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Nov. 5.


the Eighth's day, or for pitiful *****AVING called for imitations of our aptient architec

your Magazine late- ture, and at the same time have H

ly at Mrs. Good- .allowed the modern encroachments win's coffee-house on it, the battlements, &c. in the

in Oxford, I read first court, to be part of its origi**** with eagerness your nal walls? I say nothing of his friend's (An Architect's) observa- hafty and obscure ichnography of tions on. Oxford's glorious firuc- this well-known college, and his gures! I confess I did expect from total filence respecting the greatest his warm enthusialin a tribute of innovation here; the second court, praise to our Alma Mater, for have with Grecian and Gothic mixtures, ing preserved tome relith for our loaris of elcntcheons on the archiantjent Ityles long after they were traves of the windows, doorways, abandoned in other places. Spe- &c. &c. as well as the Iyottised cimens of the Tudor mode, not to chapel. Having “ condescended be despised, might bave been no to compare this his furver with ticed, as erected long after the Gre- thote walls over which I have not fian fashions became prevalent. the honour to prehile," but which But it appears that the Architect I thall always venerate and admire, took but a flight view of our glo. I confefs I have not found thein ries, and gave himself but litile (it) either jusi or true; nor can I trouble to acquire' local informa- allow that any veil has, obscured tion. What shall we say of his ac- the sight of every other verior, count of Nrw College? “ The 'saving the zealous Architect in first court thews, by its lattle- question. OXONIE"315. ments, the original walls,” &c. It

P. S. The posey on the ring, of is reinarkable, and obvious to the which you gave an engraving p. 8o!, mort, cursury observer, that the having puzzled some of your reaupper walls and battlements of this ders, I beg leave to explain the court are not original, but are to bę words to be “ Amer * et (crvier,” afcribed to the later taste of archi- old French for rimer et servir, tectural innovation. “ The square

" to love and to serve ;” an approfathioned windows of Henry the priate potey for that sex whole maEighth's day are said to be all be- trimonial ambition is, “ to love, Fathed in the modern way,” &c. 'honour, and obey."- I forgot to What part of New colle, Mr. mention, on the subject of New Urban, was erected in Henry the college, that the elegant cloisters Eighth's day? The doorway un there have been lately cleaned and der the chapel, as well as those to repaired, not l-autified, ultered, or the several lodgings, are considered improved in the modern way, under as “pititul imitations of our an. the direction of a gentleman of the tient architecture." Who could Society, in a manner which does no have fuppofed that ". An Archi- inconsiderable credit to his taste. tect" should have mistaken the ar

* Ter patiply is wild It cugh so nave chitecture, of the great foundation heen; but ihe engraving correcily agrees of New college for that of Henry with the Rung. Edit.


Mi. URBAN, London, Nov. 5. Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 8. IN Name Reader at man to what

Crone I Nehes the land mental de la tela

Herts, a mile and a half Sauththods are taken to clean chinneys east of Ware, the New River flow's in those parts of England and in below the steep rope dr bank of foreign countries, where boy's do Amwell hill, and forms an ample not climb up to sweep them?” To pool or piece of water ; in which this question an answer will in some there is an islet, of an elongated respects be found in the following form, having the stream gliding on extract froin “ Confiderations on each side of it In this retired the present State of Chimney-situation, secluded from highways, Sweepers, with some Oblerva- and the more busy scenes of men, tions,” &c. &c. publithed in isoi, fome pains have been taken to reby David Porter.

duce this ipoi into form, with neat "The date of chimnies in England and plain fimplicity. I take from the time of Alfred, because On the lirooth and verdant ille, brick and tione were bui,little used in a large weeping-willow droops its building before that period. He built melancholy boughs, in the water, his palaces of stone or brick, and the at each end; and a lpiring porlar nobility by degrees followed his exam- waves in the middle its lofty head, ple; from hence I conceive that the and quivers in the breeze. Near use of chimies in England becane gem the latter, a fombre thicket of evernéral, as we find them in cathedrals built soon afer his reign. Their me- greens, cypress, cedars, ye#s, and thods of cleaning them cannot be af mournful Ihrnbs, forms a circle

