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6 And Pharaoh' commanded the same day the talik masters df the people, and their officers, Israelites who were employedun.
i tier the task masters,"saying, Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as' heretofore, to mingle with the clay, or nit/ier, to bum the bricks with: let them go and gather straw
6 for themselves. And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not dimmish [aught] thereof: for' they [be] idle, they have not work enough, and their minds wander; therefore they cry, saying,
9 Let us go [and] sacrifice to our God., Let there more work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard vain words, and.what these men say unto them.
10 And the task masters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pha
11 raoh, I will not give you straw. Go ye, get ye straw where ye can find it: yet not aught .of your work shall T>e dimin
12 ished. So the people were scattered abroad throughout all
13 the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of straw. And the task masters hasted [them,] saying, Fulfil your works,
14 [your] daily tasks, as when there was straw. And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh's task masters had set over them, were beaten, [and] demanded, Where.' fore have yc not fulfilled your task in making brick both yes.' terday and today, as heretofore?
v'S' Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried' unto Pharaoh,* saying, Wherefore dealest thou thus with
16 thy servants ? There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, Make brick: and, behold, thy servants [are]
'.7 beaten ; but the fault [is] in thine own people. But he said, Ye [are] idle, [yc are] idle : therefore ye say, Let us go,' [and] do sacrifice to the Lord. This was a bitter sarcasm ; when their hearts were broken with the extremitiesof their labours,they
15 arc taxed with idleness. He then ratifies the command; Go therefore now, [and] work; for there shall no straw be given you,
19 yet shall yc deliver the tale of bricks. And the officers of the children. of Israel did see [that] they [were] in evil [case,] after it was said, Ye ahull not minish [aught] from your bricks of your daily task. * 20 And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way,. waiting to know what success they had met with, as they came'
21 forth from Pharaoh: And they said unto them, in a violent passion, The Lord look upon you, and judge ; because you' have made our savour to l>e abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh,. and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us; t/ou have been the cause of increasing our burdens
'In those davs the meanest of the people had access to their prince .. »nd their buvi,.rtu now was to know whether it was his order or n«.
.end punishment. They began to suspect their divine commission, and used God's messengers in this cruel and outrageous manner.
.52 And Moses returned unto the Lord ; he betook himself to some retired place, where he might pour out and present his onvn, and the people's distrtft unto God, and said, with too much heat, Lord, wherefore hast thou [so] evil entreated this people?
33 why [is] it [that] thou hast sent me? For since I came to Pharaoh to.jipeak in thy name, he hath done evil to this people ; neither hast thou delivered thy people at all, as thou hast promised.
;1 Cnap. VL Then the Loud, pitying the warmth awl weakness of his servant, said unto Moses, As thou canst make nothing of Pharaoh, I will take liim in hand, and humble this proud prince ; now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land; he who now so insolently refuses to let them go, shall even be glad to drive them out of his land, because of the terrible judgments which I shall inflict upmhim.
il. TTTE may observe that those who do not know God are VV the persons who refuse to obey him, v. 2. And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go. ^While men are ignorant of God, and neglect his service, they say this, if not in words, yet by their actions. It is a sad thing to be ignorant of God: the more we know of him, the more we shall love him, and more cheerfully and steadily obey him.
2. The displeasure of God must be expected, where the known duties of his service arc omitted. If we neglect his worship in public, in our families, or in secret, he will be displeased, and we must expect to meet the tokens of his anger. God is jealous of his honour, and will not suffer his creatures to neglect his work. The best security for his favour, is to walk in all his statutes and ordinances blameless.
3. God often brings his people into extremities, that he may 'magnify his mercy in their extraordinary deliverance. Persecutions are often most extreme, whep liberty is near. Thus God manifests his power and justice over his enemies, and his favour and mercy to his friends. Deliverance is nearest when difficulties are greatest, for then their desires of deliverance are most earnest, and they put the greatest value upon it.
4. It is no new thing for worldly minded men to charge religion with idleness; Ye are idle. Luther tells us, he once heard a great man say, 'They must needs be idle fellows who are so much taken up with the business of religion.' Any thing seems proper work to a carnal mind, but God's service; nothing is superfluous to them, but religious duties; though true religion will make a man diligent in his business. Industry is a duty which we owe to God, to our families, and to the public; and religious duties should be so timed as not to interfere with worldly business; and this may easily be done: but any time that is separated for religious purposes, is apt to be reckoned lost tim? by men of the world. Yet let such remember, that if a man be ever so diligent in worldly business, if he rise.Hp early, and sit up late, and eat the bread of sorrows, and at the same time neglect religion, he will be condemned at last as a slothful servant.
5. How ready are men in affliction to quarrel with their best friends! Moses and Aaron promised the Israelites deliverance, but, because it did not come at the time they expected, they were insuhed and abused by them. Persons in affliction often censure their best friends; but let us guard against this temper. Israel never needed the pity and prayers of Moses and Aaron so much, as when they were quarrelling with them and reproaching them.
