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Though the arrangement of the subjects, and the manner of treating them, have been dictated by the views presented to my own mind, yet in the subjects themselves, I have endeavored to keep to the acknowledged doctrines of the Society. And in compiling the following pages, I have made such extracts, from the writings of our early friends, as seemed necessary to establish the position, that they held the principles laid down. And in taking these extracts, I have consulted those parts of their writings, in which they make a statement of what they believe, rather than those in which they expose the errors of contrary opinions.

And here it may not be improper to remark, that many of the Essays which were published by the members of this Society, in the early periods of its history, were in direct and pointed controversy: and frequently in reply to affusions from the press, which have long since been consigned to merited oblivion. In these replies of our Friends, the object of the writer was frequently to expose the consequences of the opinions which they opposed. And as the publications thus opposed, and exposed, are now out of print, and generally forgotten, while the replies of our Friends are preserved, there is some possibility that their views & sentiments may not be gathered from such of their writings, without a knowledge of the causes which gave rise to them.

This remark will not apply exclusively to the writings of Friends; it will hold in relation to controversial works in general. And the more bold and animated the manner of the writer, the more occasion there will be to keep this particular distinction in view.

My intention, at first, was to compile a general history of the Society, embracing its doctrines, and discipline, together with biographical notices of

individual members. Which several divisions of the subject, I proposed to treat of separately. The doctrines stood first in my view, and having completed these, it seemed, for different reasons, best to publish this part, without waiting for the slow, collection of meterials, and the laborious arrangement of the historical and biographical parts. These remaining parts of the original design, are not abandoned, but whether either of them will ever be accomplished, remains with Him, at whose disposal are time, opportunity, and capacity, for every good word and work.

It is perhaps one of the laws of nature, that objects assume a degree of the shade, which belongs to the medium through which they are seen. And this is as true in the moral, as in the physical world. Hence prejudice or prepossession cannot fail to cast a shade over any principle or performance that may be examined through them. But there is a principle, (the Spirit of Truth,) which can divest the mind of these, and enable us to see things as they really are. I solicit therefore a calm and candid perusal of the “Doctrines of Friends." And over and above all, I earnestly desire an increasing prevalence of the influence of that principle which, independent of names or denominations, infuses into the hearts of the children of men, the feelings of gratitude and love to God, and of charity and love to each other.


MOUNTPLEASANT, 2d mo. 1825.

AT a MEETING FOR SUFFERINGS OF OHIO YEARLY «Meeting, held by adjournments, from the 3d of the 9th month, to the 13th of the same, inclusive, 1824:

The writings of Elisha Bates, on the Doctrines of Friends, were examined, and approved; and he left at liberty to publish them: and the clerk is directed to furnish him with an extract of this minute, and sign it on behalf of the Meeting.

Extracted from the Minutes, iy JORDAN HARRISON,


For the information of those not acquainted with the Society, the following brief explanation may not be altogether uninteresting:

“In order that the Yearly Meeting with its several branches might be properly represented during the recess thereof, a meeting has been instituted by the name of the "Meeting for Sufferings,” which is to consist of twenty-six friends appointed by the Yearly Meeting, and four by each Quarterly meeting,” [making forty-six in all.] “Approved ministers, and members of any other Meeting for Sufferings--may also be permitted to attend its sittings.' Among other important duties confided to this Meeting, they are "to take the oversight and inspection of all writings proposed to be printed, relative to our religious principles or testimonies; and to promote or suppress the same, at their discretion." Discipline of Ohio Yearly Meeting:


ADAM, created in the Divine Image ty to be saved 101; no Calvinis.

1; his condition happy 2; Fall 3; tic doctrine in this 104; not in-
this affects all men 34, 35.

tended to perpetuate sin 114; an in-
Address to the Society of Friends ducement to love, gratitude, and

312; ministers 314; youth 316; ob obedience 114, 115.
scure members 318.

Eden, garden of, 2.
Apostles and Evangelists, their cred- Egypt 147.
ibility 154.

Election and Reprobation 40. condi-
Atonement 310.

tional 48; of the Jews 50.
Attributes of the Deity defended 39, Eternal Life 67.

Example of Jesus Christ 183.
Authenticity of the Scriptures 157. Fate 46.
Babylon 146.

Fathers, testimony to Immediate
Baptism 222.

Revelation 169.
Children not in the same state that Females, ministry of, 205; proved

Adam was in before the fall 6, 7; from Scripture 208; and from rea-
See Infants.

son 209.
Christ, the benefits of his coming 9, Fore-knowledge 70.

