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perlaps a matter of belief with some of ftudying these trying cases, I have ac. ihe old Ichool, las been more efpeci- quired ibat knowledge which would ally obvious to the neanett capacity liave been impoflible in a more favour. duriig those months of this year ivhich able feafon. 'It is well known thai, in the Almanacks, and, the Almanacks order to consummate our skill in any only, have agreed to call Summer. disorder 10 which the fpecies is liable, Thousands have been deprived by into we must resort to the places where it is cellant rains of the only means of grati- molt prevalent, as young phyficiaus go fication for which nature and educa to New York for the yellow fever, and tion feemed to have filled them, and to Consiantinople for the plague. la have often been furiously contending like manner for many weeks palt, wh le between al road and home, as we have a dripping and a drenched publick was heard of armies pent up beureen the palling by, I have been from my

winenemy behind and the sea before, dows making dry reflections on the where force was ulelets, and flight im- power and effects of curiosity, poflible. Surely not lels perilous is Curiolity is, I believe, generally altheir situation, when a torrent of rain lowed to be the firongest and mofi lafthegins to pour down, who conlider a ing of our paflions; the strongett, promob as fociety, and home as an inhot. bably, because it is not regsted by any pitable defert.

confiderations which prevail with manWhen we contemplate the powersul kind in other cales, such as the danger influence of curiosity, and the effect it of waiting health, time, or money; has to depopulate our houses and streets, and the moti latting, because, of the and cover our fields and roads with crowds who indulge it, the aged are by human beings, waiting patiently for no means an infignificant proportim. many hours to look up io an object To these characteristicks I would add, which probably in a few minutes will that it is the most impartial and indir elude their fight, we must furely lament criminating of all our paflions; it that this vasi crowd should be produced makes no distinction of place, person, in a climate to unfit for their existence, or object; and this I mention, not as or that human felicity, under lich cir- altogether a new discovery, but to recumliances, should not have been made press the pride of those who have the water-proof by the desterity of fome honour, as they call it, 10 raile curioingenious Projector. One amusement fity; and whi, having counted the after another, in trembling luccellion, number of spectatorā, are ready to flathas been announced this summer for ter themselves that they have a majopublic view; and

all the world" has rity “on this day's gaze." The candiHocked to see it; but, just when “all date on the buttings may proudly elthe world” expected to be gratified, a timate his popularity by the number of diluge of rain has interrupted betiveen men, women, and children, who are them and the object, and they have caping and lilieving to him, rending been precipitated back to a premature ihe air with huzzas, or drowning the fiome, with no other resource for the voice of bis opponent with hitles; but rcfi of the day than to change their ap- he ought to reflect, that it is more than parel, and to tell of their dilirefs. probable that, mutatis mutandis, he

Amidst this general calamity, this would be equally popular on the scafo perpetual recurrence of disappointment, fold, or in his way to the gibbet. The This wringing of hands and of cloaths, difference, indeed, in point of curiosity, the author of the PROJECTOR is not between an election and an execution, afraid of being thought felfish when he is so very finall, that it requires the aid announces, that he has enjoyed fome of extremely nice calculation to asceradvantages which are not always to be tain it. The proprietor of a balloon inet with, and that he has turned the may also think that he has got the misfortunes of others to the henefit of world on his lide; when he fees a pohis own speculations. The fluctuations pulous city emptied into the fields and of hope and ditappointment which my highways, but he ought to remember, neighbours and friends have experi- that, of the vast crowds who are lookenced, have afforded me many choice ing up to him, one half have probably opportunities of meditating on the juit returned from seeing a man fand pallion of curiosity, by observing the in the pillory, and the other half frona various objects which excite it, and the seeing a thief whipped round Tower, different influence of each ; and, by hill.


