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shall express his displeasure, and through Moses the mediator. Thus he removed his tabernacle, and the like. The atonement of Christ stands on the same foundation as this : the same view is carried on, through all the divine dispensations. God does things in such an honourable way, aş may give his creatures the highest opinion of his purity and holiness, that they may not think light of sin, or of pardoning mercy.
3. It is desirable, wherever we go, to carry along with us the tokens of the divine presence, especially when entering on new settlements in life : our language should be that of Moses, v. 15. If thy presence go not with us, carry us not up hence. The wilderness was an uncomfortable situation ; and to have stayed there would have been very unpleasant ; yet he had rather stay there, with God's presence, than remove without it. God does not manifest himself so now ; but still he has ways of manifesting himself to his church and people. There is a special presence of God with good men ; and that may be known, as his presence formerly was, by its signs and operations, in preparing and assisting men to holy actions, conforming them to holy habits, and affording them strong consolations. It is, in one word, a lively sense of religion upon the soul, promoted and maintained by the Spirit of God. Let us earnestly seek this ; take pains to secure it, by attending on religious ordinances, praying for the Spirit, and the like. Let us begin every day, and every action, with these words of Moses, Let the beauty of the Lord our God be upon us ; and establish thou the work of our hands upon us, yea, the work of our hands establish thou it.
4. The more we know of God the greater will be our desire to know more of him : so Moses says, v. 18. I beseech thee, show me thy glory. We shall see such excellencies and beauties in him, and find such comfort and advantage to ourselves, that our desires will be fervent to know more of God, and feel more of his love. Let us labour after this, for then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord.
5. The goodness of God is the most illustrious part of the glory of the divine majesty : it renders all his other attributes amiable, lovely, and desirable. Let us consider it in this view, as a foundation of hope, as a ground of admiration and cheerful confidence. We are taught what is the glory of his rational creatures ; to be good, and to do good. Benevolence renders us like God ; generosity, kindness, and charity, are the greastest glory of a moral agent, better than wealth, honour, or any other accomplishment. Let us then be merciful, as our Father in heav. en is merciful.
6. When we have the brightest discoveries of God's presence and glory here below, let us long for those more perfect views of it, which are to be expected when mortality shall be laid aside, v. 20. Thou canst not see my face ; for there shall no man see me, and live. We cannot rest satisfied with what we see and taste here below ; we should indeed be thankful for it, but be desirous of something better. God could easily overpower us with his glory; but we are earthen vessels, and he proportions his communications to our capacities. But when mortality shall be swallowed up of life, the people of God shall be so strengthened, as to take in the brightest beams of his presence ; and that, which would now overwhelm them, shall be an immortal source of life and vigour. We shall see Christ, not through the cloud, as Moses did, but as he is. With God is the fountain of life ; in his light we shall see eternal light. Let us long for that glorious day ; and so improve our present discoveries, that we may be made meet for an inheritance among the saints in light, to behold God's face in righteousness, and to be satisfied with his likeness.
Contains further proof of God's kindness to Israel. Moses returns
to the mount ; beholds the glory of God ; intercedes for the neople; the covenant is renewed ; directions are given about the nature and manner of worship; and Moses returns to the people with a splendid countenance,
1 AND the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of
A stone like unto the first : ( God did this before, but not Moses is commanded to do it :) and I will write upon [these]
tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou 2 brakest. And be ready in the morning, and come up in the
morning unto mount Sinai, and persent thyself there to me in 3 the top of the mount. And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount ; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount. And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone.
And the Lord descended in the cloud ; that is, the cloud which stood over the mountain came down and covered it, and
Moses entered into it ; and the Lord stood with him there, 6 and proclaimed the name of the Lorn, And the LORD pass
ed by before him, and proclaimed his name with an audible, distinct voice, The Lord, The LORD God, the self existent almighty Jehovah, merciful in pitying his people's afflictions and miseries, and gracious in showing favour to the unworthy, long. suffering, bearing long with their provocations, and abundant in goodạess and truth, whose bounty is large, extensive, and
constant, and so is his truth and fidelity to all his promises ; 7 Keeping mercy for thousands of generations, forgiving iniqui
ty and transgression and sin, all kinds and degrees of sin, and that will by no means clear [the guilty,] but awfully and severely punish them ; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth [generation;] particularly the sin of idolatry, as forbidden in the second commandment, the fatal effects of which will extend to their children, if they continue to walk in their father's steps.
