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May 3.

Mr. M. A. Tinylor inoved for leave lo hring The Commons, the same day, being in a hill for the farther regulation of the resolved into a Commitree of Ways and trials of canlioverted electrons, and for ex- Means, the Chancellor of sbe Exchequer stated pediting the fame, Agreed to.

the terms on u hich the Lottery for the pre

fert vrar had been contr.cled for. He was April 27.

of opinion, thai, by consolidating the two The Chanceller of ibe Fxcbequer presented Lo'teries of England and Ireland, the ini. the following Meffare from ris Mai Ay : qu'ious practice of insuring would be pre

GEORGER--His M jeity heing de vened, provided the drawing were subject sirous of making a competent prov fion for to certain restrictions. The advantage of his dearly.heloved fans, their R val Higlia the present contract to the publick was no nefles the Dukes of Suilex and Cambridge, less than 555,000l, two thirds of which and the money applicahle to the ma'n'e were for the service of England, and one nance of his Majesty's Civil List heing in- , thoud for Irelard. The drawing to take Suthcient for the same; his M jetty claims place at three rerinds, each of which is to the affiftance of Parliamon!; and selles hat laft only hat eigii duys. After descanting his faithful Commons will make such prie on the advantages of the plan, the Chanvision as the chi cuinitances of the case may Cellor moved, that there ih uld be raised require."

by Letters the sum of 1,450,000l, of which The Message was referred to the Com- 970,000. Thall be for the service of Engmittee of Supply.

Jand, and 480,0col for the service of IreAfter a long debate, the Export, Imort, land. The motion u as agreeil 10; and also and Tonnage Duty bill went thiough a another, 'hat such Lo tery ihould consist of Committee, and rereived several amend. 100,000 Tickets, at 141. 1os. each; the ments. The hill was oppulehy Gen, Gof. drawing to be at the different times, &c. coigne. Sir Robert Pedle, Mr. Deni, Mr. Wile and the purchase-money to be paid by in. lerforce, &c. who commented al length on ftalmen's, the fiill, sl. Ios. on each ticket, the na ure and tendency of the measure; on the 34 of May next. and was supported by the Cbancıllor of obe Excbequer, Lord Hawkesoury, &c.

The lugar drau hack bill was passed. April 28.

Mr. Windóum rore, lo state the grounds The House having rer lved itself into a on which he thought a murion might be Committee on his Majesty's Mellage rela funded re alive to the Dehmiuve Treary, tive lolle provision for the Dukes of Sifa As the most convenient mode of the wing sex and Cambridge, the Chancellor of obe Ex the re lors on which he intended to found chequer moved, "that a fum nul exceeding his motion, he should divide the subject

12,00cl. be pranied reirly to his Royal into four heads. The first comprised luch Higher the Duke of Suflex, outollle con- points as were unknown at the time of the folid tall fund; and a rum to the fam". amunt, Preliminary Tiealy : under this class was to his Royal Higliness the Duke of Came the cellion of the land of Elba, the new bridge, out of the same fund.” Agiecu lo. boundaries of French Guiana, and the cel

fion of Louisiana tothe French Government. R. OF

The certion of lie land of Elba was of the

greatest importance, on account of its exThe Lord Conceller informed the House, cellent harbour and impregnanle fortress; that he had received iwo letters from the and the minner in which it was given up Comma der in Chief, and Vice-Admiral was a matter of vo less consequence. By Lord Krish, acknowledging the receipt of the treaty of Lunevill", when i uscany was their Losuships' last vote of Thanks to the given up, Elbu was retained; bu France, Aimy and Nivy.

by rubylividing her territories D'OR publics Lord Pelbam presented to their Loruhips and Kingdom, obtained polletion of this copies of the Dernitive l'reaty of Peace le inland, while the ceilin appeared to be tween his Briannac Majesty, and the french made in the King whom she had let op in Repurdic, bis Catholic M jelly, and the

The new boundaries to the Batavian Republic, signed al Amiens, the French pofletli ins in Ghana furniih anther gth of March, 1802. To le on the table. init.ince of difference betwe-n the Prelimi

naries and the Treaty; but, l-aving the im. To the Commons the same day, Lord Plance of the object itself to filitre cnHawkifbury preiented the Dignitive Treaty. fid-ra'io', he should only advert to it as

a other inttine of ihe bait fsich of France. LORDS.

The iniegrity of Portugal had been exApril 39

pally secured by the Preliminare. This The Royal Allout us given, by Com article baal been directly violated ly the million, loite Mall and Beer Du'y hill, the D'finitive Treaty; and in this aftur lie was All fled Taxes hill, i din Bink Reluction al a fuls whither most to a mure the da. bill, and a great number of private buls. of the French Negotiators or the fa.


