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terrors may not fall on us, nor his excellency make us afraid7, We have reason to be thankful, that we are allowed to approach to God, and to enjoy communion with him. Let us esteem this a great privilege, and admire that grace which allows it. But,
5. Let us not lay too great a stress on any external privilegesin religion. These elders saw the glory of God: what greater honour could they enjoy ! yet their carcasses fell in the wildernesS) and Nadab and Abihu were consumed by divine vengeance; their privileges were of no avail. What would it avail us tobe thus favoured, or to eat and drink in his presence, if we continue disobedient? It would only aggravate our folly and ingratitude. It will be in vain to say, Lord, me have eaten and drank in thy presence, and been admitted to the nearest approaches to thee; should he reply, I know you nui, defiart from me, ye workers of iniquity.
6. We have reason to entertain venerable notions of the Mosaic dispensation, which was established with such pomp, and came directly from God's mouth. It was mi excellent dispensation, well suited to the circumstances of the people, and to promote the knowledge and worship of God, and faith in a Messiah to come. Let us not entertain light notions of it, as if it wastrifling and ridiculous; if any thing in it appears so, it is owing to our ignorance. Let us reverence the voice of God, that spake on mount Sinai ; and be thankful for that purer and plainer revelation, which we have. May we reverence the law which was. given by Moses, and endeavour to understand it ; but especially reverence, love, understand, and be obedient to, that grace which tame by Jesus Christ. Лтеп.
God having delivered the moral and judicial laws, now come« to the ceremonial. In this c/ia/iter is an account of the offering of the tabernacle; the form of the ark; the mercy seat; the table, and candlestick.'*
1 AND the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak onto
2 Jljl. the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart
3 ye shall take my offering. And this [is] the offering which
* In the original manuscript, there is no enlargement or reflections from this chapter to the thirty second, for which the uuthnr pive* the following reason: '1 omit the chapters between the twenty fourth and the thirty third, because they relate entirely to building and furnishing the tabernacle; to the dress of the- priests and the like ; things in which we have hut little concern. Critical niceties may be dispensed with in Buch a work as this ; and the inferences drawn from I lit; in. often contain so much of allusion and mi.-t.iJihor, »o Forced and ¡»trained, as hath done jjreat dishonour to the sacred writing!/ The few illustrations, which the reader will lind in these and other similar chapters, arc çbiefrf taJtcafrom Ciarla and Doddrid¡i'a manuscript not», be.
4 ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass, And bluq, and purple, and scarlet wool, and fine linen, and goats' [hair,]
5 And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim 'wood, (thought to be a kind of cedar, whereof Solomon's temple
6 wax built, 1 King* vi. 9, 10.) Oil for the light, spicks for
7 anointing oil, and for sweet incense, Onyx stones, and stones
8 to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate. And let them make me a sanctuary, a fdace of fmil e and solemn worshiji; it was a kind of moveable temple, w/tich >niglit be carried about with them; that I may dwell among them, by my grace and glorious vperations, as well as by this siimbol of my presence,
9 According to all that I show thee, £ after] the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make [it ;] according to some model which JMoses had seen, or w/iich was gix.cn to him.
10 And they shall make an ark [of] shittim wood, a little chest or coffer to lay up the tables of the covenant in: two cubits and a half [shall be] the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.*
11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about; a border or ledge, both fur ornament, and for the
12 covering to fall into. And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put [them] in the four corners thereof; and two rings [shall be] in the one side of it, and two rings in the other
13 side of it, to carry it by. And thou shalt make staves [of]
14 shittim wood, and overlay them with gold. And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, at the ends of the ark, (as appcarsfrom 1' Kings viii. 8. 2 Chron. v. 9.)
15 that the ark may be borne with them. The staves shall be
16 in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it. And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee; the two tables of stone, whereon the law, or ten commandments, were written.
17 And thou shalt make a mercy seat [of] pure gold : two cubits and a half [shall be] the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof; this was the covering of the ark.
18 And thou shalt make two cherubims [of] gold, figures of a human shape, but with wings, to represent the angels, who continually attend upon God in heaven ;t [of] beaten work shalt
19 thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat. And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: [even] of the mercy seat, or, of the matter of the mercy seat, shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends
• A yard and hslf long, and two feet nine inches broad, and high.
t Grotius and others think they came nearer to the representation of oxen, than any «ther form; which miijhc be the reason why Jeroboam's idols were in the shape of calv«t «r oxen, i Amgi xii. 2S.
20 thereof. And the cherubims shall stretch forth [their] wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces [shall look] one to another; toward the mercy seal shall the faces of the cherubims be, that in, toward the middle
21 of the mercy seat, where the Shekinah Ttos to residf. And thqu shall put the mercy seat above upon the ark, as the covering of if; and in the ark, under the cwrr, thou shall put the tes
22 timony that I shall give thee. And there I will meet wilh thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which [are] upon the ark of the testimony, of all [things] which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
23 Thon shall also make a table [of] shittim wood: two cubits [shall be] the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth
24 thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. And thou shall overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown, or
25 ledge, of gold round about. And thou shall make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about, and thou shall make
26 a golden crown lo the border ihereof round about. And ihou shall make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings in the
27 four corners that [are] on the four feet thereof. Over against Ihe border shall the rings be for places of the staves to bearthe
28 lable. And thou shall make the slaves [of] shittim wood, and overlay them wilh gold, lhat Ihe lable may be born« with
29 them. And Ihou shall make the dishes thereof, ivherrin the bread was set on the table, and spoons thereof, or ciif/s fur the incense to be /tut in, (see A'urn. vii. 14.) and covers thereof, to eon-er the bread in the dishes, and the incense in the cnfts, and bowls thereof, lo cover withal, or, to fioar ont ч-jithal: [of]
30 pure gold shalt thou make them. And Ihou shall set upon the table shew bread before me alway.*
31 And thou shalt make a candlestick [of] pure gold: [of] beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be
32 of the same. And six branches shall come ont of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side:
33 Three bowls made like unto almonds, [with] a knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, [with] a knop and a flower: so in the six
S4 branches that come out of the candlestick. And in the candlestick, [shall be] four bowls made like unto almonds, [with]
35 their knops and their flowers. And [there shall be] a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same,
• Shcxv bread, nr br^ad of thf pr«ence, was so callril, Ь?сацче U \va» constantly placed in r.od'i* presence. U was dlvlrbj into twrlv* thin tonvcs.onc for every trihc, ab a public arkitowltd^iucnt (Ьдс ihey rectivrd all their foodrtroio ooJ. anil wtre tu u*e it at nmk-r uis rjf.
