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of infidelity. He all along pretenis to
of the Rev. Joseph Priestley, L.L. D.
F. R. S. respect and believe Christianity. How
By Jolin Pye Smith. far in this he was consistent with him- 8vo, Price 35. boards. self, and with what truth he pretended to believe Christianity, will appear by
The respectable author of these the fo:lowiog passave of one of his passages, introduces his object in Le ters io Lord Shiellield, since pub-submitting them to the public nolished by that nobleman. It relates to tice, in the following words: Mr. Burke's book on the French Revolution : : 1 admire his eloquence,' says
“ Dr. Priestley is dead. May the he, 'I approve his politics, I adore his wrath an:l rancour of his enemies, for chivalry, and I can forgive even his su
their own sakes, die also, and perish perstition. The primitive church, for ever! The prayers and wishes which I have treated with some free- which purest benevolence has often dicdom, was i.self an innovation; and I tated, for a revolution intinitely dewas attached to the old Pagan establish- sirable in his religious sentiments and ment,' However brilliant were the ta
feelings, are brought to aw awful pause; len's, however splendid the eloquence and their result is a problem, to be reof Mr. Gibbon, we may infer from his
solved only when“ we all stand before confession, that he possessed neither the judgment-seat of Christ,” that impartiality, nor strict regard to
* But, in the sincere spirit of intetruh, which are the first requisites of grity and candour, to examine his pub. an historian. This confession gives us
lic character; and to investigate the a ley, which at once explains his pa- evidence, the tendency, and the value of nezyric on the elegant Mythology of
his sentiments, is now become a duty Greece and Rome, and all his insinua- more incumbent than ever, on the lo. tions against Christianity.
vers of truth. By that prepossessing " Bartley, in his Oservations on
interest, which the death of an illustriMun, speakio of persons who reject
ous man produes in every ingenious Christianity, but profess a regard to
minil, by the expected publication of natural religion, says, ' As far as bas
the Doctor's Posthumous Works; and occurred to my observation, these per
by that strons cxciiement of the pubson ciiner deceive themselves, or at.
lic attention which may juzily be looka tcuipt to dleceive others in this. There
ed for, a most fair wd open opportu. appears in them no love or fear of lini, nity is presented for spreading and reno confidence in him, no delight in me
commending his religious opinions, In ditating upon him, no hope or joy in a
such circumstances, inditierence would future state. Their hearts and their be deeply criminal in those whose treasures are upon this earth; upon
honest convictions lead then to entersensual pleasures, or vain amusements,
tain views Wilely different on the perhaps of philosophy or philology,
most interesting parts of sacred truth, pursued to pass the time; upon honour “ To join my very humble eiforts in or riches. Accordingly Mr. Hume, a
advancing the great cause of pure, ra. person of this description, uses an ex
tional, and scriptural truth, is iny obpression to the following effect, in re- ject in submitting to yourself and the gard to religion, in a Letter 10 Dr. public, some remarks on various sentia Blair, already quoted in this work: ments and expressions occurring in your "I have long, says be, 'done with all
discourse. An apology for so doing, enquiries on such subjects; and am be- you would esteen very needless." come incapable of instruction.' How fully this passage justifies Hartley's the gentleman to whom the Let
Such is our author's object; and Remarks !"
ters are addressed, will, with us, The profits arising from the sale candidly allow, that it is purslied of this publication, are devoted to with ihe meekness of a Christian, the use of the Baptist Mission in and the breeding of a man of poBengal.
lished manners. Happy would it have been for the church, had the
enquiries of her sons after the truth, Letters to the Rev. T. Belsham, on and their defences of the truth,
some Im;ortant Subjects of Theologi- been ever conducted by this mild cal Discussion, referred 10 in his and candid spirit. Wlien the pas. Discourse on Occasion of the Deari sions are interested, the dust raised
by the combatants must blind their
the case utterly erroneous and injurious,
Calvinisnı, Sir, restrains not the love of Own eyes, and weaken the influence of evidence on the minds of spec. tion; or by any distinction conceir
God by any local or ceremonial distivotators.