April 29.



cility of the English in submitting to such After conjuring the House to attend feimposition. If we look towards Louisiana, riously to these suhjes, he conclucled with the immense tract of country given up giving notice, that to morrow fortnight he to France mult confound us. On the North should move, “ That the House do on that we behold America (unjected to the domic day take into confideration the Treaty signed neering spirit of ine French; having no ale at Amiens, bel ween Great Britain, France, ternative, her fears would induce her to Spain, and the Dutch Republic." court France, by joining in enmity to this On the motion being put, the Cbancellor covoiry. Iii Turi, such was the fituation of the Exebequer, in a long and animated of Louisiana, that the whole welth of the speech, replied minulely to the several arNew World muft inevitably fw into the guments adduced by Mr. Windham. He hands of France. The second division began by paying the highest compliments to comprehended those points which appear to Mr. W. (whom he at every opportunity diso have been known, but the consequence not tinguished by the appellation of bis Rigbe weighed, at the time of the Prelim nary Hon. Friend); and expressed the greatest Treaty. Under this class he thould com satisf. ction at the motion then made, in prehend the lalian Republic, and the ar substance, because, he said, it aff rded to mament to the West Indies. From there his Majesty's Ministers an opportunity of events Mr. W. contended that the change in entering into an explanation, and which the face of Europe was so great as to jus. he trusted would be accompanied by a tify us in abolishing the Preliminaries and complete jufification of every part of their renewing the war. With respect to the ar conduct during the late Negotiation at mament to the West Indies, he did not in Amiens, and the advice they gave to his tend to dwell upon it, but only to shew that Majesty for concluding it. He next ad. it altered our state in that part of the world, verted to the points as specifically brought winle it greatly increased the French infiu- forward; and intimated that, as an ample ence. The third division comprehended field remained open for discullion at a future those points in which the Definitive Ticaty day, he should then only touch on then departed from the Preliminaries: the first sightly. He denied that his Majesty's Miarticle was the large debt due to us from nisters could take any active part in the France for the support of prisoners; and surrender of Porto Ferrajo to the French, the fact was, that France refused to pay or in that of the Grand Dutchy of Tuscany. this debt; and we had not courage to de. With respect to the French territory in mand it. We were also not only to pay the Guiana, he referred to a conversation expences of our own troups, but those of which took place in that House upon the Rullia; the clothing and equipping of subject of the treaty of Madrid and the Ruman prisoners was at our expence. The treaty of Badajos, when it was stated that next subject was the restoration of Malta the French territory in that part of the to the Frenclı, for such would ultimately globe was to be limited by the treaty of Balm be the event; as the revenues by which the dajos. In short, the Portugueze Governorder was to be supported did not amount ment declared, in the most explicit terms, to above 30,000l. Hence there was no pro- that :hey should think themselves 100 for vision for troops to garrison the island ; and, cunale, if we could be inttrumental in proinstead of a neutral guaranteeing power, curing for them the terms specified, and we had fixed upon one entirely under the having the boundaries fixed as ftipulared by influeoce of France, viz. Naples. By the the treaty of Madrid. This country, therePreliminaries all fhips were to be indiscri- fore, made an express ftipulation, that the li. mina'ely admitted at the Cape; by the De. mits of the French pofleffions in Guiana finitive Treaty, the fu'l sovereignty is given should be as agreed upon by the treaty of up to the Durch, who are not reftucted Madrid, but the European boundary Thould from purting a garrison into this colony.- be fixed by the treaty of Badajos. As to The fourth disifiun comprehended thore America, if S. Domingo were tranquil, points which had been added in the Defini- the French could become formidable either tive, and not mentioned in the Prelianinary to North or South America, without porTreaty : of these the most prominent was fcfling their present extent of territory, the non-revival of all for mer treaties, and provided the funjecis of these states were the total neglect of our ally the Prince of not difpored to offer them refillance. Orange. From the former circumstance Louisiana, he admitied, was important to Ms. Windtam predicted the grateft evils, France, but noe so greatly as the Right the remedy for which could un'y be ob. Hon. Gentleman seemed to think. On the tained on the field of battle. He faid that proceedings relacive to the Italian Repub. we had allowed ven our honour to be in lick and the West India Armament, he suited. A wlup bail het n applied to the 1hould only fas, that the good sense of the polterois of the na'ion, ad tlie leal of House would not have deemed the renewal honour attacked. The Curesh Ag no lon- of the war proper meafire lo have had gei bowed to ours; which c incertion ne recourse to, becaule these circumstances had made, as ii mele, from fear of France. had occurred between the Preliminary and

