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HILE “not unmindful of

the loyal and cheerful way in which many burdens

are carried by practically every one of the congregations,” Bishop Williams, of Nebraska, at the last diocesan convention, expressed his great disappointment that more was not being done in some of the larger parishes toward the giving of the apportionment. “All honor," said the bishop, "to St. Barnabas's. Omaha: Christ

Christ Church, · Beatrice; St. Mary's, Blair; St. Martin's, South Omaha; Emmanuel, Fairbury, and the Ascension, Auburn, for meeting with unfailing regularity the full amount of their missionary obligations to the Church at large. Who shall say that these congregations are better able to give than the rest? It is not that the people are not able to give; the fault lies back of this. It is because of the failure of the clergy in most instances to tell their people of the needs of the Church and of the duty and blessedness of helping to extend the Kingdom."

Turning to the practical question of methods to be followed in leading a congregation to larger missionary giving, the bishop said: “I would


the clergy to make use of the following suggestions in regard to raising the full amount expected of each parish and mission:

“1. Preach a manly Gospel so earnestly that your parishioners will want others to have what they are getting.

“2. Make clear from every point of view, secular and religious, the fact of universal brotherhood.

"3. Give the people, young and old, definite instructions about missions, about schools and hospitals, as well as about churches.

“4. Make the people understand that the missionaries are their representa

tives, and that the missions are their property and their enterprise. Make it clear that the missionaries are doing the work the people have asked them to do, and that they and the missions should get the support the people have promised them.

“5. Recommend definite means for securing the full apportionment.

“(a) Set apart one Sunday morning, or more, of each year for missions. Give notice of the service and the offering at least one week beforehand by means either of the circular letter published by the Board of Missions for the purpose, or, better, by a letter written in your own words. Enclose in each circular letter an envelope, returnable on the Sunday named or as soon after as possible. Reach those who do not come to church as well as those who do.

(6) Include the amount of the parochial apportionment in the current expense budget. At the end of each month forward to the Treasurer of the Board of Missions one-twelfth of that

Pay this debt with as much conscience you would pay bills for parochial support.

"(c) Extend the apportionment plan to parishioners. Apportion a proper amount to each individual within the parish according to his pledge for general parochial support."



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SUPPOSE the charge of a native before Christmas, that all who wished

mission, with its village of 125 might come. And, from my desire to souls, and of the white people's show the respect of the Church to a

chapel at the town three miles faithful native servant, I yielded to Mr. away, would generally be considered a Hoare's wish that I should stay, and sufficient handful for one man, and if thus, for two weeks altogether, I was his not, the spiritual care of a two-company guest and the interested observer of his army post without a chaplain might be manifold activities. reckoned as making up a full tale. But It was due to a most perverse chapter duties that have been piled upon Mr. of accidents and coincidences that the Hoare since the departure of the Pre- school teacher intended for this post vosts made it necessary for the bishop to slipped by and caught the last boat up take him from his own charge at Eagle the Koyukuk and got to Bettles, 800 and put him at Tanana.

miles away, too late to return (and a It fell out that despite all my plans year ahead of time) before any one knew to spend Christmas at Fort Yukon or that she was even started for Alaska at the least at Fort Hamlin, I lay at all for lack of a fifty-cent telegram. I Tanana during the festival season. A should like to tell about it because it few days after my reaching that place, illustrates vividly the difficulties under “Stephen Minister" died suddenly. He which we labor, and because it has an was the oldest native catechist in length amusing side that became irresistible of service on the river, and was much when the Department of Education rethought of and respected. The news of ceived her first letters in January and the death spread rapidly, and there was telegraphed instructions that a party much disturbance amongst the natives with reindeer and sleds be despatched to and great preparation to attend the fun- effect her wholly unnecessary rescue. But eral from up and down the Yukon and the only point in it for my present narfrom the Tanana, so that it was neces- rative is that Tanana was left without a sary to postpone the burial until the day teacher. What should Mr, Hoare do

life as

under the circumstances ? Accept the terior will take as kindly to a pastoral situation and deplore the unfortunate

many of the Eskimos have necessity of abandoning the school for a done, but to the eye that casts along the year? There are plenty of men who future for any considerable number of would consider that they had no alterna- years, this reindeer experiment seems tive. And the sympathetic visitor, epis- big with hope, as standing between the copal or archidiaconal, would probably native and the pauperization and ultiremark, Yes, it's too bad.” But Mr. mate extinction that in so large a degree Hoare is not that kind. He simply took have been the fate of his brothers “outthe school also upon his shoulders, and side.” all the winter through taught five hours So Mr. Hoare is superintendent of a day.

the Reindeer Herd, and sanguine and Last year the Department of the In- even enthusiastic about it in his quiet

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terior transferred a reindeer herd to our way, and has much keeping of accounts mission at Tanana, intending it to be the and issuing of rations, and occasional first of a series of herds at the missions visiting of the herd, twenty-five miles along the Yukon. Despite all attacks away, where the moss is plentiful and upon the management of the reindeer dogs are not. As a draught animal I in Alaska, no one who has studied the have personal reasons for thinking the subject and visited the stations can reindeer a wild and clumsy fraud, but, doubt that the enterprise is big with good barring moose and mountain sheep, his for the Alaskan natives—and the white flesh is the best meat to be had in Alaska, man as well. There are great difficul- and so far ahead of "cold storage” beef ties to be overcome, and there is room and mutton that no wonder there is a for doubt whether the natives of the in- preserved meat lobby in Washington

