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moment the chamber he lừy in appeared fil- ful : It, being a most fubtile and refined matled with lightning, which inftantaneously ter, will fometimes burn a person's eloaths vanilhed, leaving behind it a remarkable while his body remains unhurt. And, on phosphorine smell. From that point of time the contrary, it will sometiines break a man's he thought he found his natural facul. bones while his cloaths and flesh receive no ties more alert; and his feelings so greatly ham. in like manner it has been known altered, that he fancied his cure to be ac- to melt or break the blade of a sword, and the complished ; which he was induced to per- scabbard remain untouched. It has drank juade himself of, from a sudden sensation up vessels of water, the cover being left undescribed by him to be, as if some oh-' touched, and no other token remaining Gold, Itruction in his chest, or a great adhesion silver, and brass have been melted, and the therein, had been suddenly removed, and his bags wherein they were contained not burnt, breast had then recovered its former full li- nor even the seal of wax defaced. Marcia, berty of expansion: The oppression and Queen of the Romans, was thunder-struck conñnement he had there before fuffered when he was far gone in her pregnancy. The seeming to be intirely gone. And he now child was killed in her womb, and the reenjoyed, in imagination, at least, the agrec- ceived no harm. The fishes in ponds have able opinion of repo:lelling perfect health. been frequently Nain by lightning. But how much greater was his joy when he The reason of these strange and contrary

contrar arose in the morning, and began to move a- effects philofophers can but conjecture; imbout, upon finding the fancy he had indulged, puting it to the different figure and qualiduring the night, fully verified by the intire ty of the particles of the lightning, or to the ease and complete health be then really en- rarity and thickness of the fire, for the more joyed. His head was quite ferene; his break subtile penetrates more easily, and the thickunloaden of its wonted oppression, and eased er with more difficulty ; whence the latter of its habitual pain; He could move all his does more harm than the former, and though limbs with as much steadiness and agility as it prodaces various and wonderful effects, he used before his complaint : Torpors, yet it is of such fingular use to the inhabitremblings, and the long unhappy train of tants of the earth, that they could scarce fube. miseries which before afisted him were now list without it ; for it clears the air, destroys gone : The joy of health was, like the dawn and consumes all the redundant and noxious of the morning, renewed; and every para- fteams and particles that float in it, breaks lytic symptom, with his detpair of recovery, the clouds, and sends down räin upon the vanished like the preceding night ; and he a- earth. vers that, though the day before he was un- Electricity, applied to the animal body, able to walk more than half a mile, and that acce'erates the circulation of the blood; greatwith great difficulty and pain, he could, the ly quickening the pulse, it rarefies it, and morning after the shock the lightning gave enlarges its volume. Hence we find by exhim, have walked with ease ten or twelve perience, that it often removes obstructions, miles; so propitious was that cvent. And, and is a temporary remedy or a perfect cure on the roih of September, 1762, he was, in many disorders proceeding (as moft do) and I believe still continues, in a perfect state from obAructions ; and it is applied with peof good health. To establish and secure culiar success in some female complaints, vitrich blessing, io signally recovered, he was which arise from that common origin. then rturni to course of the Tunbridge On the contrary, by withdrawing this fire waters; where this account was delivered by froin an healthy body, or from one in a tehimself of bis disorder and the cure. ver, the circulation is retarded, and the pulse

It may not be improper here to observe, rendered flower. that, as 13r. Winier is well known to be id It has a further effect on animals struck Gentleman of strict veracity, and found, with it, similar to the effects of lightning ; plin sense, we cannot rupeet therefore either for such as are killed with the electrical shock his ficad or his hean to be capable of deceiv- aic thereby inclined to almost instant putreing' us in this relation, which himself deli- facliun : fó it is with bodies Nain by lightning, väed, and which I was very careful to note wilich acquire therefrom such a putrescent down as circun'tantially as posible, that it dispolition 25 to offend almost iinmediately might be fatisticiory to all irbo may think atier. And from this property in electricity it of to much mporance as to be favoured it is, that we find fowls or curtle killed by with their atten::0).

lightning or a thuck of electricity, if eaten

directly afterwards, prove as tender as if OBSERVATIONS. they had been killed two or three days. Ik het of vary wonder- Since the publication of the above cale, in