the Definitive Treaty. The different states of from the latter; and inferring, that in the Europe did not appear to be alarmed at, but result very important advantages were had sanctioned, the very events of which yielded to France, while the interests of the Hon. Member complained. It must be this country were in the same proportion admitted, that the usurpation of the Black abandoned. In proof of this position, his Government in St. Domingo was the most Loruthip noticej che alteracion introduced formidable of all apprehensions for the with respect to Malta, which was tantasafety of our own poffeffions; and he was mount to conceding that isand to France; confident, that, had his Majesty's ministers the cession of the Cape of Good Hope in full prevented the sailing of that armament, it sovereignly to the Batavian Republic, though would hereafter he macier of fiucere regret it had been originally proposed to establish to the publick. With respect to Malta, the that poflellion as a free pori, open to the rade natives were perfe&tly satisfied, and full of of all nations; the ceffion of part of the dogratitude to Great Britain for the terms the minions of Portugal, which were to have had procured for them; and it was gene- been preserved entire; the boundaries of rally admitted that no disadvantage would French Guiana, which were friv marked as refalt to this country from the change to operate injurinully to our trade; the negadopted at the Cape. Touching on the lect of the interests of the House of Orange, treaties, the Chancellor declared, that no which, though it was promised some inrights whatever, on the part of Great Brie demnification, no ftipulation was made as tain, were surrendered by this treaty. to from whom or to what amount; and the The question of right, as determined either omission to renew the commercial treaties by the treaty of 1983 or the Convention of of 1783 and 1787. 1787, did not interfere wi!h the difcuffion His Lord'hip, having urged a variety of of the present creaty. After adverting to arguments.founded on the ahove and other the indemnity of the Prince of Orange, and topics, concluded with moving, " that the other inferior points in the speech of Mr. House do take into their confideration, on Windham, he concluded with moving, as Friday fe'nnight, the Treaty of Peace conan amendment, 'hat, instead of to-morrow cluded at Amicos." fortnight, Tuesday se'nnight be inserteds Lord Pelbam acknowledged that many or, more formally, that, inftead of the 18th, things he wished had not been obrained by the rith of May be inserted in the motion, the Definitive Treaty ; but he would put it

Mr. T. Grenville gave it as his opinion, that to the House, whether the objects obiained 14 days were at least necessary to prepare by that treaty were not preferable to a confor this iniportant discussio i.

tinuance of war? His Loruthip moved, Lord Harukesbury rose to make some oba that, inltead of Friday se'nnight, the treaty servations on the ime proposed by the mo fhould be considered on Wednesday, the tion for taking the treaty into consideration. 12th; which, after some observations from He went over nearly the same grounds as Lords Thurlow, Grenville, Carlisle, Car. the Chancellor of the Exchequer; and con narvon, Auckland, and the Lord Cbancellar, cluded by supporting the amendment. was agreed to.

Mr. Windbam and the Cbancellor of iba Excbequer explained.

In the Commons, the same day, the Sea Mr. Pill paid fome compliments to the cretary at War moved for leare to bring in information of Mr. Windham ; and said, a bill to continue the service of certain vothat, as a considerable time would be required lunteer corps, under particular regulations. to prepare all the papers that might be The unanimous vote of thanks which the wanted, the sooner they were moved for, House had already pronounced being read the better. He denied that there was any by the Clerk; the Secretary observed, what, just cause for alarm relepeting our poffef- after such a decided expression of public fluns in India; and, after some flight obser- gratitude, he saw no occasion for consuming vations on the non-renewal of treaties, ex the time of the House by any endeavour to pressed his hope that Mr. Windham would prove how desirable it was to keep up such move for the papers to-morrow.

an available force; a force which, in the The amendment was carried without a must critical circumstances, had contri. division,

buted in such a high degree to preserve the

tranquillity of the country; and although k. OF LORD S.

he hoped there would he no alarm in fulure

as to domestic tranquillity, he did not think The Rnyal Affent was given, by commif- it would be adviseable to lay aside our fion, to the Exchequer bills bill, to the In means of d-fence, and upon that conside. come-duty repeal bill, and to several pri ration this bill was pr poreil ; the first vate bills.

principle of which rvas, that the services of Lord Grenville, in a speech of near three every individual should be purely volu'tary; hours, lo k a general view of the Prelimi the services of each corps to he continued naries of Peace and the Dfivitive Trenly, only at their own request, and no corps lo pointing out wherein the former differed be allowed pay as heretofore. This would