10, 11, 12, 108; as extensive as the Freedom of will 2,3, 123.
effects of the fall 34, 35; his divini- Gaming 264, 265, 266.
ty 76; quotations from primitive God, Nature and Reason bear testi-
friends 76 to 87; do. from Scripture mony to his being & attributes 24;
88, 89; an object of worship 89, 90; Good will to men, an evidence of the
Redeemer, Mediator, & Sacrifice universality of the love of God 73.
91; pointed to by the law 92; evin- Grace, offered to all 32, 36, 121 ; its
ced by the apostle 93; his exam first operation 119; the spirit of res
ple 102; Redemption by him often conciliation 121.
called in question 115; able to de- Harden, why 63.

liver us 129; stands at the door 179. Hardening 57, 62, 64.
Conclusion 209; apology for the man- Holiness enjoined 130.
ner of the work 310.

Holy Spirit, its influence acknow-
Convictions for sin, an evidence of ledged by different sects 177; its

the possibility of avoiding it 74; power 180; danger of mistaking it
whence they proceed 180.

181, 182; its operation ib. effects
Cruelty (Note) 265.

Dancing 266.

Hunting 264.
Days &c. 250; names, origin 256. Immediate Revelation 160; continu-
Death of Christ, purchased the seed ed 161 ; testimony of the Prophets

of grace which is in all men 37,91 ; ib. of Jesus Christ 163; of the aposa
foretold by the prophet 96; con tles 166; of the Fathers 169; of the
firmed by the apostles ib. ascribed Reformers 171 ; of heathen philoso-
to the love of God 97 ; greatest ev-

phers 172.
idence of his love 98; was neces- Immortality of the soul 25.
sary 98, 99 ; placed us in a capaci- Impossibilities not required 131.

Infants, their condition, 37. Pennsylvania 299.
Influences of the holy Spirit, Imme- Pharoah 62.

diate Revelation 177; overlooked Philosophers, (heathen,) testimony

to Immediate Revelation 172;
Instructions to the Disciples 198; against Oaths 276.
Prophet ib.

Place of existence for the soul 26, 27.
Isaac and Ishmael 56;

Plan of Divine operations 70.
Jacob and Esau 53 to 56.

Prophecy, a character of the New
Jerusalem description of, 150;

Dispensation 175; of the ministry
destruction of 152.

203; evidence of the authenticity
Judas 61.

of the Scriptures 145.
Justification 120, &c.

Providence, in human affairs 284,
Kingdom of heaven,how to be receiv 298, 299, 300.
ed 117.

Recreations 263.
Law, its types ended 223, 239; why Redemption 9, 28; See Divinity of

some of these continued afterwards Christ, Justification, &c.
224, 246; not binding now 247; Religion, its advantages 123,185,268;
danger of continuing 247.

general character 184; not gloomy
Law of nature 297.

268; revealed religion 22.
Life and death set before us 33, life, Resurrection of the dead 25.

human, short, 31 ; reflections 30, 31, Rewards and Punishments 21, 28.

Sabbath, a type 251; practice of
Man, his original state 2, %; by nature Friends 253; extracts, ib.

far below that state 12; his condi- Salutations, &c. 160.
tion before the coming of Christ ib. Sanctification 114, 119.
gradually instructed 13; in the fall Scriptures 132; not the only rule 133;
has no merit nor any thing to make their use acknowledged 135; ex-
atonement with 121.

tracts 138; stye 142; evidences of
Meals, feelings at, 245.

their Divine origin 143, &c.
Messiah 148.

Secret Will 40, 70.
Ministry 196; call, ib. & 200; of the Seed promised 5; seed of Grace the

apostles 197, 198, 201, 204; their purchase of Christ's death 37; the
instructions 198; natural and ac state it places us in, ib. & 122.
quired abilities useful 201; "the Silence 118,
wicked have no part in it 202; cor- Supper 242.
rupt m. dangers of, 212; cautions Supplication, vocal 218.
215; preparatory and other exer- Theatre 264, 267.
cises of the true m. 213; support Toplady, quotations from, 40, 41, 71.
210; review 219. See Females. Transfiguration of Christ 229.
Miracles 157.

Trinity 310.
New Dispensation, superior to the War 279.

Law 176, 282; not changeable 179; Washing of feet 243, 246.
its object 282.

Watchfulness 129.
New Testament, acknowledged by Water, a metaphor 298.
a succession of writers 154.

Worship 186; various modes 187;
Novels 270.

rites 188; worship described by Je-
Ordain 65.

sus Christ ib. apostles and pro-
Oaths, forbidden 273.

phets 189; silent 190; public and
Perfection and perseverance 125. private 194; duty of, 195.
Perseverance necessary 129.

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