The wrath of man work- able, except that which is made by Pueth not the righteousness of Gol, rity and Wisdom, Rectitude and Truthi. nor do his bitter bilious tempers aid If your view of the equality of divine the diffusion of evangelical senti- loce sets at defiance this distinction, it ment.
is an outrage and an insult on Infinite It woud be impracticable, in
Perfection and Excellence. Calvinism our narrow limits, to give an ana.
inviolahly maintains that the divine lysis of the diversified contents of that the mercy of God is free and un
charac'er is infinitely placable; and these papers. In Letter II, the all- purchased; and it maintains these grea! thor gives a view of the opinions principles in a manner consistent and peculiar to Calvinists, in oprosi. rational. It is true, Calvinism does tion to what he justly styles "The not confound the cternal citierence of Caricature of them skeiched," by right and wrong; it does not consider Mr. Belsham. Mr. Smith indeed mercy as justice, and grace as debt; it adnjits, that his ideas on the sub
des not immolate all the moral and leject of Necessity, are different from gislative glories of Deity to the ignorant those commonly received by Cal- proscriptions, the criminal partialities
of selfish and worthless rebels, who vinists. These are depths in the
care for nothing but their own interest. doctrine of the connection of the Such, in the vicw of a consistent and divine purpose with the free ope- practical Calvinist, is the infinite pa: ration of the human will, u lich our cability, the free and unpurchased mercy very limited faculties permit us of God: thai, npable to form concepe not to fathom. Instead of urging tion, or devise language equal to the our way, farther into the abyss, boundless theme, with grateful astonishpiety and modesty of mind, we con
ment, he exclaims, “ God is love! ceive, should induce is to return;
Hercin is love; not that we loved God,
but that he loved us;" and, as the first and, with St. Pili, taking on sta
and noblest expression of his free and tion on the store, devoutly ex
unpurchased love, “ sent his Son to be claim,“the depth of the riches the propitiation for our sins." both of the wisdoin and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are From the apostle Paul's zeal and his judgments, and his ways past
success in converting ihe Heathen, hnding out! For who hath known and from the success of the orthus the inind of the Lord? or who hath dox, in latter times, among the Inbeen his counsellor?”
dians in America, the Hottentots In the abstract which Mr. Bcl- in Africa, and the Bramios in Hinsham gives of the leading articles dustan, contrasted with the for. of the doctrine of Jesus, he enu. por and deadness of the Unitarians merates, p. 59,· The equal and im. in Poland, and elsewhere, with all partial love of God to his whole their advantages, Mr. Smith con buurman offspring, unrestrained by cludes with saying, any local or ceremonial distinction; “Can it be deemed any other than a the intimite placability of the di- fair, just, and candid inference from the vine character; and ihe free and loud language of fuets, that the docrinpurchased mercy of God to the trine and spirit of Unitarianism are estruly penitent.'
sentially different from the doctrine
wirich Paul taught, and the spisit by " It is superfluous," says Mr. Smith,
which he was actuated?" "jo observe, that these particulars are In Letter VI, Mr. Smith shews introduced expressly as the reverse of that the enemies of the apostle Calvinisin. Most evidenty, it is designed that your readers should con
Paul were the very men whom Dr. ceive of that much calumniated systein Priestley considered as the primitive is the absolute denial of these propo
Unitarians. sitions. Permit me, however, to us- Jesus,' says Mr. Bel ham,' was, na sure you that this is a representation of doubt, generally present with Paul,
though invisibly; and we know that he the following candid and charit, oxasionally appeared to lira during the able conclusion: collrse of his ministry: and surely, it mus: have been an exquisite gratifica- “ I can hy no means believe that Dr. tion to the apostle to retlect, that he Priestley would descend to the disho. iiveri, and labourel, an:1 sutered under nes'y of intentional ruisrepresentation. his Master's eyje; to whoin he might, at lle might possibly employ some one to asany time, have recourse in a season of sist him in the irksoine toil of collecting dificulty; and of whose protection he passages froin the fathers; and he might
" I ran do all things," says place unmerited confidence in the fidehe, “ throngh Christ, who strengtheni- lity of his coadjutor: or he might seck eth ibe. Gladly, therefore, will I glory his passages by the commodious, but in my infirmity', that the power of sometimes delusive, aid of indices rerum Christ may reri upon me; for when I et verborum, It is also possible, that am weak, then ain I strong."
