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The Missionary Society having sent ont some Missionaries to Ceylon, a sécrit.com
count of that Island may not be unacceptalle to tho Friends of the Institution. A Brief Account of the Island The climate and seasons correspond
with those of the adjacent Coutinent; of Ceylon *.
but the exposure on all sides to the seus CEYLON, an island of the Indian renders the air more cool and salubri. Sea, is of an oval forin, approaching to
The general aspect of the coule the size of Ireland; and is situated to try resembles the southern parts of the south-east of the peninsula of Indias Tiindostan : 2 high table-land in the from which it is separated by a narrow center, being surrounded with low sea of about sixty iniles width. Litleshores, six or cight leagues in breadıb. was known of this country before the Iligh montains; prorligious forests, twelfth century, when it was discovered full of aromatic trees; and many pleahy the Portugueze, who retained pos- şant rivers, tinely diversify the country; session of the shores till about 1660, which, in the estecm of ihe 1: indoos, is when they were expelled by the Dutch. a second Paradise. The vales are amaIt is now ceded to the British govern, zingly fertile in rice and oher soll ment. The central part of the island vegetables, has continued under the power of the The forests are the faunis of innunative prince, whone residence is merable elephants, which are superio; Candi, about eighty miles from Co- to those of most other countries, it in Junibo. This capital, however, is a deed in size, bet in their greater hardi. place of little consequence, and but dess and powers of ellrtion, as well as imperfectly, known to travellers; being, in their docility and freedom from vice like the internal parts of this island in and passion, The Ceylonese display general, separated from the European great degree of ingenuity and courage in settlements by dificult passes, and al. procuring these anjurais : for this pur anost inaccessible foresis.
pose they inciato a large space of The natives of Ceylon, called Singa- ground by posts, repes, and bourlis ef lese, are not so black as those of Malite trees; and contrive ong and circuitous par; and have few customs very differ- paths tenced in on both sides, into ent from other HindoosTheir lan- which the elephants are, by fear, inguage is rather peculiar; but some of duced to enter; and arc at length me the natives understand both the Ta- eurd. When any of the animals se mulic and that of Malabar. The chief caught prove unruly and violent, they town of the European possessions is have recourse to the assistance of the Columbo ; which is a handsome place, tampe elephants, who will jostle and be: and well fortifred. Flere my lan- labour their wild brother with their guages are spoken, the natives of al trunks, till they have rendered hiig most every part of Asia being found palm and compliant. luthe yeat 1797, here; among others, the Persees, or no fewer than 176 elephants, angli! in worshippers of fire, who would sooner this manner, were sent to the continent. have their houses burnt, and themselves The icluneumon is a very curious and perish in the flames, Uhun employ any valuable animal, about the size of a incans to extinguish it. From the dis- weasel. It possesses an inveterare la trict of Columbo, great quantities of tred to ciery species of serpenis; and cinnamon and pepper are annually will instantly dart upon one of any size, transported to Europe. Arrack is also which it seizes by the threat and des made here', aya sent to Bengal, dia- stroys; but such is its sagacity, that it dras, and Bombay ; from whence, in will not renule upon the assauli unless return, the inhabitants receive rice and in an open place, ubere it has an op other articles.
portunity to run, impediately after the The important and noble harbour of attempi, to a certain herb, which is in. Trincomale, is situared on the opposite stinctiveiy huora to be an antidote side of the island. The southern part against the poison of the bile', should it abounds with gems, and other rich pro- happen to receive one. This has been ductions. On the northern shore the proved by experiment. pearl fishery is carried on to a great The religion of Ceylon is the ancient extent, and with much success.
worship of Boodh; images of whom,
* Extracted from Percival's Account, Pinkerton's Gcography, and Crutwell's Gazetteer.
