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For a clergyman with three towns in somehow or other has come to profess his parish, Sunday is a busy day. The faith which is really beyond his compro morning is spent at Kent with Sunday- hension. It is such a common wor school at 9:45 and a service at eleven. back there, in our big cities, in At 3:15 the missionary is due at Oril- churches, and even in our seminariet lia, four miles north, a little place of a “What is the use of converting ba: few houses where services were held in a

D barians and savages to a religion the ir store or a hall for several years, now in

cannot possibly appreciate ?" the Lutheran church, kindly loaned by

Now, the Indian Christian, of Sout the congregation. A mission house, to

Dakota at least, is not savage.

He i be built through the efforts of the wom

not degraded, nor half degraded. He is an's guild, is one of Orillia's ambitions. Another journey of ten miles brings the

if I have so far seen truly, immensel missionary to Auburn for service at

the superior of the lower classes, an 7:30. Here is a town of 1,800 people,

many of the middle classes, of our east where we have a church free from debt.

cities, in physique, in intellect, i Three years ago things were in a hope

morality, in capacity for spiritual truth less condition and the closing of the And if we are to judge a race at its best church was suggested. But better coun

and judge the Indian by the Indian sels prevailed, and now St. Matthew's clergy, as we judge the white man by has its Sunday-school with forty chil- Phillips Brooks, then the Indian is al dren, its vested choir and a communi- ready a force in the Christian world. cant list of twenty-five, fifteen of whom A few weeks ago I was at the trienhave been confirmed within the last two nial convocation of the Indian congreyears. The baptisms have numbered

gations at Yankton. I heard an Indian twenty. Renton, which Mr. Amey re- read the Epistle at the Communion sercently surrendered, is a mining town of vice. I watched them during business about 1,800 people, where there is a small

sessions. I heard them sing the Church church free from debt. Within two

hymns and the Venite in Dakota-six years he baptized twenty-six and pre

redskins whose music would shame that sented seventeen for confirmation in this

of many an eastern church. I heard station.

William Holmes, a Dakota priest, play Self-support for Kent is the goal now

the organ; and I heard him preach, in being worked for. That will mean relin

his own tongue, a sermon, which, when quishing the other missions to another

interpreted, possessed a simplicity, a4 man who can give them constant attention and lead them to the point of self

charm, a grace and a sweetness of sin- igbe support. Thus the Church is trying suc

cerity and strength of which the Church

needs more. cessfully, if slowly, to extend itself in the White River Valley, Washington.

May it seem over-enthusiastic to ask if it is generally known that there are

ninety-three congregations of Indian DO YOU KNOW?

Churchmen in South Dakota? That
BY L. K. S.

they number more than 3,000 communi

cants and 10,000 baptized persons ?
O newcomer to South Dakota, as That they brought to their own convoca-

I am, can fail to feel that the tion the last week in August more than
Church and the public at large $3,000, and that their yearly offerings

ought to know more of the In- aggregate more than $9,500? And they dian character and its possibilities. To give not merely to those causes in which the easterner, an Indian convert to they have a special and personal, im- * Christianity seems, I suppose, merely a mediate interest, but to every cause for savage, living in half degradation, who which the Church asks help. These are

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Does Japan Really Need the Message?


the "fierce Sioux” of the great plains, massacred the wily Custer. Perhaps whose fathers and grandfathers, but one there is food for thought here as to the generation ago, fought through the worth of Christianity and the quality of great Sioux War, and entrapped and

our own.





( AM often asked by travellers, and

in letters from home, whether the youth of Japan really need Chris

tianity, whether they are not really better off with the bright and hopeful' teachings of Buddha and Shinto than they would be with the religion of the Crucified ? Perhaps no better answer can be given to such an inquiry than the incident reported in the following paragraphs from the Japan Mail, one of our daily newspapers:

"Yamada Naokuma, grandchild of the adopted son of Baron Yamada Nobumichi, a distinguished provincial governor, has just ended his life by throwing himself into the crater of the Aso Volcano. Naokuma had studied philosophy under Dr. Inouye Kenryo and had graduated with distinction. But during the course of the year before last his mind seemed to become affected and he was sent to his family home in Kumamoto to rest and recuperate. At the beginning of April he disappeared and nothing was heard of him until his pocket-book, found near the edge of the crater, revealed that he had deliberately made away with himself. It contained a farewell letter from which the following extracts are taken:

'How mistaken are they who say that suicide betrays weakness of will! Whatever be their condition they would preserve life. But the strongest will is his who can go down to a death that makes men shudder even to hear. The cowards to be vehemently denounced are the multitude who dare not die, be their circumstances what they may.'