a strong previous belief of the idea, with
a high confidence of finding it in the Ou this doctrine of the corporeal, pages of Chrysostom and others, might yet invisible presence of Jesus on produce an involuntary self-imposition ; earth during the apostolic age,
a state of mind which would convert Mr.Smith puts these very pertinent Foundations of opinion. But, in wirat,
slight resemblances into determinate questions :
ever way the occurrence of such capital " Are not supplicatory addresses for
mistakes may be accounted for, if I such blessings as the apostie is admit
have established the proof of their exe teil to have prayed to he Lord Jesus
is:ence, it follows, That inplicit relifor, a recognition of divine pwer and
ancm cannot be sately płoced on Dr, goodness in the being to whom they
Triestley's reprentations, even in cases are of red? Is not the “ Lori! Jeho.
of the plainest fact. Then, let the tlieovah, in whom is everlasting strength,"
logical student, let cvery honest enuniformly represented in Scripture is
quirer afrer truth, be on his guard the only proper ap: competent ohje:
when he suk; aid froin " The Ilistory of prayer for those blessings? Com
of Saily Opinions" concerning Jesus
Christ. But if I have advanced what pare 2 Cor. xii. 8. with 2 Chron. xxiii. 12. Ps. cxvi. 4; -- 2 Cor. xii. 9, with
is u ruc, mv ignorance or iny wickedPs. Ixviii. 35. Ps. cxxxviii. 3 ; --2 Cor.
ness can casily be detected." xii, 10, wich Ps, Ixxiii. 26;
and Phil. iv. 13, with Ps. Ixxj. 16.
We earnestly recommend these
If the apostle was under the necessity of duty
Letters to the serious and dispas* to have recourse" to Jesus, by the
sionate perusal of the persons for hypothesis a simple fellow-man, for
whose eternal benefit we believe those very blessings which the saints of that, from the purest motives, they old always sought from the only living were writien; and may the Father God, was not his condition, though of Lights lead every sincere enin the best and purest state of the New quirer into just views of the per. Testament church, incomparably more
son of Jesus Christ! disadvantageous than that of the pious, under the dark dispensation of the Mo. saic law? They always sought to the eternal God, as " a strength to the poor, The Authenticity, uncorrupted a strength to the neerly in his distress ;" Preservation, and Credibility of but, behold the chief of the apostles, the New Testament. By Godirey *' in necessities, in persecutions, in dis.
Less, late Professor in the Univera tresses,' crying out to an invisible Man, and “ praying unto him; and saying,
sity of Gottingen; and translated Deliver me!" Ps. xliv. 17. Would
from the German by Roger King. not a Jewish saint have applied this
don, A. M. of St. John's College, keen reproach : " Lo! this is the man Cambridge. Svo, 7s. that made not God his strength !"
Dr. Less, the author of this
book, was a professor in the UniAfter shewing, in Letter VIII, yersity of Gottingen. For many Pr. Priestley's inaccuracy in seven years he entertained doubts respect ral quotations in his “ History of ing the divine authority of the New Early Opinions," the author draws Testament,
In order to remove
Ps. lii. 7.
thein, he studied the subject with For the temper with which the particular attention. The result treatise is written, Dr. Less is enwas both pleasing and profitable. titled to much commendation; and L'is mind was fully satisfied; and his work is likely to be more exthe public is favoured with a va- tensively useful on that account. Juable treatise in defence of the The asperity which some good and Authenticity, the uncorrupted Pre- able men have indulged in this conservation, and the Credibility of troversy, must exasperate every the Gospel. That part of it which Deistical reader, and render the adduces the external proofs of the weight of their arguments of little Authenticity of the New Testa avail. Let a man consult his own mnent, nerits particular attention. feelings when he meets with harsh Lardner has indeed quoted every and severe treatment, and is saluted passage of note from the fathers with the worst names which lan. That can throw light on this part of guage can furnish, and then let the subject; but his works are in lim consider, that other people the possession but of few; and, feel just in the same way. from their size, can never become Dr. Less will offend no one ja familiar to the mass of readers. To this respect; and those who peruse have what is most valuable of thein bis buok will, without being ir. brought into a small coinpass, that ritated hy reproaches, be left calinit may be of general utility, is an ly to weigh the force of his reaimportant service rendred to the soning. public. This service Dr. Less has rendered ; and he has enabled his readers to form an accurate idea of
LITERARY NOTICES. the nature and force of this part of the evidence, that the writings of We understand that the Me. the New Testament are genuine. moirs of a Colonel Blackader are We are not pleased with the nian- in the press, and will soon be puba ner in which he speaks of the Pook lished. They consist of a Preface, of the Revelation of St. John: here by Mr. Newton, of St. Mary Wool. the spirit of systein and veneration noih; an Account of the Colone's for the authority of others, have Parentage; large Extracts from a biassed his mind in opposition to Diary, which he kept for near the weiglit of evidence.
