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Nay further, if any one stiouid hiv: happen'd to be so vile a Creature, as tt want the rational Courage and CoiMenct in God before-mention'd, it was thow^hs his Company might prove infectious to his Fellow-Soldiers-, and therefore, if he would acknowledge himself to be so execrable a Wretch, he was immediately discharge Deut. from the Service. And the officers Jhall xx* 8' speak further unto the people, and they stall Jay, Whit man is there that is fearful and faint-hearted? let him go and return unto his house, left his brethren's heart faints as •well as his heart.
When these Proclamations were made, and every thing was settled according/y, then these regulating Officers beforemention'd, (who were either Commissaries, whose Business it was to muster and enroll the Men, or those who acted, in a cw'A Capacity, as Rulers of Thousands, &c.) proceeded to appoint the Officers of the Deut Army, properly so call'd. And it shall be xx. 9. when the officers have made an end of /peaking unto the people, that they Jhall make captains of the armies to lead the people.
rar Then follow Instructions relating to ;i^ieir Conduct before they began any Attf^ck, and to the Treatment of those of ^ heir Enemies that should be conquer'd by i-hem. When thou comejl nigh unto a city Deut. a.o fight against it, then proclaim peace unto xx'I0' k:t. And it /hall be, if it make thee answer i:jf peace, and open unto thee, then it Jhall kbe that all the people that is found therein, O/hall be tributaries unto thee, and they Jloall a serve thee. And, if it will make no peace \niivith thee, but will make war against thee, ^ then thou Jhalt befege it. And when the Lord thy God hath delivered it into thine . hands, thou Jloalt [mite every male thereof . with the edge of the sword. But the wo. men, and the little ones, and the cattle, and t all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof Jhalt thou take unto thy self; and thou 1 jhalt eat the spoil os thine enemies which the , L o R D thy God hath given thee.
This was to be the Rule for their Conduct in regard to those who did not inhabit the Land of Canaan, and might some time or other shew themselves to be their Enemies, 'thus Jhalt thou do unto all the Deut. cities which are very far off from thee,TM-1*which are mt of the cities of these nations. To them, a different Conduct: was to be shewn: For, as by their insufferable Immoralities and detestable Vices of all Kinds, they were no longer to be tolerated upon the Face of the Earth, God was pleas'd to give their Land, according |to his Promise, to these his Servants, and consequently his chosen People; who were therefore (as far as they were able) utterly to extirpate and destroy them and all that Deut belong'd to them. But of the cities of these xx. 16. people 'which the Lord thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou Jhalt save alive nothing that breatheth. But thou shalt utterly dejlroy them: namely, /^Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the L o R D thy God hath commanded thee. That they teach you not to do after their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so Jhould ye fin againjl the Lord your God.
In other Cafes, where they were accidentally indue'd to make War, upon Account of some national Misunderstanding, or Injury done, they were not to be outrageously
rageoufly cruel, or wantonly to commit Waste and Depredations. For Example, though it might be convenient, and was therefore allowable for them, to cut down Timber Trees of all Sorts to make their Works and Fortifications with, when they laid Siege to any Place, yet they were always to spare the Fruit Trees of all Kinds; as what would be necessary to support the Lives of the Inhabitants, in future Times; when the little Rancour which was the Occasion of their present Hostilities mould be remov'd and done away. When thou jhalt Deut. be/iege a city a long time, in making war a- xx' i9' gainst it to take it, thou Jhalt not destroy the trees, (Fruit Trees) thereof, by\forcing an ax against them: For thou mayst eat of them, and thou Jhalt not cut them down (for the tree of the field is man's life) to employ them in the siege. Only the trees which thou know est that they be not trees for meaty thou pall destroy and cut them down; and thou Jhalt build bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until it be subdued.
In another Place, there are Instructions relating to the Use and Management of
Trumpets in Time of War, as vrel/ as upon Numb, other Occasions. If ye go to wax in your *• 9* land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye stall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye jhall be remember'd before the Lord your God, and ye Jhall be saved from your enemies. i Those whom they took, Captives in the War, they were allow'd to fell, if they thought fit; as appears from the followDeut.l ing Exception. When thou goefl forth to XXUI°- war against thine enemies, and the Lord thy God hath delivered them into thine hands, and thou hast taken them captive, andfeest among the captives a beautiful woman, and hast a desire unto her, that thou 'wouldst have her to thy wife: Then thou Jhalt bring her home to thine house, and she JhallJhave her head, and pare her nails, Andfie /%all put the raiment of her captivity from off her, and stall remain in thine house, and bewail her father and her mother a full month: And after that thou Jhalt go in unto her, and be her husband, and Jhe Jhall be thy wife. And it Jhall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou stalt let her go whither Jhe will-, But thou stalt not fell her