with short and cristel hair, abound in eager to otch a single drop. The der the island. This pretended deiry is !1pc volce is then placed on the grounds posed to have been some deitied philo- and ino large hoobs are inserted into sopher, who flourished about 500 years the ne-h of his bach, jusi noder the before the Chirindian cra. The natives shoulders : he is then hoisted up by the belong to four different casts, which, ropes on high, where he continues sus. according to the brilian custon, never pended; and in this position, is drawn intermarry or mingle with each other: round the upright post twice or thrice. the son pursties the profession of his During this painful ceremony, he refather, from generation to generation. peats a certain number of prayers; and There is also another set of wretched throws down among the gazing crowd men, strictly outcasts, composed of flowers, which he had taken up with those, or the descendants of those, wlio, him for the purpose ; for these the deby any criine or nerlert of superstitious luded people scramble; and happs is rites, have forfeited their case. These he who can catch one of them, for it is wretched people are not allowed to carefully preserved as a sacred relir, work; but subsist by begging continua which will prevent disease, and ensure ally for sustenance, and continue a dead heppiness for ever after. weight on society: they are dezrale! Such is the place to which the Rev. to the lowest state of vileness and iu- Mr. Vos and others are now on their famy; nor can they, hy any good con- voyage; and where', we hope, the gloduct, retrieve their condition. It would rious gospel of Christ will be preacher, certainly be an object worth the atten- directing the poor natives to that Sation of the British government to at- viour, whose blood alone cleanscth from tempt converting this lost boily of men all sin, and whose yoke, compared with to some useful purpose'; and it is plain, that op sili, or of superstition, is perfectly that the dispelling their superstitious çasy and light. notions, by the introduction of the Christian system, would be the most vtectual rethod of their improvement. Bapiist Mission, East Indies. Happy will it be for theni, if the Visa
From the Missionaries to the Society, sionaries, destined to this island, should be the instruments of so great and good
[ Continued from p. 521.] a work! The arts practised by some, “ 1. The Churcit. - We consist of and the ceremonies performed by others, thirty-six members : fourteen are Euro. afford much entertainment to the curi- peans, &c, and twenty-two natives. ous; but tciie riuch pain in the Chris- These have been al bapeized on a cretian traveller. Devotees, in consequence dible profession of faith ; and have lost of some superstitious vow, sustain the cast, friends, and all for the gospel. most painful operations with an obsti- Two of them were brahmans; vix, nati resolution aimost incredible. One Kristno Prisaurl and Bhrub. Three of them will vow to hold his arm cle- were of the writer cast; viz. Perumur Yated over his head for a certain muni- Singho, Perunabur Mitre, and Kan ber of years, without once letting it Roteen. Two were Mussulmall. ; two doun. Another will keep his hand fast hari adopted the Portugueze dress and closer!, till the nails of his fingers grow habits, though formerly Musulmans; into the flesh, and appear through the and the others were of the interior casis hand. Many never sufier llieir hair to of the Hindous. We cannot say that be combed, or their bears to be shavel. our nativebrethren are superior to other Some will never lic clown; ani others Christians in love, zeal, knowledge, or wear about their nechs a heavy iron prudence: they are sometimes cool, franne.
and sometimes precipitale; sometimes (apt. Percival, from whose account some of them give us pain, and oftea of the island this is partly extracted, pleasure. Sercral of them are active wituc sed the following scene : -- - A in jalking about Christ to others; and very high post is firmly fixed in the some have hope u silts. Some of theiu ground, on the top of which another live at the distance of several days Team is placed, so as to turn round on journey from us; and are like a few a pivot; from the end of which, ropes grains of salt scattered in the place and pullies are suspended to hoist up where they live. the devotee. He is then brought for- ** 2. Our Labours. - A variety of cirwari), with music and dancing; and led cumstances contribute to supereide, and thrice round the post by the Bralinins indeed to render impracticable, our treand relations. A sheep is ofterend up quent itinerating. Our itineracy in sacritice, the blood of which is is the less necessary, as several of ou sprinkled on the unuliitude, who are friends are pretty active, and bon bow
to reach the hearts of their countrymen posed of. The copy is now passing unmuch better than we do. Considerable der a close revision, preparatory to a numbers are also, from time to time, second edition, which will be very soon coming to hear the word, who require put to the prexs. The Book of Psaluus attendance at home; but the vast and and the Prophecies of Isaiah are also growing importance of having as com- printesi. plete a translation of the Scripures 29 * Dear brethren, pray for us perpossible published hefove our daili, sonally, that we may all endure to the the demand for a second edition of the end; and pray for us as a body, that New Testament, and other collateral the word of God may abound and be circumstances, take up rearly our whole gloritied in this dark country by our time. We (some of us at least) not- means ! We feel our hearts united to withstanding, make short excursions as yoll, and trust that you are warmly often as we can, for the purpose of remembered by us in our prayers. preaching the gospel.