There are circumstances of a very And this leads me to remark, that humiliating kind; but yet such is the curiosity is not only the most impartial. confiitution of curiofily, and so impar. buli perhaps the moft courageous of our tial are iis impulses The “ ficers of appetites. But it is not neceilary lo fights" have but one sense to gratify, prove this, otherwile than by an apa and that lense fo very comprehentive, peal to those whom the unfavourable and fo litne apt to make taliidious dif- weather of June and July did not ler. tinctions, that they will follow a wise rify from the risks which it added to man or a learned pig in equal num the peculiar dangers of riut. The proliers; and press with the fame cager- portion of females in our mobs is an nels to behold an eminent character, additional proof, it any were neceflary, whether he be in a triumphal chair or that curioliny is a pallion of great fortis at the tail of a cart, whether he be tude, and the only one that appears to coining into place or going out of the bc of no fex On this subject, how world. Procellions are always in great ever, it inutt be remarked, that aldemand with the curious; but have to though the ladies of high lon are inore litde connexion with the thinking, fas exposed to the weather than the genculty, that it is very feldom enquired tlemen, they are not such extensive what the nature of them is, or whe- fufferers in the article of wet cloains, as ther a preference ought not, in fome before the ttripping fashion was imcases, to be given to one over the other. ported froin France. We oblerce ine lame number collected Having made these few remarks on to view the march of a regiment, and the nature of this diteale, it would perthe proceflion of a parish fealt, equally haps be the business of a Projector to enlivened by marrow-bones and clei fuggelt fome cure for it; and a correvers as by clarinets and horns; and fpondent bas, indeed, hinted at my the successful candidate, who rides tri- duy on this occalion ; and, while it is umphant on men's shoulders, and ha no dilgrace to fail in that in which no rangues an applauding populace, knows man bas fucceeded, I may be indulged full well that he could raise the fine in fome whins on the subject. As tu number next day by promiting to ttand giving advice, however, to curious upon his head, or dance on ihe right perfons, which my correspondent rerope.

comincnds, I really know not how Those, therefore, who provide nh. thiut can be performed with effect. Even jects for public curiously have no great when I centure curiofity as being ina resion to be proud of their succeis, and shifcriminaie, I mull own I am acma, perbapi, 'rom here preantes, de quainted with no rules by which it rive contoainon vor the want of it. Cum can be rendered more discerning, or rio y teeks objects for no other ralin inore nice in the choice of iis objects. than that it may tax ii has found them; To gave men, indeed, filling in their an: the grand ambition with moit is to clocis, there may appear a difference be able to allert that they have leen the between a balloon and a boxing naich, figli, and to tell the dilliculties which a pillory and a proceflion, an clectiou embarrafled them, the many hours and an execunion, a bull-baiting and a they had to wai', the dangers inev ran common-ball, a mecuing of poliucians from the crowd, of which they never and a lei of tiressorks; but I know of discover that they inake a part, and the no means by which the comparative escapes thev effečt from the eagernels merits of thele objects can be made obe and impertinence, the joliling and bulia vious to the devotees of curioliy Tiey lin,, to which they unconfciculi con cannot be brought to comprehend the tribute. If to this a few bruiles or a min te diltinctions which th parties broken limh can be added, they are re

concerned in there exhibicions have garded as honourable fcars, and as eliublished in their own favour, from something that may hereafter stop a the vain hope that they may acquire a gap in conversation; and so far are preference in the eye of the populace, these circunstances from operating as which, however, as already tated, :0 precautions, that they cominonly act as the great mortification of their vanity, the moli powerful incentives.' Never they never have acquired. dues curiolivy prompı with greater ef I consider any attempts, therefore, fect to crowd to any place in order to of this kind, as clooned to be unlic Sie a fight, ihan when the chance is celsful; but, as somewhat feems in that accets may be impoffible, and the be expected by my correspondent troin object invidble

me, I shall relate a project of my own

which I adopted during the whole of curiosity, must have cost at least a whole, the rainy seaton, and which I have day. Another great advantage of my found effectual in my owni case, and scheme is, that it enables me to see fights that of a few friends whom I prevailed in lafety; I am not liable to be squeezed upon to follow my example.

in a crowd ; no ditch is behind, into My rule, then, is simply this : I de- which the mob may precipitate me; termíne to enjoy all out-door amule- I run no risk from the prancing of menis, during a ruiny season, by proxy, the bortes ; I am in vo fear of feattólds and to see all fighis hy the eyes of breaking down ; I am not particularly ciher people. This may appear a little ansions to secure a coach, or to claim paradoxical; but I can atfüre my rea- the protection of a pent-houle; and my ders that it is one of the most sinple refreshments are at hand, and may be preieriprions that can be taken, and at taken without impediment, the fame time one of the most efiica If these advantages can be proved to cious in preventing all the inconve- result from my plan, it is certainly s:iencies of cariolity. The medium worthy of a trial; but, as popular pretirough which I view all public fpec- judice may rum high aguinti it, I with tacles is that common nacbine called to remove that obfiruction of all ima newlpaper; and from repeater expe- provement, by recommending to my riments, as well as the information of readers a few reflections on the use of my friends, I can aver without bazard

