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churches, I beg leave to offer your rea- the Seventh's chapel, at Wefi minfier, ders a few. remarks on that fubjcct. is a fine specimen of this style. The church architecture of this king By the Obtufe (for I know no other dom mar, I think, be divided into name to call it by), I mean that lies feven clailes, viz. the Saxon, Norinan, cies of Architecture which took its risc Florid, Ornamenied, Obiule, Gres about the reign of Henry VIII. and cian, and Vodern,

consinued in fashion for near a century By the Saxon, I mean that kind of afterward. This frle is a firange mix. building which was prevalent before ture of Gothic and Grecian, though it she Conqueli; the peculiarities of does not properly belong to either; which are circular, mallive columns, the arches are oblutely-pointed, the with plain femi-circular arches: of this windows are of various forms, and the fiyle very few speeimeus are now re arches over the doors are sometimes

ming in Englan; and the only one pointed, and at others circular, as may erer Law, which I think wholly ge be seen in the South aile of Stolie News Bruine, is Si. Grumbald's cript at Ox- ington church in Middletex, where fort. This building is fitatel onder there are two doors made apparently at abe chancıl of St. Peter's church in the fame time (viz. about the time of that city, and is well worth the atten- Elizabeth), over one of which is a le$ion of all ihose who are curious in ar micircular, and the other a chiteture and antiquiries; it is fup- pointed arch. poried by very thick circular pillars, The Grecian order of architecture on which rest fquare capitals altoge- had been gradually inaking its way ther plain, with the exception of I until the reign of Charles II. when it shink) two, and they are covered with was finally established. As the sereral fome rude carvings, which the darkness peculiarities of this are well known, of the place prevenied me from mi- it would appear fuperfluous in me to putely examining

point them out; and as St. Paul's, and The Norman style was most probably as many of the London churches, are wtroduced immediately after the Con- Grecian buildings, it would be alike quest. It is distinguished by circular useless to name any particular specipillars with ornamented capitals, and demi-circular zig-zag arches, which, There now remains only one order though generally called Saxon, are in to take notice of, which is the Momy opinion much ton elegant an or- dern, or that style of building which nawent to have been invented by that has been al volt universally prevalent rude and barbarous people. One of during these last forty years.' This fiyle she moti elegant and perfect specimens is frequently called Grecian ; but I inof this style with which I am acquain- lilt thuit is entirely a different thing, as ted, is Iftley church, near Oxford. in our modern chur:bes there are Some of the later Norman churches neither pillars nor arches, except 29 have pointed arches, of which New fupports to the galleries; and indeci Shoreham church in Suilex is a beau- the church-builders of the present day tiful example.

seem to confider light and airiness as The Florid tiyle was introduced, says very superior to firength and folidity, Rufall in his Hiliory of Southwell, in and have therefore most cautioully the reig; of king Jolin, viz. about the avoided any thing which in the leait year 1200. In this elegant order of tends to shut out the rays of the fun, architecture the pillars are clustered, except in one infance, which is the and support sharply pointed arches. new church of St. Martin Ouiwich, Of this liyle, Mr. Urvan, I think where the paucity of the windows, and I cannot reler vour readers 10 the loftiness of the walls, have very more beautiful specimen, than the much the appearance of a gaol. venerable abbey of St. Peter at West And now, Mr. Urban, I shall only minster.

add, that as you have many correlponThe Ornamented order, which pre- dents. armch more learned in matters vailed during the reigns of Henry VI. of architecture and antiquities than Edward IV. and Henry VII. by the mytell, I Mali be happy to receive, elegance and multiplicity of its orna- through the medium of your Mifcelments, has been deservedly the admi- lany, any additions or corrections ta tation of all succeeding ages. Henry the abule fheich.

H. S.



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Gent. Mag. Dec. 7802. PL. IL p. 1097. 1.SOUTHGATE CHAPEL.

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Mr. Urban,

Sept. 30. tains and a beautiful fiream or rivolet, SO OUTHGATE is a pleasant village, running through the lower part of the

eight miles North of the metropo- same. lis, in the county of Middlesex, and The house appears to have been a parish of Edmonion. The chapel (of large stately building. It was pulled ihe South side of which I present you down in 1950, and ihe materials fold; with a drawing Plate Il. fig. 1.) is the walls are all that now remain of it, pearly surrounded by the grounds of forming a very picturesque ruin on the her grace the Dutchess of Chandos. declivity of a vale. It is a fmall neat building, confilting To have given you a sketch of the of a nave, chancel, and North aile. whole, would have made the view inThe nave, which is evidently the distinct and confused; I have therefore oldes part of the edifice, is built with only given you a North-east view of red bricks, and contains several hatch- what linile remains of the house and Inents and other heraldic infignia, with chapel on that fide; which shall be fome monuments, which, as they are followed by cther detached views illurneither remarkable for antiquity nor trated with what farther account I can beauty, I thall pass over in silence. gain. The North aile is built of lighter At this place, about the time of the coloured bricks, and is lighted by fe- Saxon lleptarchy, Eadbald, king of veral modern windows ; it also con- Kent, had his palace, the remains of tains fome haichments, and two mu- which Leland mentions in his Itineral monuments, one to the memory of rary made in the time of Henry VIII., John Hill Winbolt, gent. and the and that, not many years before he other to the memory of Mrs. Cooper. made his peraunbulation, a wall was Yours, Sic.