, certamed; they perhaps built them and covers a swelling tumulus. On ufficiently secure to be burnt clean, that is placed a monumental pedesbut it is more probable that they cleaned tal of solid Portland, to the virtues them with birchen brooms fixed on of a man), on whom too much the ends of poles, or that, where they praite cannot be betioned. Picwere too lofiy, they cleared them with

tures by Cornelius Jabilen, and drawing straw or bulhes down thein. I am the ratherinclined to the lacier me.

prints by Vertue, are the only mothods, from my doubts of their build- ruments which the arts have dediing fufficiently secure to admit the for. cated to so much useful-talent. mer, and from old chimpics being By the gratitude and good tafte of large enough to be cleaned by thele Robert Mylne, era the celebrated methods, which were generally used Architect, a votive urn is erected in country towns and villages through on the pedestal; and the following the kingdom to the middle of the inscriptions are engraved on the present centirry; and in Germany and four sides of it: France they now clean their chimnies in the same manner." (P. 18.)

1. SOUTH. " In Edinburgh old town, they

To Amwell Spring. clean their chimnies by


" Sacred lo the Memory of bushes, drawn down and up them; Sir IIUGH. MYDELTON, Baronct; the men who do this business are fia

W kofe fiuccesful care, tioned at ihe Town guard to be ready Affled by the patronage of his king, for the publick call." - In Edinburgh conveyed this Streum to LONDOX. town, where the chimnies are

An immortal IFork. lower and wider, they fiveep them as Since Men cannot more nearly we do." (P. 19.)

initate the Deity Though climbing chimnies may Than in teflowing Health." not be an antient discovery, it is not so inodern that we can trace its original; but from its nature, it was probably

2. IVEST. the desperate expedient of a criininal,

To Chadwell. or the laft resource of some poor negro, Froin the Spring of Chadwell, to prolong a miserable life." (P. 20.)

two mile, Well; Yours, &c. PHILANTHROPUS.




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And from this Source of Amwell; Mr. URBAN,
The Aquæduct meunders

HE following piece of pleasan

: for the puce of XL Alles :

try was addretled, by the late conveying Health, Pleasure, and convenience,

Mr. Cowper, to the lady at whose

delire he wrote « The Taik." to the Metropolis of Greal-Britain."

Being prevented from visiting her by heavy rains and overflowing

floods, in order to beguile an hour 3. NORTH,

of leisure, he first wrote, and then Cross the Vale of the Lea. « M. S.

with his own hand printed the lines HUGONIS.MYDELTON, Burunelti. which follow, and added the note Qui · aguas . hufce feliciter.

at the bottom of the


The Adspirante


hope of their affording a little ain . urtei · perducendas , curavit musement to your readers, has in Opus Immortale

duced me to send them for ipserHonines enim ad Deos

tion in your valuable Magazine.
Nulla . re
· propiles accedunt
Yours, &c.

Quam Salutem dando

“ To waich the storms, and hear the sky

Give all oor Almanicks the lie; 4. EAST.

Tu thake with cold, and see the plains Towards London.

In Autumn drowo'd with Wintry rains i This inntile Tribute

'Tis thus spend my moments here,
to the

And with inyfelf a Dotch Mynheer
Genius Pulents pleration of mind I then should have no need of wit,
Which conceived & erecuted For lump:ib Hollander uifit;
this important Aqueduct

Nor should I then repine at mud,
is dedicard 1:21

Or me cows ielug'd with a food,

But in a bog live well content,
Architect, Engineer, &c.

And tind i juit my elements

Should be a claj, and not a man,
A.D., M.D.CCC."