according to the six branches that proceed cut of the can
36 dlcstick. Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all of it [shall be] one beaten work [of] pure gold.
37 And thou shall make the seven lamps thereof: and they wAom I shall a/i/ioint shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it, thai is, the tuble of shew bread.
"8 And the tongs thereof, and the snuff dishes thereof, [shall be ,39 of] pure gold. [Of] a talent of pure gold shall he make it 40 with all these vessels. And look that thou make [them] after their pattern, which was showed thee in the mount.
Лп account of the ten carfcrinn ufthe tabernacle, and the -ceil of
í Ti íTOREOVER, thou shall make the tabernacle [with]
_LVA ten curtains [of] fine twined linen, and blue, ar.d
purple, and scarlet: [with] cherubims of cunning work shall
2 thou make them.» The length of one curtain [shall be]
eight and twenty cubits, ßjiy one feet, or eeventetn yard» two
inches, and the breadlh of ont curtain four cubits, seven feet
four inches: and every one of the curtains shall have one
3 measure. The five curtains shall be coupled together one to another: and [other] live curtains [shall be] coupled one to
4 another. And thou shall make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain from the selvage in the coupling ; and likewise shalt thou make in the uttermost edge of [another]
5 curtain, in the coupling of the second. Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shall thou make in the edge of the curtain that [is] in the coupling of the second;
6 that the loops may take hold one of another. And thou shalt make fifty laches, or buttons, of gold, and couple the curtains together with the taches: and it shall l>e one tabernacle.
7 And ihou shalt make curtains [of] goats' [hair] to be a covering upon the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt thou
8 make. The length of one curtain [shall be] thirty cubits. eighteen yards and к quarter, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and the eleven curtains [shall be all] of one
9 measure. And thou shall toupie five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and shall double the sixth
10 curtain in the forefront of the tabernacle. And then shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain [that is] outmost in the coupling, and fifty loops in the edge of the cur
11 tain, which coupltth the second. And thou bhalt nmke fifty
* In the Hrbrctv, the work ofa cunniug workman, or cmLrouÏjrcr.
taches of brass, and put the taches into the loops, and toupie
12 the tent together, that it may be one. And the remnant that remaineth of the curtain of the tent, the half rurtain that remaineth, shall hang over the back side of the laber
13 nacle. And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side of that which remaincth in the length of the curtains of the tent, it shall 4iang over the sides of the tabernacle on this side, and on that side, to cover it.
14 And thou shall make a covering for the tent [of] rams' skins dyed red, and a covering above [of] badgers' skins.
15 And thou shall make boards for the tabernacle [of] shit
16 tim wood standing up. Ten .cubits, eighteen feet three inches, [shall be] the length of a board, and a cubit and a half, foo
17 Jcet nine inches, [shall be] ihe breadth of one board. Two tenons [shall there be] in one board, set in order one against another : thus shall ihou make for all the boards of the taber
18 nacle. And thou shall make the boards for the tabernacle,
19 twenty boards on the south side southward. And thou shall make forty sockels of silver under the iwenly boards; two sockels under one board for his Iwo tenons, and two sockets
20 under another board for his two tenons. And for the second side of ihe tabernacle on the north side [there shall be] twenty
21 boards: And their forty sockels [of] silver ; two sockels
22 under one board, and l\vo sockets under another board. And for the sides of the tabernacle westward thou shall make six
23 boards. And two boards shall thou make for the corners of
24 the tabernacle in the Iwo sides. And ihey shall be coupled together beneath, and they shall be coupled together above the head of it unlo one ring: thus shall il be for them both;
23 they shall be for the two corners. And they shall be eight boards, and their sockets [of] silver, sixteen sockets; two sockets under one board, and Iwo sockets under another
26 board. And thou shall make bars [of] shitlim wood; five
27 for the boards of the one "side of the tabernacle, And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the two
28 sidu ; westward. And the middle bar in the midst of the boards
29 shall reach from end to end. And thou shall overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings [of] gold [for] places for the bars: and thou shall overlay Ihe bars with gold.
30 And Ihou shall real- up the tabernacle according to the fashion ihereof which was showed thee in the mount.
31 And thou shall make a veil [of] blue and purple, and scarlei, and fine twined linen of cunning work: with cherubims
32 shall it be made: And Ihou shall hang il upon four pillars of shillim [wood] overlaid with gold: their hooks [shall be of]
33 gold, upon the four sockets of silver. And thou shall hang up the veil under ihe laches, lhat thou mayest bring in thither