6. Those whom God calls to public services must seek their comfort in him, when things wear a discouraging aspect among those to whom they are sent, The officers insulted Moses, and Moses returned to the Lord, when disappointed in his attempts of service. Thus should ministers and christian parents do; lay the case before God, plead before him their sincere, though feeble endeavours : plead his promises, and then they may hope that in his good time things will take a more favourable turn. However, though they labour in vain, and spend their strength for nought, this is their comfort, that their work is with the Lord, and their judgment with their God.
CHAP. VI, 2, to the cud.
God renews his promises to Israel by Moses; and encourages hint in his addresses to them and to Pharaoh.
2 AND God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I [am]
3 jr\. the Lorp: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac^ and unto Jacob, by [the name of] God Almighty, and displayed to them my great power, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them; that is, he had displayed h'.s Almighty power, but not his immutability and faithfulness to his promises, which the word Jehovah principally signifies. He had promised many things to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and now they shall see them accomplished, and perceive the name Jehovah was fully answered in all its import. See Isaiah li^
.4 5> 6.* And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage,
5 wherein they were strangers. And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep
6 in bondage ; and I have remembered my covenant. Where* fore say unto the children of Israel, I [am] the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you witft a stretched out arm, with great power, and with great
7 judgments, which I will inflict upon them: And I will take you to me for a people, under mine own immediate government, ami yon shall know and serve me, and enjoy all manner of temporal and spiritual blessings, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I [am] the Lord your God, which bring
8 eth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage ; I [am] the Lord, and therefore have authority to dispose of lands and kingdoms as I please, and will faithfully give you what I have promised,
9 And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel: but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage; they could neither mind what he said, nor believe any thing concerning their deliverance, judging it to be impossible.
And Moses went to the place where he used to converse with
10 God, And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Go in, speak
11 unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the children of
12 Israel go out of his land. And Moses spake before the Lord, saying, Behold, the children of Israel have not hearkened unto me ; how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who [am] of un
13 circumcised lips ?t And the Lord spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to briug the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt. A'owfol/ows the genealogy of Reuben, Simeon, and Levi.
14 These [be] the heads of their fathers' houses; the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel; Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these [be] the families of Reuben.
15 And the sons of Simeon ; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish
• But my namejehdvah I did nit make manifeit It thtm. Kennicott. It appears from many passages in Gene sis, and particularly from chap xxii. 14. that the name Jehwnh was known to them, though they miffht not underlam! its full import. But if we only change the pointing, and read the pa»sage with an interrogation, it removes the difficulty; Did not I appear to Abraham by the name of God Atmifhty, and by my nsme Jehovah m/as I net Auciun to tliem f
\ Circumcision beinR a mark of God's fople, inKireumcision was reckoned a blemish; so that any thing which had a blemish, natural or moral, was called uncircumcised. Moses pleads, that he hid a llemish or defect in his speech, and wis therefore unable to speak ii, a prevailing manner. Nevertheless Cod coniirmcd the charge* v> tj.
woman: these [are] the families of Simeon. Moses ftavr ing just mentioned these, enlarges on the tribe or genealogy of , Levi, from whom he himself was descended, and this was the more necessary, as he was a foundling. 16 And these [are] the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the fife of Levi [were] an hundred thirty and \7 seven years. The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, ac18 cording to their families. And the sons of Kohath ; Ani. ram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Kohath [were] an hundred thirty and three years. A9 And the sons of Merari; Mahttli, and Mushi : these [are] 20 the families of Levi according to their generations. And Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister, or kinswoman. to wife ; and she bare him Aaron and Moses, and Miriam Csee Numb. xxvi. 59.) and the yeaTs of the life of Amram ,2 1 [were] an hundred and thirty and seven years. And the sons 22 of Izhar; Korah, and Nepheg, and Zithri. And the sons of 33 Uzziel ; Mishael, aad Elzaphan, and Zithri. And Aaron took him Elisheba, or El sabeth, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to wife; and she bare him Nadab, and Abihu, Ele.
24 azar, and Ithamar. And the sons of Korah; Assir, and El. kanahi and Abiasaph : these [are] the families of the Korhites,
25 And Eleazar Aaron's son took him [one] of the daughters of Puticl to wife ; and she bare him Phinehas: these [are] the heads of the fathers of the Levites according to their families.
26 These [are] that Aaron and Moses, to whom the Lord said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies, or numerous families, which went out of Egypt, like several armies in military order, and with great
27 ftower. These [are] they which ,spake to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these [are] that Moses and Aaron.
28 And it came to pass on the day [when] the Lord spake
29 unto Moses in the land of Egypt, That the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, I [am] the Lord; speak thou unto Pharaoh
30 king of Egypt all that I say unto thee. And Moses said be* fore the Lord, Behold, I [am] of uncircumciscd lips, and how shall Pharaoh hearken unto me? Moses reports what passed between him and God, Jo make way for what follows in the next chapter.