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immediately understood to be, as it really was, making himself equal with God, John v.8. they took up Jlones to Jlone him. Jesus answered them, many good works have I shewed you from my father for which of those works do ye Jlone me? The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we flone thee not: but for blasphemy-, and because that thou, being a man, makejl thy self God.
Though Decollation or Beheading, is not mention'd in the Law, it is probable, it was the ordinary and most usual Way amongst them, of putting to Death. We Matt, find Herod, sent and beheaded John in the Xlv' l0» prison. As for Strangling or Hanging, there is no Mention of that, but in the Cafes of Achitophel and Judas, two Trailtors, who, out of Despair, laid violent Hands upon themselves.
The Chief Magistrate among the Ifrae^ .
Judge*' andxall'd by the Name of the one qm.the\-other, according as the Nature of the Business was, for which he was placed, at the Head of their Affairs. Joshua Nun*. was constituted a Leader or Captain of xxvu.17. ^e pCOpie. f0 g0 out before them, and to
gb.im before them, and to lead them out., and to bring them in: And particularly, to Dcut. conduct them into the. promisd land.
xxxi. 23. j^n^ wnen> after the Death of Joshua, they forsook . the L, o R D God of their Fathers; and thereby caused the Lord to forsake ther% and tp deliver them up into the Hands of <their Enemies, we are told that, after ft Time> the Load, reT membring hi8 Promise to Abraham, rai
u"i5? fed UP JudgeS* whisk delivered them out of the handsefthose <fhot spoiled them. Not but that, the Chief Magistrate, by whatever Name he was called, governs in> both these Capacities; as we may fee plainly from the Nature and End of the.Kingly Office, when they are any where spoken of. The Lord says to Samuel, concerning
1 Sun. Saul, I will fend thee a man out of the
IX*16' land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel.
A.nd so,- the Lord said unto *David; Thou Jhalt- feed my people Israel, and thou *Sam-v' shalt be ut captain over Israel. And again David says concerning Solomon his Son; J have appointed him to be ruler; over If-} K'ngs rael, and over Judah.
And to shew that it was their Business to judge as well as rule, The Elders fay ^ to Samuel, Behold, thou art old, and vm s." thy sons walk not in thy ways; now make us a king to judge us like all the nations. And so it is said of David, That he reign- 2..?amed over all Israel; and executed judgment, and justice unto all his people. Nay, to shew that this latter Qualification is the; great End of Kingly Government; God fays to Solomon; Because thou hast asked ^ c^rsawifdom and knowledge for thy self, that1'11' thou may est judge my people, over whom I have made thee king; wisdom and knowledge is granted unto thee; and I will give thee riches and wealth and honour, such as none of the kings have had.
Such a Character is by far the greatest that any King can arrive at; and, of all others, the most desirable, in point of Interest and Profit $ as the Rewards annex'd to it sufficiently declare. It is exalted above all mortal Glory and Splendor; it is truly divine and Godlike. When the Psalmist is raising his Voice to the highest Pitch of Rapture and Gratulation, he fays, Psalm ix. I will praise thee, 0 Lord, for tbou bajl 7* ' maintained my right and my cause, tbou satest in the throne, judging right. Again; 'the Lord shall endure for ever; be bath prepared his throne for judgment. He shall judge the world in righeousness; He shall minister judgment to the people, in upright' ness.
To rule and to judge make up the natural Notion we have of the Office of a supreme Magistrate. And therefore, when Moses would have compos'd the Difference between the two contending Israelites, the Aggressor fays to him, Exod. ii. Who made thee a Prince and a Judge *■4« Ver us? In a Word, the whole Duty of the Head of any People is, first to administer justice among them, according to their Laws; and when there is Occasion, to lead them forth, either to avoid or meet their Enemies j in Defence of their Religion, Liberty, and Possessions,
And such a Power God delegated to ISdo/es over the Children of Israel; even Defbre the Promulgation of the Law, when he gave him a Commission to bring Exod. iii. forth his people out of Egypt. By Virtue of this Commission, therefore, Moses and w. 29. Aaron went and gathered together all the 3'" Mlders of the children of Israel: And the people believed, that he was appointed by God to ba their Captain and fudge, and they submitted themselves to him accordingly, and bowed the head and worshipped.
But, after he had brought them out into the Wilderness, Jethro, his Father-inLaw, observing that he fate to judge the people from morning until evening, said un- I+" to him •, The thing that thou dost is not good-, Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: For this thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to per j or m it thy self alone. Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God stall be with thee. Be thou for the people to Godward, that thou may eft bring the causes unto God. And thou Jhalt teach them ordinances, and laws, and Jhalp Jhew them the way, wherein they must