are atlectionately yours, * 3. Dispersion of Tracts, — Upon a
W. CARLI, J. J IRSILAM, calculation, we find that iorty New Tes.
W. WAND), J. CHAMBERLAIN, tadients have been given away monthly,
FELLI CAREY." since its first publication; and many
By a subsequent account, dated thousands of small religious tracts have been dispersed through the greatest
Oct. 31, 1803, it appears that the part of Bengal. To effect this, we make Missionaries were proceeding with Aise of the labours of some of our native the second edition of the New Tesbrethren. Kristio has been two or tament, considerably improved. .three pretty long journies for this pur- One of the converts, Gokool, had pose, and has distributed many. We been removed by death : his steady have dispersed inany by means of Lu- trust in the Saviour, his constant ropean friends ; some of whom have refusal of all idolatrous assistance, also been induced to set up schools for
together with his patience and rethe native children, where the Bible is introduced. At the public seasons of
signation to the divine will, afford. idolatrous worship, many have come
ed much pleasure to the brethren, to ask about the gospel, and have taken
His burial, in the European man. tracts with them; and, on these occa- ner, excited much attention ; and sions, they have been given to many a vast concourse of natives, who who come from very distant parts. This attended it, scemed much struck is a seed which, in some instances, has with the novelty of the scene, and sprung up; and, we trust, will do so in
with the regard which Christians many more.
manifest to each other, even in 4. Public Opinion of the Nalires
death; $0 different from their about the Gospel. - Where the gospel is most known, there has been a very
throwing their friends, half dead decideid opposition; and very evident
and half living, into the river; or parks of a spirit of rancorous comity burning their
body, with perhaps shewn to it. This has been princis a solitary attendant. pally the spirit of some brahmans, The Missionaries have opened a and of some of the lower people house for preaching at Calcutta: a who have been instigated by them. place containing, it is said, a mil. The effect thereof, at prese'ni, is, that fion of souls. Here they preach this new way is much talked of; and
twice on the Lord's Day, and twice Very considerable enquiries are made
in the week; but as yet, their auamong people in their own houses, What can this mean? and why is all this
ditory is very smajl.
opposition to it? It is not possible to
Several of the native brethren calculate the thousands of doubts re- strongly desire to inake known the specting their own ways and books, gospel to their perishing fellow. which have been produced within the countrymen; and, considering the last year. Many, who are by no means advantages they possess in the friendly to the gospel, conclude that it knowledge of the language, cus. will evidently spread through the country ; and predict the downfall of their bours, with their opportunity of
toms, and prejudices of their neighown superstitions. 5. Publication of the Word of God.
access, where the Missionaries dare The New Testament and the Penta
not set their foot, we may hope for teuch have been published a long time a great blessing to attend their en. ago; and nearly the whole of the first deavours. edition of the New Testament is dis- A military gentleman. Maior
16 But now,
Colebrooke, las translated the gosely after the rumour of the General's pels into lindostanee and Persian ; injury had created an alarm in the and made a present of them to the city, a note from Dr. Post inforın. college at Calcutta: since which, ed me, that he was extremely ill the college council has voted tlie at Mr. W. Bayard's; and expresso printing of them. Before the Mis. ed a particular desire to see me as sionaries knew of this, they had soon as possible. I went immedi. begun the saine work; and had ately. The exchange of melanmade considerable progress in it. choly salatation, on entering the Mr. Marshman had finished Mat. General's apartment, was succeed. thew, and had done part of John; ed by a silence, which he broke by and Mr. Carcy had done the Episo saying, that he had been anxious to tles, &c.
says Mr. see me, and have the Sacranie.it Carey, we will gladly do what administered to him, and that this pthers do not; and wish all speed was still his wish. I replied, that to those who do any thing in this it gave me unlitterable pain to reAlay. We have it in our power, if ceive from bun any request to our means would do for it, in the which I could not accede : that, in space of about itteen years, to have the present instance, a compliance the word of God translated, and was incompatible with all my ube printed in all the languuges of the ligations; as it is a principle in or east. Our situation is such as to churches never to administer the furnish us with the best assistance Lord's Supper privately to any from natives of the different coun. person, under any circumstances. tries :- we can have types of all He urged me 10 further. I then the different characters cast here; remarked to him, That, the Holy and about 700 rupees per month, Communion is an exhibition and a part of which, I hope, we shall be pledge of the mercies which the able to furiish, would complete the Son of God has purchased : that work. The languages are the Hine the absence of the sign does not dostanee, Mahratta, Oreea, Te exclude from the mercies signified, lingua, Bhotan, Burmalı, Chinese, which were accessible to liim by Cochin Chinese, and Malay. On faith in their gracious Author.' this great work we have fixed our “ I am aware," said he, “ of that. eyes. Whether God will enable It was only as a sign that I wanted us to accomplish it, or any consi- it.” A short pause ensued. I rederable part of it, is yet uncertain.” sumed the discourse, by observing,
The four last Missionaries, who that I had nothing to address to sailed from Bristol, Jan. 3, 1804, him in his affliction, but that same had a severe trial of their zoal and gospel of the grace of God which patience, by a voyage to New York it is my office to preach to the most singularly rough anal tedious. They obscure and illiterate; that, in the were fifteen weeks on their passage. sight of God, all men are on a leHowever, through the divine good- vel, as "all have sinned, and con: ness, they arrived safely and in short of his glory ;” and that they good health at New York, April must apply to him for pardon and 22 ; from whence they sailed for lite, as sinners, whose only refuge Calcutta, May 28.