thirty years; and Extracts froin his The uncorrupted preservation of Letters to Mrs. Blackader. As the Books of the New Testament, the Colonel served under the great which, to come who have never Duke of Marlborough, in ali bis studied the subject, appears 60 dif- can paigns in Germany, in the carly ficult, he has proved, in a very sa- part o the last century, and was in tisfactory manner, and in a sinail
every battle fought by that Genea space.
ral, the volume will be interesu, The proofs he brings forward in and calculated to do much good in support of the credibility of the the Army and Navy. Mr. Neston, writings of the evangelists and apos- we understand, speaks of Blacktles, are well chosen and ably sta- ader as another Col. Gardiner. ted *. There is, towards the close, a very interesting section “On the A new edition is in the press, of Intolerance of the Old Pagan Sys
a sinall Tract, entitled, " Simpli. tems,” in answer to an assertion of city recommended to Ministers of Voltaire. In the following one, he
the Gospel;" which has been long displays the liberal spirit of the Out of print, and much called for. gospel.
* This part of the suhject is more A:lly stated in “ An Essay on the Divine Acthority of the New Testarent," by D). isurve; a second edition of which, we are glad tu rind, is just published, widi very considerable en provenients.
MISSIONARY SOCIETY. The following Letter was lately sent to Otoo, the Chief of Otaheite ;
and is inserted by the desire of several of our Friends : From the Friends of the Miss who created the world and all sionari's in England, to
things, and before whom the spirits
of all men must appear, to be judg. Otoo, Chief in the Island of ed according to their works, after Otahcite.
their bodies shall have ceased to
live : for this purpose they have We were sorry to hear of the brought with them a book, which death of your father Pomarre.
contains the will of God; and of felt a regard for him, because he which God is liimself the Author, was the friend to our brethren who -- as it was written by holy men, live on your island. They inform, according to his instructions. It ed us, that he shewed them kind. is, therefore, the word of the great ness, and protected them. They God, and not the word of man, have also nientioned to lis, that you which they wish to teach you, and Edea have assured theoi that Otoo, we are your friends; we the deach of Pomarre shall mike na wish you well; we desire to do you alteration as to their safety; and good. Listen then to what we say, that you will both continue to be The greit God, who made the kind and friendly to them. This is world, although we cannot see him, very proper; because they are good because he is a Spirit, yet, is premen, who are desirous of doing you sent at all times, both at Otaheite and the natives all the good they and in every part of the world ; can; and will never do you any and is the Lord and Governor of all harm. They have come to your things : - it is by his permission island for no other purpose than to that you are the Chief of thet give you and your countrymen in- island. As Vid till this station, struction on the most important you possess great influence over the subjects; which, if you attend to, cornmon people, and your example will make you much wiser, better, will be followed by many. The and happier men. The Mission- Missionaries are your friends; be arics, in their own country, lived you theirs also. Thay are willing, far better than they can do in to instruct you in the word of yours; but they had heard of you, God; be your desirous of attending
that you were ignorant of the tu their instruction; and enco:i.ge true God, and of his goodness in your countrymen to do the saine: sending his Son into the world to be this will be pleasing to God, and the Saviour of men; and, though is the way to obtain his blessing, they were so comfortable at home, Otoo, there are many sinful Clisthey could not be satisfied without toms in your island, which are very making known to you the way in offensive to God; and which tie which you may be happy, both will always punish. We will inenwhile you live, and also after tion two, which are particularly death. This induced thein to leave evil, and contrary to the lus of their dear fathers, mothers, friends, God, contained in his holy Book. and native country, and expose
One is the murder of infnis. This themselves, for many montlis, to is a crime which is contrary to the the dangers of the stormy ocean; strongest feelings in nailire :-- even and now they have been with you the most wild and savage beasts some years, and have learned to
prorect and incristo their young. speak in your language, and are It is the wicked spirit, the enemy desirous of informing you what they of God and man, that deceives and Buon concerning the great God tempts fathers and mothers to coin.'