bishops of Tokyo and Kyoto Procter who would adopt the mission promised me their aid and said that they and make it his own! would part with any workers who might From the night-school opened by Mr. volunteer, as they considered Hawaii a Fukao, and the day-school taught by strategic point. Several times arrange- Deaconess Wile, the Japanese work has ments were made for men to come, but developed. There are two centres, one on each occasion

unfortunate at the cathedral, one at St. Mary's, occurrence arose to prevent. One man Moiliili. Both are most encouraging. made three attempts to come, but failed. There is also a day-school for Japanese At last a man in the islands engaged in young men in connection with Iolani Christian work, who had been trained by College. the Church of England Mission, offered Now let us turn to the picture. The himself. After careful inquiry, I en- man standing back of my right shoulder gaged him and he began work with a is the hard-working catechist, Mr. P. T. night-school. The young men have en- Fukao, who will soon be ordained deacon. quiring minds. They are anxious to He teaches in the day-school and nightlearn English because it is the great school, and has preaching services at two commercial language, and they places, besides Bible-classes. Sitting at anxious to learn anything which has to my left is Mrs. Fukao with her infant do with the enlightenment and progress boy, the youngest member of Trinity of the American people, whose civiliza- Mission, Honolulu. Mrs. Fukao is gifted tion pervades these islands.

as a writer of poetry. The name of the Many of the young men, though mission was selected by Mr. Fukao after occupying humble positions as yard boys, the church in which he was baptized. cooks and servants, are well educated in The young man who stands third from their own language. Among these and the left side of the picture on the upper among the children we find our most row is the son of a Buddhist priest, hopeful work, and for these we have whose father wrote to him from Hiroschools of various kinds. St. Elizabeth's shima stating that he was not displeased has been built up from its schools- if the son had found that which would the night-school for men, and the build up his spiritual life. day-school for women and girls. The The man seated at the left of the lower members of the large class now await- was a lieutenant in the Japanese ing baptism there, like those in the army and spent five years at a military




school. He fought bravely before Port sided with his parents and would not alArthur. If you get behind his modest low her to attend church. By her dutiful reserve he can tell you thrilling stories. behavior and her "chaste conversation” He is a stalwart Christian, as well as she has won her husband for Christ. an eloquent speaker. The night after his This man is standing by Mr. Fukao's baptism I attended a meeting of Jap- right hand, and he is to be baptized in a anese called to welcome the new members few weeks. He is one of twelve bright of the Church. He was asked to speak. young men who are being now prepared This is what he said: “Brother men, I for baptism by Mr. Fukao. have something to say to you. When I The young man standing just behind was called to serve my emperor and my the bishop is the son of a merchant not country, a great thrill of joy came over a Christian, who lives in Japan. When

But I want to tell you that it was he heard of his son's baptism he wrote far excelled by the thrill of joy which expressing thankfulness that his son had came over my soul when our bishop bap taken this step. tized me and I was enlisted in the great I wish I could show you a picture of army of God and became a soldier of buildings for our Japanese work. I canJesus Christ. When I left for Port not do this, for we have none. We are Arthur the colonel of my regiment, point- carrying on this interesting, encouraging ing to a cup of cold water, said: 'Be as and important work in buildings which cold as that to everything which would are mere shanties. The interior is worse call you away from the great work be- than unattractive. The floor is rotten, fore you.' I now say to you, brother and the walls are dirty, and when it men, be cold as this glass of ice-water to rains, if the students stay in one of the every temptation of the world, the flesh rooms they have to put up umbrellas. and the devil, and be warm and open to Through Miss Wile's efforts a fund has every influence of God, the Father, the been established toward buying a lot. Son and the Holy Spirit, and to any in- Here is a grand opportunity for some fluence of holy angels and holy persons. person to erect a memorial or to make a

“We are here surrounded by heathen. thank-offering. We must have buildings, They are watching us to see whether the and we must have them soon. Christian's life is only a name or a liv- There are 80,000 Japanese in the isling force. Strike then, strike, brothers, ands, among them are thousands of chilagainst sin with your iron right arm. If dren. These speak English, and we can that fails, strike with your iron left arm. readily reach them. I know that the If that is beaten, strike with your head Church will see that I do this work and and iron heart and fight to the end." am not hindered by lack of buildings.

(The term iron hand, etc., conveys the idea of strength, and then there is the figure of the iron that is capable of intense coldness and great heat. Ile wished to convey to them the idea of being cold to evil and intensely burning with zeal for good.)

The man whose head is at the centre of the right hand window-sill is a writer of excellent stories, a very bright man.

The woman at the extreme right has been a Christian for some time, but greatly to her sorrow her husband was not. Her father and mother-in-law made life very hard for her, and her husband


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