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in the Time of Saul, they are said to Jam;have done só; When Doeg the Edomite

(at the Command of Saul) fell upon the Priests, and flew on one day, fourscore and five persons, that did wear a linnen Ephod: If this Ephod were indeed any thing more, than the ordinary Habit of Linnen, which they were oblig'd to wear, when they attended upon the Sacrifices. Be that as it will, we find it was of Linnen; and consequently much inferior to the other rich and stately one which the Law prescribes for the HighPriest.

The Manner of their Confecration, and the Conditions requir’d to qualify them for their Office, are altogether the fame with those relating to the High-Priest : except

that the latter, when he was consecrated, Exod. had oyl poured on his head; beside the Axxix.

spersion of Oyl and Blood, which was made afterwards upon him and the Priests, and upon their garments, in order to ballore them.



SECT. X. The Office of the PRIESTS. Their peculiar Office, being likewise, mostly, to take care of the Lamps, the Shew-Bread, the Oblation of Incense, the Vessels of the Tabernacle, under the Inspection of the High-Priest; and to prepare the several Sorts of Victims, which were to be offer'd either by him, or themselves; we have little more to say of them, upon that Head. To the office of Eleazar, Numb. the fon of Aaron, the Priest, pertaineth the iv, 16. oyl for the light, and the sweet incenfe, and the daily meat-offering, and the anointing oyl, and the overhght of all the tabernacle, and of all that therein is, in the sanctuary and in the vessels thereof.

And at any Time, when the Camp was to move, Aaron and his fons were to take the Ark of the Covenant, the Table of Shew-Bread, the Candlestick, and the Altar of Incense, and to cover them up feverally, with Decency and Care; after the Manner which is punctually prescrib’d: in the Law. All which was to be born and ...

carried ib. iv.

— is*19- carried off by other inferior^Levites. Aaron and his sons shall go in, m^-app&i^ them every me to his service, and his burden. Tho', afterwards, when the "Number of Priests became increas'd so as tc* be

Peut. sufficient for it, we find they always bore

xxxi.9. the Ark it self.

Of its being a Part of their Office to offer Incense, we have a notable Instance, in the Case of Uzziah, King of Judafi-y who, entering the Temple, rashly and impiously attempted to usurp that holy Office himself. It will not be amiss to

relate the whole at large, out of the sacred History. 2 Chron. When he was strong, his heart was lifted XXV1" 'up to his destruction; for he transgressed agalnst the Lord his God, and went into the temple of the Lor D, to burn incense, upon the altar of incense. And Azariah the Priest went in after him, and with him fourscore Priefts of the Lord that were valiant men. And they withstood Uzziah the king; and said unto him, it appertained not unto thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto the Lord, but to the Priests the sow of Aaron, that ar? consecrated- to bum in


venje; Go out of the sanctuary, for thou haft trespassed-, neither jhall it be for thine honour from the Lojid thy God. Then Uzziah was wroth, and had a censer in his hand to burn incense: And while be was •wroth with the 'Pries s, the leprosy even rose up in his forehead, before the 'Priests, in the House of the Lord, from beside the incense altar. And Azariah the Chief Prieji, and fill the Priests looked upon him^ and behold, he was leprous in his forehead: And they thrust him cut from thence; yea, himself also hasted to go out, because the Lord had smitten him.

An Example, which, it is to be hop'd, may be for ever useful, in two Respects: First, to deter those in Power, let their Power be ever so great, from presuming to violate any of the sacred Rights pertaining to the Priests of God. Secondly, to encourage all those, who have the Honour to be admitted into that holy Order, to unite and combine together in the Defence of it: And, like valiant Men, to withstand, even the most powerful; when they trespass so far, as to attempt to wrest out of their Hands, any of those T * Rights ij6 R 111 G i #ifisft At f(X)iH sr

Rights and Properties, which ifhtrVfcate of God and Man have vested' them, and appropriated to their Function, o1.^ i Chron. To return; Aaron was separated that xxiU-'3-& should santiify the most holy things, it end bis sons for ever-, to burn incnzfeie:.. fore the Lor D ' to minister unto him, and c -: /o £/{/5 f» Æ/V name, for ever. But whfen this Family was much increas'd, Ring Ufaib. xxiv. 9$,} we find, divided them, into four and twenty Orders or Courses; which were to attend upon the Service of the Tempie, in their several Turns j to avoid all Misunderstandings and Confusion among themselves, upon that Account. These Gottrfes waited by Weeks; one went out,l1afid another came in against every Sabbath. Thus, upon the Restoration of the King* Chron. dom to foajh, Jehoiada the High-Priest, xxiu.8. gQt tWQ QourjgS t0 be jn me Xemp\e/%t

the fame Time; when one came in, he did not dismiss the other j and by this means made his Posse the stronger. :<■/«:*■?

And further; The Priests afLevery bourse, cast Lots among themselves, what Part of the Duty every one mould undertake. Therefore we find, concerriingVl3&"*"'•>'' cbarias

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