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the course of my conversation with the in- part) and dried up and consumed the roots genious and learned author of many new and of the cancer in such a manner, as totally to curious discoveries in ele&tricity, Dr. Frank- prevent its farther progress ; fo that, when by lin, I was informed, that some time ago, art abandoned to de!pair, her perfect cure when an house in America was struck with was, I may say, miraculously accomplished lightning, two people in the fame were struck by accident. dead, and one rendered paralytic, which he I am informed by good authority, that a continued to be to the end of his life. Gentlewoinan in Great Rufel-street had a

I am allured, by a very worthy Lady, pally communicated by lightning, which was that she was told, by a late Dignitary of the cured again, some time after, by a fath of church in Ireland, that he knew for certain lightning. a Gentlewoman in that kingdom, who was And I am told the Apothecary at St. cured of a most deplorable cancer by a sud- Thoinas's Hospital recovered a paralytic paden flash of lightning, which struck her up- tient by the electrical fhock, which being on the disordered breast (as if attracted thi- afterwards repeated, the disorder returned ther by some hidden property then in the and continued incurable.

A foort CHARACTER of the late Lord Chancellor.

6

the office of Attorney-general, he Ministers thought, in that situation, his ianever failed to be an advocate and protector Hexible integrity, and love of the Constituof the liberties of the people. His conduct tion, could never interfere with their politics. then in Parliament will do him honour when But in that station there foon came on before he is no more. As the Law-officer, to him a great and national question in the whom the exercise of the prerogative was de person of Mr. Wilkes. His conduct on legated, he will ever be revered : No harsh that occation is too well known, and the tyrannical prosecutions were set on foot by business tco recent, to need a recapitulation. him; and the mandate of a Trea'iry Board, Suffice it to say, that it is engraved on the for sheltering under the prerogative an extor- grateful breast of every honest and unbiassed tionate servant, or false witness of the Crown, Englishman. was regarded by him as waste paper. On From the Common-pleas, let us pass on a fingular occasion, his answer to such a to the Cout of Chancery. It will not be mandate was, His Majesty has delegated denied, that he has given the molt perfect that part of the prerogative to me, and I and intire satisfaction. Were it possible w will exercise it in such a manner as I can forget his paft conduct of a Lawyer and a answer to the King, my conscience, and my Statesman, his conduct upon the political country.' An aliver that one may venture question, that now occupies the attention to say had not been given for fome tine be- of every thinking man, being of the last imfore by the King's Attorney-general to the portance to our liberties, would indear him Treasury Board, nor may happen to be to his country. That a full conviction of

pxeedily given again. No wonder their his being right was the fole ground for his Lordships were surprised at tire bolness of having taken the past he has, no man can rethe reply, it being novel to them, from a ally doubt, for he was in the firit office the man in luch an office ; but their submission Crown could bestow --could be no greater, to his determination added to his honour, and was liable to be removed therefrom at and was no diminution of their own. pleasure-He risqued all, and gained nothing

View him next placed out of the way, in but the blessings of a grateful people. the Court of Common-pleas, whither he was Brezi

LYNXXX ZAURIZI

FOREIGN ADVICES. HE following is a translation of the Georgia, to declare to the whole world, the

, med as, against the Ottoman Porte :

taken to disannul a law, which appears in A juftifiable defire of liberty, natural to have been framed rather by brutes than reaall nations, and the shame of paying a tribute fonable people. It is true, we are the tribuimposed on us in the time of cur adversity, caries, but not the Naves of the Porte. We are the motives which determine ibe people of are willing to do komage for part of our

goods,

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Soodse; but this haughty Power, as a tribute, raine, that he may be at hand to oppose toy in. demands the prostitution of our daughters, to cursions which the Tartars may make upon the pleasure of their Prince. From this mo- the frontiers. We learn from Zytomiers, ment we abolish such a scandaloys custom, that the Haydamacks, to the number of 3000, and are determined to get rid of this tax, even strengthened with cannon, begin a new their at the price of the last drop of our blood. At inroads; but Mr. Stembkouki, quarter-mas. least, we shall erect a monument to our glory, ter of the Crown, has been sent against them, and oblige pofterity to acknowledge, that a with his detachment of Polish troops, and people, who were termed Barbarians, sacri. some hundreds of Ruffians. We are ine ficed their lives for the preservation of their formed from good authority, that on the soth honour, and the support of their liberty. And, of this month Major Drewitz attacked the that it may not be thought this effort is the Confederates near Konkie, killed 300 of offspring of presumption, 1, Prince Heraclius, them, and made 150 prisoners, among whom do hereby declare, that, being animated in the are nine foreign Oficers. • caufe, I am ready to put myself at the head of An affair has likewise happened at Petri. ffty of our ships, and five thousand men. kau, where several Marshals of the ConfedeSuch of the neighbouring Princes, who prefer rates had assembled with their troops, amount. death to ignominy, convinced of the justness ing to 5000 men. These, being informed that of our cause, will join their troops to ours, in Colonel Ronne was marching towards them, order to abolish a tax, which at once makes us quitted that town, into which Captain CalNaves, and disgraces humanity'.