seeing lights. I would have them enof contradiction :hat lights feen through quire of thote, who during their lives this medium are far more “ fublime, have been contiant gazers, how far hule delightful, enchanting, enrapturing, man happinels is actually concerned in captivating, and unfpeukalle,” &c. than the matter; whether most of the duby the naked eve. By indulging my ties of life may vot be performed, withcuriosity, therefore, the morning after out allowing our eyes to get the better a fpeciacle of any kind has been pre- of the reli of our fenfes; and whether tented, I not only obtain a more full all the purposes of social enjoyment view than my own eyes would have might not be anlivered, were men to furnished, but I ain confidently ailured affemble together in lesier parties than I fee fomewhat more than the reality, what coplitute a mob. And to lich as and at the fame time enjoy the pićiu- are apt to feel with peculiar acuteness the retque fancy, and copious inventive disappointments of a holiday, I would powers of the relater. Nor will this fuggeit, that in the courfe of human method of frequenting public amule lile there are greater privations to be ments appear to very rew as fome may endured than absence from a balloon, fuppofo, when it is recolietied that or a failing match; that there are mila we are in this only following the fortunes to be furmounted which may exainple of those great travellers who late longer than wind or rain ; and that explore every part of the globe in those spectacles only can apologize for books, and endure the fatigues and en voluntary fatigue and danger, which joy the pleasures of fea and land, moun have fome tendency to enlarge our virtain and valley, without stirring out of tue, or improve our understanding. their libraries: Such is my scheme ; and if the fim

THE coin drawn by B. J. B. plicity of it does not ofiend, for perhaps (Plate I. fig. 5.) is an angel of Henry fomcibing more mysterious was ex VIII. fomewhat different from that pocied, I can now rery confidently exhibited by the Society of Antiquaries add that it is attended with some very as firuck in bis 34th year. confiderable advantages, which will ÞENRICS 8. D. G. AGL. FRT. thew it to be both economical and la

2. LIB. REX Jotary. A very great faving is hereby Henricus 8. Dei Gratia Angliæ, Franciæ, made in the article of time, which I & Hiherniæ Rex. have alırays looked upon to be of great The archangel Michael piercing the value, becaule no man knows how dragon.-Reverse, a thip under fam foon it may become scarce. It is not with the cross for mast; and on a fhield many weeks ago that, in the course of the the arms of France and England. Over Mort hourallowed to breakfafi, I beheld it n), and a rose for mint-mark. all the glories of a reviewat 'Vimbledon, PER CRVCE TVA SALVT. an election at Brentford, and a trial at a country allizes, which, to those who Per crucem tuam falva nos, Chrille Re

NOS. XP&. REDE. „will neither delegale nor posipove their demptor,





July 20. at which time the King commanded, HE inclosed paper was writien, in by writ, the Barons of the Exchequer

a non ent of dilappointment and to open the boxes of the Aflay of Lonchagrin, on my return from a trial of don and Canterbury, and to make the the Pix (in 179-), where I had been affay in such manner as the King's taught to expect much information council were to do*; from from the Charge. Oiher affairs, how- which words may fairly be inferred ever, unquestionably more important, that the manier was well known, and had, I presume, occupied the atten- of comnon utage. tion of 'the noble Lord who presided ; It was formerly, though not origifor his speech was short, and indicated ginally, made once in every year, but hut little acquaintance with the subject. in 1051 it is found to have been only What you now receive was intended when the fiare pleased f'; and of late to thew that something rather more years has, I believe, never been used important might have been faid. R. except upon the appointinent of a new A Charge which was nor delivered at a Master of the Mint, when the old one late Trial of the Pix.

applies for it in order to obtain his GENTLEMEN,

Quietus. I could wish the antient cusYou have been fummoned to the tom of an yearly trial were again reexercise of a duty of great national im- forted to, or at least that every consideportance, and inferior only to that by rable delivery of money fhould be folwhich you decide


the lives and lowed by it, and for this reason. In fortunes of your fellow-subjects. You the present mode many millions are are this day io act as the guardians of the sent into currency, for the purity of lawful coinage of your country, and to which the country at large has not the fee that iis integrity has been carefully security of a public and open examipreserved.

nation, but merely the private trials In the course of your inquiries, you

made within the Mitnt, in the presence will find ample reason to contemplate of those only who are interested in the and venerate the wisdom of our anicef: depreciation of the money. The contors, who have, by the mode of trial ititution of the Mint, it is true, is ex. now committed to your care, guarded pressly formed to prevent combinawith such jealousy an operation of ions amongst its officers, whose duties great nicely, and of the highest con- and whose accounts are perpetual checks

But your admiration of their upon each other. But in every thing fagacity will be still increased, when which concerns the State, not only the you learn that yours is not the sole test probability, but even the finallert deto which the money is subjected, gree of possibility, of fraud ought to though it is the latt, and the moti fo- be guarded againit

. If the officers inlemn, and, indeed, conclusive in iis dividually do their du'v, the private decision upon the purity of the coins. trials of the Mint are most amply fuf

