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At the drill-ground through which I looking at things, and their contrariness passed yesterday, men were shooting in in doing things—from our point of view. erery possible direction, without system As you see them you can't help feeling

The chance passers-by must do as if you were looking through the the watching out, and cannot be expected wrong end of a telescope, or at the negato stop this noble game. The shooting tive of a photograph. Some day you is uniformly bad, the arrows usually fall- must come and take a look for youring short. Like everything else Chi- selves! nese, the form and appearance of the thing count for far more than the ac

Mohammedanism in China curacy or reality. Each man does a

The other day I had a long talk with heap of posing, until you expect some Mohammedan. You seldom clever marksmanship, then he falls away, across one who is willing to answer your far off from the mark, poses some more, questions so plainly as this fellow did. according to established rules, and gives He is an intelligent coolie, or small place smilingly to the next fellow, and workman. He says he is a Mohammeis judged according to the correctness dan because he was born 60. It would of his various attitudes. If he passes, be most unfilial to change his faith for he is on the road to advancement in the that of the ordinary Chinese. He says army perhaps, or in officialdom.

there are 700 families of his religion in Our viceroy knows that this method this vicinity. I asked what day they is all wrong, but cannot overturn it at kept for worship. He said Friday; but a stroke, so lets it go on,

each

nobody keeps it except the priests. He ing it less important. At one contest says that once a year the people go to 3,000 men were up. That day it poured the temple, but not oftener. They leave and the viceroy, wishing to avoid a post- religion to the priests. I said, “But you ponement, said that everybody on the have your worship or prayers at home, list for that day could be passed success- don't you ?” He answered, "No." They fully! Everybody was happy, and 3,000 have a calendar of holy days hanging up men strutted about, and still strut, and as a 'rule, but don't keep to it. I was will boast of their success until their surprised at the indifference. He himdying day, and will refuse, no doubt, self said that the Moslems in this part many an honest day's work, in the hope are different from others as regards zeal of that promotion to honor and wealth and devotion. They abstain from pigs' which will probably never come.

You flesh and perhaps have a public meeting see these fellows standing, with arms for worship once a year, and there it and hands propped up in certain posi- ends, so he said. They do no missiontions by sticks and poles, so as to cul- ary work, and only have the families tivate form in archery. Some whom I who were converted in former centuries, saw did not have even bows and arrows apparently. We talked about Adam, Abin their hands, but just stood up like raham and Christ. He knew the names, overburdened fruit trees with props though the Mohammedan nomenclature holding up the branches. What is different from the Christian, theirs strange people! This form of sport, as being more Turkish or Indian-ized. They they have it, is typical of all things Chi- follow sounds which represent the lannese. They are a wonderful combina- guage of those countries, while our Chition of simplicity and knavery, of clever- nese characters for Bible names ness and stupidity, of childishness and modelled after the proper Hebrew and decrepitude. Queer! but mighty inter- Greek names mostly. Some few have esting, always showing up some unex- passed through western tongues. pected side, and surprising you at every There are, of course, many Mohammeturn, by their up-side-down-ways of dans in China. Some are very fierce and

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zealous for their religion. In the western Daniel, “O King, live forever.” (The provinces you hear constantly of troubles Chinese translation of this, by the way, with them, and every few years there is is “10,000 years.") a "Mohammedan rebellion” to be put Christians alone are exempt from the down. Recently some high Moslem offi- worship demanded by the “Son of cials from Turkey appeared in Shanghai, Ileaven," as the Emperor styles himself. ostensibly on a friendly visit. Rumors were afloat that they had come to unite

The Early Betrothal System these Chinese members of their religion more closely with the Turkish Moslems, Living in the midst of heathenism, and perhaps

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This is the Dyer Ball, in

THE INTERIOR OF A MOHAMMEDAN MOSQUE IN ANKING case just now Things Chi

in regard to nese, says there are between twenty and the early betrothal system, which I twenty-five millions of Mohammedans think is about the worst of all the in China, of whom more than a third are Chinese heathen practices. A man in Kansuh Province (at the extreme near here, not well off, has just given northwest of the country). Like Buddh- his daughter to a friend in the country ists, Taoists and Confucianists, they for the friend's son. The daughter is have in their mosques tablets to the Em- some months old. The son is not born peror, which they worship, along with yet, nor is there any prospect of the their chief deity. "May the Emperor friend having a son, and yet both parreign ten thousand years,” is the simple ties think that they gain by the bargain. inscription in letters of gold. “Ten One gets rid of a useless daughter who thousand years," that means, “forever"; would only be an expense to him, and like the salutations in the Book of never bring in any money. The other

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gets the advantage of a mysterious in- recently born to friends of his, into his Hluence, which comes by having the girl family, agreeing to support her entirely, in the house, which will insure his hav- for the help she would be to him in moving a son. This is a common supersti- ing the proper god to give him a son. tion, and men are willing to take the ex- The whole thing is a business proceedpense of girls' clothing and food for the ing, based on the idea that the family supposed benefit derived from their pres- name must be perpetuated, and that in ence in the family.

old age the parents must be sure of sons One of us heard of this case and to provide for them. After death they asked the man who gave his daughter must have descendants to carry on the why he did it. The man was ashamed ancestral worship. Any idea of a happy of the affair before the foreigner, and family life, or of love, or affection, is as said that he could not have afforded to far removed from their thoughts as can keep the girl. “But you would have be. Here is one of the roots of evil in managed if she had been a son, couldn't China. Children are bound together

“Yes,” he believed he “could by indissoluble bonds, and, whether they hare pulled through." "And would you like it or not, there is no help under the hare kept a boy?” “Yes, but that was sun for it. Your partner may be an very different."