telli entered with about 250 men, the greatet Constantinople, Nov. 18. On the 5th, part of them horse. I he Confederates, being 6th, and 7th of this month, very long conse: informed of the smallness of this detachment, rences were beld at the Mufti's, in regard to returned direaly and attacked them. Capthe measures to be taken by the Porte in the tain Castelli took his measures so well, that present circumstances. The Grand Seignior he forced his way through the gardens, tho appears ftill disposed to continue with vigous they fired upon his men out of every winthe war against Rusia. The preparations dow; however, when he came to the Jesuits making for the ensuing campaign leave no

Convents, he was killed. soom to doubt but it will be extremely inte- In the mean time the Confederates learnrefting. It is fill believed that his Highness ing, that not only the remainder of the Van: will command his army in person. The land guard, but also the Colonel himself, with all forces are to be {uperior to those employed in his forces, was coming up, they took theit the last campaign, and the naval force no less customary resolution of retreating, after fece confideratle. The ships lately returned un- ting fire to both the suburbs, throngh which der the Captain Pacha are to be careened and Mr. Ronne was to pass. This obliged the refitted, after which part of them will be sent Ruffians to make a circuit, and gave the Conto the White Sea, to join those which have federates time to retire. The Ruflians had been there fince the beginning of summer. about 30 killed, and as many wounded.

Petersburg, Dec. 5. A few days ago the The Jesuits are suspected, with a good deal Court received from Gen. Count'de Panin, of foundation, of having facilitated the reCommander in chief of the second army, a entry of the Confederates through their concircumstantial account of the expedition of the vent and thickets, well known to them. It Count de Witgenstein, near Bender, at the is even said, that many of those religious were head of four battalions of grenadiers, 800 taken with arms in their hands. hunters, and two regiments of fufiliers. In Warsaw, Dec. 20. The Confederates ur. several li'cle engagements be had with the der Marshal Zaremba attacked on the 12th enemy, the latter were always defeated, and inst. in the neighbourhood of Petrikau, the

the Russians, besides prisoners, took from advanced guard of a body of Russian troops, • them five pair of colours, a General's staff of commanded by General Weymar, and took

command, a pair of kettle-drums, 264 ca- fome prifuners ; bu! upon the approach of mels, 21,000 horses, 10,500 oxen, 67,0co that body they ran away with precipitation, Sheep.

and set fire to the suburbs of the town, so that Leghorn, Dec. 14. Some of the Russian the Jesuits church was reduced to alhes. They Ships of war have put in at Sardinia, in order write from Cracovia, that the Confederates to wait there the remainder of their feet. had reccived orders from their Chiefs to eva. The Dutch Vice. admiral Roesmer is collea. cuate the place and come there no more. ing his squadron, which is to con Gift of twelve We learn that, among other advantages vefsels of war, with which he is to scour the successively obtained over the Turks, Colonel Mediterranean, but we know not for what Colpakow has lately defeated a body of soo reason. The ships and galiots of the Grand Tartars of the Crimea, under the command of Duke of Tuscany have likewise received or- two well known partitans near the frontiers ders to hold themselves ready to fail, under of Bohemia, when upwards of 100 mea were the command of Captain Smith.

cut to pieces, among whom were the two Warlaw, December 16. The Count de commanders, and their standards were takea Romanzow, General in chief of the Russian with 160 herses. forces, has fixed his head-quarters in the UK. Warsaw, Dec. 23. The Chan of the Ta

tors has quitted his refidence at Kaulany, not and Krasinski are guarded at night by the Ot. thinking himself in Cafety there, and is retje tomans, and the greatest dillensions reign ared farther into the country. The Turkish mong the Confederates, one part of whom army, which is on the other fide of the Da. have chosen the Sieur Krasinski for their nube, leflens every day in its pumbers, the chief, and the other part of the Sieur Mofjanillaries deserting by whole platoons at a towski. The Chunt de Romanzow is set out time. In the mean while it is certain, that fur Petersburgh, in order to aflit at the conthe Ruflians are masters of the Danube, and sultations which are to be held there con. also of llaccia, which puts them in a condi- cerning the operations of the ensuing camtion of opening the campaign with advantage; paign, and the command of the Russian army for which purpose they have formed large ma- is delivered up till his return to Count Olitz, gazines in Wallachia. The Counts Potocki

Historical

Chronicle, January 1770.

