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tfiat 'harveft of exquisite felicity which the hiz wild excursions into the "se ions of literary wanderer promises himself from fancy.



The Public having been for some Time past amused with JUBILEES in

Honour of our favourite Poet SHAKESPEARE, ang Thing alluding to a

like Solemnity may not be unfavourably received; we here therefore give an · Account of the most magnificent one that perhaps ever exifted. VIMUR BEK, known commonly by

the of

Thus every one contributed to celebrate before he made his intended expedition to aftrologers having chosen a happy moment, China, to marry his grand-children, ordered the firft Officer of the hou hold drew the cura grand jubilee or fealt to be made, in the tain of the Imperial gate. The Kadi's, plain of Khani Gheul, (that is, a míne of Sharifs, and Doctors of the empire met the Flowers,) whither he went to lodge on the Emperor ; and, having agreed on the artis7th of October, in the year 1404. The cles of marriage, the great Doctor read them Governors cf provinces, Generals, and great to the Assembly. The Grand Kadi reLords of his empire, assembled in this

place, ceived the mutual consent of the parties, and pitched their tents in order. People which he registered ; and then, according to from all parts of Asia repaired to behold this the Hanafiyan rites, joined the Princes and folemn rejoicing ; where all forts of diver- Princesses together in marriage, on whom fions were exhibited, and the richest curi. every one sprinkled gold and precious stones. osities fold in magnificent Mops.

There The Emperor being feated on his throne, was built an amphitheatre, covered with the banquet was served up to the brides, and brocade and Perlian carpets, furnished

with other Ladies of the Court, by the moft beaufeats for the music, and places for the buf- tiful

young women of his Saray, who had on foons and jelters to sew their skill. There crowns composed of flowers. The Princes was another amphitheatre for all sorts of of the blood, great Lords of the Court, and tradefmen, and a hundred of a different man- foreign Ambassadors, were seated under a ner filled with those who fold fruit, ench of canopy, {supported by twelve columns, and wbom had a kind of garden of pistachios, distint about a horse's course from the nuppomegranates, almonds, pears, and apples. tial hall. Here were ranged earthen urns, The butchers dressed up skins of animals in with strings of precious stones about them, very, ludicrous figures. Women imitated filled with gold, and silver pilasters, on the speaking goats with horns of gold, and ran tops of which were cups of gold, agate, and after one another. Some were dressed like crystal, adorned with pearls and jewels : All fairies and angels, with wings; whilst others which vessels were presented on falvers of assumed the appearance of elephants and gold and silver to those who drank; the litheep.

quors being kanmez, (inade of mare's The skinners also appeared in masquerades, milk) oxymel, hippocras, brandy, wines, like leopards, lions, tygers, foxes, with whose and the like. It is reported, that the wood skins they were covered. The upholders of several large forests was cut down to dress inade a camel of wood, reeds, cords, and che victuals for this banquet. There were painted linen, which walked about as if a. tables furnished in different places throughlive; and the man within it, drawing a cur- out the whole plain, and flaggons of wine tain, discovered the workman in his own fet near them, with numberless baskets of piece. The manufacturers of cotton made fruit. Besides these preparations for the birds of cotton, and a high tower of the same Court, there were jars full of liquors, ranged material, with the help of reeds, which erery all through the plain for the people's drinkbody imagined to be built with brick and ing; and, that their joy might be complete, mortar. It was covered with brocades and they were allowed to pursue whatever pleaembroidered work, carried itself about, and fures they thought fit, without any restraint, on its top was placed a ttork. The saddlers by proclamation, in these terms : This is Thewed their fill in two liters, open at top, the time of feasting, pleasure, and rejoicing. carried on a camel, with a bicautiful woman Let no person reprimand, or complain of an in each, who diverted the spectators by ac

other : Let not the rich insult the poor ; nor tions with their hands and feet. The mat- the strong the weak : Let no one ask anmakers gave a proof of their dexterity, by other, Why have you done this ?" two lines of writing, in Kufick, and other The elephants, with thrones on their bcaks, large characters worked with seeds. were drawn out on this occalion. when



the feast was over, a vast quantity of curious My heart hath hitherto been fet apon moveable goods was, according to custom,. inlarging the limits of my vast empire.; but laid upon mules and camels for the new- now I take up a resolución to use all my care married Princes among which were all in procuring quiet and security to my sub, fbits of rich habits, crowns, and belts, set "jects, and to render my kingdoins nourishwith precious stones. The mules had co- ing. It is my will, that private persons adverings of fattin, embroidered with gold ; dress their petitions and complaints immediand their little bells, as well as those of the ately to myself ; that they give me their ad. camels, were of gold. This pompous equi- vice, for the good of the Muffulınans, the page. paffed bcfore the admiring people. glory of the faith, and the extirpation of the

