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-~ 20. to be Captains of the thousand? &a?*>zl&rt:of Manasseh. And when David had^ofi^hts of bringing the Ark of God ftotk*%ihr]asJbi Chron. jearim we are told, he consulted with the captains of thousands, and hundreds, and with every leader. And again, when he declar'd his Intentions about building the — xxviii. Temple, it is said that he assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that minified d to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and the captains over the bun Iteds. <'Iil

So when Jeboiada the High-Priest: had a. Mind to bring on the Restoration, by de* Kings -claring Joajh to be King, be sent for the 4 rulers over hundreds, with the captains, and the guard, and shewed them the] king's Jon; and gave them proper Instructions what they were to do. And the captains over the hundreds did according to all things that Jehoiada the Priejl commanded. And to the captains over hundreds did the priejl give king David'* spears and shields, that were in the temple if the Lord. And he took the rulers over hundreds, and the captains, and the guard, and all the people of the land, and they brought down the king from the house of. the L o Rd, and he fate on the throne of, ^tbfi Attg&- - And we read of three capt 2 Kings tains of fifties, who, with their Fifties,1,9-1 Ul5kwere sent successively by Ahaziah King of Israel, to bring the Prophet Elijah to him. The Apocryphal Writings tells us, that Ju- 1 Mace, das ordained captains over the people, even 5S' captains over thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tern.

These Officers, from the Captain of the Host down to the lowest Subaltern, appear/ after the Monarchy took place, to have receiv'd their Commissions, from the King. When Samuel declares to the People the manner of the King that was to reign over them, this is part of it; He will appoint 1 Sam. him captains over thousands, and captains'TM1,1Z' over fifties, &c. Accordingly when Saul began to grow jealous of David's rising Glory, he removed him from him, and made»-.- xviil, him his captain over a thousand. So we '3pead that David number"d the people that 2 Sam. were with him, and set captains of thousands, *vu:iu and captains of hundreds over them. And that Amaziah gather d Judah together, and % Chron, made them captains over thousands, and cap- *xv* fajns over hundreds,

, -\ I i 4 SECT,

she C A P T A i N of the TentpH^

We read of ifa»</j of Men, and Officers, and tfc Captain of the Temp/e, in the Jv«p Testament; of which, because they are there mention'd, tho' more belonging to the Government of the Romans than the Constitution of the Jews, we shall endeavour to give some Account.

When Judas Maccabeus had undertaken the Defence of his Country against the Invasions of Antiochui King of Syria, among other Methods which he put the People upon, of fortifying and securing themselves, we are told, that % at that time also they huilded up the mount Sion with high walls, and Jlrong towers round atyut, lest the Gentiles should come and tread it down, as they had done before. And

II I. , , ...! - 1

*i Mace. iv. 6o. Of this Building Josephnsspeaks thus. Toe Assamonean Princes {Judas and his Brethren) made a Tower and Fortifications adjoynihg to the Temple; and order'd the Robes belonging to the High-Priejl si be kepi there. This Tower was afterwards repair'd by Herod, and appointed for the Temple Guard; and, in Compliment to his Friend Marc Antony the Triumvir, he calTd it

the Anrnnian Tmitr

the Antonian Tower,


they fit there a Garrison to keep it; andfortified Bethsura to preserve it, that the people might have a defence against Idumca.

Here, in after Times, the Romans kept their Garrison; from whence they overaw'd and govern'd the City; sending out Detachments to any Part, as Occasion requir'd. From hence, the Jews procur'd that Band of Men, and those Officers whom John they appointed to attend Judas, in order XVIU-3> to apprehend our Lorc That these were not merely Serjeants and civil Officers belonging to the City, who serv'd to apprehend Criminals at the mere Pleasure of the Jews, appears from their being mentioned distinctly. When our Lord had surrendered himself to them, without any Resistance, it is said, 'Then the band,~.l2, and the captain, and officers of the Jews, took Jesus and bound him. And when they wanted to have the Sepulchre made secure, lest his Disciples mould come by Night and steal him away, we find them applying to Pilate for Orders that it might Matt> be done. xxvii.64.

And when, after the Resurrection, and the Descent of the Holy Ghost, the Apostles began to preach the Gospel, we find


Acts iv. i. that as they /pake unto the feoffe, the Priests, and the captain of the temple, arid the Sadductes came upon them, and laid hands on them, and put them in hold. And ib. v. 24. after, when the High-Priest, and the captain of the temple, and the Chief Priests, heard of their miraculous Escape, and that they were teaching in the Temple, they were perplex'd what to do. Then went the captain, with the officers, and brought them without violence.

And when Paul came to "Jerusalem, ib. xxi. and all the city was moved, and the peo51" pie ran together, as they were about to kill him, tidings came unto the chief captain of the band, that all Jerusalem was in an uprore. Who immediately took soldiers and centurions, and ran down unto them: and when they saw the chief captain and the jhldiers, they left beating o/"Paul. Then the ib. xxii. chief captain commanded him to be brought H' into the castle, &c. The Name of this ib. xxiii. Chief Captain was Claudius Lystaf.

26' SECT. V,

Their W A R S> V

It may not be improper, now we are i^p* on the Subject of their military Affairs, to ,•*■■ • give

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