The Many-Sided Missionary


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against the reindeer industry. In Fair- value of all the merchandise they bring banks last winter good cuts of cold stor- into the country is represented by liquor. age meat cost seventy-five to eighty cents It comes by the steamboat load. And a pound. On the Seward peninsula I while it is not charged that the agents found the price to be thirty to forty of the companies sell liquor to Indians, cents a pound. And the difference was it is abundantly clear that most of them due chiefly to the fact that from the four are not at all concerned as to the ulor five reindeer herds on the Seward pen- timate destination of their sales. Cominsula meat could be had at thirty-five pany agents vary, like the rest of mancents a pound, while in Fairbanks there kind, and some of them are honestly opwas no such competition. No wonder posed to letting liquor get amongst the the reindeer industry has enemies. natives, but, after all, it is their business

The gravest and most anxious of Mr. to get rid of their stock. Every one of Hoare's duties I have not yet mentioned. these river towns has its half dozen Two churches--and the task of learning saloons or so, in addition to the com

new native language thrown in- panies' stores, and each saloon has its school, reindeer herd, sawmill-all these gang of hangers-on, its gamblers and I am sure he would say weigh lightly gamblers’ “boosters"; and there are the upon him compared to the legal and men who own the buildings and the men police functions he is compelled to as- who have gone on the license bonds, and sume. And here we touch the skeleton so forth. And the whole liquor interest in the closet of every native mission on usually stands solidly together when any the river. For the chief worry and attempt is made to enforce the law trouble, the chief drawback and hin

against the sale of liquor to natives. drance, the cause of sleepless nights and Now, we have no police in Alaska, depression of spirits to the Alaska mis- only deputy U. S. marshals; and they sionary, is the illicit whiskey trade which tell us that they are not police and cerwhite men of the baser sort ply with the tainly not detectives, but merely processnatives. Eternal vigilance is the price

“Swear out your complaint," of even partial immunity from this evil, they say, “and we will make the arrest." and it is impossible to shut one's eyes to So it follows that the missionary is the the fact that it is a growing one; that only man in Alaska who stands between little by little it is sapping the savage the natives and their systematic degradavirtues of the native and undermining tion by liquor; the only man who is his character. The sentiment of the really and heartily opposing the prohibtown of all these river townsmis large- ited trade which flourishes all along the ly adverse to the execution of the law, river in spite of the prohibition, save and it is difficult to secure a jury that here and there a conscientious but unwill convict, if there be any plausible paid "commissioner," who is in the loophole of escape and sometimes even hands of his juries. Perhaps it is neceswhen there is none. A large part of the

sary to say one other word. The white population of all these towns along the man who sneaks amongst the natives Yukon is directly or indirectly interested with liquor makes an enormous profit on in the sale of liquor. The bona fide his sales, but he usually has one of two miner, it must be remembered, does not other purposes when he does not have reside in the towns. To begin with, both; either the gaming and cheating of the two great commercial companies of the befuddled Indian out of his furs, or Alaska are wholesale dealers in liquor. the debauching of his women. Mr. It is not generally understood how a Hoare had succeeded in sending one great proportion of their trade is trade liquor peddler to gaol for six months, in liquor. I am credibly informed that and had failed in the attempt to convict no less than two-thirds of the money another, when I reached Tanana. Let







give two incidents to illustrate But as we were about to sit down to the other troubles that the liquor traffic first and last meal of the day came a brings to the missionary:

young woman hastily to say she had I had just finished cooking the Christ- stumbled across an Indian lying drunk on mas dinner. Mr. Hoare has two native the trail. It was not very cold, only about boys who are supposed to assist him in ten below zero, and as we had just housekeeping, in the absence of his wife passed through two weeks of forty and "outside," and their efforts are chiefly fifty below, we considered it warm, but confined to smashing the crockery and it was too cold to allow a drunken man spilling things on the floor. He is to lie out. So Mr. Hoare hitched the gradually learning the law, well known dogs to the sled and took one of his boys to those who have lovingly struggled with him and went to fetch the inebriwith youth, that it always takes two boys ate, while the reindeer steak frizzled twice as long to do anything as one boy and dried up and the rest of the dinner -except smashing crockery and spilling slowly spoiled itself. It was an hour things on the floor. After service and later when he returned, tired and indigcelebration of the Holy Communion at nant, having taken the Indian to his the white chapel downtown—a three- cabin and put him to bed. mile walk there and a three-mile walk The rest of that Christmas season was back—we had the Christmas service for an anxious time, for Mr. Hoare knew the natives. Then followed a baptism that there was liquor in the village and and a marriage for some who had come was constantly apprehensive of trouble. from afar and were not to be put off. The next night, with the willing and Two celebrations, two sermons, a bap- generous assistance of Mr. and Mrs. tism, a marriage and the cooking of the Rodman, we had the Christmas tree for Christmas dinner made, between us, the natives, and a very jolly Christmas quite a full day.

tree it was, with an Indian Santa Claus,

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