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which Joab Jhed, from me. and from tit
From these Accounts, it appears that the Captain of the Host possess'd a great Share of Power; in a manner equal to that of the King h\mfeM.rtiI)Qvhi seems to nave been afraid of- ^BflAl otherwise he would neve/ have suffer'dshim to live, after those bloody Assassination*. : And we may observe that, when Eli/ha the Prophe^ ^on being hospitably entertain'd byShunamtiie} was desirous to make het some Acknowledgment for it, he bids Gebazii ;bjs t Kings Servant fay to her, in these Words, Behold Jv- thou hajl been careful for us with: a4l this care; what is to be done for tbee? Wouldfi thou be spoken for to the king, or to the captain of the hojl? , 1. ,f fjVor
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\ Captains G/* 'Thousands, &q. ,, The rest of the Officers that govern'd , the Army we find cajl'd by the Titles of Captains of Thousands, Captains of Hun. dreds, Captains of Fifties, and Captains of 'Tens. Who probably were of the fame Rank with those whom Moses constituted in the Wilderness, Rulers, of Thousands, &c. and, at first, acted in a dquble Capacity, being at the fame time civil Magir strates, and military Officers,
The Captains of Thousands seem to have been much the same, as Colonels of Regiments with us> and the Captains of Hundreds might probably answer to those who, in our Army, have the Command of Troops and Companies; the Captains of Fifties and Tens, to our subalterns, Serjeants and Corporals.
■ Among the List of David's Adherents while he fled from Sauh and kept himself iJZbxm. close at Ziklag; after several Names men-TM1 lm Htion'd, it is said; These were of the sons of Gad, captains of the host: One of the least •was over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand. Again, we read of others said
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-~ 20. to be Captains of the thousands &ft*vfcft-tf Manasseh. And when David hadT&>tf£hts of bringing the Ark of God fronl Mr]atbi Chron. jearim we are told, he consulted'^with He xiii-«« captains of thousands, and hundreds; and with every leader. And again, wnen he declar'd his Intentions about building the — xxviii. Temple, it is said that he assembled all the l- princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes,
and the captains of the companies that minister'd to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands;and the captains over the hunlredi '-1 "* n0"
So when Jehoiada the High-Priest had a Mind to bring on the Restoration, by de* Kings claring Joajh to be King, he sent for the %1'4" rulers over hundreds, with the captains, and the guard, and shewed them the] king's son -, and gave them proper Instructions what they were to do. And the captains over the hundreds did according to all things that Jehoiada the Priest commanded. And to the captains over hundreds did the priest give king David's spears andshields, that were in the temple of the Lor D. ' And he took the rulers over hundreds, and the captains, and the guard, and all the people of the land, and they brought down the king from the
house of. the L o Rd, and he sate on the thrgne of the kings. And we read of three cap- 2 Kings tains of fifties, who, with their Fifties, h9'Il'ls' were sent successively by Ahaziah King of Israel, to bring the Prophet Elijah to him. The Apocryphal Writings tells us, that jsu- 1 Mace, das ordained captains over the people, even 1U"ss' captains over thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tens.
These Officers, from the Captain of the Host down to the lowest Subaltern, appear,' after the Monarchy took place, to have receiv'd their Commissions, from the King. When Samuel declares to the People the wanner of the King that was to reign over them, this is part of it; He will appoint 1 Sam. him captains over thousands, and captains vllulz' over fifties, &c. Accordingly when Saul began to grow jealous of David's rising Glory, he removed him from him, and made ^ xviii, him his captain over a thousand. So we I3read that David number d the people that 2 Sam. were with him, and set captains of thousands, *VUi< '• and captains of hundreds over them. And that Amaziah gather d Judah together, and * Chron, made them captains over thousands, and cap- xxv-5* fains over hundreds.
**& Captain of the 7%np^^ M
/ We read of Bands of Men, and Officers, and /& Captain of the Temple, in the Nw Testament; of which, because they are there mention'd, tho' more belonging to the Government of the Romans than the Constitution of the Jews, we shall endeavour to give some Account.
When Judas Maccabeus had undertaken the Defence of his Country against the Invasions of Antiochus King of Syria, among other Methods which he put the People upon, of fortifying and securing themselves, we are told, that * at that time also they builded up the mount Sion with high walls, and strong towers round a\out, lest the Gentiles Jhould come and treads it down, as they had done before. And
* i Mace. iv. So Of this Building Josephusspeaks thus. Toe Assamonean Princes (Judas and his Brethren) made <i Tower and Fortifications adjoyning to the Temple; and order d the Robes belonging to the High-Priest to be kept there. This Tower was afterwards repair 'd by Herod, amI appointed for tbt'Temple Guard; and, in Compliment to his friend Marc Antony the Triumvir, he cplffd it the Antonian Tower.'