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January 1.

lishment, the public credit and the safety of November 30, says, “ By Capt. Miller, "When I first met you in Parliament, as I from Savanna-le-Mar, in Jamaica, we learn, knew, and could rely upon it, that nothing that on the 20th of October a Noop was could move from his Majesty but what would brought in there by two Englishmen, which be expreflive of his conftant and ardent defire had been taken some time before by a Spanish to maintain and preserve every conftitutional guarda costa, who put fix Spanish soldiers, right to his people, I little thought that any and an Officer, on board, and left only the thing would happen, during the course of this two Englishmen to affift in working the vef- feflion, that could possibly affect the just sel, with orders to follow the frigate that rights of his Majesty, and of the Crown of took them to Carthagena ; but the English- Great Britain, so as to afford his Majesty any men altered the foop's course in the night, just cause of disatisfaction, and make it neand feered to the northward; the next day, cessary for me, specially, to assert and vindi. when the Spaniards loft light of the frigate, cate those rights. they were in great confufiua, as they did not • It is therefore with great concern that I know which way to look for the land, and have seen and observed, in the votes and jourodehred the Englishmen to carry them into als of the House of Commons, printed by your fome Spanish port, which they readily promic order, & late proceeding by you, of such a nafed to do, but brought her safe to anchor at ture, and of such effect, with respect to the the above post; the Spaniards were so igno- rights of his Majesty, and the Crown of rant, they did not know it was an English Great Britain, as to make it necessary for me, port, till they went on shore, and, to their on this day, and in this place, to take notice great furprise, found none but English about of, and animadvert thereupon : I mean the them. The Noop belonged to Kingston,', vote and resolution of the twenty-first day of January 5.

November last, by which you, Gentlemen of The Society for encouragement of Arts, the House of Commons, declare, that a bill, Manofactures, and Commerce, gave a gold intitled, An act for granting to his Majesty medal to Mr. James English, for ihe culiva- the several duties, rates, impositions and tion of rhubarb in England.

taxes, therein particularly expressed, to be apJanuary 8.

plied to the payment of the interest of the Dublin, December 26.

sums therein provided for, and towards the His Excellency George Lord Viscount Town. discharge of the said principal sums, in such

Tend, Lord Lieutenant-general, and Ge. manner as is therein directed, which had Deral Governor of Ireland, his Speech to been duly certified from hence to his Mac both Houses of Parliament, at Dublin, on jesty, and, by his Majesty, had been transTuesday the 26th Day of December, 1769. mitted in due form, under the great seal of My Lords and Gentlemen,

Great Britain, and which had been read a THE Attention you have thewn to the first time by you, and which was rejected by great objects which have been particularly re- you on that day, was so rejected, becau'e ic commended by me to your confideration, and did not take its risc in your House. the provisions which have been made for the • This vote, and this resolution of yours, safety and security of this kingdom, call upon declaring that the said bill was rejected, beo me not only to express my approbation of, cause it did not take its rise in your House, but to thank you, as I now do, for your con- being contrary to the acts of Parliament of duet in these particulars.

this kingdom of the oth of Henry, the Gentlemen of the House of Commons. VIlth, and the 3d and 4th of Philip and « IT is with great pleasure that I thank Mary, and the usage and practice ever since, you, in his Majesty's name, for the supplies and intrenching upon the juni rights of his which you have granted, and the provision Majesty, and the crown of Great Britain, to which you have made for the present estab. transmit such bills to be treated of and con