May 4.

be a considerable saving, as the expence of affected the integrity of Portugal. His le allowing certain Yeomaory corps iwo days cond mo:ion was for copies of all the ar® pay per week, «uring the last war, cost mistices and conventions concludeil between the nation vot less than 700,0col. a year. Spain and Porlugal in 1801. One of thele, He proposed also, as an encouragement to he understool, contained the hafis of a conthe Yeomansy, that thev should be exempted fiderable cellion made to France of Portuas follows: Every Yeoman cavalry-man greze Guada. His third motion was for who Thall appear on parade, fully equipped, copies of all the treaties or conventions beseven days in the year, should be exempted (ween Franre and Spain, concluded since froin the militia, and from the lioríe duty; the signing of the Preliminaries of Peace, gentlemen to bind themselves on their hoe by which any part of the Spanish territories pour to attend the call of the Lord Lieute in America trave been ceded to France, nant or Sheriffs of counties, to repress any which may have been communicated to his tumult; or of Government, to refift any Majesty. It was well known now, that the attack on our coast. The infantry corps Britimh Flag was already degraded by what only to be continued in large towns, such as had teen yielded in negociation. London, Bristol, or Edinburgh. Such of Lord Harukofbury did not object to the the infantry as should appear on parade, in fitt motion ; but could not help making arms, 14 days in each year, to be exempted fome observations on the irregular, is not from the militia and from the powder-lax; a disorderly, manner in which the Hon. Genserjéant and corporal to be allowed to each teman bad brought it forward; and concompany; and, when any corps amounted cluded by a strong and animated cenfure of to three or 400 men, an adjutant to be paid the assertion respecting the degradation of hy Governnient: 21. per year to be granted the British Flag. to every man of the Yeomanry Cavalry, to Dr. Lawrence made some observations on keep his liorse accoutrements in oriler. the treaty with Portugas, to thew that this Such were the outlines of his plan. After country hnd deviated from the stipulations exhorting the House lo vse every endeavour of the Preliminary Treaty. to preserve the military spirit of the country, Mr. Jones said, the honour of our fag had he put the motion for leave, wbich was fc not been invaded ; and that the peace had conded by Sir Edvard Knarcbbull, and op- brought comfort to every fire-lide in the pored hy Mr. S. Stunhope.

kingdom. Leave was given to bring in a bill. Mr. T. Grenville, after some observations

on the remarks of Lord Hawkesbury, said, that the papers moved for were neceflary

to a full understanding of the subject. The Farl of Carlisle, after adverting to The Chancellor of the Exebequer, in a mithe insult given to the family, in fuffering nute and candid reply to Mr. Grenville, de. the French to dictate its title ofa branch offended the conduct of minifters, and infifted rbe House of Naljau, and briefly gong over that the in:erests of Portugal had not been the same grounds which had formed the abandoned. He expressed his dehre, at a debole of yeiterday, concluded by moving proper timne, to juftify his own conduct and an Address to his Majesty, for a copy of think of luis colleagues. any Convention entered in'o by any of the The two fiilt motions were agreed to i contracting parties, in explanation of the and the third was negatived. 18th article of the Definitive Treaty. The Marquis Cornwallis had no doubt but

May 6. that compensa'ion would be made to the Earl Temple, in an appropriate speech, Prince of Orange.

mo ed “ Ti'at an account he laid before the After a lo g and defultory conversation, House of all territorial revenues and com. the motion was withdrawn).

mercial duties raised in Malia while in his

Majesty's pofíeffion.ciittinguishing the same In the Commons lie lume day, Mr. W. into annual accounts;" which was agreed to. Eliot moved for certain papers, which lie His Lord minthen moved for a “copy of the conceived ought to be laid before the House. treaty of Luneville," and also, “a cipy of The fult was the treaty of Bid.jos, con. the laws und orijinances of Malta, referred eluded bet u een Spain and Portugal,ieferied to in the roth article of the Definitive to in the Definitive Treaty. That treaty Trerly.” Alior fime conversation, theo gave up Olivenez to Span, and materially morious u ere negatived.