Nor with in vain for ítter Anne
From the whole of this and the With charitable aid to o'ring
surrounding Sylvan scene, a mild My mind out of its proper quagi
and pleasing terenity steals on the should have the genius of a boor,
mind, and soothes the fentes with And no arbi:10.1 to have more.'
the eifect of univerfal benevolence, " My dear Sister,
caught, as it were, from the genius You see my beginning; I do
of the work. The hum of cotta not know but in time I may pro-
gers, of small furiners, their chil- ceed to the printing of halt-penny
dren, flocks, and lowing herds, ballads. Excuse the coarseness of
are the only founds which break my paper; I wiifted lò much before
the filence of the place. Inland I could accomplith any thing legi-
commerce from the port of London ble, that I could not afford finer.
pattes under the eye to Hertford, I intend to employ an ingenious
through the expanfive nieads of the mechanic of this town to make me
Lea. Emma, à holy and sainted a longer cate, for you may observe
maid, gave name to the limpid that iny lines turn up their tails like
Spring, betóre its waters were, by Dutchí matiitti, so difficult do I
this work, embraced and joined tind it to make the two halves ex-
with those of Chadwell. The actly coincide with each other.
temple of God, the parith-church, We wait with impatience for
with its stately Gothic iower, pre- the departure of this unfeasonable
fides, high and lofty, over all; be- food. We think of you, and talk
flowing (as it were) a bleiling on of you; but we can do no more till
the extensive purposes for which the waters thall fubfide. I do not
this noble, unexarapled, yet un think our correspondence thould
affected Aqueduct, was created. drop, because we are within a muile

CORRESPONDENT, of each other; it is but an imagi-


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pary approximation, the flood bav. To me, the writer appears a very ing in reality as effectually parted superior man; whether I contemnus, as if the British channel rolled plate his learning, acuteness of dirbetween us. Yours, my dear st crimination, beauty af style, preter, with Mrs. U's belt love, cifion of judgement, liberality of

“ Wm. COWPER. sentiment, or, above all, a melt * Mond. Aug. 17, 1782."

uncommon fund of good sense,

which appears to be distinguished Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 16. in his character.
THE late Dr. Garnett, of The subject is curious; and, if

whom you gave a brief ac you agree with me in a favourable count, p. 690, died in confe- imprellion of his abilities employed quence of a fever caught in the upon it, I would with that you gratuitous exercise of his prote:lion, would copy the author's plan. My and in the prime of life. He has realon for this addrets to you, Sir, Jeft two infant girls, now entirely is, that what the modeity of the orphans; and for their benefit, his author has not suffered him to pub: Pertures on " Zoonomia, or the lith or to circulate, except in a few Laws of Animal Life," delivered hands, may at least be intimated by hiin only a Mort period before by you to the publick with its true his death, are now, by his own character; } mcan, the firgular medire&tion, publishing by subscrip- rii of thefe compofitions. tion. In this point of view, they I am told that the Bishop of Bath may be confidered as the latt lega- and Wells, and Mr. George Harey of a father to his children ; ibe dinge, one of the Welth judges and value of which he witled to be a very good scholar, have taken up eftimated and determined by that this auihor with great euthufialm, publick, in whole fervice he had and have brought him forward out devoted himself and his property. at obscurity into public notice.


Prop. 17.

Fully convinced. by the perulal of TOU will permit a constant the letters to Mr. Hardinge, that Ms. reader to introduce and re

Davies's work " well deserves the allen, commend an author and work of and may alliii the Hitorian in forining

tion of the Antiquary and Philologisi, po comnion merit, if I can judge of

a due citingle of the learning and aris either; but that my opinion may of our ancellors, and that it is not on stand or fall upon authorities the literature alone that it founds its claim most unequiyocal, I tend you a fe- to notice, hut upon the oppori it gives to ries of letters, addrefled by the au- the authority of Scriptural evidence;" thor to one of his patrons and we have no lielitalion in fubmining friends ; together with his plan or the following plan of it to the peruial prospectus for the work, and ac

of our readers. companied with a list of his pair of the Art of Writing into the Weli of

I. An Efjay on the first Introduction trons, amongst whom are the most Europe, nore especially into the Brie eminent in Literature (as well as

tish Idlands; of the various Devices Fank) that we of this country can employed by the primitive Inhabitants boalt.

of this Country,' for the purpole of These letters have been laid be- preserving or communicating their fore me, and they have (to a de- Thoughts.-II. On the Nature and gree almost unexampled, as far as Origin of the Celtic Dialects: their I have discovered) interested and funduinental Principles developed, and gratified all who have read them.

coinpared with radical 'Ternis of the I forward them to you, that your --To this inquiry is prefixel, An lo

Hebrew, Greck, and Latin Languages. accuracy of judgement, as well as depth of learning, may determine neral View of the State of Knowledge

troductory Discourse, containing a yeupon the youchers themselves.

and Opinion, and of the various At.


