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25 toon knew what his younger son had done unto him. And he by divine inspiration said, Cursed [be] Canaan, in his person and posterity; a servant of servants, a most abject sleeve, shall he be unto his brethren. And from him the curse both ascended to Ais father Ham, and descended to his posterity the Canaanites. But upon his other two sons, who discovered so muck
26 filial duty, he pronounced a most important benediction; And he
said, Blessed [be] the Lord God of Shem; who of his special favour hath enabled him to act such a -worthy part, and hath taken him into apeculiar relation to himself; and Canaan shall
27 be his servant. God shall a/no enlarge Japheth, his territories and his posterity, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem, they shall join like brethren in the worship of the true God, aa the Gentiles do -who are grafted on the good olive; aud Canaan shall be his servant, be in subjection to Jafihetà as well a* to Shem, and excludedfram. the privileges promised to. both.
28 And Noah lived after the flood, three hundred and fifty
29 years. And all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years: and he died; but thirty two years before the birth of ЛЬгат. His great age was singularly providential for propagating religion in the new world, to which) aa well as the old, he ivaí, no doubt, a preacher of righteousness.
1. "\Ж7" Е leam hence how odious a sin drunkenness is. V V Though many excuses may be urged in behalf cf Noah, and we know not that he ever repeated this crime; yet, what dreadful consequences followed! Let him that thinketh lie standeth, take heed lest he fall. Let professing Christians walk circumspectly, and carefully guard against whatever might prove the occasion of sin and folly. The apostle not only delivered that prohibition, Бе not drunk with wine wherein there is erccs?, but ndcís, Abstain from the appearance cf evil. In order to avoid criminality in this,'as well as in other things, it is good to keep out of the way of temptation. Look not upon wine when it is red, ii'hen it givcth its colour in the cup, when it moveth itself aright ; at the last it biteth like a serpent and stingcth like an adder. This was btrikingly illustrated in \he case of Noah; it exposed him to shame. If men did but see what beasts they make of themselves when they are in liquor; how unbecoming a situation it often placcth them in; and what folly it occasipns them to utter.; surely they \vouid abhor the thought of being guilty of this vice. Blessed in he that watchcth, and ktfjieth Ms garments, lest he walk naked, and they see ¡us shame. Rev. xvi. 15.
2. See the scandal and sin of disobedience to parents, and how heinous it Vs'in the sight of God. Ham, one of Noah's sons, was of so depraved a disposition, that he made sport of his gond father's weakness, and publicly told his brethren of it in the streets 5 he secretly rejoiced, it may be, tp see the good old man overtaken in a fault, for which Noah had severely reproved others, and perhaps Ham himself. Herein he eho'vyed himself ío be one of those fools which Solomon speaks of, ivho make a mock at sin. It is no uncommon thing for the wicked to make a jest of the sins of others, as well as their own; and to make the sins and weaknesses of good men, in particular, the subjects of their ungodly mirth: but it shows a dreadful degree of hardness in those who are capable of it, and especially in children, to mock at the weakness of their pious parents. Let young people carefully guard against every thing of this kind; and let good men take care that they give them no occasion. The conduct of the other two sons of Noah, who so decently and kindly laid a covering over their father, was much to their honour, and affords an example well worthy of imitation. True charity, or love, will hide a multitude of sins, and cast a veil over a thousand infirmities of good parents, neighbours, and friends. Those who are thus kind and dutiful may expect a blessing; but wicked scoffers, and especially wicked children of pious parents, shall be cursed with Canaan.
3. What a striking proof have we here of the foreknowledge of God, and the divine origin of the scriptures 1 This prophecy hath been most remarkably accomplished in the history of Noah's sons and their posterity. We all know in what an awful manner the curse denounced upon Ham was executed, in the total extermination of the Canaanites; and we know also, that the blessing pronounced upon the other two sons of Noah was as remarkably fulfilled, particularly in the descent of the glorious Redeemer from the posterity of Shem. Let us, with Noah, devoutly say, Blessed be the God of Shem, for the covenant of grace established in the Redeemer, and all the spiritual blessings conveyed through him. Once more,
4. Let us, who are of the race of Japheth, be thankful that we have been persuaded to dwell in the tents of Shem, and that the Lord God halh dwelt in our tents: that we sinners of the Grntita, who were once strangers and foreigners, are made fellow citizens with the saints and heirs of the firomlse. Let us be thankful that we have still the tokens of the divine presence among us; und especially if any of us have been persuaded to open to him the door of our hearts. Let us pray in faith for the accomplishment of the prophecies concerning the universal establishment of the Redeemer's kingdom, that all the sons of Noah may become holiness to the Lord, and the whole earth be filled with hie glory. Amen.
-As there is little in this chapter of a practical nature; a short iUustration of some parts of it only will be given.
1 T^T" 0 W these following [are] the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.
2 The sons of Japheth, who was the eldest, were these seven; Gomer, and Magog, aod Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and
3 Meshcch, and Tiras. And the sons of Gomer, Japhcth's eldest
4 son, were Ashkenaz, and Riphath and Togarmah. And the sons of Javan, the fourth son of Jap/ieth,were'E\i&hsL, and Tar
'5 shish, Kittim, and Dodanhn. By these several branches of JVoah's family were the isles of the Gentiles* divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, ia their nations.t
6 And the sons of Hani, Noah's second son, were Cush, and
7 Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan. And the sons of Cush, were Sebah, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sab. techah: and the sans of Raamah, were Sheba, and Dedan.
£ And Cush afterwards begat another son, who was called Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one in the earth: to affect and usurp a tyrannical government, and to enlarge his dominions.