The bridegrooms, with their brides, were wicked difturbers of the public quict. I am cloathed nine rimes in different habits, set unwilling, at the day of judgment, that my off with crowns and belts. Each time they poor oppresled subjects should cry out ven. changed their dress, they paid their respects, geance against me. I am not defirous that As usual, to the Emperor ; while the ground any of my brave kidiers, w!io have so often was covered with the gold, pearls, and pre- expofed their lives in my service, should com. cious stones, which were sprinkled on them, plain against either me, or fortune ; for their and became the perquifite of their domestics. amictions touch me more than they do them, At night, illuminations were made, with felves. Let none of my subjects fear ta lanthorns, torches,' and lamps ; and the come before me with their complaints ; for: new-married Princes entered the nuptial- my design is that the world should become y

chamber. Next day, Timur honoured them paradise under my reign ; knowing, that, with a visit at their

respective apartments, ac. when a Prince is just and merciful, his king, companied by the Empresses and great Lords dom is crowned with blessings and honours. of the Court. Nor were the rejoicings con- In fine, I desire to lay up a treasure of jul. fimed to Khani Gheut ; for there was not tice

, that my soul may be happy after my one place in the whole empire, where the death." found of drums and trumpets was not heard, Timur then retired to his clolet ; where

This jubilee lafted two months ; after he thanked God for his favours, in railing which the Assembly was dissolved, and the him, from a petty Prince, to be the mot licence which had been granted during the mighty Monarch in the world : In giving feast recalled": So that, for the future, no him so many victories and conquests; mainperson was allowed to drink wine, or com- taining him in sovereign authority, and make mit any thing unlawful. After this, Ti. ing him his chosen (ervant." mur made a memorable speech to this efFect :

The LIFE of Archbishop LAUD finished from Page 17 of our laft,

BESIDES the parochial visitations, turgy came not in use till July 23, 2637. the Archbishop visited also the cathedrals, On that day it was first read in St. Giles's and procured new statutes for them, or re-church in Edinburgh; when it occafioned formed and improved their old ones. He a moft violent tumult among the perverse infifted, likewile, on visiting the Universities and ignorant multitude, spirited up by the as Metropolitan; which, after some contett, Nobility, who were lofers by the reftitution was adjndged to him as his right : But, the of episcopacy, and by the Ministers who loft troubles coming on, he did not visit them. their clalsical government. In King James In order to preserve, and collect together, all the Firit's minority, the lands of all the cathe records in the Tower that concern the thedral churches and religious houfes, which clergy, he was at the charge of having thein had been fettled on the Crown by at of Parall fairly transcribed in a large book of vel- liament, 'were shared amongst the Lords and dum ; and, it being brought to him fimihed, great Men of that kingdom, by the conniJune 10, 1637, he depolited it in his libra- vance of the Earl of Murray, and some of Ty at Lambeth, for the fervice of posterity. the Regents, to make them fure unto that For fome years he had set his heart upon gets fide; and they, being thus pöffelled of the ting the l'oglish liturgy introduced into the same lands, with the regalities and tythes bechurch of Scotland; and some of the Scottish longing to those ecclefiattical corporations, Bilhops had, under his direction and encou: Jorded it with pride and infolence enough in Tagement, prepared both that book and a their several territories. Upon the restoration collection of canons for public service. The of episcopacy, the possessors of the aforesaid casons were published in 1635, and the li- revenues began to fear they should be taken


