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they fit there a Garrison to keep it; andfortified Bethsura to preserve it, that the people might have a defence against Idumca.

Here, in after Times, the Romans kept their Garrison; from whence they overaw'd and govern'd the City; sending out Detachments to any Part, as Occasion requir'd. From hence, the Jews procur'd that Band of Men, and those Officers whom John they appointed to attend Judas, in order XVIU-3> to apprehend our Lorc That these were not merely Serjeants and civil Officers belonging to the City, who serv'd to apprehend Criminals at the mere Pleasure of the Jews, appears from their being mentioned distinctly. When our Lord had surrendered himself to them, without any Resistance, it is said, 'Then the band,~.l2, and the captain, and officers of the Jews, took Jesus and bound him. And when they wanted to have the Sepulchre made secure, lest his Disciples mould come by Night and steal him away, we find them applying to Pilate for Orders that it might Matt> be done. xxvii.64.

And when, after the Resurrection, and the Descent of the Holy Ghost, the Apostles began to preach the Gospel, we find


Acts iv.i. that as they /pake unto iht pop/e, the Priests, and the captain of the tertyle, and the Sadducees came upon them, and laid bands on them, and put them in hold. And ib. v. 24. after, when the High-Priest, and the captain of the temple, and the Chief Priests, heard of their miraculous Escape, and that they were teaching in the Temple, they were perplex'd what to do. Then went the captain, with the officers, and brought them without violence.

And when Paul came to firufaiem^

ib. xxi. and all the city was moved, and the peo

31' pie ran together, as they were about to kill

him, tidings came unto the chief captain

of the band, that all Jerusalem was in an

uprore. Who immediately took soldiers and

centurions, and ran down unto them: and

when they saw the chief captain and the

jhldiers, they left beating o/Taul. then the

ib. xxii. chief captain commanded him to be brought

2<- into the castle, &c. The Name of this

ib. xxiii. Chief Captain was Claudius Lystas,, -.,.


Their WAR S.

It may not be improper, now we are upon the Subject of their military Affairs, to .-"•■• '•" give

give a summary Accountof the Wars of these People; in order to which we must go up as high as the Time of Abraham: when we read that four Kings, Chedorlaomer the King Gen. xiv. of Elam, and ltdal King of Nations, and Slmraphel King of Shinar, and Arioch King of Ella/ar, joining their Forces together by a Quadruple Alliance, invaded the Dominions of five other Kings, near whose Territories the Land lay, which was poflefs'd by Abraham.

Victory declaring her self on the Side of the four Kings, they carried off much spoil; and among the Captives, took Lot, Abraham's Brother's Son {who dwelt in Sodom) and his Goods. Abraham no sooner heard this, but he armed his trainedservants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them. And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and brought back all the goods and his brother Lot. I have been the more particular in describing this Action, in order to give an Idea of the Confederacies, Armies, and Engagements of those Days j and to (hew how they were suited and proportions to that Infant State of the World.



Afterwards, when the childrea of Israel were greatly multiplied, according to^06d's Promise, and having left Egypt, took the/r March through the Deserts of jirdbia, they were under a Necessity of encountering several Nations, before they pase'd over Jordan into the Promis'd Land. Their first Conflict was with the Ajnalekites and the Numb. Canaanites-, before whom they were dis

xiv. 25. * *

45. 'corns ted; because they presumed to make the Attack in a disorderly Manner; without Moses and the Ark of the Covenant; and in direct Contradiction to an express Command of God. But, some time after, we

ib.xxi.2. find Israel vowd a vow unto the Lord, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my band, then I will utterly de-, Jlroy their cities. And the Lord hearken-; ed to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed, them and their cities.

After this they fought successfully against Sihon King of the Amorites, and Og the King of Bajhan: as also against the Moabites and the Midianites: And having pas* fed over the River Jordan, they befieg'd and took Jericho.


U $ I IT ARY A11A i R f ?f 4* *

In sa> Word, the sacred Memoirs reckon yp one and thirty Kings which Joshua and Josh. xii. /&? children oslfad smote on this fide Jordan, and gave their Lands unto the'Tribes of Israel for a pojfeffion, according to their diviJidns. In the mountains, and in the valleys, and in the plains, and in the springs, and in the •wilderness, and in the south-country: theHittites, the Amorites" and the Canaanites; the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites.

However, some of these Nations were not totally destroy'd > but lest to prove Israel \n^]u by, to know whether they would hearken to the commandments os the Lord, Add to these the Philistines, with whom they wag'd perpetual War during the Time of the Judges, and Saul; and who, haying been defeated in four pitch'd Battles, were at last utterly routed by David. Whose first Coming into the Army, from among the Sheepfolds, was auspiciously crown'd with the Success, of vanquishing, in single Combat, their formidable Champion Goliah. But this, as well as most of their other successful Engagements under the Conduct of the Judges, being more owing to the providential Arm of God, the never-failing Assistant of Virtue and Piety, than to human Prowess


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