Before the bullion is delivered to ficient. But, were they to fall from the Moneyours, it pafles through a their integrity, and to combine for the very frict aslay, and, when it is purpose of defrauding the publick, the formed into moncy, cannot be deli- length of time which is now luffered vered until it has been pronounced to to elapse between the trials of the Pix be standard by the King's Aliay-master. would afford them ready means for It is then subinitted to ide examination accomplishing heir purpose. I must of a number of persons, who froin not here be understood as intending to their profellions must be well qualified

cast the lightest reHection upon the to decide upon it, and whole timation characters of the prefent officers of the in life is fuch as 10 render their teliia Mint, whole integrity and accuracy of mony unexceptionable, and who are workmanship are so well known to all bound to return a true verdiet by the who have ever attended these trials, folemn oath which you have jusi now that this iny prelent caution would be taken.

totally fuperfluous, were it not possiThe origin of this mode of trial, Gen- ble that some perions may now hear tlemen, is of high antiquity. I have Muxa Hilt. of Exchequer, voted. not been able to trace it to its infiitution, but an inliance of it is on record + Answer of the Moniers to Blonin the 9th or 10!h of Edward ine First, Jeau, p. 25. Genr. Mag. Augufi, 1802.



P 291.


ne, who are unacquainted with the As, however, to work of human manner in which the businels of the

art can be expected to reach absolute Mint has of late years been con- perfection, it is witely ordained, that a ducted.

certain quantity, either of finenets or Gentlemen, The Pix, which will of weight, or of both taken together, be delivered into your hands, contains shall be allowed to the Master below coins taken at hazard from each jour- the abfolue ternis of his indenture. neyweight, as it is technically called, This allowance is called the Remedy of gold and folver. A journer of old and is 1-6th of a carat in the pound is filieen pounds, from which weight of gold, and iwo pennyweights pieces are to be taken, one for the in the pound of lilier; and if the ileriPix; the other for the private fly. ciency does not exceed these weighits, A journey of filver iveighs fixty the money is deliverable. pounds, and two pieces, at the leaft, When there allowances were orivi. are to be taken from it, to be applied nally establithed, they probably were to the same purposes ; and they are in- ablolutely neceflary on account of the cloted in papers fealed by the Matier, rude and imperdiet manner in wbich Warden, and Comptroller. These the butiness of the Mm was conducted. different parcels of money will be a But the ari of coining has now reached gain mingled together by you, in or luch perfection, that later trials of the der to take, without any pollibility of pix hare sewn them to be much telection, a fufficient quantity for the greater than at this time are required : operation of the alluv.' This has ufu- and it is highly creditable to the skill ally been the weight of one pound. and the integrity of persons employed, Bit I inuli fubmit to your confidera- that they have not taken that advan, tion, whether there may not be a pro- tage which the lirict letter of the inpriety in increasing, the number of denture inight have allowed, but have pieces which are to be fet apart for the formed the money with the utmost trial, whenever the deliveries Mall be precision, boil as to weight and fineto many that one pound weight will hels. pot allord a pollibility that each dleli By the efficacy of those laws which very shall have contributed its speci- regulate the Mint, our cuins have remen; as otherwise fome, and accord- tained a purity of standard unequalled ing to the present mode very many, of by any oiber varjon. From the time them must necellarily be overpafi with- of Elward the First and probably out any trial. It appears, from the much earlier) to the present day, there Red Book of the Exchequer, that in have been no variations in fineness, ancient times this particular circum- except during one disgraceful period, fiance was not overlooked.

which extended through part of the In order that a certain and adjusted reign of Henry VIII, and the whole measure thould not be wanting with of the reigns of Edward VI. and of which the purity of the coins might be Philip and Mary. The shortness of the compared, liaudard pieces of gold tivo laiter reigns, conjoined with other and 'Glver have been nade, at various circunfiances, probably prevented times, by persons (worn to execute that reformation of the coin from then them of the requisite fineness. The taking place, which was afterward efgold of 2:3 carats 31 grains fine, and fected by the wisdom and spirit of Elihalf a grain of allay, and the silver al zabeılı, inmediately upon her accefounces two penny weighis fine, with 18 fion in the throne. Of such imporpennyweights of allay: both these are

tance did that enlightened fovereign called the old standard of England. consider the integrity of the coins,

Proper portions of the particular that, when she had compleated the restandard pieces which are fpecitied in formation of the fianciard, the boasted the indeniure under which ihe Mafier that she had now destroyed the monster bus aciel, will be delivered to you, by which had fo long ravaged her king which you will cxamine the monies dom. contained in the Pix, and determine The weight of the money has not whether they coine up to, or fall continued fixed like the finenels, but tort of, the regular standard. You has, from necesity, varied with the will likewile attend to the weight of value of bullion ; for gold and lilver, the leveral coins, as required by the being articles of cominerce, will Ancinventure, which will be read to you. Muate in price according to the quanti

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