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from them for the maintenance of the years. Whereupon the Attorney-general, Bishops; and the more as the Bishops pre fearing a defect of testimony, let fall this tended highly to the tythes and impropria first bill, and presented a second against him ations ; and first a revocation, and then a for tampering with the King's witnesses ; commillion for taking the surrendries of them and upon this second information it was, at the King's pleasure, had been newly set that he was so leverely treated. The second on foot. Behdes, some of the Bishops were sentence was grounded only upon three letput into places of the greatest profit, and of ters found in a box in the Bithop's house at the highest trust and authority. This, efpe- Bugden, and written to him by Mr. Olbalcially among the Nobles and persons of the deston in 1633; wherein mention was made highest consequence, appears to have been of the great leviathan, the little urchin, the the true reason of the strong opposition made ittle meddling hocus pocus.' By which two to the restoration of episcopacy in Scotland; last names it was inlisted upon, that Mr. and the cause of the many evils brought by Olbaldefton meant Archbishop Laud, though the Scots upon this kingdom.

he protested to the contrary, and declared *. Our Archbishop, having been the great that he meant Dr. Spicer. This last fenpromoter of that affair, was reviled for it in tence therefore was, it possible, much barder the most abufive manner; and both he and than the other. the book were charged with downright Pope- In order to prevent the printing and pulsry. The extremelyjsevere prosecution, car. Jishing what our Archbilhop thought improried on, about the same time, in the Star- per books, he procured a decree to be pafled chamber, chiefly through his instigation, a- in the Star-chamber, July 11, 1637, to regainit Prynne, Batwick,, and, Burton, did gulate the trade of printing; whereby it was him also infinite prejudice, and exposed him injoined, that the master printers (nould be to numberlels libels and reflections, though reduced to a certain number : and that none he endeavoured to vindicate his conduct, in of the should print any books till they were a speech delivered at their censure, June 14, licensed either by the Archbishop of Canter3637; and which was published by the bury or the Bishop of London, or by forme King's commande Another rigorous pro- of their Chaplains ; or by the Chancellors or fecution, carried on, with his concurrence Vice-chancellors of the cwo Universities. He in the Star-chamber, was against Bishop fell into the Queen's displeasure, O&. 21, Williams, who was condemned July 11, this year, by speaking with his usual warmth this year, in a fine of 10,000 pounds, and to the King, at the Council-table, concernto be imprisoned in the Tower during the ing the increase of Papifts, their trequent King's pleasure ; and suspended, the 24th of refort to Somerset-house, and the unsufferthe lame month, from all his ecclefiaftical able misdemeanors of some of them, in perfunctions. Upon another information, he verting his Majesty's subjects to Papery 'Jawas sentenced February 14, 1638-9, to pay nuary 31, 1638-9, he wrote a circular letter the King 5ooo . more, and the Archbishop to his Suffragan Bishops, wher-in he exhort3000 l. and Lambert Olbaldefton, Mastered them and their clergy to contribute li. of Westminster school, styled his confede-' berally towards the raiting of the army whicha, mte, was fined soool. to the King, the the King was allembling, in order to bring same sumn to the Archbishop; deprived of the rebellious Scots to obedience For Hvis all preferments; condemned to imprison- he was called an incendiary ; but he declares, ment during the King's pleasure ; to stand on the contrary, that he laboured for peace in the pillory, and have his ears nailed fo long, till he received a great check; and thereto.

that, in the Council, his counfels alone preBishop Williams, happening to displease vailed for peace and forbearance. In 1639. the Duke of Buckingham, was not only he employed one Mr. Petley to translate the tumed out of his place of Lord-keeper, but Liturgy into Greek; and at his recommengrew, by the Favourite's means, intirely out dation it was, that Dr. Joseph Hall

, Bishop of favour with the King; fo that he was, of Exeter, composed his learned treatise of E. if possible, devoted to destruction. The first piscopacy by divine right allested. On the Atep to ii was a prosecution begun against him sth of December the farne year, he was one of in 1627, "for revealing the King's fecrets, three Privy-counsellors that advised the King contrary to his oath as Privy-counsellor,' up to call a Parliament in case of the Scottish on the information of Sir John Lamb, and rebellion ; at which time a resolution was Dr. Sibthorp, for words spoken at his own taken to assist the King in extraordinary table in their presence. The Bishop, putting ways, if the Parliainent lhould prove peeviin a demurier and a strong plea againit the bill, and refuse supplies. A new Parliament, beKropped or delayed proceedings for about ten ing summoned, met April 13, 1640 ; and