is in his “ grace, reigning by rigiite.
ousness throngh our Lord Jesus The Last Hours of Gen.Ilamil- said he ; “ I am a sinner: I look 13
Christ. “ I perceive it to be so," ton, who died in consequence his mercy!" I then adverted to of a llound received in a the infinite merit of the Redeemer, Duct with Col. Burr, in as the propitiation for sin, the sole America.
ground of our acceptance with
God, the sole channel of his favour [Extracted froni a Letter of Dr. J. V. to us; and cited the following pas. Mason, of New Yorh.]
sages of Scripture: - "There is “On the morning of Wednes- no other name given under Hea day (the oth of July, 180+] short
- He is able to save to the allo
termost-The blood of Jesus Christ dear Sir, which require no abstruse cleanseth from all sin. This last investigation but faith in the verapassage introduced the affair of the city of God, who cannot lie, are diel; on which I reminded the best suited to your present condia General, that he was not to be in- tion; and they are full of consolida structed as to its moral aspect, that tion.' " I feel them to be so," — the precious blood of Christ was as replied he. I then repeated these effectual and as necessary, to wash texts of Scripture : " It is a faitli. away the transgression which had ful saying, and worthy of all acinvolved him in suttering, as any ceptation, that Christ Jesus came other transgression; and that he into the world to save sinners - 1, must there, and there alone, seek even I, am he that blotteth out thy peace for his conscience, and a hope transgressions - Though your sins that should not make him asham- be as scarlet, they shall be white as ed." He assented, with strong snow; though they be red, like cmction, to these representations ; crimson, they shall be as wool.”and declared his abhorrence of the " This," said he,“ is my support. whole transaction. “ It was al- Pray for me."-Shall I pray with ways,” added he, “against my you ?? “ Yes." - I prayed with principles. I used every expedient him, and heard him whisper as I to avoid the interview ; but I have went along; which I supposed to found, for some time past, that my be his concurrence with the peti. life must be exposed to that man. tions. Ar the conclusion he said, I went to the field determined not “ Amen. God grant it." to take his life.” He repeated his “ Being about to part with him, disavowal of all intention to hurt I told him I had one request to Mr. Burr; the anguish of his make. He asked what it was? mind in recollecting what had pass. I answered, “That whatever inay ed; and his humble hope of for. be the issue of your affliction, you giveness from his God. I recurred would give your testimony against to the topic of the divine compas- the practice of duelling." "I will,'* sions; the freedom of pardon in the said he “I have done it. If Redeemer Jesus to perisling sino that,” evidently anticipating the
• That grace, my dear Ge- event, “if that be the issue, you neral, which brings salvation, is will find it in writing. If it please rich, rich !'~“ Yes,” interrupted God that I recover, I shall do it in he," it is rich grace !” •And on a manner that will effectually pub that grace,' continued I, “a sinner me out of its reach in future." I has the highest encouragement to
mentioned, once more, the import. Tepose his confidence; because it is ance of renouncing every other de. tendered to him upon the surest pendence for the eternal world but foundation, -the Scripture testify the mercy of God in Christ Jesus ing that is
have redemption with a particular reference to the through the blood of Jesus, the catastrophe of the morning. The torgiveness of sins according to the General was affected, and said, riches of his grace." Here the “ Let us not purse the subject any General, letting go my hand, which further-it agitates me.”. He laid he had held from the moment I sat his hands upon his breast, with symfer down at his bed-side, clasped his toms of uneasiness, which indicated hands together, and looking up to. an increased difficulty of speaking. wards Heaven, said, with emphasis, I then took my leave. He pressed "I have a tender reliance on the my hand affectionately, and desired mercy of the Almighty, through to see me again at a proper interval. the merits of the Lord Jesus As I was retiring, he lifted up his Christ.” He replaced his hand in hands, in the attitude of prayer, and mine, and appearing somewhat said, feebly, “God be merciful to spent, closed his eyes.
His voice sunk, so that “ A little after, he fastened them I heard not the rest distinctly; but on me, and I proceeded. The understood him to quote the words siurple uuths of the gospel, my of the publican in the gospel, and