A few days later we idiot, or a cripple-never mind, you are heard that this same man

was in the

tied to him for life, without having had midet of negotiations to get a baby girl, a chance to say a word in the matter!

you?"

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This is a common way of hauling passengers in many cities. It is almost universal in the country districts. Sometimes six or eight Chinese women may be seen occupying

one of these barrows. A not infrequent sight is to find a farmer on one

side and a live pig strapped on the other, both being pushed to market.

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BY THE REVEREND W. W. STEEL

T

as

HE Archdeacon of Havana was waters, and from time to time a rosy

on his way from Camaguey to cloud of bright flamingos would hover La Gloria. It was the eve of about some little island, and settle in its

a Church feast. As far lee under the ever-watchful guardianMinas he was accompanied by a multi- ship of alert sentinels. tude of men and women in holiday The sail was varied by the passage of attire, carrying bouquets of natural or

the zanja, or ditch. This is a long, paper flowers; a native Negro orchestra, straight, narrow canal, recently made, with clarinets, flageolets, cornets and a extending about three miles. Formerly kettledrum; a Roman priest in his cas- it was a winding passage bordered by a sock, and a large image of the Virgin, dense jungle, and exceedingly difficult eight feet high and wrapped in a bed of transit. Now it is easy enough, with sheet.

the right wind; otherwise, the passage As the train bumped along over the must be made by poling. rough road approaching Minas, half a Two miles beyond the zanja lay the hundred horsemen suddenly emerged on little stern wheel steamboat La Gloria, both sides from the jungle, and galloped capable of making, without a head wind, alongside with loud shouts and cries.

about five or six miles an hour. It was At first it looked as if it might be a

clean and comfortable, and was fur"hold up,” but a glance revealed the

nished with an abundance of reading Sunday attire, and the absence of all

matter, consisting of magazines anyweapons, even the usual machete or

where from one month to five years old. short, broad sword, universally carried

After a trip of about forty miles in in the country; and this reassurance

the steamboat, the landing was made was quite established when the moreno

at a dock where a “carry-all” with orchestra began playing a merry march.

springs and three seats awaited the pasAt the station a multitude of gaily

sengers, in which the trip of five miles dressed people welcomed the priest and

more had to be made. The road was the image. A sort of open palanquin or baldachino, decorated with wreaths of

straight as an arrow and as rough as

roots, rocks and ruts could make it. The paper flowers, received the image, a procession was formed, and the people with

journey was splendid exercise, shaking

down one's luncheon, and exciting a orchestra and priest marched to a new chapel partly constructed. Three little

ravenous appetite. bells and a wooden cross crowned its

The next day two services were held frontal, and three little boys in white

in the very attractive little chapel built hammered the bells with might and

from plans made by Archdeacon main. The occasion seemed to be the

Sturges. The congregations quite filled laying of the corner wood of the build

the seats, and at night there were many ing. At night there was a great dance.

"co-standers.” The people were devout At Nuevitas the journey was varied

and reverential, and most appreciative. by a change from the train to “shank's

With the limited staff in Cuba a clergymares,” and a pedestrian trip of a mile can get to La Gloria only four and a half under the noonday sun was

times a year. It is a great pity that La made, the baggage following in a cart.

Gloria cannot have the visits of a priest At the tannery landing a small sail- more frequently. It is an Englishboat received the passengers, and a de- speaking colony, which has had a hard, lightful trip of fifteen miles was made uphill struggle, but now, with the progamong the keys, with a sailor's breeze. pects of a good road to the water, and a Now and then a few black ducks would deep water channel to Nuevitas, it feels rise reluctantly from the clear, shallow that the dawn of a better day is at hand.

man

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BY THE RIGHT REVEREND FRANKLIN S. SPALDING, D.D.,

BISHOP OF UTAH

This article was written before the eastern portion of Nevada and the western portion of Colorado were detached from the District of Salt Lake. – EDITOR.

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INCE it is the duty of the Church heads of great enterprises, leaders in

to win men to Christ and His business and politics.
righteousness, she must go where Life in a mining camp is one long

the men are, and especially must temptation. It is very easy to be bad, she seek men who are in the midst of somewhat lonely and conspicuous to be temptation. When she finds men who good. Is it not clear that the mining need her, and are likely to accept her, she camp has the men, and that the men need should deliver her message without waste moral help? If it can also be shown that of time and at any cost.

these promising men, yes, and these Men living in the mining country an- tempted men, are likely to heed the swer to this description. In the camps Church's message, then it will be sheer of the western states there are now great folly if the Church hesitates to push fornumbers of the brainiest, the most am- ward her work in the mining country. I bitious, the manliest men in the world. believe I can prove that men are open to In Tonopah or Goldfield, Nevada, for ex- religious influence in a mining camp as ample, there are probably more college they are nowhere else. graduates than in any place of equal size in the United States. These men Some Characteristics of the are not in the mining regions for life.

Mining Camp As soon as they have made their stake, or reported on a property for their em- 1. In almost every mining camp ployers, or surveyed a claim or a town- there are some examples of the finest type site, or installed the machinery for a of Christian character. The very freemine, they will return to the East or to dom from all suspicion of expediency, or the Coast. In a few years they will be being good because it pays, in the lives

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