“Alas, it is said! The world is full of iniquity. Men are the slaves of lust. Their span of life is but fifty years, and with the dust of this fleeting world daily

accumulating on them, they hasten to an inscrutable grave. Is society a state of pain, misfortune and sorrow, or is it a happy heaven? How miserable is this world of human beings! Grief and care invade their bosoms; pain and affliction encompass their existence. Where is hope to be found; where may peace be sought? What is glory, what is rank? All around is emptiness and solitude. Wealth avails nothing, and nothing is comprehensible or credible. Society is but a battlefield of sorrow and suffering, and throughout life men are as hungry demons fed on torturing scepticism.

Alas for the infinity of it all! The tall mountain-peaks pierce the sky, the broad ocean spreads out its unending azure, but human life is as the dew of morning, as the flash of the lightning. It waxes but to wane; increases but to decline. All are plunged in darkness and know not what to look for. Mercy and benevolence are as the fleeting sentiments of a dream. Why should man torment himself with limitlessly painful thoughts; why should he wander in the paths of contaminating sin? Is it not the most blessed ending of human life to be received into the bosom of pure nature and forever to quit the dust of existence ? Thinking these things I pass into the smoke of Aso's crater.'

“Aso-san, where this suicide took place, is a volcano that has been active throughout the era of history, though there are evidences that the dimensions of the crater have undergone large diminution. Its latest eruption was in 1894. These cruel incidents bear eloquent testimony to Japan's need of some satisfying religious creed."

Have you ever heard a more plaintive Macedonian cry?



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the east is a series of deep mountain two great mountains which are famous gorges left there long ages since by the in Hawaiian annals. Haleakala, just successive lava floes. These are richly across the channel twenty-six miles to wooded and covered thickly in many the northwest, rises like a great dome places with masses of fern and other to an altitude of 10,000 feet; but it is tropical undergrowth. The side walls of partly or wholly hidden most of the these gorges are often very precipitous, time in drifting cloud-banks. About going up in places more than a thousand the same distance the other way to the feet in almost perpendicular lines. southeast is Mauna Kea, whose summit Here one finds much wild and rugged reaches an altitude very near to 14,000 scenery, strange freaks in early lava feet. This is the highest point in the formations, and great masses of loose Pacific Ocean, and snow-covered a good

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deal of the time, even under a tropic road is divided into five different planta

tions, and at various points in it we The ship that brings one out to the count the smokestacks of six different islands from San Francisco leaves sugar-mills. There is a little village Kohala about 150 miles off to the south clustered about each of these mills in making the port of Honolulu. There where people who work the plantations we take an inter-island steamer back to live, from the manager and his corps the southeast along by the islands of of trained assistants clear down to Molokai and Maui, to a little cove on the "man with the hoe.” These plantathe west shore of the district, where the tions, taken as whole, are steamboat comes to land. Here all sorts monly spoken of as "the district," of conveyances are in waiting, and an and as yet, as we have seen, they hour's drive over a road which winds are only a small part of its whole



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this way and that through a rugged field of lava rocks brings us to the edge of the cane fields. From here on, all the land has the same general slope down to the sea on the north, and on this slope, a distance of twelve miles along the ocean-front, are the lands where the cane is grown. They form a narrow strip about two miles in width. Farther up than this two-mile limit it gets too cool for the cane to mature. This belt of cane-land along either side of the

land area. There is yet that long stretch of barren land going away over rugged hills to the south. It is held by a few large stock ranches and is very sparsely settled. To reclaim these vast fields of waste land, where almost everything in the way of farm products can be grown, while there is no market for anything but beef and mutton, is a problem to tax American pluck and skill for a long while yet.

Here, as elsewhere in the islands, out

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side of Honolulu, the plantation is the There are some noble traditions about social and business centre. We are for- Kohala which lend special interest and tunate in Kohala to have these fine charm to the place itself. It is the plantations adjoining and so, a larger birthplace and early home of the first percentage of the intelligent class who Hawaiian king. This doughty chief, must have the charge of the different Kamehameha I., was out fighting the departments of plantation work than are wars which united the islands under one usually found elsewhere in the islands. rule at the time when Washington be



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