Mr Baker's Aditrefs to obe Freebeiders of HERTFORDSHIRE (Sec p. 632.) GETLEMEN,

Success will not always faiblew the honouro HE t:rigues which I have undergone, able means used to attain it, in opposition

during the lan week, will prove my in the practices (if a perverse and crooku! best arology with you for a thori relay in polcv : but it is fortunate for me thrill expreffig ibe gratitude which I cin never öm to be judged by an enlightened and canceale w feel, for the generi us and unbiailed did rubbeck, ince by the wretched f.oncaful'port I have received at the late elechion, turs of 1.oic falsehoods with which ituve




May 5.



heen attacked; and, in juftifying my ow tliat Government which had been cruelly conduct, I claim the right to examine forced into the war, bave now the vanity theirs. It is not difficult to trace the mo and the weakness to think that they are Lives of those who have united to frustrate recommending themselves to their paymy re-election ; but I have lived too long master's by oppofing me; and, blind to the in the world to be surprized at any changes precarious situation in which they ftand, which inay arise in that most capricious of scem wholly to have forgotten, that the all sentiments Popular Opinion ; especie breath of the Court, which they are thus ally when influenced by the mixed confi- inconsisten!ly affecting to serve, can anniderations of an inveterate party ipirit, in- hilate in an instant all their consequence, ducements of priva'e intereft, the unfore and all their power. It will not create giving remembrance of past defeats, and a much surprize, that the other head of this system of politicks which can never be re- monstrous faction, with all its tongues and conciled to the true principles of the British all its venom, should be raised against the Constitution.

supporter of a war, undertaken in defence The summary of the charges against me of our Sovereign on his throne, and of our is this, rbar I bave ferred my principles; huppy cftahlifhm-nts in Church and State : and it is thus attempted to be proved. It that those who have exulced in the triumplis is faid, that I was the champion of the of our enemies; have palliated Irith refreeholders in the year 1790 again it a do bellion; and in every instance, where mineering aristocracy, and that I am now public exertio:1 was required, have endeaa supporter of the measures of Govern Vuured to paralize the nerves and vigour of meni'. Whatever I was in the year 1790, the State; have decried tire firmnes of our I am fill the same: nay, more; if I was counsels; have undervalued the fuccelles of then the oppofer, I have now a right to be our arms; have alternpted to blait the cre. considered the sacrifice of that same aristoe dit of our finances; have affected to confi. cracy, confirmed in power, and rendered der chore temporary restraints on the lidoubly formidable by the most preposterous herty of the subject, which were called for coalition that ever disgraced the annals of by the combined intrigues of outward foes eletion in this or any other county. In the and domestic traitors, +odious invasions of former instance, I refuted the atempt to the Constitution; and, finally, have laintroduce a meniber for the county by im- boured, by all the mea is in their power, proper means: in the present, I have dole to reprobate and discredit every tax which the same, with this addicional circumftance the vigorous prosecution of such a contest in my favour, that I have now improved demanded, and, failing in their ohject of my claim to your approbation by 12 years Creating gen-ral contution, conclude their of faithful and disinterested service; and it finsy rhaplodies againit the Government is for those, who were divided before in under which they live; their miserable opinion on that point, to account to the C 190 about the oppre!lions of the poor, world for fo heterogeneous a combination with a patriotic threat of lecking more of difcortant parties as we have this day perfect freedom in the blefled regions of witneflej.

French defpotisın : that men of this deI am chargeil with having ahandoned the scription, averse from every system which eruse of the people, by with.!'awing myself accords not with their own visionary ideas fium ibe friends of Parliamentary Riform of innovation, th vuld object to one who On this it is fiuticient 'o say, that, in the has known through life no other rule for face of the cou' ty, and your perfect sa his polivical conduct than the laws and contisfaction, I Thamod my accusers in the fticution of his country, and has never been ye:r 1792. Who were then most forward of any party but that of Great Britain in approving me? This same aristocracy, against the enemies of Great Britaio, of Who condemned med That party alone whatever description, or wherefoever with which the antocrarcy, then at va found, can excite 110 wonder in the mod Tiance, is now th:

mfully united. And of any man, nur produce much regret in for this resfon only was I condemnel, him, who has been the object of their uothat I lad detectel, and proclaimed to the principled persecution : but chat fuch an world, a string tendency to licubinifin in union as we have feca thrud exit for thufe wil profilled themselves moderate any bonest purpose, or with the least profa Reformers.--So much for transactions of pect of cordialicy or perme sance, can a mire early date.

never be expected wiinoo? , miracl:, But to brive fupported the war is an unpar. greater than any wlich have been redomable offence. Wit! in the jungment of corded in this age of frange and anomalous t'iolo wito have themselves lupported it productions. throughout lathe juugment of those (if, In disapproving tbe Peace, it is true, I indeet, they have any jud:ment of their have dittered equilly from both parts of own on chromentous fishject.) who, this honourable alluc aliun. But let it be gorged with places, partonge, and disa remembered, wat uwie, who thum'i e tinct:0.s of every kind, uy the bouncy of butt of it, lunent cided it was not procu d

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