5 He was a mighty hunter before the Lord ;|| he made himself popular by hunting and killing wild beasts z and at last usurped the government, and became a cruel persecutor, oppressor, and tyrant: wherefore it is said, E^'en as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord; his cruelty and tyranny were so noto* rious, that it became a proverb of reproach conccmitig a tyrannic
10 cal person, He is a very Mmrod. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, he icing the founder of the Babylonish empire; and afterwards he built Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. But his ambition not being yet satis
i 1 fed, Out of that land he went forth to Asshur, that is, the land of Assyria, which was called by his name, Micah v. 6. and t/iere
12 he builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same [is] still a
13 great city. And Mizraim, tlie second son of Ham, begat sev* eral sons, from wJwm sprang the peofde called Ludim, and
• Countries of Europe, called isles, because separated from Judea by the sea.
"t" At the dividing of tongues, God. bv hi3 providence, so ordered it, that all of a family «r nation snake the same language, and settled themselves together accordingly, in suck and such places.
H The oppression of mankind is represented by hunting them. It is probable that Nimrod thus mmted men under the pretence of hunting wild beasts, and his courage Uki dexterity in the l itter, miL'ht qualify him for the former. The expression before the Lord, is sometimes used only to denote something of distinguished eminence. See Gen. xiii. 13. Acts vii. 20. margin. Lirte i. 6. The LXX. reads, against the Lord. Government, before Nimrod's time, wasonly patriarchal. It is observable that the first monarch wa» a tyrant; nr.d the conquerors of the earth may properly be stiled mightv hunters. See J«r. xvi. 16. Eith. xiii. 24.
H Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.
15 And Canaan, the youngest son of Ham, begat Sidon his first
16 born, and Heth, thefather of the Hittites, And the Jubusite, and
17 the Amorite, and the Girgasite, And the Hivite, and the Ar
18 kite, and the Sinite, And the Arvadite, and the Zamarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the several families of
19 the Canaanites now mentioned spread abroad. And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon,* as thou comest to Gerar, and it extended southward unto Gaza: as thou goest unto. Sodom and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto
20 Lasha.f These [are] the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, [and] in their nations.
21 Unto Shem also, the father of all who in scripture are called the children of Eber, (and after him are named Hebrews) unto Shem the brother of Japheth the elder son of AaaA, even
22 to him, whom God had blessed, were [children] born. And The children of Shem, whose family is of peculiar importance in the history of the church, were these; Elam, and Asshur, and
23 Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram. And the children of Aram,
24 pert Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash, or Meshech. And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber beforemen
25 tioned. And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one [was] Peleg, which signifies, dispersion; for in his days was the earth divided ;|| and his brother's name [was] Jok
26 tan. And Joktan begat thirteen sons; namely, Almodad, and
27 Sheleph, and Hazermaveth, and Jerah, And Hadoram, and
28 Uzal, and Dicklah, And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba, And
29 Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these [were] the sons of 20 Joktan. And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest
31 unto Sephar, a mount of the east. These [are] the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands,
32 after their nations. These [are] the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood; the occasion of which division is hereafter related.
* A famous ancient city, lying northward, which took it9 name from Canaan's eldest ton.
f Or the famous city Dan ; called also Laish. Judges w'tli. 3o.and Lesham, Joih. xix. 47. This was the country of the Canaanites, which God afterwards gave to the Israelites, ex" tending about one hundred and eighty miles. Weill's Geogr. Vol. I. p. 304.
I About the time of his birth it happened that the inhabitants of the earth, were dirided* Srit in language, then in habitation.
The dispersion of the sons of men at Babel; the posterity of Shcm down to Abram; and his removal from his native country.
1 AND the whole earth was till this period, that is, about an
2 one speech, which probably wan the Hebrew. And it came to pass, as they, .\hnrod and his confederates, journeyed from the east, that they found a large fruitful plain in the land of Shinar ; and they dwelt there.*
3 And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, which that country did not afford, and slimef had they for mor.
4 tar. And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top [may reach} unto the clouds of heaven; and thus let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth: let us perpetuate our fame, strengthen
5 our union, and provide ourselves a settled abode. And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded ; and made it appear, by the sequel, that he took notice of tins their proud, vainglorious at
6 tempt, to punish it. And the Lord said, Behold, the people [is] one, and are determined so to remain; and they have all one language, which is favourable to their purpose; and this which they begin todo/* an evidence of their ambitious designs: and now they apprehend nothing will be restrained from them,
7 which they have imagined to do. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand
8 one another's speech.|| So the Lord, by the confusion he introduced among them, scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and tliey left off to build the city,
9 without attempting it any more. Therefore is the name of it called Babel, that is, confusion ; because the Lor D did there confound the language of all the earth; and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.
10 These following [are] the generations of Shem, the ancestors of Abram, and progenitors of Christ: Shem [was] an hundred
11 years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood: And Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five hundred years, and
12 begat other sons and daughters. And Arphaxad lived five
13 and thirty years, and begat Salah: And Arphaxad lived after
• The pleasant valley along which the river Tyiril rum, comprehending the country of £den, in which paradise was situated. Sec Welti1'i Geog. Vol. l.p. aoy.
+ A kind of liquid pitch, which was an exceeding strong cement; of which there was. according to Pliny. great plenty in Assyria. With this, ihrctistus says, the walls ot Baby. lon were cemented; it is called bitumen by some writers, and is thought to be the asphaltus, which (says Suidal') being mixed with bricks and small stones, became as hard as iron. Edit.
1 This was done by making them forget their former language, and imprinting several languages in the minds ot several t.imili,..i ot tiatious,