« PreviousContinue »
the chief of the Jews, informed him againsi Paul, and befought him, and desired favou against him, that he would send for him t: Jerusalem; lying wait, in the way, to kil him. But Festus answered, That Paul Bould be kept at Cæsarea, and that he himself woull depart, fortly, thither. Let them therefore, said he, which among you are able, go down with me and accuse this man, if there be any wickedness in him. And, when he had tarried among them, more than ten days, be went down unto Cæfarea. And, the next day, hitting in the judgment seat, commanded Paul to be brought. And when he was come, the Jews, which came down from Jerusalem, stood round about, and laid many and grievous complaints against Paul, which they could not prove.
However Festus, willing to please the Jews, propos’d to Paul that he thould
go up to Jerusalem and be tried there. But the fagacious Apostle, knowing well the fatal Consequences which would attend his trusting himself in that bloody City, which had been, time out of mind, infamous for Aoning the Prophets, and killing those who were sent unto her charg'd with Messages
from Heaven, wisely and resolutely appeald iunto Cæsar; and so was sent to Rome,
Their. PUNISHMENTS. Having given the foregoing large Account of the Method and Proceedings of the Great Council, or Senate, let us next inquire into the Punishments which ensued, upon particular Crimes, after Condemnation was past therein. These, as we find them specified in the Law, were, Restitution, Fine, Retaliation, Whipping, Banishment, being sold, and Death various
ways. Of Restitution, we read thus; If a Exod. man mall steal an ox or a sheep, and kill it, xxii. i or sell it; be fall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep, with variety of other Cases, that follow.,
Of Fine, we have an Instance in this Case; If men strive, and burt a woman with
---xxi.22, child, so that her fruit depart from her, and 23, &c. get no (other) mischief follow : He Mall be surely punished, according as the woman's hufband will lay upon him; and he shall pay, as the judges determine. D d 2
Deut. XXV. 2.
And immediately follows, the Case of Retaliation. And, if any mischief follow, then thou shall give, life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burning for burning, stripe for stripe.
For whipping or beating, it is thus ordain’d; If a man be worthy to be beaten, the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault, by a certain number. Forty stripes he may give him, and not exceed: left, if he should exceed, and beat him above these, with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.
As to being sold, it is said; A thief Mall make full reftitution; if he have nothing, then be shall be sold for his theft.
Banishment, was to be to some one of the
Cities of Refuge, afterwards allotted for ---xxi.13. that Purpose, in such a Case as this; If a
man lie not in wait, (for another) but God deliver him into his hands (if Providence fo orders that the Person whom he kills, falls accidentally in his way) then I will appoint thee a place whither be shall
flee. There are three kinds of Death mention'd exprefly in the Law, by way of Pu
nishment for particular Criminals; besides being put to death in general : And those, are burning, crucifying, and stoning. Of burning, in this case; If a man take a wife, and Lev. XI. ber mother, (to be his Wife also) it is wick- 14. edness. They hall be burnt with fire, both be, and they
Of crucifying, the Law speaks thus; If a man have committed a fin worthy of death, Deut.xxi. and be be to be put to death, and thou hang bim on a tree; (fufpend him on a Cross;) bis body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou halt in any wise bury him that day; (for be that is hanged is accurfed of God) that thy land be not defiled.
That, by hanging on a tree, is meant crucifying, we are affur'd by the Interpretation of Peter and the other Apostles, who say to the Jews; The God of our fathers Acts. V. raised up JE SU-s; whom ye few and hanged 30. on a tree. Again, in another Place, St. Peter speaking of Jesus, and the Jews who crucified him, says; Whom they New and ---X. 39, banged on a tree: Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly. And so St. Paul says; When they bad fulfill'd all --- xiii. that was written of bim, they took him down 19.
from the tree, and laid him in a sepulcbre,
But God raised him from the dead. And Gal. iii. again he tells us, Chrif bath, redeemed us
from the curse of the Law, being made a curse for ús; for it is written, Curfed is every
one that hangeth on a tree. Josh. viii. Accordingly, we find yoshua banged the 29.
king of Ai on a tree until eventide; and, as foon as the sun was down, Joshua commanded that they should take bis carcase down from
the tree. And when he had flain the five . 26.27. Kings of the Amorites, it is said, He hanged
them on five trees; and they were banging upon the trees until the evening. And it came to pass, at the time of the going down of the sun, that Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and cast them into the cave wherein they had been bid, and laid great ftones in the cave's mouth.
When therefore David suffers the Gibeonites to hang up seven of the Sons of Saul;
and they are left hanging from the begin2 Sam.
ning of Harvest, until water dropped upon xxi.9, 10.
them out of beaven; which probably was, several Weeks: This seems to have been an extraordinary Case. And, as this Execution was made by way of Atonement, to