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the Convocation the day following. But, is the man, the only min that hath raised the Commons launching out into extrava- and advanced all those that, together with gant complaints against the Archbishop, and himself, have been the authors and caulers infifting upon having grievances redrefled of all our ruins, miseries, and calamities before they granted any supply, the Parlia- we now groan under. Who is it but he ment was unhappily dílolved May the sth. only that hath brought the Earl of Strafford The Convocation, however, continued fit- to all his great places and employments ; a ting, which the Archbishop was not satisfi. fit spirit and instrument to act and execute --ed with, till he was determined by the opie' all his wicked and bloody designs in these .nion of the Lord Keeper Finch and several kingdoms ? Who is bait he only that brought eininent lawyers, and by a precedent in the in Secretary Windebank into this place of year 1986. The reason of their continuance service, of trust, the very broker and panwas, that, having agreed to give the Kingdar to the whore of Babylon ? Who is it, fix subsidies, payable in six years, and a- Mr. Speaker, but he only that hath advanced mounting in the whole to 126,000 l. and the all our Popish Bishops? I shall name but act not being made up at the dissolution of foine of them, Bishop Manwaring, the Bi*the Parliament, his Majelty, unwilling to top of Bath and Wells, the Bishop of Oxlole lo considerable a fum, granted them * ford, and Bishop Wren, the least of all

these new commission under the broad seal, ac- birds, but one of the most unclean ones --Who cording to the Stat. 25 Hen. VIII. c. 19, by is it, Mr. Speaker, but this great Archbishop virtue of which they fat till the 29th of May. of Canterbury, that hath sitten at the helni In this convocation seventeen canons were to steer and manage all the projets that have made; but both the canons and the fitting been let on foot in this kingdo:n these ten of the Convocation were imputed afterwards years laft paft? And, rather than he would to the Archbilhop as a moft enormous crime, stand out, he hath most unworthily trucked and on him also many laid the blame and and chaffered in the meanest of them; as, odium of the Parliament's diffolution : So for instance, that of tobacco, wherein thou. that zealous John Lilbure, W. Prynne's sands of people have been stripped and tumServant, caused a paper to be pofted, May 9, ed out of their trades, for which they have upon the Old Exchange, animating the ap- served as apprentices : We all know he was prentices to fack his house at Lambeth, the the compounder and contractor with therm Monday following. On that day, above for the licences, putting them to pay fines soo of them assembled in a riotous and tu- and a fee-farm rent to use their trade.multuary manner, but the Archbishop, ha- Mr. Speaker, we all know what he hath ving had previous notice, secured the house been charged withal here in this House, crimes as well as he could, and retired to his cham- of a dangerous consequence, and of a tran: ber at Whitehall, where he remained some scendent nature, no less than the fubversion days. One of the ringleaders was hanged, of the government of this kingdom, and drawn, and quartered, the zift of the fame the alteration of the Protestant religion : month, being condemned for treason upon And this is not upon bare information only, the Statute 25 Edw. III. because fo great a but much of it is come before us already mumber was assembled in a warlike manner, upon clear and manifest proofs, and there is with a drum, and with unlawful intents. scarce any grievance or complaint come be. In August following, a libel was found in fore us in this place, wherein we do not find Covent-garden ; animating the apprenticeshim inter-mentioned, and as it were twisted and soldiers to fall upon him in the King's into it; like a busy angry wasp, his fting us absence, that is, during his second expedi- in the tail of every thing. --Mr. Speaker, hit tion into Scotland. The Parliament' that hath been the great and common enemy of all met Nov. 3, 1640, not being better dispo- goodness and good men, and it is not faft fed in his favour, but for the most part bent that such a viper Ihould be near his

Majesty's upon his ruin; several angry speeches were person, to distil his poison into his facred made against him in the House of Commons, ears ; nor is it safe for the commonwealth one particularly, Dec. 18, by Harbottle that he fit in so eininent a place of governGrimitone, Esq; in which are these virulent ment, being thus accused; we know what expressions :

he did in the Earl of Strafford's case : This We are now fallen upon the great man, man is the corrupt fountain that hath infe&tthe Archbishop of Canterbury; look upon ed all the streams, and, till the fountain be him as he is in highness, and he is the stye purged, we can never expect or hope to have of all peftilential filth that hath infected the clear channels, &c.'-These are the rhestate and government of this coinmonwealth: torical Aourishes in this invective. The Look upon him in his dependencies, and he whole of it is aggravated and ungenteel 5