H.S. broken down, by which a liule cell, ,* Fig. 2, is the fac-simile from St. or chamber, was discovered, where Lawrence's church at Ranilgate, pro- were found the fragmentary remains mised in p. 1003.

of two children, who had been im

mured in that gloomy repository for Mr. URBAN, Deal, Sept. 2. many preceding ages. They are fáid to I SEND you (fig. 3) the view of part have been wo of the fifters, or daughters,

of a place that, in my opinion, just- of Eadbald, and to have been itarved ly claims the tribute of admiration to death for tome end now unknown. from all who delight in viewing the There are remains of a place at the venerable remains of antient grandeur: bottom of the garden, called the Purgaprobably I may entertain too great a tory, where we are informed this horprepotreslion for a place where I first rid deed was perpetrated, and that this law Nature's light, and, thus viewing place was used folely for a place of peit with an eye of prejudice, deemn those nitence and punishment. It is walled things grand and tublime, which others round with exceedingly high walls fint. would pass hy without even a mo rounded with water, lo prevent its vicment's pause ; nevertheless, if I relate tims from escaping; but whether we to you its history as far as I am at pre- may place this to the credit of truth, fent enabled, I am perfuaded you will faithfully handed down to us by our think with me that it is not altogether ancestors to this distance of time, or to unworthy of notice.

the luxuriant imagination of fome Northborn is situated about three Winter's evening relator of legendary iniles from Deal, and four from Sand- tales, I will not pretend to decide. wich; and was once the ornament of Eadbald, in 618, gave it to the abthat part of Kento

bot and convent of Saint Augustine, in The mantion-house, gardens, and which monastery his father Ethelbert pleasure grounds, containing about 30 lay, and where he ordered himself to acres, were all encompasled with a be buried ; in the convent's hands it wall, which is still extant, through continued at the time of the taking which you formerly entered by mally the Survey of Domesday in the i5th iron gates. The gardens rose gradu- year of the Conqueror's reign. ally into divers terraces, which had Salamon de Ripple, a monk of this been laid out with great art and ex- monastery, about the 10th year of king pence for the cultivation of fruits and Edward Ill. made some confiderable vegetables, and were watered by foun. improvements and additions to this Gent. Mag. December, 1802.


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place, and in particular new-built the magnificent palace, after being for a chapel from the foundation, of the re- long succession of centuries paft the mains of which you herewith have a property and retidence of muuarets view.

and of nobles, mouldering in detay It continued part of the possessions and ruin, and at laii veiied in an pitie of the monastery till its final diflolore vale individual. Joxx VERCER. tion in the 30th year of king Henry lig. 4, is a Love Token, per VIII. when it reverted to the crown, in haps the only one esitting; it is of which it continued but a short time; brass, and well preserved. Between for the king in his 31st year granted it the naine is represented a dolphin. to Archbishop Cranvier in exchange ;

B. I. and it remained part of the poflellions of the fee of Canterbury till Arehbithop Mr. Urbax,

Dec. 2.

ROM the nature of the outlines, Elizabeth, re-convered it to the Crown presented in a former nanber of in exchange ; and the Queen almolt im- your Magazine, for a proposed hiftory mediately afterwarıls granted it to Ed- of Yorkshire by Dr. Townfou, I am ward Saunders, gemeinan, her fotier doubtful whether a Itatistical modes brother, and where he afterwards re not gaining ground of the hittorical, in fided, having married Anne, daughter the very laudable endearour to collert and coheir of Francis, fon of Mlilo and arrange the authentic documents Pendrath, of Northborn, by Eliza- of those Counties which have pot ret beth, one of the heirs of_Thomas heen described and elucidated in a loSewin, and nurle to Queen Elizabeth. pographical way. The Antiquary will On his death, about the middle of that be alarmed at the idea of subliituting, reign, the potleflion of it again rereried or in any respect enhancing the imin the Crown, where it remained till portance of Naroral History, however King James I. toon after his acceflion, Delirable, to the injury and prejudice granted it in fee to Sir Edwin Sandys, of antiquities and the bitiory of palt on whom he conferred the honour of times. Subjects of mineralog; natuknighthood, for his firm attachment to ral history, agricultural and other fiahim at that time. He rebuilt this tistical materials of every tjecies, is de mansion, and kept his fhrievalty at it: fective, may be improved and perfected he died about 1029, and was buried in in future ; but opportunities of improa vault he inade for himself and pofte. ving the others, when originally ounirity in Northborn church, over which ted by the county historian, nay very is 'ereeted a very grand and noble mo- frequently be loti for ever. The objede nument ; a defcription of which, and of relearch will be rendered lets joleof several pieces of coin found among refting, in proportion as the more fala the ruins at different times, I will give cinating parts are displayed. you in another letter. On Sir Edwin Plealing as it is to lee lo many County Sandys's death, his eldest son we find Histories completed, and in progrets, fucceeded to this eftate. On his death on an extenfiie fcale ; the County oi foon afterwards, it came to his next Wilts, which affords fuch an ample brother, Col. Edwin Sandys, the no- fcope for the Antiquary's attention, ted rebel colonel under Oliver Crom- still remains without this neceffary elowell, well known for his facrilegious cidation. Whether from the difñcaler depredations, and infolent cruelties to attending the execution, the magnitude the Royalists; he died at Northborn of the undertaking, or auy reluctance house of the wound he had received in in its nobility and gentry to afford ard 1651, at the battle of Worcester. contribute the neceflary facilities for Upon his decease the estate descended its accomplishment, feems to be unleto his grandson, Sir Richard Sandys, termined; certain it is, that carious who left four danghters, to whom it attempts have been made by individuwas entailed by his will. The whole als, and, after fome progress, freeftate about eight years ago was offered quently not inconfiderable, coniiantly for fale in different lots; when the declined. For the honour of the fite of the late mansion-house, gar- County, collectively as well as indivi dens, and Long-lane farm adjoining, dually, the last conjecture, it is to be were purchased by Mr. William Wyborn, hoped, is without foundation. Attriin whole potrellion it still remains. buting it rather to the two former, coor Thus you behold a once fplendid and necied with the unavoidable heavy



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