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lamentation : and he made a mourning for his father

11 seven days. And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, This [is] a grievous mourning to the Egyptians: wherefore the name of it was called Abel mizraim, that is, the mourning

12 of the Egyptians, which [is] beyond Jbrdan, And his sons did

13 unto him according as he commanded them: For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bougkt with the field for a possession of a burying place of Ephron the Htttite, before Mam re.

14 And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brethren, and all that went up with him to bury bis father, after he had buried his father.

15 And when Joseph's brethren saw that their father was dead, they said, Joseph will peradventure hate us, and will certainly requite us all the evil which we did unto him. They had no reason, to imagine this; but a guilty conscience causes fear, and

16 J« never. fully at rest. Anil they sent a messenger unto Joseph, saying, Thy father did command before he died, saying,

15? So shall ye say unto Joseph, Foigive, I pray thee now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin.; for they did unto thee evil :* and now, we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of thy father. This maybe designed to intimate their repentance, and show thoy were of the same rem ligion with him. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him, ftitying theirperpicjeity, and grieving at their doubts of his good

18 will. And his brethren also went and fell down before his

19 face ( and they said, Behold, we [be] thy servants. And Joseph made a noble reply, and said unto them, Feap not: for [am] I in the place of God, to punish the injury done to me? O.ught I not rather to remember that lam mortal and accountable, and need forgiveness? Am I not under God, (as others

20 read it ) under his eye, and subject to him? But as for yoa»7« thought evil against me; [but] God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as [it is] this day, to save much people alive.

21 Now therefore, fear ye not: I will nourish you and your little, ones. And he comforted them, and spake kindly unto them, mentioned their fault.very gently, and promised them his favour and protection,

22 And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father's house: and Joseph lived an hundred and ten years: having been

23 eighty years governor of Egypt. And Joseph saw Ephraim's children, of the: third [generation:] the children also of Machir the son of Manasseh were brought up upon Joseph's

• This was probibly a false storv; Jacob knew. Joseph too well to suspect that he. would bear iUwilltohui brethren, or he wouU have $ivcn the char*? to Joseph, and uot td knees ; he took pleasure, in their infancy, to let them sit on hit lap, and dandle them on hie knees.

&4 And Joseph, finding hi* end draw near, took a solemn fare well of, and said unto his brethren, I die : and God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which he swnre to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. Thuk 'he expressed his fa'th in God's promise, and his full assurance

35 that he would accomplish it. And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, in some extraordinary manner, and deliver you from this land, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.*

26 So ': Joseph died, [being] fin hundred and ten years old; and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt. Thus this Book concludes with the death of these eminent men4 A.M. 2369,

REFLECTIONS.

1. "TXTE see that mourning and death invade the Tiouses of VV the most eminent saints, and the palaces of the greatest princes. Neither piety nor grandeur can be secure from this; there is no discharge in this war; death makes no distinction, but comes to all.

2. When eminent saints are taken away, the forms of mourning are peculiarly proper, both on account of the loss which the world sustains, and out of respect to the pious dead. It is fit that we should lament the death of good men, and lay it to heart; when the righteous perish, the excellent of the earth are taken away. Decent funerals, according to persons' circumstances, are very commendable. Thus devout men carried Stephen to his burial, and made a great lamentation over him. The bodies of the saints are under Christ's care; he will watch over them, and put honour upon them another day.

3. How restless does guilt make the mind! After so many years of kind and generous treatment, it is strange that Joseph s brethren should suspect that any degree of resentment or revenge was harboured in his breast. They knew they had done iniquity, and therefore suspected him. See the importance and necessity of keeping a good conscience; fear and suspicion arise from a guilty mind.

4. How beautiful does generosity and kindness appear! Jo* seph was remarkable for this ; the belief of Providence led him to it. He not only pardoned and excused his brethren, but nourished them as his own children. He spoke kindly to them, spoke to their hearts, removed their fears, and did not keep them in suspense. We learn from so bright an example, to forgive them

• Accordingly, when they went out of Egypt, we sire expretsty told they carried Joseph's bones with them, M Stephen intimate* they did the boat) of the •tier pairurcla. 4tli vu. it.

that injure us. Let the remembrance of Joseph excite us lo thisj that we be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good; thus let us be imitators of God as dear children, and walk in love.

5. Let us labour and pray that we may die in fcuth, as Joseph did. So the apostle says, Heb. xi. 22. By faith Joseph when he died, made mention of the departure of the children of Israel; and gave commandment concerning his bones. Let us exercise faith in God's promises ; believe that it shall be as he hath declared ; trust in his mercy and faithfulness, and quietly wait for his salvation.