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fome falfe ; and the rest unworthy to come endeavour to ruin his reputation. For thias from the mouth of Mr. Grimstone, a Gen. purpose, numberlefs libels and ballads againle deman, or a Christian. But, such was the him fwasmed in the cities of London and ill humour of those violent times, when no Westminster, without controul; and even candor, and very little justice could be ex- were put into the hands of the Members of pected.

both Houses of Parliament, without the least No wonder that the Archbishop's ruin restraint or disapprobation. Ludicrous and should be fought and resolved upon, when abusive pictures were also made of him; he had so many and powerful enemies : whereby he was represented in a cage, faftenNamely, almost the whole body of the Puri. ed to a post by a chain at his houlder ; or tans; too many of the English Nobility and in a cage with a jefuit, and the King's fool others; and the bulk of the Scotch nation. standing by and laughing at them; and such The Puritans, who reputed and called him low ribaldry. the fole author of the innovations; of the In March and April 1641, the House of troubles and over-rigorous profecutions a- Commons ordered him, jointly with all those gainit the inoft poily, obstinate, and buly that had passed sentence in the Star-chamber of them: The Nobility, who were disobe against Burton, Bastuick, and Prynne, to liged by his warm and incautious manner, make fatisfaction and reparation to them for and by his grasping at the odious office of the damages they had sustained by their senPrime Minister ; odious, because on him tence and imprisonment, and he was fined all faults and miscarriages are generally laid: 20,000 pounds for his acting in the lato And the Scots, driven to a pitch of fury and Convocation. On the 21st of December madness, by the restoring of episcopal go foregoing, the Archbishop had also been vernment, and the introduction amongst condemned to pay 500 pounds to Sir Robert them of the English service-book. There. Howard for falle imprisonment. This case, fore, he was not only examined Dec. 4, in as related by the Archbishop, was thus : the Earl of Strafford's case ; but, Dec. 16, Sir John Villiers, eldest brother to George, when the Commons began to debate about the great Duke of Buckingham, having taken the late Convocation and canons, he was re- to his f.cond wife Elisabeth, daughter of Six presented as the author of them; and a Corn- William Slinglby, in Yorkshire, Knt. she mittee put upon him to inquire into all his bafely forfook his bed, and made herself a actions, and to prepare a charge against him. prostitute to Sir Robert Howard, fifth son The same morning, in the House of Lords, of Thomas Earl of Suffolk; by whoin the he was named as an incendiay, in an accu- had a child, under the name of Mus. Wright. fation put in by the Scottish Commislioners. These things coming to be known, she was Two days after, Dec. 18, Denzil Holles, brought into the High-commission; and, beEsq; second fon to the Ear) of Clare, carried ing there found guilty of adultery, Nov. 19, up to the Lords, in the name of the Com- 1627, was sentenced to do penance; but, to mons, the inpeachment against him of high avoid that, Hie withdrew. Afterwards, treason; desiring he might be forthwith le- when the ftorm was over, Sir Robert conquestered from Parliament, and committed ; veyed her to his house in Shropshire, where and the Commons wouid, within a conve- the lived avowedly with him fome years, and nient time, resort to them with particular ac- had by him several children. At last, they cusations and articles. Soon after, the Scute grew to that open boldness, that he brought tilh Commissioners presented also to the Up- her up to London, and lodged her in Westper House the charge against him, tending to minster. This was so near the Court, and prove him an incendiary; whereupon he was in fo open view, that the King and the Lords immediately committed to the custody of took notice of it, as a thing full of impuMr. James Maxwell, Gentleman Yther of dence, that they should fo publickly venture the Black Rod. After he had continued ten to outface the justice of the realm in fo foul weeks in his custody, Sir Henry Vane, jun. a business. And, one day, as the Archbibrought up, Feb. 26, from the Commons Nop came to wait upon the King, his Mato the Lords, fourteen articles against him, jesty told him of it, and added, that it was which they desired time to prove in particu- a great reproach to the church and nation; Jar, and that he might in the mean while be and that he neglected his duty, in case he did kept fafe. Accordingly Mr. Maxwell con- not take order for it. The Archbishop anveyed hist in his coach to the Tower, March fwered he was the wife of a Peer of the 1, 1640-1, aridit the insults and reproach- realm ; and that, without his leave, he could es of the mob. His enemies, of which the not attack her ; but that, now he knew his number was great, began then to give full Majesty's pleasure, he would do kis beit to vent to their passions and prejudices, and to have beer taken and brought to penance, ac


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