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Agreeable to which, the Crown of Judah descended from Father to Son, in the House of 'David, from his Time, quire to the Captivity: But not without the solemn Consent and Allowance of the People; as we may perceive by the following Instances, r Kings We are told that, Rehoboam went to Shexu"'' c' chemj for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king. And, all the congregation of Israel, (by the Mouth of Jeroboam) came, and spake unto Rehoboam, faying, Thy father made our yoke grievous: Now, therefore, Make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which be put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee. He desir'd Time to consider of it; and after some Time spent in Consultation being misled by the Advice of an ignorant wicked Ministry, and refusing to comply with the reasonable Expectations of his People, ten of the twelve Tribes immediately revolted from him, and chose themselves another King.
So, when Jehoram died, we read, that 2 Chron. the Inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah his youngest son, king in his stead. So,
the people, at the Instigation of Jehoiada — xxiii. the High-Driest, depos'd Athaliah, a wick- '1 ed Woman who had usurp'd the Crown, and brought out Joash the king's son, from His Concealment in the Temple, and put upon him the crown, and gave him the testimony, and made him king: and Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king. Which, we may therefore conclude, was the Manner observ'd at all their Coronations. And so, it is said, All — xxvi, the people os Judah, took Uzziah, who was1' sixteen years old, and made him king, in the room of his father Amaziah. Of the Succession of the Kings of Israel we mail take no Notice at all, upon this Occasion; as being much more broken and irregular.
After their Return from the Captivity, they were govern'd sometimes by their High-Priests, as appears from the Apocryphal Writings; one while by Princes, of the Family of the Maccabees, who after-* wards took the Title of Kings; and finally, by Governours sent from Rome, of whom we read* in the Gospels.
j Cg4 SECT.
The Princes of Tribes.
Beside the Constitution of the twelve Tribes collectively, there was, as we have observ'd before, a separate distinct Government in each particular Tribe; where the Affairs relating to that Tribe, were manag'd and conducted, according to peculiar Laws of their own, by the Prince or Head of the Tribe. And the/e were in Number Twelve, according to the Num.7 ber of the Tribes. Numb. i. When God orders Moses to take the sum, 'c * of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, he says, with you, there shall be a man of every tribe; every one, bead of the house of his fathers: And these are all mention'd by Name. After which it is said j These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel, ib.iv. 34. Again j Moses and Aaron, and the chief of the congregation (meaning these Princes) numbered the sons of the. Kohathites. And
when Moses had set up the Tabernacle, these 'Princes come and make their offering, consisting of fix covered waggons, and Numb. twelve oxen; a waggon for two of the princes, and for each one, an ox. These Men, we, afterward, read os by the same Names, as being over the host of every jb.x. 14 tribe, and each setting forward with the &^r standard of his camp, when the children of Israel took their journeys out of the wilderness of Sinai, into that of Paran. When Joshua makes a league with the Qibeonites Josll- ix, to let them live, we find, the princes of the congregation, likewise, fware unto them. And when the Tribes of Reuben and Gad, in their Departure to their own Inheritance, after the Land of Canaan was subs dued, had built an Altar by the River Jordan ; which gave Umbrage to the other ten Tribes for suspecting that they intended to desert the Law and them, they sent Phinehas the son of Eleazar the Priest, to expostulate with them. And, with him, ib. xxii. ten princes, of each chief house a prince, '4* throughout all the tribes of Israel; and each one was the head of the house of their fathers, among the thousands of Israel.
Their Rights and Privileges were, partly, to preside over and govern their own Tribes j partly, to sit in Council with, and assist the Judges and Kings. As an InNumb. fl-ance 0f the latter, we find Moses speaking unto the heads of the tribes concerning the children of Israel. Again, we find Mo*
ib. xxxi. ses and Eleazar the Priefl, and all the
l3' Princes of the congregation, assembled upon an important Affair. And again, we Dcut. read of all the beads of the tribes, and the
v- 23- Elders, going to consult with Moses. So when David calls a Convention of the States, to acquaint them with his Purpose in relation to the Building of the Temple,
i Chron. \t jS said, David aff'embled all the Princes of Israel. And when the Temple was finisiYd by Solomon, and he had a mind to place the Ark of the Covenant in it, we
2 Chron. rea(* ^at ^e aJsemMed the Elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto Jerusalem, to ajjist at the doing of it.
It is probable they fate together with the King in a Council Room built for the Purpose, where there were twelve Seats or Thrones belonging to them: And therefore.