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fidered in Parliament here : I am now to af- it absolutely necessary, with the advice of my fert his Majesty's royal authority, and the Privy.council, to give immediate directions rights of the Crown of Great Britain, in this for every step to be taken that appeared most respect, and in such a manner, as may be most capable of checking the infant danger of the public and permanent; and therefore I do spreading of the infection, until I could have bere, in full Parliament, make my public an opportunity of confulting my Parliament protest againft the said vote and resolution of upon some more permanent measures for secuihe Houfe of Commons, by which you, Gen. ring us against so great a calamity : And to ilemen of that House, declare that the said your immediate and serious confideration I bill was rejected by you, because it did not earnestly recommend this very important ob. take its rise in your House, and against the jeet. entries of the said vote and resolution, which "I have given my Parliament repeated af. remain in the journals of the House of Como furances, that it has always been my fixed mons: And I do require the clerk of this purpose to preserve the general tranquillity ; House now to read my said protest, and to en- maintaining at the same time, the dignity ter it in the journals of this House, that it and honour of my Crown, together with the may there remain, to future ages, as a vindi. just rights and interests of my people. The cation of the undoubted right and authority of uncommon burthens which my subjects have his Majesty, and of the rights of the Crown borne fo chearfully, in order to bring the late of Great Britain, in this particular.

war to a happy conclusion, moft be an addi• In this protest, I think myself warranted tional motive to make me vigilant to prevent in all respects; and if it needed, as I conceive the present difturbances in Europe from exit doth not, any other strength than that tending to any part, where the security, ho. which it derives from the flatutes which I nour, or interest of this nation may make it have mentioned, and from the usage and prac. neceffary for my Crown to become a party. tice ever since, it would be found in that pre- The assurances which I receive from the other cedent which appears in the journals of this great Powers, afford me reason to believe, House of the 3d day of Noveniber, 1692, un. that my endeavours will continue to be suca der the reign of that glorious and ima.ortal cessful. 1 fhall fill make the general intePrince King William the Third, the great refts of Europe the object of my attention > deliverer of these kingdoms, and the constant And while I ftcadily lupport my own rights, I and magnanimous affertor and preserver of the Mhall be equally careful not to acknowledge the civil and religious rights of mankind.' claims of any oiber Powers contrary to the ti. After which the Lord Chancellor, by his Ex. mitations of the late treaties of peace. cellency's command, said,

It is needless for me to recommend to My Lords and Gentlemen,

the serious attention of my Patliament the * IT is his Excelleacy the Lord Lieute- ftate of my government in America. I have nant's pleasure, that this Parliament be pro- endeavoured on my part, by every means, to rogued to 'Tuesday the 20th day of March bring back my fubjeétu there to their duty, next, to be then here held : And this Parlia- and to a due sense of lawful authority. It ment is accordingly prorogued to Tuesday the gives me much concern to inform you, that 20th day of March next.

the success of my endeavours has not an. January 10.

swered my expectations; and that, in some of Weltminster, Jan. 3. This day his Ma. my colonies, many persons have imbarked in jesty came to the House of Peers, and being in measures highly unwarrantable, and calculabis royal robes seated on the throne with the ted to destroy the commercial connection beusual solemnity, Mr. Quarme, Uther of the tween them and the mother country. Dlack Rod, was sent with a message from his Gentlemen of the House of Commons, Majesty to the House of Commons, com- < I have ordered the proper estimates for the manding their attendance in the House of service of the current year to be laid before Peers. The Commons being come thither you. I am persuaded, that your affection for accordingly, his Majesty was pleased to make my person and government, and your zeal for the following moft gracious speech :

the public good, will induce you to grant such My Lords, and Gentlemen,

supplies as are necessary; and you may be ala • IT is with much concern that I find fured, that, on my part, they thall be manamyself obliged to open this session of Parlia. ged with the stricteft economy. mncnt with acquainting you, that the distemper My Lords, and Gentlemen, among the horned cattle has lately broke out As the welfarc and prosperity of my people in this kingdom, notwithstanding every pre- have always been the object of my wifes, caution that could be used for preventing the and the rule of my actions ; fo I am perfuainfection from foreign parts. Upon the first ded, from my experience of your conduct, that norice of its actual appearance, my next at- you will be governed in your proceedings by. tention was to endeavour to stop, if poflible, the same principles. My ready concurrence its farther pregrets ; and, as the success of and support, in every measure that may ferve those endeavours mult, in all probability, have to promote thore ends, you may always depend bren intirely defeated by any the least degree upon. On you it will be now, more than of delay in its application of theid, I thought ever, incumbent, moft carefully to avoid all

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