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Deut. Hubert thougoest out to battle against thine
enemies, and seejl horses and chariots, and a
people more than thou, be not afraid of them;
for the Lo Rd thy God is with thee, 'which
brought thee up out of the land of Egypt,
And it jhall be, when ye are come nigh unto
the battle, that the Priejl Jhall approach and
Jpeak unto the people; and Jhall fay unto
them; Hear, O Israel! You approach this day
unto battle againjl your enemies; let not pur
hearts be faint; fear not, and do not tremble;
neither be ye terrified because os them: For
thehoiLD your God is He that goeih with
you, to fight for you againjl your enemies, to
What noble Spirits, and what an invincible Ardor must such an Exhortation as this infuse into the Hearts of those who were thoroughly prepar'd to receive it, from the Observations they must have made of God's providential and protecting Mercies, so continually attending them! Such a rational, well-grounded Fortitude is indeed inseparable from every true Believer. Whereas those, who are 'not convinc'd os the Truth of a present divine Revelation, and a future State of Rewards and Punishments; mcnts; though they may, in Trials of the greatest Danger, appear as high-mettled as the Horse that rufheth into the •Battle, cannot, at the same Time, be suppos'd to be animated by any more than a brutal Courage. But to proceed.
That we may fee what Tenderness was us'd in relation to those who were oblig'd to serve in the Wars; and that none were fore'd, or even decoy'd away from their Families or their domestick Concerns, in a tyrannical unreasonable Manner; it is further directed thus. And the officers Jhall Deut] speak unto the people, saying; What man is xx* 5* there that hath built a new house, and bath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it. And what man is he that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not yet eaten of it? let him also go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man eat of it. And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in battle, and another man take her.
Nay further, if any one stiouJd have happen'd to be so vile a Creature, as to want the rational Courage and Confidence in God before-mention'd, it was thoughc his Company might prove infectious to his Fellow-Soldiers; and therefore, if he would acknowledge himself to be so execrable a Wretch, he was immediately discharg'd Deut. from the Service. And the officers Jhall XX'8' speak further unto the people; and they stall fay, What man is there that is fearful and faint-hearted? let him go and return unto his house; lest his brethren's heart faints as well as his heart.
When these Proclamations were made, and every thing was settled accordingly, then these regulating Officers beforemention'd, (who were either Commislaries, whose Business it was to muster and enroll the Men, or those who acted, in a civil Capacity, as Rulers of Thousands, &c.) proceeded to appoint the Officers of the Deutt Army, properly so call'd. And it shall be xx. 9. when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people, that they shall make captains of the armies to lead the people.
Then follow Instructions relating to their Conduct before they began any Attack, and to the Treatment of those of their Enemies that should be conquer'd by them. When thou comejl nigh unto a city Deut. to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto xx"' it. And it foall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it Jhall be that all the people that is found therein, Jhall be tributaries unto thee, and they jhall serve thee. And, if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it. And when the Lord thy God hath delivered it into thine hands, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword. But the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof shalt thou take unto thy self; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies which the Lord thy God hath given thee.
This was to be the Rule for their Conduct in regard to those who did not inhabit the Land of Canaan, and might some time or other shew themselves to be their Enemies. 'Thus shalt thou do unto all the Deut. cities which are very far off from thee,TM-1*
which are mt of the cities of these nations. To them, a different Conduct: was to be shewn: For, as by their insufferable Immoralities and detestable Vices of all Kinds, they were no longer to be tolerated upon the Face of the Earth, God was pleas'd to give their Land, according |to his Promise, to these his Servants, and consequently his chosen People; who were therefore (as far as they were able) utterly to extirpate and destroy them and all that Deut belong'd to them. But of the cities of these xx. 16. people 'which the Lord thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou Jhalt save alive nothing that breatheth. But thou shalt utterly dejlroy them: namely, /^Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the L o R D thy God hath commanded thee. That they teach you not to do after their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so Jhould ye fin againjl the Lord your God.
In other Cafes, where they were accidentally indue'd to make War, upon Account of some national Misunderstanding, or Injury done, they were not to be outrageously