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tainments of Human Inventions, when pletely answers the cavillers who • The Most High divided to the Na- wish to throw difficulties in the tions their Inheritance."

way of his improvement; for it is im. In order to explain a little more fully the object of the work, we annex the poffible to conceive the woolftaplers following extract from a series of Mr. Da- would give orders in this unlimited vics's letters to his benevolent friend. way, but from a thorough convica

• The original and primitive appli- tion of its being profitable. But, in cation of nav 10 science ; the diffemi- addition to the improvement in the nation of primitive knowledge, which quality, the quastity is certainly attended the original settlementt of very inuch increased on the fridín the various regions particularly ex: vidual offspring-how exceedingly emplified in a wonderful systein of much more from the acre of pasture! fyınbols which equally represented ideas

I am warranted from my own ob. and founds, and was equally acknow. ledged by the Welt of Europe, the old servation, in conjunction with his Afiatic natioits, and the intermediare Lordship’s sentinients, in conclue countries. A development of the ding that an acre of pasture (rent Celtic notion, respecting the funda- 255. to 30s.) would well support, mental principles of language, as in- through the year, 10 Ryeland ewes, : tended by that system, and expressly Fleeces of the first cross to weigh 4ib. delineated by theit moli anireni wri Ten multiplied by 4, equal to ters. The application of thcle princi 40lb. at 35. 2d. would be 61. 6s. 8d, ples (through all the simple conneccions), to the Irish, Welsh, Cornilh, per acre for the wcol only. Let any Armorican, Latir, Greek and He other fort produce golb. If they can, brew languages, proving, not only

at izd. to 18d. per lb. that it reaches all of them, but that it

NEHEMIAH BARTLEY. must have been tecognized by those


Bath, Aug. 12 who framed the alphabets of those lan Some time past I have been ac* gta pesan inference, that we have de- companying a Cornmittee of the iected the science of that philology, Society, to inspect the improvelrich the coinmon ancestors of thule ments by Mr. W. Parfuns on lando Stations originally taughiand that al- of his at Weft Camel, or flroud though we may not recover all the actual terms of ihis primitive language,

have replied to your esteemed fawe have recovered the laws and rules vour of the 8th tooner.

With the tpon which throfe derms were con- tirit favourable opportunity I mean fructed

to purchase 40 to go Ryeland ewes,

for the purpose of putting to the Copies of Letters from Mr. Bart. Spanish rams; three or more of LEY to Chs. HENRY Hunt, Esq. those will be at yonr service; the

Sir, Hetling House, Bath, Aug. 5. price, I imagine, will be from 208, I

HAVE tately received a letter to 3os. according to the circum

from Lord Somerville, to say stances of the Spanith rams will be sent me Animals of the finaller rices 1 the 18th init. The walk for the consider to be the most profitable, ewes will be a pleasant elevated lic with reference to carcate; i. e. at tuzation, about a mile and a half acre of patture is to produce a from this place. His Lordship fur- higher weight of mutton from the ther says, “ I have sold my own filler fort, thin the same acro wool, and agreed for all those who from the larger. Confiding in this breed from my theep at the same principle, I am induced to select prices if they ebose.

the smaller individuals of any givet?

per pack. race, with attention to forin and * Rveland

2 Untrinded k.26 predifpofition to fatten; and, I beSouhJowo

lieve, Mr. Bakewell acted on this Holf Ryeland

principle in reducing the carcate of wil Spanish Do. Soutdown

the old Leicester ; not without the }


atliiiance (dub rofis, as many think,) Thus, I think, bis Lord-thig cock of the Ryelnek,


age, &c.



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