And Moses made haste and bowed his head toward the earth and worshipped; being greatly affected, he prostrated himself before God, with humble reverence and holy joy ; and
seized this happy, fuvourable moment, to intercede for this sin. 9 ful people. And he said, If now I have found grace in thy
sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, go among us ; for it [is] a stiffnecked people, and need thine awful presence to rule them ; or, though they be a stiffnecked people, yet show them compassion ; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and
take us for thine inheritance. 10 And he said, Behold, I make a covenant : before all thy
people I will do marvels, terrible things in thy sight, and es. pecially in the sight of thine enemies, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation : and all the people among which thou (art] shall see the work of the
LORD ; for it [is] a terrible thing that I will do with thee, 11 that is, by thy hand. Observe thou that which I command
thee this day : behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite,
and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the 12 Hivite, and the Jebusite. Take heed to thyself, lest thou
make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither 13 thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee : But ye
shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down
their groves, where they worship their images, which were 14 often impure and polluted places : For thou shalt worship no
other god : for the LORD, whose name [is] Jealous, [is] a 15 jealous God, and will endure no rival or competitor : Lest
thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, forsake the Lord, and cleave unto idols, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and (one) call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice ; and so partake with
him in idolatrous worship, because such feasts were a part of the 16 worship offered to the idol ; (1 Cor. x. 20.) And thou take of
their daughters unto thy sons, in marriage, and their daugh
ters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a 17 whoring after their gods. Thou shalt make thee no molten
gods, nor any other kind of idol,
18 The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven
days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee,
in the time of the month Abib : for in the month Abib 19 thou camest out from Egypt. All that openeth the matrix
[is] mine, that is, every firsiborn ; and every firstling
among thy cattle, (whether) ox or sheep, [that is male.] 20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb:
and if thou redeem [him] not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem.
And none shall appear before me empty. See chap. xxiii. 15. 21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou
shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest, in the most busy times of the year, thou shalt rest ; nothing shall excuse you
from this, 22 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the first
fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end, that is, the feast of Pentecost and Tabernacles,
Thrice in the year shall all your men children appear be: fore the LORD God, the God of Israel. And at that time fear 24 none of thinc enemies, For I will cast out the nations before
thee, and enlarge thy borders : neither shall any man de sire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the
Lord thy God thrice in the year.* 25. Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven ;
neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left 26 ynto the morning. The first of the first fruits of thy land
thou shalt bring unto the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk, See chap. xxiii.
19. Deut. xiv. 21. 27 And the Lord said unto Moses, Write thou these words • in the book of the law : for after the tenor of these words I 28 have made a covenant with thee and with Israel. And he
was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights, (beside those, chap. xxiv. 18.) he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he, that is, God, wrote upon the tables the words
of the covenant, the ten commandments. 29 And it came to pass, when Moses çame down from mount
Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not
that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him.t 30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses,
behold, the skin of his face shone ; and they were afraid to 31 come nigh him. And Moses called unto them ; and Aaron
• This was exactly fulfilled; it was a remarkable circumstance, and a glorious attestation of the truth of the Mosaic religion.
+ This was an evident token of his conversing with God: he had seen a brighter glory than before, and his face still reflected some of the ravs of the Shekinah which had fallen upon him. This was designed to do honour to Moses, and secure a greater regard to the law, which was now renewed.
and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him : 32 and Moses talked with them. And afterward all the chil
dren of Israel cume nigh: and he gave them in command
ment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai. 33 And (till] Moses had done speaking with them, he put a veil 34 on his face. But when Moses went in before the Lord to
speak with him, he took the veil off, until he came out. And
he came out, and spake unto the children of Israel [that] 35 which he was commanded. And the children of Israel saw
the face of Moses; that the skin of Moses' face shone : and Moses put the veil upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.
j. I ET us remember and meditate upon this awful, this dea
E lightful name of God; consider it at large ; he is pitiful, compassionate as a father, kind and generous, universally benevolent, abundant in goodness and truth. How proper an object for our love, and trust, and confidence ! Let us fear the Lord and his goodnes8 ; and endeavour in all things to be like him, to be perfect, as our Father in heaven is perfect.
2. Those who are favoured with views of the divine glory, should improve those precious moments : so Moses fell down, and interceded for Israel. When we have clear and raised conceptions of God, when we find his attributes possessing and influencing our minds, and taste and see that he is good ; then let us exercise humility, joy, and trust, and plead for mercy for ourselves and others. The more we see of God's goodness, the more humble, serious, and devout it should make us ; and the more solicitous to express our good wishes for all our fellow creatures.
3. Let us attend to the demands of God's covenant, if we desire to enjoy the blessings of it. Behold, I make a covenant ; 06serve thou that which I command thee. We should always remember what God requires of us ; how reasonable his demands are, and cheerfully comply with them. To expect the blessing without such a compliance, is affronting to God, and deceiving ourselves.
4. Let us reflect on the obscurity of the Mosaic dispensation, as intimated by the veil on Moses' face. See 2 Cor. iii. 13, &c. where Paul so explains this by way of allusion. The Jews did not then understand the spiritual meaning and design of the law ; and there is still a veil on their hearts ; but when they are converted it shall be taken away. But we all, with unveiled faces, behold, by reflection, the glory of the Lord, and are changed into his image, by the Spirit of the Lord. The veil is now taken away ; life and inimortality are brought to light by the gospel. Let us be