6. When our pious friends are taken away, it is a very great satisfaction to think, that God will visit us, and fulfil all his gracious promises. This hath often been the language of good men to their survivors, I die, but God will st^rely visit you, and bring you out of this land, to the land he hath promised. Whatever friends die, God lives; though we should be disappointed in our hopes from them, or they be taken away from us, God will surely visit us; visit us with the tokens of his presence and favour, and make up the want of all earthly comforts; he will visit us in our retirements and solitude, and bring us out of this house of bondage, to the heavenly Canaan, to the land which he hath promised; he will bring us to that better country, which the patriarchs Sought, even an heavenly one. There we shall sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and Joseph, and other saints, who are gone before us to the kingdom of God: wherefore comfort one another with thescl words.

The Second Book of MOSES,

CALLED,

EXODUS.

INTRODUCTION.

or* n"w entering on the second Book O/moses, called. ExOdus, that is, The going out, or, The departure. It contains the history oj the Israelites for the period of one hundred and forty five years, from the death of Joseph to the buildnig of the Tabernacle j including an account of the increase and oppression of Israel in Egypt; ofMoses being sent to deliver them; of the ten plagues; of their deliverance with a strong hand; of their passing through the Red Sea, and the destruction of Pharaoh and his host there; oftheir safe conduct through the wilderness for forty years; of the covenant between God and them at Sinai; of his giving them laws and judgments i of Ids ordaining the priesthood j and the erection of the Tabernacle.

CHAP. I.

Contains an account of the increase of the Israelites; the oppression they underwent; and of the destruction of their children.

1 ~^TO W these [are] the names of the children of Israel, J-\ which came into Egypt y set down here to show the accomplishment of the promises in their great increase; every man and his household, that is, his children and nephews,

2 but not servants, who came with Jacob. Reuben, Simeon,

3 Levi, and Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, Dan, and

4 Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. And all the souls that came out

5 of the loins of Jacob were seventy spuls: for Joseph was in

6 Egypt [already.] And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and

7 all that generation. And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, lite the fish of the sea, and they multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty, had strong and healthful children; and the land was filled with them ; so that in two hundred and fifteen years they amounted to six hundred thousand men. .\'umb. xxvi. 51.

Vol. I. Dd

8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, of a different race, or family,* which knew not Joseph, regarded rot him,. nor any of his kindred, though he had deserved so weil of the

9 whole kingdom. And he said "unto his people, BehoM, the people of the children of Israel [are] more and mightier than we ; their country is more populous, wealthy, and fruitful, Up..

PO on lliis he called his counsellors, end said with violence, Come on, let us deal wisely with them ;t lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, .when there follcth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, as it is natural for people in such circumstances to do, and [so] get them up out of

H the land, to Canaan, which they are often talking about. Therefore they did set over them task masters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh, which was a com-. mon name for all the kings of Egypt, treasure cities, Pithoro and Raamses, strong fortified cities to lay up their stores in.%

f2 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew, through the overruling providence and blessing of God. And they, that is, the Egyptians, were grieved, through

F3 envy and fear, because of the children of Israel. And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour r

r4 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar,. and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field, building those cities, making brick, digging trenches for rivers to convey the witter through the land: and all their service, Wherein they made them serve, [was] with rigour, that they might reduce their numbers, and more easily keep them in slavery.||

15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, the midwives whoattended the Hebrews, but were themselves Iigyp.. tians, of which the name of the one [was] Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: these were the chief, to whom, no.'

'6 doubt, great rewards were promised: And he said, When ye do the office of a nudwife to the Hebrew women, and see [them] upon the stools; if it [be] a son, then ye shall kill him, let him be strangled privately: but if it [be] a daughter,

l? then she shall live.* But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, it would have been

• Probably one of the shepherd kinn who came from Arabia, according to Manetho, a"s Hooted by Josephos, and who about this time invaded Egypt; or the Horites, whom the descendant! of Esau drove out. Dcut. Li. I»,»!.

t Or. craftily; so Stepbem Mtt vii. 19, The tame dealt luttilly with eur children, dxc.

Or formed crafty and treacherous designs against tficm.

f The 6rst was cslfed Tanis. and the latter thought to be Prbniim. which in Exei. xxx. 15. is called the screnirth of Egypt, and by historians, the key of Egypt. These were on the borders of Syria, which kept them from the encroachments of their enemies on that. side, snd prevented the Israelites from returning hack to Canaan.

I Well might Egypt be called an iron fnmace, an house of bondage! but God appoinredf all this as a punishment for their growing idolatry, to awaken their desires to return t»" Canaan, and to make their national deliverance the more remarkable.

* They preserved the females, who were in general more beautiful than the EgTT*

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